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A HISTORY 



OF 



Upper Gahida GoLLsas, 



1829 - 1892. 

WITH CONTRIBUTIONS BY 



®lb TDlppet Canaba CoUeoe Boigs, 

LISTS OF HEAD-BOYS, EXHIBITIONERS, UNIVERSITY 

SCHOLARS AND MEDALLISTS, AND A 

ROLL OF THE SCHOOL. 



COMPILED AND EDITED BY 

• GEORGE DICKSON, M.A. 
Gt'^MERCER ADAM. 




ILLUSTRATED. 




TORONTO : 
ROWSELL & HUTCHISON. 





1893. 



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Ektrred according to the Act of Parliament of Canada, in the year of our Lord one thousand 
eight hundred and ninety -three, by Mr. George Dickson, in the Office of the Minister 
of Agriculture. 




TKE 

NEV; YORK 

f PUBLIC LIBRARY 

\\ Astor, Lenox and Tildcnyf 
Foundations. 
^ 1896 



ROWSELL AND HITTCHI80N, PRINTERS, TORONTO. 



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PREFACE. 




HISTORY of Upper Canada College needs no introduction to 
the class to whom this book especially appeals, except for the 
opportunity it offers of thanking many of them for the kind 
assistance the editors have received in its preparation. 

The object has been to produce a history of the College, written 
for the most part by Old College Boys themselves. Among those, 
besides the Editors, who have contributed to the volume or furnished 
materials for it, are : 

The Rev. Henry Scadding, D.D., who entered the College in 1829; Hon. 
John Beverley Robinson, 1830; William Wallbridge, Sr., 1833; William 
Wedd, M.A., 1837 ; W. Thomson, Esq., 1837 ; C. J. Rykert, Q.C, 1846 ; 
N. O. Walker, M.A., M.D., 1847; J* Ross Robertson, Esq., 1850; Rupert E. 
KiNGSFORD, M.A., LL.B., 1859; Rev. T. F. Fotheringham, M.A., 1863; D. R 
Keys, M.A., 1868 j W. N. Ponton, M.A., 1870; G. G. S. Lindsey, M.A., 
1871; Rev. J. Street Macklem, M.A., 1874; A. H. Young, M.A., 1878; 
A. A. Macdonald, M.A., 1879; S. B. Leacock, B.A., 1881 ; J. E. Hall, 
Secretary of the Canadian Cricket Association. 

The chapters are classified, and the story told under the r^imes of 
the Head Masters, beginning with that of the Rev. Joseph Harris, D.D., 
the first to hold the position. 

It is impossible within reasonable limits to be at the same time 
comprehensive and exhaustive. It has not been the aim to make the 
work biographical. The lives of Old College Boys, however prominent, 
have not been dwelt on save in so far as was necessary to illustrate their 
connection with the College. 

Lists of Head-Boys, Exhibitioners, University Scholars and Medallists, 

. r • 

together with the Roll of the School from 1829 to 1892, and the Cricket 
teams during the same period are appended. The histories of the College 



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4 I>REFACE. 

organizations, such as the Cricket Club, Rifle Company, etc., are written 
by those who had taken an active part as members of these school 
institutions. Reminiscent chapters also deal with life at the Boarding 
House, and the several Janitors of the College, with an account of College 
Journalism, and other early and late features of school life, and its scholastic 
and recreative annals. 

A list with its columns of even bare names is full of pleasant 
memories. Conning such, one may recall a more or less distinct vision of 
every one in his own part of the school, his appearance, character, and 
nick-name. But the chief interest, perhaps, is to be found in the fact 
that the names that occur, more especially in the early part of the roll, 
may be recognized as those belonging to the families who have taken 
an active part in the public affairs of the Province and the Dominion. 
" How peculiarly Upper Canada College," aptly observes one of its 
masters, " has fulfilled this function of the training of leaders for public 
life may be realized by a glance at a few of the names of her alumni. They 
abound in every sphere of life. In the army we have the names of General 
Charles Robinson, commander of the forces in the Mauritius ; General 
Samuel Jarvis; General Sir Francis Colborne ; General Ingall, of Chester ; 
Colonels Dunn and Wells, who charged with the Six Hundred at Bala- 
clava ; Lieut. Maule, who also distinguished himself in the Crimea, and 
was killed there ; Col. McLeod ; Lieut.-Col. Williams ; Messrs. Mewburn, 
Tempest, and many others who fought for Canada within her own borders ; 
Col. Fred. C. Denison, C.M.G., M.P., who commanded the Canadian con- 
tingent in Africa; Col. G. T. Denison, who won, against the military 
experts of the world, the Czar*s great prize for the best history of Cavalry 
Tactics ; and many others. Prominent among those who have entered the 
world of politics is the Hon. Edward Blake, member of the Imperial 
Parliament ; and in the present Dominion House of Commons there are 
seven old college boys ; in the Senate there are three, while in the Provincial 
Legislatures the school is proportionately represented. In the legal pro- 
fession the college claims six chief justices and fourteen other judges, over 
fifty Q. C.'s, and more than one hundred barristers and attorneys now in 
practice. In the academic world it can point to over thirty former pupils 
holding professorial chairs and lectureships, while the President of Toronto 



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PREFACE. 5 

University is a former head-boy. The President and two ex-Presidents 
of the Ontario Medical Council, the Surgeon-General of the Militia of 
Canada, Dr. Bergen, the Secretary of the Provincial Board of Health, and 
others, all received their education at the college, and show by their 
standing that, in this sphere, too, the old college boy holds his own. With 
such a record to look back upon. Upper Canada College can surely claim, 
with justice, to be an institution for the training of leaders." 

The memory of the early pioneers of the higher education amongst 
us is in danger of being wholly lost, and it is most desirable that the 
mass of interesting information to be obtained from the lips of living 
witnesses should be preserved. Impressed by this idea, the Editors have 
striven to glean what they could for the literary enrichment of the volume. 
For its pictorial enrichment, they are indebted to the skill and taste of 
Mr. W. J. Thomson, late of The Globe art staff, artist and engraver, who 
has been happy in reproducing and preserving many of the familiar faces 
and haunts of the College. 

The assistance received from Old College Boys in the preparation 
of this — the first History of the College — has been most helpful, and 
without which many errors and omissions would have to be recorded. 
Notwithstanding this aid, it is feared, however, that not a few such will 
still be found in the following pages. 



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THE principal's LIBRARY, NEW COLLEGE. 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



PAOB 

I. Introductory The MkiUara 9 



n. The College and the Era of 1830 The Editors 12 

m. The First Masters Rev. Henry Scadding, D.D, 23 

IV. The College and its Endowment S. E, Kingrfordy M.A., LL,B» 44 

v. The Regime of Rev. Joseph H. Harris, D.D., 1829-38. The Editors 50 

VI. The College and the Rebellion ov 1837 W. Thomson 66 

VII. The Regime op Rev. John McCaul, LL.D., 1839-43 William Wedd, M,A. 76 

Vm..THE Regime of F. W. Barron, M.A., 1843-56 ....N. O. Walker, M,A., M.D. 87 

IX. The Regime op Rev. Walter Stbnnbtt, M.A., 1867-61 •* Head-Boy " 97 

X. The College Rifle Company Rev. T. F, Fotheringham, M,A, 103 

XI. The Regime op G. R. R. Cockburn, M.A., 1861-81 D. R. Keys, M,A. 113 

XII. " Through Upper Canada College " {Gontribuied) 127 

XIII. R^iHE OF John Milne Buchan, M. A., 1881-85 A. H. Young, M.A. 136 

XIV. A Transition Period O. Mercer Adam 156 

XV. The Old Blue School J. Ross Robertson 177 

XVI. The Janitors of the College J. Ross Robertson 200 

XVit Life at the Boarding House J. Ross Robertson 218 

XVIII. College Journalism *' An Old College Boy " 232 

XIX. College Cricket O. O. Si Lindsey 263 

XX. Other College Sports A, A. Macdonald 271 

XXI. Cricket Club—" The Elevens," 1836-92 J, E, HaU 275 

XXII. Appendix I.— Honour Boards 279 

XXlil. Appendix II.— List of Exhibitioners, 1853-91 290 

XXTV, Appendix m.— Roll, 1829-1892 7$5 

XXV. Appendix IV.— On the Affairs of the College, 1852 326 



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ILLUSTRATIONS. 



PAOS 

1. The New College, Deer Park Frontupiece 

2. The Principalis Library, New College 6 

3. Field-Marshal, Lord Seaton (Sir John Colbome) 9 

4. The Three Bras of the College i 12 

5. Five Members of the College Board.at different periods 17 

6. The Seven Principals 24 

7. Six of the College Masters 32 

8. Upper Canada College in 1829, from a sketch by J. G. Howard 40 

9. The Countess of Elgin and Lady Lambton receiving Bouquets and the Crest of the 

College, October 20th, 1847, copied from an old engraving 57 

10. Dinner at the College on the occasion of Laying the Comer Stone of Old King's College, 

Queen's Park 73 

11. Upper Canada College, 1877-1891 89 

12. The Public Hall, 1877-1891 97 

13. The Old Prayer Hall, 1829-1877 113 

14. Upper Canada College — View from Adelaide Street 128 

16. The Three Janitors — the two Alderdices and Frost , . 144 

16. Monuments erected to the memory of the late Principal Buchan and to the Alderdices 160 

17. The Old Blue School, and the College Clock (the time-keeper for over sixty years) .... 177 

18. The New Public Hall, taken May, 1891 192 

19. Principal's House, Janitor's Cottage, and old Draw Well 209 

20. The Quadrangle, Old Belfry, and Belfry Ladder . 225 

21. Upper Hall-way, the Long Study, etc 240 

22. The Gymnasium, as renovated in 1888, and the Play Ground, viewed from the fence on 

John Street 256 

23. The Principal's Private Room, Old College 273 

24. THe School Study and Old Dining Hall 288 

25. Views of the Old College from the Quadrangle and from " No. 2 " 304 

26. Entrance Hall, Principal's House, and Principal's Garden •. . 320 

27. View of the Old College from Government House, King Street, and the Old College Bell 324 



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FlELp-MARSHAL, LORD SEATON (SIR JOHN COLBORNE), 



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mppec Canaba College Memorial Dolume. 



INTRODUCTORY. 



1' 



^^ PPER CANADA COLLEGE, it will readily be admitted, occupies 
a unique place amon^ the educational institutions of Ontario. 
Within its walls have been educated the flower of Canadian youths 
and for the long period of sixty years it has been associated with all that is 
best in the professional, industrial, and social life of the Province. From 
Upper Canada College has gone forth the young life of the country that has 
found occupation either in the ranks of those who have been engaged in the 
task of building up our young Canadian nation, or have been privileged to 
take part in the illustrious service of the Motherland, in the wider and 
grander interests of the Empire. To both these classes the history and 
traditions of Upper Canada College are presumably dear. Dear also, it is 
thought, to the same minds must be the records of the Institution, with its 
proud tale of academic successes, and all the fortune, with not a little of 
vicissitude, that have followed it since its foundation by the gallant soldier- 
Governor in what may be termed the medieval era of the Province. Not 
without interest, either, must be the mere annals of administration and the 
personal incidents in the lives of those who, either as Head Masters or 
Assistant Masters, have successively taught in the Institution, and have 
been more or less instrumental in fashioning the young life that has passed 
from it into the world. 

With these and other matters of general and special interest con- 
nected with Upper Canada College, in the sixty years of its work, during 
the formative period of the country's history, it is proposed in the 
following pages to deal. In setting out on their task, the Editors are 
encouraged in the belief that no meagre amount of interest niust centre 
ill the records of an educational institution which can claim, compara- 
tively speaking, so ancient and honourable a descent as can Upper 

3 



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lO UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Canada College, and whose history is closely identified with the early 
manhood of many of the best and most distinguished of Canadians. It 
is true that the College, in an Old World sense, can boast of no great 
antiquity. Compared with the great Public Schools of England, many of 
whose endowments date back to the reigns of Edward VI. and Elizabeth, 
Upper Canada College is but an infant of days. Yet, as age goes in the 
New World, it has a venerable, we might almost say, a hoary, past; and were 
we to boast of its ancient flogging rigime — for flogging as an educational 
corrective of youthful idleness or indiscretion was still in its undimmed glory 
when the College was founded — it is old enough to say that but few of its 
early pupils are now alive who within its walls first felt the smart of the 
rod. But this, doubtless, is a painful subject to raise in the memory of 
old College boys, and with due apologies to old as well as modem sensitive- 
ness, we shall make haste to leave it. All we meant by the reference was 
to illustrate, in some faint but graphic manner, the comparative antiquity of 
Upper Canada College ; and the flogging reminds one that, not only has 
this so-called device of incompetent rulers now largely passed away, but 
that the beginnings of the College are antecedent to the beginnings of 
some notable schools in England which have come into existence in the 
post-flogging era. Upper Canada College, for instance, is older than 
Marlborough College, in England, of whose pupils it is said, that it is as 
difficult to meet with a flogged Marlburian as, according to tradition, it is 
difficult to find an unflogged Etonian. The rarity of the latter may well be 
proverbial, for history narrates that during a mutinous period in the annals 
of Eton, a headmaster, single-handed, flogged eighty boys in one night ! 
It is proper to say to the readers of this volume that its Editors have no 
such delirious incident here to recount Still less is it theirs to boast, that 
of the seven thousand pupils who in the sixty years of its existence have 
passed from the Institution, a larger proportion than the average has had 
an exceptionally brilliant career. In the case of Upper Canada College, the 
average, however, has been high. We may not be able, for example, with 
veracious chroniclers of Westminster School, to boast, that a headmaster 
could once number among his pupils sixteen bishops on the bench, or that 
out of eight field-marshals in the British army, five had been educated 
during his rigime at school. This is a record that, admittedly, it would be 
difficult to beat. But if its Canadian counterpart cannot approach this 
position of full-orbed glory, it may shine with a lustre of its own, — with the 
reflected light of Old World scholarship, and the aid of such local suns as 
have given it vitality, and gilded it with the glow of the west Upper 
Canada College can at least assert for itself this position — that it has been 
the fruitful mother of such talent as a great lusty Province can claim as 



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INTRODUCTORY. II 

the source and stimulus of half-a-century*s prosperity and honour. Much 
indeed of what the Dominion of Canada is to-day is due to the educational 
status of the College and the intellectual labour of her sons. In the 
mental outfit of life in the New World much. is required, and that in a brief 
space of time, for the tasks that lie before the toiling brain and the brawny 
arm of man. That outfit the College has efficiently and generously given, 
and as generously, and with loyal enthusiasm, has the gift been owned. 

Of various events in the early annals of the College, and of whatever is 
deemed interesting in its internal history, we propose here to speak briefly, 
then to make way for those who shall deal with the successive periods in its 
after-career. In recounting its history, the Editors must obviously rely on 
the indulgence of those readers especially who have themselves been actors 
on the scene. The materials for anything like a detailed chronological 
history can hardly be said to exist. Not many of the first pupils of the 
College now survive, or can readily be got at in taking down the story from 
living lips. Nor, where early pupils have been found, is memory always 
responsive. Much, therefore, of interest has been lost, or, from other and 
unavoidable causes, could not be gathered. Such as the story is, however, 
those who are responsible for the following pages diffidently submit it. As 
was originally announced, the work will primarily appeal to those who 
retain their interest in the historic institution in which they received their 
early training, and who no doubt love to trace the roots of their lives back 
to old College days, enriched with the memories of friendships and academic 
associations which the volume may be expected pleasantly to revive. It 
will also appeal, it is hoped, however, to all who take an interest in education 
and feel a natural pride in the history of an institution which perhaps more 
than any other in the country has been instrumental, not only in training 
the mind and moulding the characters, but in sensibly influencing the 
manners, of generations of public men in Canada in almost every path of Hfe« 

From the task they have here undertaken the Editors would naturally 
have shrunk, had they not been kindly promised the ready assistance and 
encouragement of former and present Masters of the College, of members 
of the Board of Management, and of a number of active and zealous " Old 
Boys" and friends of the Institution. The extent of this aid has very 
materially lightened their task, and, as will be seen, has given increased 
interest to the book and added to it the charm of variety. The assistance 
the Editors have received in other ways need not here be detailed. Else- 
where the attempt has been made to acknowledge it. But they can hardly 
proceed without here confessing how valuable an incentive it has been in 
overcoming difficulties and in illuminating the path of their work. 



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THE COLLEGE AND THE ERA OF 1830. 



BY THE EDITORS. 



' A^ H E Public School System of Upper Canada (or, as we should 
ll y "^^^ properly write, Ontario,) practically dates from the year 1844, 
\J^ when the Rev. Dr. Egerton Ryerson was appointed Chief Superin- 
tendent. Before that date, however, the Legislature had thoughtfully made 
provision for education, and the subject was one which from an early period 
had engaged the attention of an Educational Committee of the House of 
Assembly. But, strange as it may seem, the natural order was in Canada, 
as in England, reversed, and provision was first made by the Government for 
the higher, rather than for the commoner, educational wants of the people. 
It was University training and what we now term secondary, and not elemen- 
tary, education that first enlisted the interest of the authorities. In 1797, 
when the Province was but a wilderness, over half-a-million acres of public 
land were set apart for the endowment of a University and four Royal 
Grammar Schools. This inversion of the order on which education in a 
colony might be expected to proceed was, under the circumstances of the 
country, probably attended by no great loss to the Province, though time 
somewhat modified the first proposals. A system of popular education, 
even if the subject had so early aroused attention, was not possible in sparse 
and isolated communities. Nor at that early period, when the public 
domain had little market value, was there much revenue to be looked for 
from the land appropriation of the Government Years were to pass before 
education could benefit from such a provision of the Legislature ; and when 
some income was reached there were Radicals even then to contest the 
purposes of the appropriation. From the first, there was a cry that the 
money should be devoted to elementary, and not to higher, education. It 
was the need of the many, and not of the few, that contended for the expen- 
diture. Nor was Dissent silent when the denominational complexion of 
the Executive and its Board of Education impressed itself on the mind of 
the restive but powerless electorate. Much the same religious controversy 
was about to be fought out in the Motherland, and for a time to retard the 
dawn of education for the masses. In England, as yet, there was no State 



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UPPKK G\NADA 
* COLLEGE. * 



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THE COLJ.EGE AND THE ERA OF 183O. 1 3 

provision for elementary education, though the National Church and other 
reli<;ious societies had done much for popular enlightenment. The ancient 
endowed schools were not adapted to meet the wants of the poor ; and 
England had, as yet, nothing corresponding to the parish schools of 
Scotland — a boon which, as is well known, the latter kingdom owed to the 
Reformation. Already, however, the machinery of the National Society 
and the British and Foreign School Society was actively at work, thousjh 
great tracts of the country were still in ignorance and unprovided with 
schools. At last, Government awoke to its duties and responsibilities, and 
in 1833 a Committee of Council on Education was appointed, and a grant 
of ;£'20,ooo a year, soon to be increased, was made from the Treasury. This 
new departure met from the outset with fierce opposition, for tlie Church 
of England was then hostile to State or secular education, disliked the 
idea of Government training schools, and could ill brook, though it had no 
reason to fear. Government inspection. 

There is no need to follow the successive steps which led England to 
adopt and finally to develop a national system of education. Nor would it 
be fair, nor have we the least desire, to say a word in deprecation of the 
system or the organization of Church Schools. The voluntary system did 
yeoman service in its day, and the efforts of the Church of England clergy 
in behalf of education, before the intervention of the State, are beyond 
praise. Even Matthew Arnold, who cannot be accused of being over- 
favourable to the Church, has put himself on record on this subject. "In 
truth," he says, "if there is a class in English society whose record in regard 
to popular education is honourable, it is the clergy. Every inquiry has 
brought this out." 

While England was yet groping its way in the endeavour to found a 
system of national education, Upper Canada, as we have seen, was not 
unmindful of the country's higher needs. At the opening of the century even 
private enterprise was active in behalf of education, for we find Classical 
Schools established and in operation at various centres in the as yet thinly- 
settled Province. Of these private schools, we learn that one was opened 
at Cataraqui (Kingston), by the Rev. Dr. Okill Stuart, in 1785; one in 
Newark (Niagara), by the Rev. Mr. Addison, in 1792 ; one at the same 
place, in 1794, by the Rev. Mr. Burns, and another in 1796, by Mr. Richard 
Cockrell ; one at York (Toronto), in 1802, by Dr. Baldwin ; and one at 
Cornwall, in 1804, by the Rev. Dr. Strachan, who afterwards took charge 
for a time of the School at York. In 1806, the Government itself, however, 
seriously took up the question of education. Acts were passed establishing 
eight Grammar Schools, one in each of the several districts into which 



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14 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Upper Canada was then divided. Each headnnaster was given annually 
j^ioo. Ten years later, the Legislature made provision for elementary 
instruction. An Act was passed establishing Common Schools, and an 
appropriation of ;^6,ooo was made for their maintenance. In 1822, a Beard 
of Education was created for educational purposes, and for the management 
of the University and School lands which the Crown, twenty-five years 
previously, had set aside. 

The Crown lands were now beginning, though as yet slowly, to yield a 
revenue. Those reserved for the purposes of education were not in all cases 
wisely chosen. The situation of some of them was so remote that for the uses 
of the trust not a little of the land had to be exchanged for other portions 
of the Crown Reserves. The original appropriation, in 1798, was 549,217 
acres. Of this land grant, 190,573 acres were turned over to the General 
Board of Education ; while it was further diminished by grants to facilitate 
settlement in the districts where the lands were situated. These grants 
amounted in all to 109,786 acres, and were conveyed to various individuals 
for the construction of roads and other objects. The lands held for the 
founding of a University, after these reductions were made, still amounted 
to 248,858 acres. Authority was given by the Home Government to make 
an exchange of the undesirable or unproductive lands for such of the Crown 
Reser\'es as were available for the purposes of the trust. After this was 
done, there yet remained of the original land grant for the endowment of a 
University, 225,944 acres. These 225,944 acres were formally made over, 
on the 28th of February, 1828, by the Legislature of Upper Canada to the 
University of King's College. In May of the previous year. Sir Peregrine 
Maitland, then Lieutenant-Governor of the Province, had granted the College 
a Charter. This instrument, however, did not escape criticism, for the Legis- 
lature was divided, first as to the desirability, just yet, of having a University ; 
and secondly, if it was to go into operation, as to how far it should be under 
the control of the clergy and laity of the Anglican Church. 

The Executive Council of the Province, if not the majority in the 
House of Assembly, were, it is hardly necessary to say, members of the 
dominant Church. Even at this early period, there was a decided want of 
harmony in both branches of the Legislature. The differences between 
them found ready expression on the subject of education. The popular 
cry was for primary schools, or, at the most, for a preparatory or " minor " 
College. The state of general education among the people was alleged to 
be deplorable. The whole colony at the time was said to be totally 
uneducated. The chairman of a Com mittee of the House on Education 
reported, in a memorial to the Lieutenant-Governor, that " the little instruc- 



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THE COLLEGE AND THE ERA OF 183O. 1 5 

tion given to the children under the name of education has no influence 
over their morals — does nothing to open or expand their intellectual 
faculties, much less to direct them in their conduct through life. English 
reading, imperfectly taught ; something of writing, and the first five rules of 
arithmetic, which the teachers we employ are seldom able to explain, make 
up the meagre sum total of what the rising generation learn at our Common 
Schools." This picture, coming as it does from a minority in the House of 
Assembly, may be, and possibly was, exaggerated and overdrawn. But 
make what allowance we may on this score, there is little reason to doubt 
that elementary education in Upper Canada, about the year 1830, was 
not, whatever it afterwards became, a subject to boast of At the time, the 
lower classes, it is to be feared, were greatly neglected, for education then 
was a mark of caste, and the fast-consolidating " Family Compact " were 
not anxious to see the rise of an educated and influential middle class. We 
may say this to-day without derogating from the honour due to its 
members, or being accused of holding revolutionary opinions. 

Just then came upon the scene a new Lieutenant-Governor. In 1829, 
Sir John Colborne was appointed by the Home Government to administer 
the affairs of the Province. The ruling party in the country was still full 
of the idea of a University, and the sympathies of the Lieutenant-Governor 
himself was with higher education. One of the most strenuous and persis- 
tent advocates of an institution of superior learning was the Rev. Dr. John 
Strachan, — the first bishop to be appointed by the Crown in Upper Canada. 
Dr. Strachan had originally come to the colony under the promise of the 
Principalship of a Government College. With no doubt the best motives, 
he made repeated appeals on behalf of a Provincial University, and had 
already spent a number of years in the country in educating the sons of the 
governing families. His ambition was the training of opulence for the 
administrative offices and positions of public trust. As a member of the 
Executive Council, we naturally find him urging the claims of a seminary 
of higher learning. But the people and a large number of their representa- 
tives in the Legislature were unwilling to hasten the founding of a University. 
It was as yet, they thought, premature, and in advance of the wants of the 
country. If more was required in the way of higher education than the 
District Grammar Schools furnished, they were willing to sanction in Toronto 
a "minor" College. Sir John Colborne himself saw that this was all that at 
present was needed. The time would come, he assured himself, that King's 
College — as the proposed University had come to be called — would be 
required ; but the immediate want was for an institution that would be a 
stepping-stone and ultimate feeder to the University. 



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l6 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Sir John Colborne, though a military man, was not unfitted for initia- 
ting and carrying out the scheme which he had determined upon, namely, 
the founding and endowing of a College in the Provincial Capital on the 
lines of the great Public Schools in England. His immediate model seems 
to have been Elizabeth College, Guernsey. He had come to Canada 
directly from the field of his administration in the Channel Islands, and 
fresh from the task of re-founding and modernizing an old Elizabethan 
College in Guernsey, which had fallen into decay. As an old and gallant 
soldier, he was a man of action and full of resource. His experience in the 
Peninsular War, where he had his shoulder half shot away, and his right 
arm partly disabled' at the storming of Ciudad Rodrigo, lent a fearlessness 
to his character, and taught him to brook no opposition. But though a 
man of much force of character, he was eminently just ; and he had the 
special merit of being at once stern and conciliatory. No sooner had he 
arrived at his new post in Canada than a serious tax was placed upon his 
good nature. From the moment of his arrival at York (Toronto), he was 
beset with political grievances, and had dinned into his ears the story of 
the struggle for popular rights. Among the dissensions of the time was 
the educational imbroglio and the clamour for and against a native 
University. In his accession to office Sir John Colborne was in no hurry 
to commit himself prematurely to action. He took time to review the 
situation and carefully to study the wants of the young country. His 
decision was not to push too hastily the organization of King's College. It 
was a preparatory institution he saw that was wanted. Arriving at this 
conclusion, he placed himself in communication with the Home Govern- 
ment, and obtained permission to call into existence what has since been 
known as Upper Canada College. 

In 1829, tenders for the erection of buildings for this now historic insti- 
tution were called for, and the enterprise was immediately put under way. 
Almost concurrently two other notable buildings were proceeded with in 
York, viz., the Parliament Buildings, which, like those of the College, are 
now about to come into disuse; and the buildings long known as Lawyers' 
(now Osgoode) Hall, tlie home of the lately incorporated Law Society of 
Upper Canada. Pending the completion of the new buildings, in what was 
at the time known as Russell Square, the College opened the first page of 
its history in the Home District School, one of the original Royal Grammar 
Schools which was now, for a time at least, merged into Upper Canada 
College. These Grammar Schools, which had increased to eleven in 1830, 
were maintained by Government, aided by local fees. At this period their 
combined cost to the Province for maintenance was some $17,000 a year. 



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THE COLLEGE AND THE ERA OF 183O. IJ 

Not until 1839, was the principle acted upon of aiding the secondary schools 
by a municipal grant 

In January, 1831, the staff and pupils of Upper Canada College moved 
into the new buildings. In December of the same year, the Lieutenant- 
Governor, acting on the authority received from England, endowed the 
College with a land grant of 66,000 acres. The Legislature made some 
difficulty about this appropriation, evidently deeming it within its exclusive 
province to make over and settle on the College the sources of its mainte- 
nance. After sundry communications between the House and the Governor, 
and the reference of the matter to England, the Legislature, by an Act 
passed in 1833. finally concurred in the land appropriation, and ratified the 
College's incorporation and endowment 

Quite disturbing controversies have at various times arisen on the 
subject of Upper Canada College endowment By some it was alleged 
that Block D., in the city of Toronto, in the school buildings on which the 
College first began its operations, was not part of the property conveyed to 
the College, but was despoiled from the District Grammar School, and 
hence part of the General Education Fund of the new Province. Others, 
again, put forward the more serious statement that the College endow- 
ment was diverted unfairly from the lands appropriated for the founding of 
Toronto University. So much credence had been given to this latter 
assertion that, at a recent session of the Ontario Legislature, the Upper 
Canada College endowment was confiscated, and, at the bidding of sectional 
prejudice, the Institution was deprived of its historic site, and is about to 
be removed out of the city, and put on a new financial basis. This is not 
the place hereto discuss this act of spoliation (it will be dealt with at a later 
stage) ; but the Editors may be permitted to call the reader's attention to 
the chapter on the College Endowment, contributed by Mr. R. E. Kingsford, 
M.A., in which erroneous views of the endowment are clearly and effectively 
combated, and the rights of the College to its lands are maintained. Hardly 
a greater service could be done by an alumnus of the College than has been 
rendered by Mr. Kingsford, in setting forth, in clear legal fashion, the suc- 
cessive incidents in the founding and endowing of his traduced but now 
vindicated Alma Mater, 

Before leaving this subject for the present, there are one or two points 
which Mr. Kingsford's carefully-prepared paper brings out, in valid defence 
of the position all along assumed by well-informed friends of the College. 
They are these. That Sir" John Colborne, in founding Upper Canada 
College, was not carrying out despotically a mere fad of his own. He took 
the step in concert with his constitutional advisers, the Executive Council 
3 



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l8 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

of the Province ; after consultation and in harmony with the views of 
the Home Government ; and at the express instigation, and with the 
approval and indorsement, of the Legislative Assembly. Equally emphatic 
must be our judgment, and that of the reader, on the question of land 
usurpation. The College was founded and endowed on its own lands, and 
on its own lands, until recently despoiled of them, has it subsisted and been 
maintained. It robbed the University of no lands, and trenched in no way 
on those set apart for the Provincial Grammar Schools. Only malice or 
reckless misrepresentation could cloud or distort these facts. The facts 
were brought forward, in 1S69, by Principal Cockburn in his " Statement" on 
the affairs of the College to a Committee of the Legislature on Education. 
They were advanced during the discussion in the Ontario Legislature, when 
the fate of the College hung in the balance, and the Executive and the 
House committed themselves to the new order of things. They are now 
repeated and embodied in this volume, as matters of history, and in 
justification of the views held and acted upon by many friends and well- 
wishers of the College. In a memorable message of Sir John Colborne to 
the House of Assembly, in 1830, he made use of these words : " Before I 
leave the Province, I shall endeavour to procure for the institution (Upper 
Canada College) such protection as may enable it to counteract the 
influence of local jealousies, or of the ignorance, or vice, to which in a 
new country it may sometimes be naturally exposed." The Lieutenant- 
Governor's designs were honourable and were carried out in good faith. 
Unfortunately, he did not foresee a time, " sixty years* afterwards," when 
the sinister influences he speaks of, instead of vanishing in the clear sun- 
shine of a better day, were still active enough to set historic association, 
patriotism, and even material interest aside, and allow a blow to be dealt 
at Education and the College ! 

But let us, for a while, turn to pleasanter things. We shall in time 
arrive at the later stages of the College's career : at present, we are but at 
the birth of its academic life. We have seen that it owes its parentage 
to Sir John Colborne. We have not yet seen who were its foster-fathers 
— those whom the Lieutenant-Governor had brought out and was to 
leave behind him, to nurture its youth, and in the training process to 
develop both wind and limb. These the next chapter will bring before 
the reader. Happy are the Editors that they can introduce these first mas- 
ters through one who knew them in the flesh, and who was himself distin- 
guished as the first head-boy in the College. Dr. Scadding's contribution 
will be eagerly read by pupils of the Institution, both young and old. By 
** Old Boys" it will be read for the associations that increase in charm and 
interest as Time lays its mellowing touch on the fading memories of the 



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THE COLLEGE AND THE ERA OF 183O. 1 9 

past By the later pupils it will be read with that pardonable pride with 
which one scans the family pedigree and traces the line of honourable 
descent from some doughty ancestor. If pride of birth has any justification 
it lies in this, that one may have the grace to emulate the virtues, re-enact 
the good deeds, and hand down with increased honour the memory, of an 
unsullied name. Nor will either class of readers forget, that not only was 
the writer of the chapter the first head-boy, but that for the long period of 
five-and-twenty years he was a master in the College. Very charming is 
the picture he has given us of those who were his professional colleagues, 
and, in the early years of the Institution, his own first masters. Elsewhere 
we learn of a curious contemporary criticism passed on these early imported 
masters of the College. A certain Dr. Dunlop, a well-known, early 
Canadian litterateur, of pronounced Tory views, found fault with them 
because they were all Can tabs. "It would have been more advisable," said 
he, " had they been selected from the more orthodox and gentlemanly 
University." In the remark, observes Dr. Scadding, our authority for the 
story, "we have the record of a foolish prejudice on the part of Dr. Dunlop, 
derived, possibly, from his long association with writers in Blackwood and 
Fraser, among whom the fixed notion prevailed that Cambridge was 
innately Whiggish, and therefore, not gentlemanly." But, Whig or Tory, it 
cannot be said that they were wanting in the qualities of a gentleman ; still 
less, that they were indifferent teachers, or deficient in learning or scholar- 
ship. The pupils they turned out and the high repute of the Institution 
testify to the contrary. We shall see more of them later on, as well as of 
newer masters and pupils, who were soon to add to the increasing honour 
and fame of the College. 

We have referred to some contemporary criticism of the first masters ; 
let us make a brief allusion to what was said at the period about the 
design and methods of the College. From the founding of the Province, 
Upper Canada had been almost entirely ruled by an oligarchy, composed 
of men of education and good positions in life. Incidentally these men, 
as self-interest drew them together in close alliance, came to have 
matters pretty much their own way. They not only monopolized the 
public offices, but shaped the administration of the Province in accord- 
ance with their own wishes and in the class interest of their Order. This 
was particularly shown in the matter of education. In the Old World 
the age was still largely tinctured with classical ideas ; the era of popular 
science and common schools was yet in the womb of time. In Upper 
Canada, what educational facilities existed were in the main for the sons of 
the rich. From the earliest period, we have seen, that even the private 
schctols were seminaries of the higher learning. The first Govern m 



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20 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

schools, opened in 1806, were Grammar or Classical Schools ; and not till 
ten years later was any provision made for elementary instruction. Even 
in Simcoe*s day the main purpose of the appropriation of Crown lands was 
to found a University. The whole pother in Sir Peregrine Maitland's 
rigime was as to whether or not they should call King's College into 
existence. Even at that time the cost of civil government ate largely into 
the substance of the people. There was plenty of money to be had for the 
purposes of legislation, but very little for the purposes of education. This 
is seen from a report of the Education Committee presented in the Session 
of 1832 to the House of Assembly. Says the report : '* Your Committee 
mosl earnestly draw the attention of your honourable House to the 
astounding fact that less is granted by the Provincial Legislature for 
educating the youth of 300,000 people than is required to defray the 
contingent expenses of one Session of PcTrliament ! " Much, we know, has 
been unfairly laid at the door of the Family Compact ; but it is a Tory 
educational authority who tells us that the chief obstructive in school 
matters, in pre-Rebellion times, was the Legislative Council. It was almost 
impossible, we are told, to get that body to concur in the legislation of the 
Lower House when it proposed levying rates for the support of Common 
Schools. In the minds of all but the governing families it may be doubted 
whether, at that era, this was deemed to be the best of all possible worlds. 

Under the social conditions of the time, with the prevailing disregard 
of the weal of the people, we can quite understand the opposition to Govern- 
ment expenditure on seminaries of higher learning. The people had not 
their rights. A better day was to come with Responsible Government and its 
enlightened measures of popular education ; but that day had not yet dawned 
on the young colony. Not unreasonable, therefore, was the cry against the 
premature founding of the University. Hardly less unreasonable was 
public impatience with the design that Sir John Colborne*s scheme of a 
College should be incorporated with the University and its management 
placed under its control. Happily part of the difficulty was got over by 
importing its first masters from England, and the opposition for the time 
disappeared in the pride felt at the success of the Institution. 

Of course, then, as now, the impossible thing was to please all. Now 
and then rumblings of discontent were heard as to the disproportionate 
sums spent on primary and higher education. Without impugning the 
motives of those who administered the affairs of the Province, it may be 
questioned whether, considering the youth of the country, a more generous 
expenditure on schools for the people would not have been wisdom. It 
may also be questioned whether Dr. Strachan was either wise or politic in 



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THE COLLEGE AND THE ERA OF 183O. 21 

SO baldly disclosing his object in pressing for a University and urging the 
extension of the machinery of Classical Schools. Here is a quotation from 
one of his appeals : " It is indeed quite evident that the consequences of a 
University • • possessing in itself sufficient recommendations to attract 
to it the sons of the most opulent families, would soon be visible in the 
greater intelligence and more confirmed principles of loyalty of those who 
would be called to various public duties required in the country — i. e,, the 
governing classes. " We might well doubt whether the avowal of such 
motives would help his cause. They too plainly declare what must at the 
time have been most offensive, that education was a class distinction, and 
that loyalty could not be on the side of the lowly born. Happily, the good 
bishop lived, we know, to change his mind. 

Hardly serious could have been the objection to the College and the 
District Grammar Schools because they devoted so much time to the study 
of the Classics. So far as the College is concerned, if "Tiger" Dunlop's gibe 
about the masters being all Cantabs was warranted, the charge would lie as 
much against Mathematics. The objection can be understood only in the 
light of the general indictment. The Schools, it must be acknowledged, 
were for a class, and the goal of that class was the public service, or one or 
other of the professions. Hence the prominence given to the Classics. 
Here, as in the Motherland at the period, there may have been too much 
homage paid at the shrine of Latin verse. If the specimens from Gray and 
Ben Jonson, from an old Upper Canada College boy, which we meet with 
in the College Times for June, 1872, are to be taken as average examples, 
the Latin verse was undoubtedly however of a high order. Yet considering 
the practical wants of the country, perhaps less flowery studies would have 
been more useful, and proved as good a mental discipline. But we are not 
of those who deride the Classics and would cram a boy with a smattering 
of universal knowledge. Nor does the result prove that the College was 
wrong in its methods. Classics, it will be admitted, however, should hardly 
be the pivot on which the whole machine turns. " The real problem of 
a large school," observes a writer, " is not to teach this or that subject, but 
to promote, at once, every form of development, so as to give the chances 
to the largest variety of natural gifts and dispositions." As yet, the old 
systems held their ground and the era of " moderns" had not dawned. But 
this was clearly no drawback to the pupils of the College, for of those 
annually turned out of the Institution, not only many were distinguished, 
but the education of all may be said to be both general and sound. Nor 
must we forget that the College was founded to provide not a common or 
narrow, but a liberal, education. Double and almost incompatible functions 
were at the time required of it. It was a University and a Preparatory 



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22 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

College in one. If at the outset its cost was great to the Province, and 
there was more or less warrant for criticism, this is the defence that must 
he made for it. 

In Education, and its appliances, a long road has been travelled since 
the era of 1830. In Classics, we still, to some extent, endeavour to 
compete with the Roman poets in the manufacture of Latin verse. But 
in the study of the ancient, as well as in the modern languages, the 
student of to-day does not now grind in the old mill. Our systems have 
been revolutionized by the science of history. Comparative philology has 
given a new charm to the study of the languages. What used to be largely a 
mechanical task is now an instructive and absorbing study. The curriculum 
too, as well as the school nrrethods, have been widened and broadened, and 
a new world and new fields of thought have been opened by Science. In 
other respects, a wonderful change has come over education in the last half- 
century. To realize this one has only to compare the school-books of 
to-day with those in use when the College was founded. In nothing 
perhaps has there been a greater advance than . in the subject matter and 
Jiterary form of the school text-books. But with all the drawbacks which 
the student of 1830 had to contend with, the after-career of the average 
" old College boy " proves that they were no detriment to his success in life. 

Looking back from the standpoint of to-day, it is with no little pride 
that one sees how great has been the success of the College. It had its 
origin at a period in the Provincial history seemingly little favourable to its 
taking vigorous root. No sooner was it founded than it had to encounter 
the twin-perils of pestilence and rebellion. In 1832, Toronto w*as ravaged 
by Asiatic Cholera, and five years later political dissension threatened the 
overthrow of the social fabric. If neither of these sinister forces seriously 
affected its fortunes, they disturbed the calm of the time favourable to 
intellectual labour, and for a while diverted public interest from' educational 
work. Still bravely did the College hold on its way, and in renewed 
successes compelled the return to it of public favour and support. The 
passing years, while they added to its trials and vicissitudes, brought also 
the prestige and moral force to overcome them. Upper Canada College 
has had its day of exultation, and its day of depression ; but through both 
it has done the duty of the hour and deeply rooted itself in the growing 
life of the young nation. 



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THE COLLEGE, ITS INCEPTION, AND 
FIRST MASTERS. 



BY THE REV. DR. SCADDING. 



a 



MONUMENT of the era of Sir John Colborne, afterwards Lord 
Seaton, still exists amongst us, in the institution known as Upper 
Canada College. This great Public School was brought into 
complete operation through the instrumentality of Sir John Colborne, in 
1830. Tenders for the erection of the buildings were advertised for in 
the Loyalist of May 2nd, in the preceding year, in these words ; "Minor 
College. — Sealed Tenders for erecting a school-house and four dwelling 
houses, will be received on the first Monday of June next. Plans, 
elevations, and specifications may be seen after the 12th instant, on 
application to the Hon. George Markland, from whom further information 
may be received. York, ist May, 1829." 

In Sir John Colbome's opening speech, on the 8th of January, 1829, 
after the remark — " the public schools are generally increasing, but their 
present organization seems susceptible of improvement" — there occurs 
this passage; "Measures will be adopted, I hope, to reform the Royal 
Grammar School, and to incorporate it with the University recently 
endowed by His Majesty, and to introduce a system in that seminary that 
will open to the youth of the Province the means of receiving a liberal and 
extensive course of instruction. Unceasing exertion should be made to 
attract able masters to this country, where the population bears no 
proportion to the number of offices and employments that must necessarily 
be held by men of education and acquirements, disposed to support the 
laws and your free institutions." 

In the general form given to the echo of this portion of the Speech 
on the Address from the Commons, there is a good deal of meaning. " We 
will direct our anxious attention to the state of the Public Schools," the 
House of Assembly said, '* and consider what improvements in the present 



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24 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

imperfect and unsatisfactory system are best calculated to open to the 
youth of this Province the means of receiving a liberal and extensive 
course of instruction ; and we are fully sensible of the vast importance of 
unceasing exertions to attract able masters to the country, where the 
population and wealth bear no proportion to the number of offices and 
employments, which ought to be held by men of education and acquire- 
ments disposed to support the laws, and, what we are highly gratified to 
find so favourably mentioned by your Excellency, the free institutions of 
our country." Satire possibly lurked in the expression " ought to be held." 

When Sir John Colborne arrived in Upper Canada, he came straight 
from Guernsey, and fresh from a task of educational reform accomplished 
by him in that island. He had rendered his administration there memor- 
able by the successful renovation and modernization of Elizabeth College, a 
foundation of the times of Queen Elizabeth, but fallen to decay. In Upper 
Canada, a formal University, after the model of the English Universities, 
had been from the beginning an element in the polity of the country ; but 
actually to set up and put in motion such a piece of learned machinery 
seemed hitherto premature. On his settlement at York, Sir John Colborne 
soon made up his mind not to push forward into immediate existence, as 
by some he was urged to do, the larger establishment, but to found a 
preliminary and preparatory institution, which should meet the immediate 
educational wants of the community. He obtained the sanction of the 
home authorities ; and the substance of a despatch from headquarters on 
the subject was communicated to the House in the following terms, which 
shew a certain indcfiniteness, as yet, in regard to the organization and 
exact aim of the proposed establishment : " The advantages that will result 
from an institution conducted by nine or ten able masters, under whose 
tuition the youth of the Province could be prepared for any profession are 
indisputable ; and if such a school were permanently established, and the 
Charter (of King's College) so modified that any professor shall be eligible 
for the Council, and that the students of the College shall have liberty and 
faculty of taking degrees in the manner that shall hereafter be directed by 
the statutes and ordinances framed by His Majesty's government, the 
University must flourish, and prove highly beneficial to the colony." 

By adopting this line of action, Sir John Colborne lost the favour of 

some of the customary advisers of Lieutenant-Governors in Upper Canada, 

as seeming to postpone the establishment of the University proper to a 

very distant day ; but he gained the gratitude of many throughout the 

. country. 

With necessary modifications, Elizabeth College, Guernsey, was repro- 
duced at York, in the institution which soon became famous as Upper 



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THE COLLEGE, ITS INCEPTION, AND FIRST MASTERS. 2$ 

Canada College. Among some it was long familiarly spoken of as the 
Minor College, with allusion to the University which was to be ; and this 
was the title placed, as we have seen, at the head of the original adver- 
tisement for tenders. The Loyalist newspaper refers to the institution, 
while yet in embryo, as Colborne College, as if to suggest that name for it. 

The Rev. Dr. Harris, with a staff of masters, for the most part 
selected in England, was nominated as the head of the new institution, 
and entrusted with the task of its actual organization. Dr. Harris himself 
had been highly distinguished at the University of Cambridge, where he 
had been a Fellow of Clare Hall. Dr. Phillips, the Vice-Principal, was 
also a Cambridge man, long since graduated at Queen's College. He was 
already in the country, at the head of the District or Royal Grammar 
School at York. Mr. Dade, the mathematical master, was, at the time of 
his appointment, a Fellow of Caius College, and continued for a number of 
years still to retain that honourable distinction. Mr. Mathews, the first 
classical master, was a graduate of Pembroke College, a brilliant classical 
scholar, and a proficient in Hebrew, having won the Tyrwhitt Hebrew 
Scholarship of the University ; and Mr. Boulton, the second classical 
master, a son of Mr. Justice Boulton, of York, was a graduate of 
Queen's College, Oxford, and for some time engaged in tuition in the old 
endowed BlundeU's School, at Tiverton, Devon. Each of these gentlemen 
was an acquisition to the community at York. They were all of them 
instrumental in inaugurating and fostering in Upper Canada a sterling 
scholarship peculiarly English. " The jar long retains the odour of the 
wine with which, when new, it was first filled." In minds here and there 
in Upper and Lower Canada and elsewhere there lingers yet the aroma of 
Horatian, Virgilian, and other classic tinctures, dropped into them years 
ago by Harris and his worthy colleagues. 

Another gentleman attached to Upper Canada College by Sir John 
Colborne was Mr. Drewry, an artist of no ordinary skill, whose paintings in 
oil of scenery about the Falls of Niagara and in the White Mountains were 
held by judges to be remarkable for their great excellence. Mr. Drewry 
did a good deal in the way of cultivating art and artistic matters at York. 
The same may be said of Mr. J. G. Howard, afterwards the eminent 
architect at York, who, although not brought out expressly to undertake 
duties in Upper Canada College, was attached to that institution very soon 
by Sir John Colborne. The French master was Mr. J. P. de la Haye, of 
St. Malo, who had had much experience in schools in England. 

The plot of ground on which the College buildings were erected had 
previously been known as Russell Square. While these were being 

4 



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26 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. ' 

prepared, the work of the College began in the old District or Royal 
Grammar School, situate, at the time, at the southern corner of March 
and Nelson Streets (now known as Lombard and Jarvis Streets), but 
previously placed in the middle of the school block .defined by Church, 
Adelaide, Jarvis, and Richmond Streets, a building itself already memorable 
to many in Upper Canada as the scene of their boyish training in the /itera 
humaniores. For the purposes of the new College, the interior of the old 
school was divided into rooms by panelled partitions, which reached not 
quite to the ceiling, one room being assigned to each master. The rooms 
of the Principal and Mathematical Master were upstairs, as was also the 
Assembling or Prayer Hall. In 1831 teaching began in the new building* 
and there the first examination and distribution of prizes took place. 

ADDITIONAL NOTE ON THE REV. DR. HARRIS, 

Not long after his retirement from the Principalship of Upper Canada 
College, and his return to England, Dr. Harris was presented with the 
living of Tor Mohun, in Devonshire. He died at his house, named Sorfel, 
at Torquay, in 1881, in his 8 1st year, greatly respected and beloved. 

In his spare and wiry figure, as well as in the aquiline outline of his 
features, the first Principal bore a considerable resemblance to the ** Iron 
Duke," a resemblance also to be traced in the personal qualities of a strong 
dislike for verbiage and display, and the possession of great firmness, 
decision, and energy. 

Not having at hand any literary relic of Dr. Harris of a general 
character, I transcribe a few passages from a pamphlet of his on the subject 
of Upper Canada College. He is endeavouring to make the members of 
the Opposition in the Local House and others to see the economic value of 
a superior education, whilst at the same time he gives some interesting 
particulars connected with the history of education in England : 

*' As to the 'public expense' at which the College is upheld," Dr. 
Harris writes, ** I would submit that allowing it to be. in itself, apparently 
great, two considerations present themselves with respect to the benefits 
purchased at this expense which arise with regard to any purchasable 
commodity, first, can the commodity be procured in every respect of equal 
goodness at a less price ? and secondly, if it be necessarily an expensive 
article, is it worth the price to the purchaser ? 

" Nx3w, to the first question, it is a certain fact that a liberal and 
comprehensive education cannot be provided but at a considerable expense 
to be borne somewhere. The people in general, in a new country, cannot 



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THE COLLEGE, ITS INCEPTION, AND FIRST MASTERS. 2/ 

bear it from their private means, and it must, therefore, if provided for at 
all, be borne from the public. Even in the old countries of Europe, and 
particularly in England, all the leading seminaries are supported by 
endowments ; and limited indeed in comparison with what they actually 
are, would be the means of education in Great Britain, had not Royal and 
individual munificence founded schools and colleges for the promotion of 
learning, and made such permanent provision for the maintenance of tutors 
and masters, as leaves little comparative expense to be defrayed by many 
parents, whose sons must otherwise have wanted that which has proved to 
them more valuable than the richest inheritance. 

**To this patriotic and generous regard of our forefathers for the 
interests of learning it is to be ascribed that in England so many men of 
humble origin have been enabled to raise themselves to proud distinction 
as statesmen, and scholars, and philosophers. Looking particularly at the 
profession of the law, how many of our most considerable families and of 
our nobility are indebted to the facilities which happily existed for the 
education of that ancestor whose superior talents first raised himself and 
his name from humble obscurity? This allusion reminds me of the 
recommendation which was made at a popular meeting in this place, some 
few years since, that the Home Government should send out Judges to 
Canada from the English Bar, till the improved state of education in the 
Province should render such a course unnecessary. 

** Now in one point of view I should certainly not have adverted to 
this circumstance as making for my present argument, for to nothing 
could a stronger appeal be made in proof of the insufficiency of the existing 
means of education in than to the actual discharge of the judicial functions 
in Upper Canada ; but I may fairly be allowed to infer from the fact that 
such an opinion having been expressed that it was not generally considered 
that the then available means of education were adequate to the require- 
ments of the Colony ; and that, therefore, an Institution which is every year- 
sending out youths not inferior in classical knowledge to the greater part 
of those who leave our public schools in England for the Universities, and 
with the addition of many useful attainments which the latter do not 
generally possess, is not conferring unimportant advantages on the Province 
at large, and could not be dispensed with, but at the certainty of still 
keeping the standard of education below that point which is correspondent 
with the general advancement and exigencies of the community. 

" But to return from this longer discussion than I had intended. If in 
so old, and populous, and wealthy a country as England, liberal education 
has been maintained at an expense so much greater than is covered by the 



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28 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

mere payment made by individual parents for the instruction of their 
children, it is not to be expected that the case should be otherwise here ; 
but rather that the expense of a higher order of education should, for some 
time to come, appear more disproportionate to the extent of good effected 
than where society has been increasing and advancing for ages. 

" This is a consequence necessarily resulting from the nature of the 
case, and for the same reasons, the disproportion between the expense and 
the amount of the advantage diffused through the Province would be still • 
more apparent with regard to a University, the expenditure of which must 
be manifold greater than that on an introductory seminary, whilst the 
number of individuals who would probably avail themselves of the advan- 
tages of the former, could not for many years be at all equal to the number 
of pupils receiving their education at the latter. And yet I never heard 
any objection of this nature to the University as though its endowment 
were too great, &c., as though the Province in general were likely to derive 
very little advantage from it ; for besides the fact that the expense of 
education beyond a certain grade increases in a rapid ratio as the standard 
rises it must be obvious with respect to the higher pursuits of learning and 
science that the taste and demand for them, in a new community, must not 
only be encouraged but in a great measure created ; and this is to be done 
not by a tardy supply of facilities and assistance, only afforded when the 
necessity can no longer be denied, but by providing opportunities in 
advance, which may elicit latent genius, and lead the way to the loftier 
paths of knowledge. To delay, therefore, the commencement of the Univer- 
sity till a much laVger number of students actually present themselves to 
enter its walls, would be to postpone the cultivation of a field till a few 
spontaneous ears had multiplied themselves to a full crop ; forgetting the 
danger that the seeds thus left to themselves may perish, whereas, if care- 
fully collected and cultivated, they would probably in a few seasons produce 
an abundant increase. 

" The above desultory remarks may perhaps suffice to show that 
education of a superior kind, is, to a certain extent, necessarily an expensive 
commodity. I proceed to the question whether it is worth the cost to the 
purchaser, i.e., to the Province ; or, in other words to reply to the opinions 
that ** the Province generally derives very little advantage from the College, 
and that it might be dispensed with." I infer from the expression " the 
Province generally" that it is implied that the advantages of the College 
are chiefly confined to the immediate vicinity of Toronto ; and it is 
certainly the case that the greater part of the pupils has always been from 
this city and neighbourhood. The number of boys from the country (and 



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THE COLLEGE, ITS INCEPTION, AND FIRST MASTERS. 29 

some From very distant parts), has generally been rather more than a third 
of the entire number ; and when it is considered how many circumstances, 
besides the expense, may concur to make it convenient to parents to send 
their sons far from home, this is perhaps nearly as large a proportion as could 
be expected. But the benefits to the Province at large are not to be solely 
estimated by the comparative number of pupils who are sent to the College 
from districts more or less remote from its vicinity. The beneficial effects 
of talents which are drawn forth and cultivated by a systematic course of 
education are not confined to the locality, either of the school or of the 
home, of the talented individual ; the talents thus matured are the property 
and advantage, no less than the ornament, of the country at large. 

" No one thinks of inquiring whether a Bacon or a Newton, a Johnson 
or an Addison, received his education in his native town or at a distant 
school ; the whole nation enjoys the fruits of their talents, and glories in 
their fame wherever they were educated. 

" It may, indeed, be a source of honest pride to particular schools to 
have educated such luminaries, as it may be to their native places to have 
produced them, but the distinction thus enjoyed by the one or the other, 
does not in the least diminish the public advantage and the public honours 
derived from their abilities. But to meet more directly the question of 
advantages derived by the Province generally from the founding of Upper 
Canada College we must remember that it is too soon to judge of the 
fruit of a tree before the period of its maturity is arrived ; and that it is 
equally unreasonable to expect that a place of education for youth should 
have produced any demonstrable present influence on the community, in 
the course of six years from its foundation." 

To the Rev. Dr. Harris is due the now well-known selection from 
Horace (Carm. iv. 4, 11. 33-36), which is appended to the labels inserted in 
the prize books annually given at Upper Canada College : 

" Doctrina sed vim promovet insitam. 
Rectique cultus pectora roborant ; 
Utcumque defecere mores, 

Dedecorant bene nata culpae." 

"Yet training quickens power inborn, 
And culture nerves the soul for fame. 
But he must live a life of scorn 
Who bears a noble name, 
Yet blurs it with the soil of infamy and shame. 



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30 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

" Still training speeds the inborn vigour's growth, 
Sound culture is the armour of the breast, 
Where fails the moral lore, 
Vice disennobles even the noblest born." 

Lord LyttofCs Translation. 

ADDITIONAL NOTE ON THE REV. DR. PHILLIPS. 

The Rev. Dr. Phillips resigned the Vice-Principalship in 1834. The 
title was not continued. The Master next in rank after the Principal was 
now styled First Classical Master. Dr. Phillips became Rector of Weston 
on the Humber, about ten miles from Toronto. I remember seeing the 
inscription Deus nobis haec otia fecit over a rustic seat in the grove over- 
looking the river not far from the Church, placed there by the Doctor. He 
died in the year 1849, ^ig^d 6Z, The text-books, grammars, and so on used 
in the old District or Royal Grammar School, presided over by Dr. Phillips* 
prior to the establishment of Upper Canada College, were those of Eton, 
including even the old untranslated Greek Grammar. At noon every day, 
it was the duty of the censor, or head-boy of the highest class to proclaim 
the hour Duodccima hora est, to which was added Pveri, aimorum scholastic 
corum rcminiscimini : implying that the lads were to carefully gather up 
their books, papers, and so on, and deposit them in their proper places. 
Any one who may happen to recall a portrait of Dr. Hawtrey, formerly 
Head Master of Eton, which appeared a few years since in the London 
Illustrated papers, will have before his mind's eye a rather faithful 
"counterfeit presentment" of Dr. Phillip's contour of head and expression 
of countenance. Dr. Phillips did what he could to prepare the minds of 
his young friends for the new era about to dawn upon them. The subject 
proposed by Dr. Phillips for a short poem in 1829, was : Viris doctissimis 
varia facultate docendi tnstitutis Regiae Scholae Grammaticae Etoracensi 
Icuta dies aderit, i, e, : " Happy will be the day for the Royal Grammar 
School at York when well-learned men shall be appointed for it in the 
several departments of instruction." As a literary memorial of Dr. Phillips 
I give some lines written by him and recited by one of his pupils on the 
last prize day [of the old school. It is a review in verse of the ups and 
downs of the Institution with a hopeful onward glance at its future : 

** As when the vessel laden with her store, 
Quits distant climes, and seeks the long left shore ; 
Now cuts the foaming wave of boistVous seas, 
And crowds her swelling canvas for the breeze ; 



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THE COLLEGE, ITS INCEPTION, AND FIRST MASTERS, 3 1 

** But while for home each sailor's bosom bums, 
And hope and fear, perplexing, reign by turns ; 
The kindly blowing gales at once subside. 
And leave the ship on sullen deeps to ride. 

** Behold the burden on the ocean stands, 
Longing in vain to reach far distant lands ; 
A deadly quiet overspreads the main. 
Nor vivid lightnings flash, nor falls the rain ; 

" Yet courage animates the sailor's heart, 
And undismayed he nobly plays his part ; 
For tho' a transient calm his voyage stay, 
Still to his native land his wishes stray. 

" Again the wind their spreading canvas swells. 
And the swift vessel on its course impels ; 
Till ev'ry danger, ev'ry terror past, 
The wished for haven they regain at last. 

'* So man, as thro' life's short'ning track he goes. 
Feels ev'ry varying gale that round him blows ; 
One while, his sails propitious zephyrs fill. 
Another, on the deep his barque stands still ; 

** So, we too, once a well-matched crew came here. 
And in ourselves a host, had naught to fear ; 
We cut the ocean with undaunted force, 
And brisker gales propell'd us on our course. 

** But tho' our canvas feel a gentler breeze. 
We still with patience plough pacific seas ; 
And tho' with lessen'd force we now turn out. 
Again anticipate enliv'ning shout ; 

" For say, why should we from these Boards withdraw, 
And cease our humble efforts here to shew ? 
Who give up tamely in the fight for fame, 
Nor make one effort to support our name ? 

" No ! let us rather all our efforts raise. 
And put forth all our powers to gain your praise, 
Cling to the vessel while a plank remains. 
Nor quit our anchor, Hope ! for all our pains. 



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32 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

" This happy day, our hearts with pleasure hail. 
This day, thro' ev'ry bosom joys prevail ; 
Each toil, each labour, in the day is crown'd 
Our pride content, our highest wishes bound. 

** Our dearest friends around us here to meet. 
Our long known, long tried friends again to greet, 
For this, O welcome, all the School boy's care ! 
O welcome, e'en for this, the School boy's fear 1 

" For competition is a noble thing. 
It gives our flagging genius a wing ; 
Puts ev'ry latent power of mind to test. 
And makes us labour to perform our best. 

" Then listen with good-will ; our cause befriend ; 
Withhold your judgment till you see the end ; 
Take all in all, our greatest faults pass by, 
And view each error with benignant eye. 

" Well pleased, if from this Royal School you go, 
What happiness within our breast will flow ! 
For, be assured, we all have this at heart ; 
To strive with zeal, who best can act his part." 

These lines are preceded in the copy which I possess of them by the 
following quotation from Horace : — 

Lib. I. Ode xxxiv. 11. 12-16, 

" Valet ima summis 

Mutare et insignem attenuat Deus, 
Obscura promens. Hinc apicem rapax 
Fortuna cum stridore acuto 
Sustulit, hie posuisse gaudet." 

Lord Lyttons Translation, page 112. 

" A God reigns. 

Potent the high with low to interchange, 

Bid bright orbs wane, and those obscure come forth; 

Shrill sounding, Fortune swoops — 

Here snatches, then exultant drops, a crown." 



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THE COLLEGE, ITS INCEPTION, AND FIRST MASTERS. 33 

ADDITIONAL NOTE ON THE REV. C DADE. 

The Rev. Charles Dade died May 2nd, 1872, at his residence in George- 
town, Esquesing, in his 70th year, having been born at Yarmouth in 
Norfolk, June 4th, 1802. He resigned the Mathematical Mastership in 
1838. 

Mr. Dade was a man of unusual attainments in science and general 
learning. At the University of Cambridge he obtained the high wrangler's 
degree in the Mathematical Tripos, distinguishing himself also at the same 
time, in a marked manner, in the examination for Classical Honours- 
Immediately after obtaining his degree, Mr. Dade was elected a fellow of 
Gonville and Caius College, where, as the lists show, several of his own name 
had preceded him in that honourable position. His memory will continue 
to be to the early alumni of Upper Canada College in the future, what in 
every review of the past it has already been, one of their valued recollections. 
Again and again have they discovered by experience that the foundations of 
science laid in their minds by the first master in mathematics, were solid 
and trustworthy. Again and again, in their intercourse with men, have they 
felt the abiding effect for good upon themselves, of the sterling honesty and 
blunt straightforwardness which so conspicuously characterized their former 
guide and friend. Perhaps in the severe temperature of " the mathematical 
master's room," in the olden time, kept as little above freezing as possible, 
some of our eminent engineers and explorers tested for the first time that 
power of endurance and that capacity for solving problems under difficul- 
ties which have contributed to their success ; a power and a capacity 
brought prominently out, perhaps also for the first time, in some one or 
other of the memorable tramps laboriously undertaken on the ice of 
Toronto Bay, and elsewhere, in company with their iron-sinewed teacher, 
whilst being shown by him practically how to run base lines and take 
angles and measure the altitude of the sun and other objects. 

Besides being a vigorous and accurate thinker, Mr. Dade was, to the close 
of his career, an indefatigable and very literal manual worker. On his 
farm near Oakville, to which he withdrew when he resigned his mastership 
in Upper Canada College, some very remarkable trenches and dykes for 
drainage purposes excavated by the might of his own arm will be 
re-called. 

Whilst at Cambridge, in 1826, he gained what is called the Member's 
Prize, a distinction greatly desired at Cambridge, and attained only by 
first-rate scholars. It is one of four annual prizes given by the representa- 
tives in Parliament of the University for dissertations in Latin Prose, 
which are read publicly by the prizemen in the Senate- House on a day 
5 



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34 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

appointed near the Commencement Mr. Dade's Essay was afterwards 
printed in full in the Classical Journal for March and June, IJ527, published 
by A. J. Valpy, London. The prize dissertation fills sixteen closely printed 
octavo pages in the Classical JournaL 

It is an admirably sustained discussion, in pure easy flowing Latin, of 
the most striking points in which modern men have the advantage of their 
predecessors in the by-gone ages. 

" Quibusvam praecipue artibus recentiores antiques exsuperanf t 

It is thrown into the form of a conversation between the author and a 
friend, after the manner of Cicero. 

Papers of permanent value by Mr. Dade, on the Law of Storms, and 
on the Cholera Seasons of 1832 and 1834, are preserved in Volumes 5 and 
7 respectively, of the second series of the Canadian Journal 

A note by him on some Indian remains in the township of Beverley, in 
volume one of the first series of the same Journal, is characteristic for its 
brevity and directness. A valuable contribution on the Meteorology of 
Toronto and its vicinity, by the same hand, was also communicated to the 
Canadian Institute. Mr. Dade's Tables of Observations on our local 
physical phenomena, carefully made from 1831, downwards, arc held by the 
authorities at the Toronto OhsQrvatory to be of special importance as apper- 
taining to a period of which no other records of the kind are extant 



A few years since a monument was erected to the memory of the Rev. 
Mr. Dade, in the Churchyard, at Georgetown, by a number of his former 
pupils. It consists of a handsome obelisk of stone bearing a simple and 
suitable inscription. Towards the top of one side of the obelisk is carved 
as a kind of memorial hieroglyphic, the well-known figure employed in the 
demonstration of the 47th proposition of the first book of Euclid. 

ADDITIONAL NOTE ON THE REV. CHARLES MATHEWS. 

In the year 1867. the Rev. Charles Mathews, formerly a master of 
Upper Canada College, published in London a poetical translation of the 
Odes, Epodes, and Carmen Saeculare of Horace, marked by much origin- 
ality. Usually concise and close, it is now and then curiously but always 
gracefully paraphrastic, whilst the metre and language often reminds one of 
quaint George Herbert. I give two extracts for the purpose of showing 
how much the writer's experience of Canadian life helped him to a graphic 
reproduction of some of Horace's descriptions. 



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THE COLLEGE, ITS INCEPTION, AND FIRST MASTERS. 35 

The first is from Book HI., Ode xxiv., 11. 36-39. 

If not that part of the sphere 

Included to the tropic ray, 
Nor that side o' the round 

Confine to Boreas, where the broad 
Snows hardened to the ground 

Are all the metal to the road. 

si neque fervidis 
Pars inclusa caloribus 

Mundi nee Boreae finitimum latus, 
Durataeque solo nives 

Mercatorem abigunt ? 

Would such an expression as ** all the metal to the road," as here used, 
be ever thought of by a translator of Horace unacquainted with a Canadian 
highway, with its two or three feet of snow well beaten down and compacted 
together by the careering to and fro over it of innumerable sleighs ? 

The second extract is from the i6th Epode, 11. 43-48 : 

"Where corn is reaped from earth's unlaboured bosom, 

And vines undressed eternal blossom. 
And dusky figs mature on their own wood. 

And olives unassisted bud. 
Where the primaeval hollow trunk of tree 

Drips with the labour of the bee, 
And the sound forest stems and prairied reed, 

Autumnal tapped or vernal, bleed 
With syrups! where tall mountains stretch and from 

Their tabled summits sounding come — 
Not rills, by tempests into volume fed, 

But rivers deep and ample spread. 

Reddit ubi Cererem tellus inarata quotannis, 

Et imputata floret usque vinea, 
Germinat et nunquam fallentis termes olivae, 

Suamque pulla ficus ornat arborem, 
Mella cava manant ex ilice, montibus altis 

Levis crepante lympha desilit pede. 

In this translation or rather paraphrase of the words of Horace, we 
have plainly reminiscences of the first tillage of virgin soil, as witnessed in 



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36 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Canada of the ancient hollow pine tree, met with every now and then, the 
haunt and hoarding-place of the wild bee ; of the stout stems of tall maples 
tapped every spring for the sake of their sugar-yielding sap ; and of the 
wild Canadian grape vines with their flagrant efflorescence. 

In the " rivers deep and ample spread," descending from " their tabled 
summits," we have surely Niagara itself. In the ** prairied reed " we are 
plainly carried south of Canada into the region of the sugar-cane. 

Two briefer expressions are added, coloured possibly by Canadian 
experience. 

" The Meads 'their icy coating doff, 
And roars the river rolling off 
His plethora of snow." 

A spring freshet in the Nottawasaga or the Grand River was here 
plainly in the mind of the translator. 

The Latin represented is the following : — 

" Jam nee prata rigent necfliivii strepunt 

Hibema nive turgide^ Lib. IV., Ode. xii., 11. 3-4. 

" The white tracts snow-spread 

Of Thrace, far vestiged by barbarian tread." 

The Horatian language is: — '' Nive candidam Thracen^ ac pede barbaro 
Lustratam Rhodopenr Lib. III. Ode. xxv., 11. 10-12. 

Have we not here in " vestiged " for lustratam the vestigia or prints 
of snowshoe and moccasin marking out afresh, after every snow fall, the line 
of an Indian trail ? 

Mr. Mathews' own ideas of the proper qualifications of a translator of 
Horace in general, and of his own qualifications in particular, may be 
gathered from a letter of his. His correspondent had observed in regard to 
his poetical version of Horace, " You certainly understand your author," — 
the reply was, " You think I understand my original (thank you), but if it 
be not like-natured, like-minded also, I cannot attain to him, with or 
without metempsychosis. 

May not nature repeat herself in a distant generation for utterance in 
another language ? 

Without understanding him certainly, without resembling him also, I 
believe certainly whoever attempts to transmute him, had better leave him 
alone, recalcitrat undique tutus'* 



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THE COLLEGE, ITS INCEPTION, AND FIRST MASTERS. 37 

Intimate relations seem to have subsisted between the family of Mr. 
Mathews and that of Lord Byron ; he possessed a magnificent copy of the 
complete works of the poet presented to him by Lady Augusta Leigh, 
Lord Byron's sister. (The name Byron, it may be noticed, was always 
pronounced ' Birron ' by Mr. Mathews, a peculiarity at one time affected, I 
believe, by Byron himself) 

Mr. Mathews was one of those who had the power of inspiring in 
pupils a strong love of study and a true taste in regard to nice points in the 
Greek, Latin, and English Classics. He was a man of quick humour and 
wit ; he was never at a loss for a merry rejoinder. I have often found 
useful a little precept of his, formulated on the spur of the moment and 
delivered with a laugh, to the effect that people should map their minds 
as well as mind their maps. This was said in connection with some 
attempt to realize the circumstances of some ancient battle involving the 
necessit}' of a clear recollection of the relative positions of hill and plain, of 
river and morass. Finely cut Graecian features, dark sallow complexion, 
and an abundance of raven black hair were faithful indications of mind and 
temperament in the case of the accomplished scholar whose memory we 
have endeavoured to recall. After his retirement from Upper Canada 
College, in 1843, Mr. Mathews resided in the Island of Guernsey, where he 
died in 1877. 

Mr. Mathews had accidentally found in Ausonius a passage much 
resembling Wordsworth's " And 'tis my faith that every flower enjoys the 
air it breathes," [Note. — " Lines Written in Early Spring,'* Wordsworth, 
p. 341, edition, Boston, 1839,] ^"d had communicated the circumstance to 
the poet. The result was the following characteristic note, which was given 
to me by Mr. Mathews, and preserved as an interesting autographic 
memorial in my collection of such things : 

THE POET WORDSWORTH'S LETTER TO THE REV. CHARLES MATHEWS. 

Dear Sir, — 

I was not acquainted with the passage uf Ansonins to which you alluded, nor with 
any part of his writing at the time, nearly fifty years since, when I composed the lines which 
yoQ quote. I perfectly remember the very moment when the Poem in which they occur feU 
from my lips. I do not say my pen, for I had none with me. The passage in Ausonius does 
not put the case so strongly as mine, as the mere word "gaudere,*' is not perhaps much more 
than a strong expression for '* thrive." 

The interest yon take in this little matter is gratifying to me as a proof of sympathy 
between us, and emboldens me to subscribe myself 

Sincerely, your much obliged 

Wm. Wordsworth. 
Bydal Mount, December 29, 1836. 



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J8 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUMJL 

FROM AUSONIUS. 
£d, J, Stoer, 1688. 

AUSONII ROSAB. IdTLL XIV. 

'* Ver erat ; et blando mordentia frigora sensu 

Spirabat crocep mane revecta dies. 
StricUor Eooe praecesserat aura jngales, 

Aestiferum suadens anticipare diem. 
Errabam riguis per quadnia compita in horfeiSy 

Maturo cupiena me vegetare die. 
Vidi concretas per gramina flexa pruinas 

Pendere, aut olerum stare cacu minibus 
CauUbuB et patulis teretes coUudere guttas 

Et coeleatis aqnae pondere tunc gravidas. 
Vidi Paestano gaudere rosaria cultu 

Ezoriente novo roscida Lucifero. " 

Mr. Mathews received his primary education at the well-known Blue- 
coat School in London. On the 2ist of September, 1829, he was selected 
as the preacher at the Annual Commemoration of that institution, held at 
Christ Church, Newgate. His discourse on that occasion on Psalm 122, 
6-9, was published at the time in London. In it he alludes to his recent 
appointment to an educational post in Canada. The new school to which 
he is going is spoken of as " King's College, York," Upper Canada. 



I leave to other contributors to this volume to give noticies of the 
remaining first masters of the College. The faithful and much-enduring 
first janitor of the College, Samuel Alderdice, will also probably not be 
overlooked. The bent and somewhat aged form of Alderdice— his strongly- 
marked, longish, Druid-like visage, his deep-set, watchful and withal 
kindly eyes, his iron-grey hair spread out over the collar of the coat, and in 
front smoothed modestly down on the forehead, were long remembered by 
all early pupils of the College ; as also was that peremptory " Open the 
doo-er ! " which (uttered in high-keyed, hollow-sounding tone and strong 
Celtic accent,) occasionally startled the ear of the young day scholar, who^ 
living perhaps at a distance, was glad to ensconce himself along with a 
class-mate in one of the master's rooms during the noontide recess, contrary 
to the regulations. In a lithograph representing the masters of the College 
assembled in the Prayer-room, a likeness on a small scale of Alderdice is 
preserved. He stands there, as he used to be seen standing every morning, 
mute and motionless by the side of the Principal's chair awaiting orders, 
or by the chair of one of the masters, while names of absentees were being 
taken down. 



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THE COLLEGE, ITS INCEPTION, AND FIRST MASTERS. 39 

ADDITIONAL NOTE ON ELIZABETH COLLEGE, GUERNSEY. 

Elizabeth College, Guernsey, as restored and modernized by Sir John 
Colborne, in 1829, furnished the model on which Upper Canada College was 
organized both in respect to its curriculum and its methods. We have in 
Brayley s 'Graphic and Historical Illustrator," published in 1834, an account 
of the Institution in Guernsey, referred to. We there learn that it was 
founded in Queen Elizabeth's reign, 1 563, for the benefit of the youth of 
the Island. It was divided into six classes ; books and exercises were 
appointed respectively for each, the scholars to be admitted being required 
" to read perfectly, and to recite an approved Catechism of the Christian 
Religion by heart." In all the six classes the Latin and Greek languages 
were the primary objects of instruction ; but the statutes permitted the 
Master at his discretion " to add something of his own," and even to concede 
something for writing, singing, arithmetic, and a ** little play." The school 
had fallen greatly into decay, when in 1823, Sir John Colborne, governor of 
the Island, determined to re-establish it; and in 1829, he had the satisfaction 
of seeing the Institution once more in complete operation in a handsome 
building, with an attendance of one hundred and twenty pupils. 

Its staff of instructors consisted of a Principal, Vice-Principal, a First 
and Second Classical Master, a Mathematical Master, a Master and 
Assistant of the Lower School, a Commercial Master, and two French 
Masters and an Assistant, a Master of Drawing and Surveying, besides 
extra Masters for the German, Italian, and Spanish languages, and for 
Music, Drawing, and Fencing. The course included insti-uction in "Divinity, 
History, Geography, Hebrew, Greek, Latin, French, English, Mathematics, 
Arithmetic, and Writing." 

It is evident that, in the main. Upper Canada College was modelled 
after the pattern of Elizabeth College, Guernsey, its curriculum of studies, 
however, being somewhat less comprehensive, and its staff of instructors not 
so numerous. 



The Upper Canada College building of 1830, was a plain, substantial, 
roomy edifice of red brick without any architectural pretentions. The 
internal fittings and finish were of the most solid and unadorned character 
The benches for the classes were placed round the rooms against the wall ; 
they were movable, narrow, and constructed of thick planks in a very 
primitive fashion, as also were certain narrow tables. Each room was 
provided with a very large wood box set near the capacious fireplace, to 
hold the huge masses of hard maple, beech, and hickory used for fuel ; 
there was also a plain, strong, movable lock-up closet for the reception of 



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40 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

loose books, maps, and papers. The masters* desks were of heavy black 
walnut, the legs of each fastened by clamps to a small platform of its own 
which might be shifted about with ease on the floor. The wainscotting 
throughout the building was composed of stout boards of irregular width 
hand-planed, and nailed on longitudinally, all painted of a uniform drab 
colour. Rough usage was everywhere challenged, and rough usage speedily 
came. Benches, tables, and desks soon began to wear a very battered 
appearance. The wainscotting of the passages and other portions of the 
building was soon disfigured by initials, and sometimes names, carved at full 
length in accordance with a rude custom prevailing aforetime in English 
public schools, — a custon) more honoured in the breach than in the observ- 
ance. 

It is safe to say that no pupil pursuing his studies in the renovated and 
enlarged Upper Canada College of the present day would feel any pleasure 
in seeing the walls around him decorated in this peculiar manner. A 
similar change for the better has come over the feelings and tastes of the 
scholars frequenting all our public schools and other places of education, . 
It cannot be doubted that next to the companionship of refined teachers a 
refined environment has the most happy effect on the young. Emollit 
mores nee sinit esse feros. The experiment has now been in progress 
amongst us for some time with satisfactory results. The establishment of 
beautiful boulevards in our streets and the more or less complete throwing 
open of parks and other ornamental grounds, have produced a like effect on 
the general population of our cities and towns. With a youth trained to 
admire and prefer neat surroundings in their places of education, and an 
adult population habituated to respect and enjoy the beautiful adornment 
of places of public resort, the present generation may well congratulate 
itself on the point of civilization to which it has attained in this respect. 

Let this condition of things be maintained through a series of years ; 
let peace with our neighbours continue, and love and good fellowship 
prevail among ourselves ; let plentiful appliances for a real education still 
be rendered easily accessible to all, and made use of by all ; whilst, simul- 
taneously, innumerable influences for good are kept steadily in operation 
through the usual beneficent agencies. What is there to prevent very 
many of the high hopes entertained by the optimist in regard to the human 
race from being, in due time, realized in the people of the Canadian 

Dominion ? 

H. S. 



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THE COLLEGE, ITS INCEPTION, AND FIRST MASTERS. 4I 

NOTE ON THE COLLEGE MOTTO. 

Palmcan qui Meruit Ferat as a Motto. 

It has been customary of late years in Upper Canada College to make 
use of the words Palmatn qui meruit ferat as a kind of general motto for the 
Institution. The adoption of such a motto may seem to a stranger to 
imply a good deal of self-appreciation ; but the suffrages of a very large 
portion of the community will, it is believed, at the present time fully bear 
the College out in its procedure. Like Dieu et nion droit appended to the 
arms of England, Palmatn qui meruit ferat may now without serious 
challenge be inscribed beneath the escutcheon of the College. And here it 
is pertinent to ask, how is it that the Collejije has no escutcheon ? As a 
Royal Grammar School it ought to have one. Such badges do much to 
create and maintain an esprit de corps. What alumnus of Eton, let him be 
ever so advanced in years, can look without a certain pleasurable emotion 
on the '* three lilies slipped and leaved," and other heraldic symbols on the 
shield of his collegje ? Could not the device on the old seal of the Province 
of Upper Canada be utilized for this purpose, emblazoned on a shield with 
an open book or two " in its chief" to indicate the educational character of 
the Institution thus presented t 

The words, Palmam qui meruit ferat, were, in the first instance, 
employed at Upper Canada College, not as a general motto for itself, but 
simply as an inscription stamped upon its prize books, indicative of the 
impartiality with which the Institution dispensed its rewards and honours. 
The words having thus become so much associated with the College, it was 
a matter of some interest to discover its source. 

It was early observed that they formed the motto appended to the 
arms of Lord Nelson ; but this, of course, did not determine the writer from 
whom they were quoted. Having addressed an inquiry on this subject to 
the well-known London Notes and Queries, I was informed that the words 
in question occurred in a Latin poem, by Dr. J. Jortin. 

The poem itself was not given, but I was told it might be found in a 
volume of Jortin^s, entitled " Lusus Poetici'' A friend in London kindly 
undertook to search out this work of Jortin's in the British Museum, and I 
have received from him a fair transcript of the Latin poem containing the 
words referred to. [ Vide " Tracts, Philological, Critical, and Miscellaneous.'' 
By the late kev. John Jortin, D.D., in two volumes. 8vo. London, 1790, 
vol. i., p. 17.] It is an Ode to the Winds, and reads as follows : 
6 



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42 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

AD VENTOS. 

ANTE A. D., MDCCXXVII. 

Vatis Threicii nunc citharam velim 
Vocisque illecebnu blanda furentibus 
Dantis jura procellis ; 

Mulcentis pelagi minas. 

Venti, tarn rapido turbine conciti, 
Quft vos cunque vagus detulerit furor, 
Classis vela Britannce 

Transite innocui, precor. 

Ultorea scelerum classis habet deos, 
£fc pubem baud timidam pro patriA mori. 
En ut lintea circum, 

Virtus excubias agit, 

Et nobis faciles parcite et hostibas. 
Concurrant pariter cum ratibus rates ; 
Spectent Numioa ponti, et 
Palmam qui meruit, ferat. 



TO THE WINDS. 

Would now that I had the lyre of the Thracian bard [Orpheus] and 
the blandishments of his voice, giving gentle laws to the raging storms, 
soothing the threats of the deep. 

O ye winds, when stirred up by ever so furious a hurricane, whitherso- 
ever its errant rage shall bear you, pass harmless, I pray, over the sails of 
the British fleet. 

That fleet hath in it divinities, avengers of evil deeds, and young crews 
not afraid to die for their country. See how around the canvas-crowded 
masts Valour keeps ceaseless watch. 

Lenient to us and to our foes spare both. In battle fair let our ships 
engage. Let the Powers that rule the deep look on ; and whoever in their 
eyes hath deserved it let him bear off the palm. 

Judging from the memorandum [Ante A.D. MDCCXXVII.] prefixed 
to Jortin's Ode, it would seem that the reference is either to the fleet under Sir 
John Jennings, despatched to the Baltic in 1726, or to that under Sir John 
Jennings, despatched to the coast of Spain in the same year, both intended 
to check sinister machinations against England, on the part of Catharine, 
of Russia, and the Spanish Court, in favour of the Old Pretender. The 
true inwardness of the sentiment possibly is — If the Stuart cause be pleasing 
to Heaven let it win ; if the Hanoverian, let the victory be given to it 1 



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THE COLLEGE, ITS INCEPTION, AND FIRST MASTERS. 43 

As to the metre of Jortin's stanzas, it is precisely that of the famous 
ode of Horace, addressed ^' Ad Rtmpublicaniy' and beginning, O Navis 
[bk. 1, xiv.], whence probably has come the English expression. '* Ship of 
State," meaning the nation with its Ministry or Government. Pitt, " the 
pilot who weathered the storm," as he was popularly styled, would naturally 
admire this ode of Horace. Jortin*s stanzas accordingly plainly inspired, 
as I think, by the same ode, in subject as well as metre, would also be 
to his taste, and when a motto was wanted for the shield of the naval hero, 
Nelson, he, with much felicity, selected for that purpose their closing words, 
** Palmam qui 7neniit ferai!' 

The phrase thus acquired a world-wide celebrity. To find that it does 
not date back to the age of Augustus continues to be a matter of surprise 
with many. It must be remembered, however, that Jortin flourished in the 
era of Vincent Bourne, who in England, about the year 1745, wrote Latin 
verse held by the poet Cowper almost to rival that of Tibullus and Ovid. 

In the elaborate armorial bearings granted to Nelson the palm 
appears repeatedly. In the chief of the shield a palm tree rises out of 
waves. The dexter supporter, a sailor, bears a palm branch in his left 
hand, and the sinister supporter, a lion rampant, has a palm branch in 
his right paw. The palm tree rising from waves recalls the famous 
anagram Honor est a Nilo, formed from the words Horatio Nelson. 

The two palm branches encircling the name of the College and 
fastened together by a riband bearing the College motto first appeared 
on the sides of the College prize books about the year 1833. The 
money laid out by the College authorities for the purchase of prize 
books was a wise expenditure. These volumes were always of the most 
solid and sterling character. They consisted of standard English works, 
and first class editions of the Greek and Latin Classics. They were 
ordered directly from London, where also they were handsomely full 
bound in library style previous to exportation. The influence of these 
books upon the literary tastes of the country was without doubt con- 
siderable. They encouraged studies of a superior kind, and created a 
fondness for handsomely bound works. They also did much to foster a 
spirit of loyalty towards the Institution. They made their way into 
families and houses, where, sixty years ago at all events, books of this 
description would rarely be seen in Canada. In many households, clerical 
and lay, the prize books acquired by the younger members of the family 
became the foundation afterwards of extensive and very valuable collections. 

H. S. 



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THE COLLEGE AND ITS ENDOWMENT. 



BY RUPERT E. KINGSFORD, M.A., LL.B. 



ST has been deemed advisable in this paper to present an account, 
in chronological order, of the steps taken to found the College. 
References are made to the original sources of information, so that 
verification, if desired, will be simple. 

In Sessional Papers, old Province of Upper Canada, 1831, at p. 105, will 
be found a despatch from the Duke of Portland to Mr. President Russell, 
dated 4th November, 1797. This despatch recites an address from the Legis- 
lative Council and Legislative Assembly of the Province of Upper Canada 
praying that " His Majesty be graciously pleased to direct his Government 
to appropriate a certain portion of the waste lands of the Crown as a fund 
for the establishment and support of a respectable Grammar School in 
each district, and also of a College or University for the instruction of 
youth in the different branches of liberal knowledge." 

The despatch then states that the King has granted the prayer of 
the petition, firstly, the establishment of Free Grammar Schools in those 
districts in which they are called for ; and in due process of time, by 
establishing other seminaries of a larger and more comprehensive nature 
for the promotion of religious and moral learning, and the study of the 
arts and sciences. 

On the 6th November, 1798, Honourable President Russell com- 
municated with Chief Justice Elmsley, and asked that the Council 
recommend how the objects contemplated in the despatch should be 
carried out. On the ist December, 1798, the recommendations were 
made (i) that 500,000 acres should be set apart for the establishment 
and maintenance on the royal foundation of four Grammar Schools and 
a University in the Province of Upper Canada. (2) That the provision for 
the establisliment and maintenance of the University beat least equal to 
the endowment of the four schools taken together. 



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THE COLLEGE AND ITS ENDOWMENT. 45 

The above letter and the recommendations will be found in Sessional 
Papers, 1831, pp. 106-107. 

It is stated, Sessional Papers, 1831, p. 108, and it is probably the fact, 
that no answer was made to these recommendations, nor was there any- 
further confirmation of them. They have been accepted as the basis on 
which all subsequent grants were made. 

District Grammar Schools were founded, but were not endowed with 
land> though the masters were paid in accordance with another recommen- 
dation. 

On 7th January, 18 19, the Executive Council communicated with Sir 
Peregrine Maitland, Lieut-Governor of the Province, on the subject They 
requested (Sessional Papers, i83i,p. 109) formal sanction to sell, lease, grant 
and dispose of 500,000 acres above referred to for the purpose of establish- 
ing a University. They stated that the District Schools were not required, 
and asked for a Commission to manage the lands and for a Royal Charter 
for the University. Communications then took place between Sir Peregrine 
and the Home Government, and in a despatch written in 1822 (Sessional 
Papers, 183 1, p. 108) Sir P. Maitland suggests that: "Much good might 
be effected by the organization of a general system of education ; an object 
to which might be applied the proceeds of the sale of some portion of the 
lands set aside under the title of " School Reserves," consisting of twelve 
townships, or 740,000 acres, still however reserving a certain portion for the 
future endowment of a University, 3hould such an establishment not be 
considered advisable at present." 

On the 1 2th October, 1823, Lotd Bathurst wrote as follows (Sessional 
Papers, 183 1, p. 106): '* 1 am happy to have it in my power to convey to 
you His Majesty's consent that you appropriate a portion of the Reserves 
set aside for the establishment of a University for the support of schools on 
the national plan of education. In 1823, the General Board of Education 
was established (Sessional Papers, 183 1, p. 106). On the 19th December, 
1825, Sir Peregrine Maitland wrote again to Lord Bathurst recommending 
the establishment of the University, and stated that 450,000 acres of land 
reserved for education and set apart were not very available, and asked 
that an equal quantity of these lands be exchanged for that portion of 
Crown Reserves still belonging to the Government (Sessional Papers, 
185 1, Appendix E. E. E.) 

On the loth March, 1826, the Legislative Council reported as follows : 
" In 1798, 549,000 acres were set apart for purposes of education and endow- 
ment of schools. Of these, 190,573 acres were assigned to the Greneral 



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46 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Board of Education, leaving for the endowment of a University, 358427 
acres, or about seven townships. It is proposed to exchange four of these 
townships for Crown Reserves. The advantage would be reciprocal, as the 
Government would have a tract of 248,000 acres at its disposal in eligible 
situations which might be assigned to any object for which the Reserv^es 
might have been considered applicable, and the Uni\^ersity would be enabled 
to go much sooner into operation. (Sessional Papers, 185 1, Appendix E. E. K.) 

In 1827, Lord Bathurst authorized this exchange. (Dr. McCauls 
Evidence, Sessional Papers, 185 1, Appendix E. E. E.) 

On the i6th May, 1827, the Charter of the University of King's 
College was issued, and on the 29th February, 1828, the endowment was 
granted to it of 225,944 acres. (Sessional Papers, 1828, p. 78). 

Sir John Colborne became Lieutenant-Governor in November, 1828. 
Trouble immediately arose about the illiberal nature of the Charter, and on 
28th December, 1828, it was suspended. 

On 19th January, 1829, in reply to an address complaining of the 
character of the Charter, Sir John Colborne suggested that the first change 
in the Charter which should be recommended, and which would conduce 
more than any other to its becoming eminently useful to the Province, was 
to connect the Royal Grammar School with King's College in such a 
manner that its exhibitions, scholarships, and chief support might depend 
on the funds of that endowment. (Sessional Papers, 1829, p. 14). 

On the 19th March, 1829, in reply to the Lieutenant-Governor's 
message of the 19th January, the House replied : — "We are not prepared 
to express a wish to incorporate the proposed institution with the Univer- 
sity, or to confide the former to the care of persons superintending the 
latter, and we therefore wholly repose in your Excellency to designate, 
organize, and foster a Royal Grammar School, which we wish to be called 
" Colborne College," upon the most liberal principles, under the most able 
masters, and deriving funds from the source already mentioned by your 
Excellency.'* 

Again (Sessional Papers, 1829, p. 73), the House addressed Sir John 
Colborne as follows : — " The House trusts that no hoped for modification 
of the present charter will suspend the exertions of His Excellency to put 
into operation Colborne College, and by the observance of those liberal 
principles which His Excellency has already been pleased to patronize and 
recommend to open with as little delay as possible opportunities of educa- 
tion in no way inferior to those contemplated by the proposed University.*" 



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THE COLLEGE AND ITS ENDOWMENT. 47 

Thus requested by the Legislative Assembly on the 4th January, 1830^ 
instruction in the College was begun. 

The House met in the same month, and in reply to an address of the 
19th January, asking for information as to what had been done, a message 
was sent down by Sir John Colborne'on the 23rd Januar}'', 1830, stating 
that he had caused a sale of lots in York set apart for endowment of a 
Grammar School, but that every exertion would be used to induce His 
Majesty to endow the new College liberally. (Sessional Papers, 1830, pp. 
I7> 23.) 

On the 3rd February, 1830, the House requested further information 
to which the Lieutenant-Governor replied by a message of the 4th February, 
1830, stating that he had no further information to give for the present, and 
adding : — " Before I leave the Province, I shall endeavour to procure for 
the institution (Upper Canada College) such protection as may enable it to 
counteract the influence of local jealousies, or of the ignorance, or vice* 
to which in a new country it may sometimes be naturally exposed.'^ 
(Sessional Papers, 1830, p. 80.) 

On the 4th March, 1830, the Legislative Council warmly congratulated 
the Lieutenant-Governor on the foundation of the College. 

In January, 1831, the College moved to its own buildings on Russell 
Square which had been granted to it. The Legislature having again met, 
and on the 21st January addressed the Lieutenant-Governor for information 
respecting the survey reservation, sale, or appropriation of certain lands 
called school townships, on the 2nd February a return was sent down, and 
on the next day a further return was asked for (Sessional Papers, 1 83 1, pp. 
22, 37, and 39.) 

On the 7th February, full returns were sent down. These returns are 
to be found on pages 105 et seq, of this volume (Sessional Papers, 1831), and 
there can be seen the documents above referred to printed in full. 

The Legislature again met, in December, 183 1, and once more took up the 
subject of school lands. On the 23rd inst., an address on the subject was 
presented to His Excellency. On the 26th December, 183 1, in reply to 
that address, the Lieutenant-Governor notified the Legislature of his having 
set apart 66,000 acres " for the support of Upper Canada College, and for 
the purpose of raising a fund from which the advances made to establish 
that Seminary by the University Council and by the Board of Education 
may be repaid.'* 

The Legislature was not satisfied with this message, and on the 27th 
December, 183 1, requested the Lieutenant-Governor to forward their 



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48 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME, 

address of the 23rd December to England. (Sessional Papers, 1831, pp. 
57 to 63.) 

On the 9th November, 1832, when the Legislature again met, the 
Lieutenant-Governor communicated a despatch from the Home Govern- 
ment dated 5th July, 1832, in which the decision was communicated, that 
the sums arising from that portion of the school lands not already alienated 
should be paid into the hands of the Receiver-General to be applied to the 
promotion of education the Legislature might direct. 

In the same session a Committee on Education instituted a most 
elaborate inquiry into the origin and then condition of the College, and 
recommended (pp. 58 and 60) the further endowment of the College and 
also its incorporation as ** filling a link in the great system of education." 

This course was adopted in the Act of 1833 : 

Hence we have seen : 

1. That the founder of the College was Sir John Colborne, and that 
the Legislature heartily welcomed his suggestion. 

2. That the Legislature of 1829 expressly placed the matter in his 
hands to "originate, organize, and foster" the Institution, and even requested 
him to call it after himself. In this year the endowment was set apart for 
the University. 

3. That the Legislature of 1830, when informed that the College had 
been instituted, congratulated the Lieutenant-Governor on the step taken, 
as did also the Legislative Council. 

4. That the Legislature of 183 1 expressed no disapproval of the fact 
that the College buildings were then in course of erection, although informed 
of the circumstance. 

5. That the Legislature of 1832, although desiring that the unappro- 
priated balance of school lands might be placed under their own manage- 
ment, made no request for the stoppage of work on the College or for its 
abolition. In this year the endowment was set apart for the College. 

6. That the Legislature of 1832, after full investigation, advised further 
endowment and the incorporation of the College. 

7. That the Legislature of 1833 actually incorporated the College, and 
thus gave legal embodiment to their own creation. 

It has been therefore shown that the College was not founded on any 
act of usurpation, nor was its endowment taken from the University. The 
latter institution received its full complement of 225,944 acres, or one-half 



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THE COLLEGE AND ITS ENDOWMENT. 49 

of the whole amount set apart for purposes of education. Nor were the 
Grammar Schools robbed, as, in 1832, the Crown surrendered to the 
Province 248,000 acres being the whole unappropriated remainder of the 
original grant, and being all that could have been claimed on that grant. 
It will be a matter of gratification to all old College Boys to know that 
their old school has so plain and honest a record. There has been much 
misrepresentation, and many unfounded statements have been made in the 
attempt to show that the College was founded on property taken by 
usurpation. The evidence collected above is unimpeachable, and speaks 
for itself. The College was not founded on fraud, but on an endowment 
granted by lawful authority, animated by a just appreciation of the wants 
of Upper Canada.* 



* See Appendix, for list of the lands granted to the College by the Grpwn. 



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REGIME OF THE REV. DR. HARRIS, 1830-38. 



BY THE EDITORS. 



3N A FORMER Chapter, we have spoken of the unpropitious character 
of the era which saw the founding of Upper Canada College. When 
the enterprise was launched, both man and the elements seemed to 
conspire, if not to bring it to failure, to detract, at least, from the full measure 
of its success. Within a year of the opening of the College in its new 
buildings, the cholera swept over the town, and the boarding-houses were in 
daily fear of the invading step of the pestilence. Nor was the community 
free from other alarms. In Canada, as in England, Reform was the watch- 
word of the hour, and the abuses were not few which Reform had then to 
amend. The issue was the now burning one between popular rights and 
irresponsible government, an issue which, long and bitterly fought out, was 
to be decided only after the keenest party strife, ending in rebeUion. 
Already, Wm. Lyon Mackenzie had been repeatedly expelled from the 
House of Assembly, and the political struggle in the halls of the Legislature 
extended far outside. The effect of this period of strained political 
relations and unwholesome excitement can be traced throughout the social 
life of the time : even Education bore the marks of the upheaval, in the 
autocratic and non-conciliatory attitude of the ruling Oligarchy. Fortunately 
there was a firm independent hand at the helm during Sir John Colborne's 
rSgime, and His Excellency, having shaped his course in his relations to 
Upper Canada College, and made up his mind as to the sort of institution 
he designed it to be, did not suffer himself to be turned aside in the 
pursuance of his object by either executive weakness or popular caprice- 
We shall somewhat anticipate events if we here make a qiiotation from a 
Toronto journal — T/u: Courier — written at the close of Sir John Colbome's 
administration ; but the extract so well illustrates His Excellency's interest 
in the College he was about to found, that we may be pardoned for here 
embodying it. The reference to the University, still in posse^ bears out, 
though with another explanation, what we have previously said about the 



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REGIME OF THE REV. DR. HARRIS, 1830-38. 5 1 

Lieutenant-Governor being in no hurry to push forward the more ambitious 
scheme. The " fling" at the illiteracy of the popular Chamber will be 
understood by recalling the fact that The Courier was a fine old, and well- 
flavoured, Tory organ. Here is the quotation : 

" With indefatigable zeal Sir John Colborne devoted himself personally to the duties of his 
office. An early riser, and punctual in his habits — he never was without a scheme for the 
improvement of some part or other of the country. Education, no less than internal improve- 
ment and emigration, occupied his early and constant attention. At his bidding, in spite of 
obstacles innumerable, and of opposition from all quarters. Upper Canada College, with its 
substantial and appropriate buildings, arose, and a swampy common was converted into a seat 
of learning. This institution has certainly been his favourite object. He has annually given a 
prise of the value of ten guineas to the best Latjn scholar under a certain age ; he has taken a 
personal and never-failing interest in its minutest details ; and encouraged the manly English 
game of Cricket among the boys. Frequently, when passing the College play-ground on a 
bright summer's afternoon, he would stop, we are told, and look with satisfaction on the lively 
and animated scene. And well indeed might he gaze with unalloyed and virtuous pleasure on 
this, a spectacle of his own creation ! A father, and a kind one too, himself, he must have 
reflected with delight on his having succeeded in bestowing upon the rising generation advan- 
tages equal to those which he himself enjoyed at Winchester College ; and he must have recalled 
with mingled emotions those days when 'glowing hot,' he played the very game which was 
then being contested before him. Had it been in his power, a University would have followed 
the establishment of a College ; but as long as a majority of our Legislators can neither read nor 
write, nor speak English, we must place the realization of this golden dream among the baseless 
visions of Utopia." 

Let us return, however, to the beginnings of the Institution. In the 
minutes of the Board for the General Superintendence of Education, under 
date April 4th, 1829, we find a letter from Sir John Colborne to Dr. Jones^ 
Vice-Chancel lor of Oxford University, imposing upon that gentleman the 
duty of selecting a principal for the new College, also two Classical 
Masters, and a Mathematical Master — all of whom are to be sent to the 
scene of their future labours in Upper Canada by November of the same 
year. With the Vice-Chancellor of Oxford were associated, in this duty of 
selecting the masters, the Rev. C. Stocker, late Principal of Elizabeth 
College. Guernsey, and the Rev. Chas. Yonge, of Eton College. The choice 
these gentlemen made the reader will have learned from the preceding 
contribution of the Rev. Dr. Scadding. The masters arrived in Toronto 
late in the Fall of 1829, and at the opening of the new year, as we have 
already seen, the College began operations, pending the erection of its own 
buildings, in the Home District Grammar School. The staff consisted of 
the Principal, the Rev. Dr. Joseph H. Harris ; the Vice-Principal (then in the 
country, and taken over from the headmastership of the District Grammar 
School,) the Rev. Dr. Phillips; First Classical Master: the Rev. Chas. 
Mathews ; Second Classical Master : the Rev. Wm. Boulton ; Mathematical 
Master : the Rev. Charles Dade ; Drawing Master : Mr. Drewry ; French 



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52 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Master: Mr. J. P. de la Haye; Writing Master: Mr. G. A. Barber ; Assistant 
Writing Master and teacher of English : Mr, Padfield ; Janitor : S. Alderdice. 
The staff was immediately afterwards supplemented by the appointment of 
Mr. John Kent as head of a Preparatory School or elementary form in the 
College. The boarding school was not organized until some years later, 
with Mrs. Fenwick as Matron. Lieutenant-Colonel Wells, who was on the 
Council of King's College, acted for a time as Treasurer of the Board, and 
Mr. G. A. Barber as Fees Collector. The affairs of the College were 
administered by King's College Council, the chief members of which were 
the Hon. John Strachan, D.D., Archdeacon of York, the Hon. Chief Justice 
Sir J. B. Robinson, the Honourables Wm. Allan, George W. Markland, 
Duncan Cameron, Peter Robinson, J. H. Dunn, Lieutenant-Colonel Wells, 
Grant Powell, James Fitzgibbon, C. Widmer, C. C. Small, and Lieutenant- 
Colonel O'Hara. In the labours of this body, His Excellency the 
Lieutenant-Governor took a hearty interest. 

With the imported and improvised staff we have enumerated, and the 
organization of a Council of learned and influential gentlemen to watch 
over its affairs, Upper Canada College set out on its historic educational 
career, though handicapped by the adverse circumstances of the troubled 
time, to which wc have previously referred. The financial basis of the 
Institution, as we have already seen, was a land grant of 66,000 acres. This 
Crown appropriation yielded as yet no income, though presently the 
Commissioner of Crown Lands was instructed to put the lands on the 
market, and to pay over the proceeds of sales to the trust fund of King's 
College, whose Council were to control the affairs of Upper Canada College 
and advance it money for its immediate maintenance. In addition to the 
land grant. Government made the College an annual allowance first of 
;^2S0, which was shortly afterwards increased to j£^500, and then to a ;f looo 
a year. Its other sources of maintenance were the College fees, from an 
attendance numbering about a hundred pupils — the fees being two pounds 
a quarter in the College proper, and one pound five shillings a quarter in 
the Preparatory School. Five shillings extra, per quarter, were charged both 
classes of pupils, for quill-pens, ink, fuel and lighting. Though furnished with 
these various sources of income, the Institution was in no position for a long 
while to pay its way. New buildings had to be erected for the College ; 
and there was at the outset considerable expense incurred in making the 
old Grammar School temporarily suitable. Dwelling-houses for the resident 
masters had also to be built, and these were necessarily of a size to accommo- 
date boarders until a building, specially suited to the purpose, was provided. 
The staff, moreover, was large and expensive, the salaries ranging from a 
;£'ioo to ;^6oo a year. The annual cost of maintenance, estimated at the 



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KKGIME OF THE KEV. DR. HARRIS, 1830-38. 53 

inception of the College, was under j£'4(X)0. The actual cost, as we learn 
some nine years aftcrivards, was between ;^6ooo and £7000 a year. In 
1839, on a review of the financial affairs of the College, it seems that the 
Institution had fallen behind in its accounts over ;^30,ooo, most of which 
was currently met by advances from King's College. 

However disappointing, at a first glance, was this showing of the 
financial affairs of the new Institution, it did not by any means entail so 
great a loss to King's College. Nor was the experiment itself fairly charge- 
able with the discredit of occasioning such a loss. The present-day writer 
can afford to be frank in dealing with the subject, and the Editors of this 
volume are not called upon to gloss over any facts. The truth is, the 
financial management by the University authorities was at first careless and 
bad. There is nothing to be gained in going now into details, or in exhuming 
tlie corpse of a long-buried controversy. But the historian of the period can 
hardly pass over the fact that, with regard both to the land accounts and to 
the College dues, tiiere was great administrative laxity, and, in some subor- 
dinate quarters, dishonesty. College dues were unpaid and misappropriated, 
and large arrearages were suffered to accumulate on lands sold belonging to 
the Institution. In 1839, when its financial affairs were overhauled and put 
on a more business-like and methodical footing, over ;t 12,000 were due to 
the College, some considerable portion of which was never recovered. 

Where responsibility for this state of things ought definitely to rest, it 
is difficult, after the long interval, now to say. The country was new, and 
the management of institutions, either endowed or incorporated, was not 
then rigidJy scientific. The Province, moreover, was in a very anarchic and 
disturbed condition, and the field for the exercise of good faith and loyalty 
to public trust was c.pt to be invaded by the baser virtues. Nor had public 
opinion, at the period, free scope for the healthy play of censure or of 
criticism, which the state of affairs demanded, and which would have proved 
helpful to morality. The country, in truth, was trying a great educational 
experiment under very exceptional and adverse circumstances. When 
political institutions are on their trial, and when public life and the reputa- 
tions of public men become the sport of lawlessness and are enmeshed in 
the intrigues of faction, we need hardly look for people to be over-scrupulous 
or honest. The conflict of the period has long since happily died, and it 
would be poor work for any one now to rake over the dead ashes Far 
more profitable will it be to turn to the internal administration of the 
College. Before doing so, however, let us here take the opportunity of 
saying, that to make good the advances of King's College, Sir John 
Colborne caused a deed to be drawn, conveying to King's College Council 



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54 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

18,000 of the 66,000 acres of the land endowment of Upper Canada College, 
and bilged that body to take charge of the remainder of the lands and to 
direct the Bursar to sell them for the benefit of Upper Canada College. 
This arrangement, which was made in March, 1833, the minutes of the 
Council of Education show, Avas agreed to and duly carried into effect. 

There is another matter that here calls for comment, in considering the 
relations of Upper Canada College with King's College, viz., the fact that 
while the latter institution was as yet not in existence, Upper Canada 
College was at the time doing University work in the Province, and that 
King's College, under the circumstances, need not have been careful to exact 
the uttermost farthing from the indebted minor Institution. Fortunately it 
was able, by the arrangement we have just related, to refund to the University 
the sums advanced it, and, later on, the Legislature gave Upper Canada 
College an acquittance of the debt. But, had this been otherwise. Upper 
Canada College might with confidence have claimed a good set-off for the 
work it was doing for higher education. Its " seventh " form work, — ^not 
only in Classics and in the higher Mathematics, but in Philosophy, and in 
Divinity subjects, such as Hebrew and New Testament Greek, as well as in 
Surveying and other practical departments, — was the work usually done in 
a University course. This is a circumstance that was too often lost sight 
of, in later-day discussions of the early relations of Upper Canada College 
with the institution afterwards known as Toronto University. 

Let us now turn to a more pleasing and less polemical subject — the 
contemporary record of the educational achievements of the College. A 
formal report by the Principal, at the expiry of the first year's operations, 
enables the Editors to show what was accomplished so early in its careen 
The Report is introduced by a few prefatory remarks of Archdeacon 
Strachan, commending the founding of the Institution and the year's work. 
Says the Archdeacon : " What had only been projected a few months before 
is now happily accomplished, and when the first annual examination took 
place in December last (1830), the audience and indeed the whole Province 
might be justly congratulated on the establishment of a seminary equal, if 
not superior, in its appointments for classical and elementary instruction to 
any in the Mother Country. The result of the examination was most 
satisfactory, and when the Board declared, through its President, that the 
progress of the youth in their various studies had fully answered every 
reasonable expectation and left a deep impression on the minds of all the 
members, of the zeal, skill, and ability manifested by the gentlemen to 
whom their education has been committed, the declaration was fully 
accorded in by eveiyone present." From the Report of Principal Harris, wc 



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REGIME OF THE REV, DR. HARRIS, 183038. 55 

make the following extract, together with a synopsis, in which the old 
College boy of the period will doubtless be interested, of the work of the 
year in the respective forms. Says the Principal, writing to the Trustees : — 

"The 6rst year of Upper Canada College having arrived at its termination, I heg to lay 
before you the following statement of our proceedings and progress daring that period ; and 
although the average advancement of the scholars is not anything extraordinary, I will yet 
venture to hope that under all the attendant circumstances the residt of our first year's labour 
has not fallen short of what might have been reasonably anticipated. 

** The circumstances to which I allude as tending to retard our progress hitherto, are the 
difficulties which must necessarily accompany the putting into operation of an extensive semi- 
nary in a new country, and in some measure on new principles, with, more especially, the time 
which is invariably lost in bringing a number of boys who have been hitherto instructed, some 
on one system, and some on another, to the same uniform plan of discipline and education. 

* ' According to the plan on which I proposed to conduct the instruction of the scholars, the 
College, independently of the preparatory school, is divided into six forms or classes : during 
the past year the number of forms actually in operation was only five ; as it did not appear that 
there were any scholars who could advantageously be put upon the course designed for the sixth 
form, though I trust that as we proceed there will be no lack of candidates for the highest 
degree of instruction which we can impart. 

''A detail of the occupation of the several forms will perhaps be the most satisfactory 
means of conveying a correct idea of the nature and extent of education which a youth may 
acquire, either in going through the entire course of six forms, or in proceeding only as far as 
any particular form short of the highest. 

First Form, — Rudiments of Latin, embracing some of the leading rules of Syntax ; Latin 
Vocabulary ; construing Cordier's ' ' Colloquies " with the aid of a translation. English reading, 
and on Monday morning memoriter recitation from the New Testament; Writing and 
Arithmetic. This Form attends the Classical Masters 19 hours ; the Writing and English Master 
9 hours, each week. 

Seco)id Form. — Latin Grammar continued, including the entire Syntax, "Propria quse 
maribus," and *' As in Prsesenti ;" construing Corderius and Lectiones Selects, without the aid 
of a translation, and writing Latin exercises from the Eton Exempla Minora. Miscellaneous 
English reading and Scripture recitation on Monday morning. Elements of French ; W^riting 
and Arithmetic. This Form attends the Classical Masters 18^ hours, the French mastsr 2 hours, 
and the Writing and English Masters 7i hours, each week. 

Third Form, — Latin Grammar completed, including Prosody ; Cornelius Kepos and Phaedrus, 
exercises, etc, Clarke's Latin Elements of Greek; one lesson per week of English History ; 
recitation of Scripture on Mondsjr morning ; French, Writing, Arithmetic, and Geography. 
This Form attends the Classical Masters 16^ hours, the French Master 6 hours, and the Writing 
Masters 5} hours, each week. 

Fourth Form.— Greek Grammar, to the end of regular verbs ; Latin Grammar complete : 
construing Valpy's Greek Delectus, Caesar's Commentaries and Ovid's Epistles. Exercises; 
Valpy's Greek, Ellis's Latin, Latin Verse ; English Themes ; Roman History, Scripture History, 
Elements of Mathematics, Writing and Arithmetic, Geography, French. This Form attends 
the Classical Masters 15 hours, the French Master 4 hours, the Mathematical Master 5^ hours, 
and the Writing Masters 3 hours, each week. 

Fifth Form.— Greek Grammar continued ; Latin Grammar entire ; construing Greek text, 
Analecta Gneca Minora, Ovid's Metam., Virgil, Cicero. Exercises : Valpy's Greek, Ellis's 
Latin re-translations of Cicero, Latin Verse. English Themes, Grecian History, Mathematics. 



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56 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

French and Geography. This Form attends the Classical Masters 16i hoars, the Mathematical 
Master 5 hoars, and the French Master 6^ hoars, each week. 

Sixth Form. — Greek and Latin Grammar entire ; construing Greek text, Dalzers Collectanea 
Gneca Majora ; Horace, Cicero, Virgil. Exercises : Valpy's NeilsoQ*s Greek, Valpy's Elegan- 
tise Latin®, retranslation, and memoriter recitations of Greek and Latin authors, Latin Verse, 
Latin and English Themes ; Mathematics, and French. This Form attends the Classical Masters 
17 hours, the Mathematical Master 8 hoars, and the French Master 3 hoars, each week. 

*' It is proper to ohsenre," remarks Principal Harris, " that it is not contemplated always 
to contine the classical reading of the sixth form to those books only which are named in the 
above detail ; bat these will be raised from time to time as there may be occasion, and the 
higher classics introdnced whenever there is snfficient advancement to allow of their introduc- 
tion. Possibly, too, in the course of time, it may become desirable to add other branches which 
do not at present enter into any course of study. I would also remark of the occasional reading 
and committing to memory of ther Scriptures, that as the scholars consist of the children of 
parents of every religions denomination, particular care is taken to adhere strictly to the simple 
text, without any comment or explanation, further than concerns its fliteral and grammatical 
sense, and in the Preparatory School, in consequence ^of a representation made to me, those 
scholars who are Roman Catholics make use of the Douay Version of the New Testament. 

** In .adverting, in conclusion, to the late examination, I would notice that there were only 
five forms in operation during the previous year ; the extent to which that examination could be 
carried was necessarily limited to the course prescribed for the fiftli form. Future examinations 
we may expect to be carried to a higher point, as well as to include some subjects, such as 
History and Geography, which, though not neglected during the past year, were not introduced 
into the examination, because we were for a great part of that period unprovided with uniform 
books on those subjects. 

" With respect to the proficiency actually exhibited by the scholars at the late examination, 
I have much satisfaction in stating my opinion, that considering it to have been the first public 
examination in a new Institution, and also considering that our object has been rather to lay a 
sound foundation than to make a display of rapid and apparently extensive acquirements, the 
examination was passed generally in such a manner as to encourage favourable anticipations of 
the future, both ss regards the College and the scholars. And whilst recording this opinion, I 
beg to be allowed to express my sense of the able and unremitting co-operation of my colleagues 
and the masters of the establishment in generab by which so satisfactory a result of our first 
year's labours has been effected. 

" To the above report, gentlemen, which I have the honour to submit to you, I have only 
to add my sincere desire, and I trust not unfounded hope, that the success of so nobly designetl 
an Institution as Upper Canada College may be correspondent to the liberality with which you 
have provided for its establishment, and that its beneficial effects may equal the wishes of the 
exalted individual whose enlightened regard for the public good projected and completed it." 

(Signed) Joseph H. Harris, 

Principal of the College. 

We have taken up considerable space with this first Report of Principal 
Harris, but the reader will doubtless say we have done wisely, as the Report 
not only attests the great progress already made by the College, but 
emphasizes the fact that the Institution was in good and able hands, and 
promises well for the educational training of the future youth of the country. 
There is a strain of sound common sense throughout the document, par- 



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REGIME OF THE REV. DR. HARRIS, 183O-38. 57 

ticularly in the passages referring to the avoidance of display in the education 
of the pupils, and in the consideration paid to those of the Roman Catholic 
communion in the reading of Scripture. Doubtless, Principal Harris's 
tolerance reflected the spirit prevailing in England, which he had recently 
quitted, and which had just wisely passed the Catholic Emancipation Bill. 
The number of pupils admitted to the College ip the year which had then 
closed, was, we learn from the Report, 140. The hours for school work 
were from 8.45 to 12, and from 2 to 4 o'clock, with a morning session on 
Saturdays. The general average of attendance at this period was in the 
neighbourhood of 120. Of this number, it appears, 20 boarded with the 
resident masters; 84 were College boys residing in the town; and 16 
belonged to the Preparatory School. The attendance was at periods 
affected by the political disturbances of the time ; sometimes, also, by the 
weather and the state of the roads ; and, during the Cholera year, when 
every twentieth inhabitant of York was swept away by the visitation, there 
was more or less irregularity. Considering the, as yet, primitive condition 
of the infant metropolis, the school attendance was, however, not to be 
complained of ; and this fact may justly be taken as an indication of how 
highly the College was prized. In the Harris rigime, the College had the 
advantage, as we have seen, of the eager and hearty interest of Sir John 
Colborne. While he remained administrator of the Province he was able to 
repress the rising tide of rebellion ; and, in no small measure, he succeeded 
in the endeavour to deal justly with all. " It is less difficult," said he on 
one occasion, " to discover the traces of political dissensions and local 
jealousies in the Colony than it is to efface them." To efface them was the 
work of years and of a happier order of things. Meantime, both the College 
and the town grew, though it was still a time of trial for both. 

With the year 1834, Toronto rose to the dignity of an incorporated city. 

Rejoicing in its new-found honours, an humble effort was made to improve 

the King's highway and to extend the planked area of the civic side-walks. 

The College gallantly responded by bridging, with a culvert, the ditch at 

its King Street entrance, and guarding its approaches with the defensive 

dignity of gates. There are not a few old College boys still alive who 

remember what an undertaking it was in those days to get daily to school. In 

the present year of grace, less than half-an-hour's drive will bring a pupil from 

the northern limits of the town : when the city was incorporated it would 

consume as much time to overcome the obstacles in a short walk along 

King Street. If the season were Summer, an additional quarter of an hour 

would have to be allowed for the consumption of an ice at " Rossi's." The 

Toronto " Belgravia " and " Mayfair " were then just a little waiy west of the 

Don. If there was to be a party in that quarter, an evening would often be 

8 



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58 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUMt:. 

consumed before the College boarder could get within sight of the dance. 
The usual conveyance to the scene of the revel was a springless cart, with 
the swinging pendant of a lanthorn light. 

Nor was the environment of the College anything like that seen by the 
pupil of to-day. The playground was partly a marsh ; and to the West of the 
College was, wc believe, a brick-kiln, encompassed by woods. In Winter, 
the boarding-house was lit by the cheer of a blazing log fire, and without, 
in Summer, there was the attraction of a cool well and deep oaken bucket. 
For the pupil boarder, the Easter holidays were occasionally beguiled by a 
trip to Niagara, in the company of one of the Masters, (it will be found in 
the bill !) — the world beyond being unlocked to the imagination through the 
sober medium of " a Father's Letters to his Son." Later on, " Olney/* 
an American text-book, came on the scene, with the useful adjunct of a 
"Mercator's Chart." But in neither the New World nor the Old was 
geography, as yet, either the scientific pursuit or the interesting study it is 
to-day. The story is told of a letter once arriving at the College for one 
of the Masters, addressed " York, Upper Canada, near Hudson's Bay!" 

As the years passed, Time brought its changes within the College as 
well as without. In 1834, the Rev. William Boulton died, and the Rev. 
Dr. Phillips retired. The aged widow of the former is still a resident of 
Toronto, though, we believe, but two of the many pupil-boarders are alive 
who sat at her table when her husband was a Master at the College. From 
the lips of one of these the Editors had recently the privilege of listening to 
a kindly eulogium on Mr. Boulton. In Dr. Scadding's valued contribution, 
the reader will already have made the acquaintance of Dr. Phillips, the 
College's first and only Vice-Principal. With the reverend gentleman's 
retirement, the title was dropped. He accepted a mission at Weston, and 
up to the time of his death, fifteen years afterwards, he was in receipt of an 
annuity from the College of a ;f 100. To this, his services entitled him, 
not only as a Master in the College, but as a faithful labourer in the cause 
of education in the Home District Grammar School and elsewhere in the 
Province. The vacant Masterships were filled by the appointment of the 
Rev. Geo. Maynard, M.A., of Cambridge, and Mr. F. W. Barron, M.A., of 
Toronto. 

There is another event to chronicle in the affairs of the Institution at 
this period, namely, the departure from Upper Canada of His Excellency 
Sir John Colbome, the founder and first Governor of the College. This 
event occurred early in the year 1836, though, having been appointed to a 
military command, His Excellency did not leave the country until some 
years afterwards. Fortunately for himself he retired from the administra- 



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REGIME OF THE REV. DR. HARRIS, 1830-38. 59 

tion of the Upper Province before the storm of rebelh'on burst upon the 
country. At the period of hrs leaving Toronto, the sky was comparatively 
clear, though it clouded over when it became known that the Lieutenant-. 
Governor had yielded so far to his ministerial advisers as to endow the 
fifty-seven Anglican Rectories. What he had done for education in the 
founding and endowing of Upper Canada College, was, however, to give 
him no uneasiness. He left Toronto with many assurances of the debt the 
City and Province owed him for the interest he had manifested in education 
In the farewell address of the City Corporation, these words occur: "The 
benefits bestowed on the Province through the exertions of your Excellency 
in promoting the education of youth, will ever make your Excellency's name 
venerated in the Colony. We have no doubt that what your Excellency 
has so well begun will prove a lasting good to the Province and secure 
many happy reflections in your Excellency's mind when you are no longer 
amongst us." Not less interesting, and perhaps more acceptable, to His 
Excellency, was the "Address of the Former Pupils of Upper Canada 
College," which we here append, with Sir John Colborne's brief reply. 

To His Excellency Major-General Sir John Colborne, Knight Commander of the MosC 
Honourable Military Order of the, Bath, cC?c., and Lieutenant-Oovemor of th€ Province 
of Upper Canada. 

May it Please Youk Excellency :— 

When your Excellency's expected retirement from the Government of this Province is 
the snhject of snch deep and general regret, we who have been educated at Upper Canada 
College, bat who are now engaged in preparing for our respective avocations in life, cannot 
but feel it to be our duty to express the sorrow we experience at your Excellency's departure. 

If the generality of the inhabitants of this flourishing Province bear testimony to the 
numerous advantages which your Excellency's paternal administration has conferred on this 
Colony, and the uniform energy, diligence, and perseverance so signally displayed in all those 
matters contributing to the public good, with what feelings of gratitude and esteem should 
we offer our dutiful and sincere attachment to your Excellency for the foundation of an 
Institution to which we are indebted for the blessings of an education we now so highly 
appreciate. 

Upon your ExceUency assuming the Government of this Province, your attention was 
happily directed to the then existing state of education, and discovering not only that the 
growing wealth of commerce but also that the character and genius of its inhabitants 
demanded acquirements superior to those which had hitherto been attainable, and that unless 
opportunities were immediately afforded for the instruction of youth in the higher branches 
of literature and science, they could not be duly qualified for the fulfilment of the various 
and important duties which society would heresifter require of them, with your characteristic 
promptitude the foundation of Upper Canada College was determined upon by your Excellency^ 
and in little more than one year this Institution was placed in successful operation. 

In giving us the means so eminently calculated to raise the standard of classical literature 
in this Province, we are happy to observe that the more generally useful though less ornamental 
branches of education were not sacrificed to those suited to a more polished and refined state of 
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6o UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Your Excellency, by presenting an annual prize to the College, for which many of ua have 
contended, has, we are confident, contributed much to the laadable spirit of emulation which 
generally in its effects is so highly beneficial to the pupils of a public institution. 

From the character Upper Canada College has attained under your Excellency's kind and 
munificent patronage, it must ever remain an imperishable monument of the wisdom of your 
Excellency's Government. 

On this interesting occasion we cannot but again express to your Excellency our unfeigned 
regret at your approaching departure from this Province, and while you leave in our hearts a 
grateful recollection of the noble boon you have bestowed upon us in establishing the College at 
which we have received our education, rest assured that our best wishes for the happiness of 
yourself and family accompany your Excellency. 

**Di tibi dent annos, nam de te 

CcRtera sumea." 

G. D. Wkll3, Secretary, 

His Excellency was pleased to make the roLLOwiNo reply :— 

Gentlemen : — "An address from those who are now experiencing the blessings of the 
extensive and liberal education which they have received at Upper Canada College cannot but 
be received by me with the greatest pleasure and satisfaction. You are among the fint who 
have demonstrated the essential benefits to society which are derived from the establishment of 
this Royal Institution. May you also ever take the lead in this Province— as Christians, as 
citizens, as patriots, as members of a community, '* qui consulta patrvm^ qui leges juraque 
itervaiU." I thank you for the kind expression of your good wishes for myself and family ; and 
be assured that I shall always watch with great interest the progress and welfare of those who 
have been students at Upper Canada College." 

The following names were appended to the address :— J. Strachan, Jr. , A. W. Strachan, 
S. A. Ridout, R. B. Sullivan, J. O. Heward, W. H. Boulton, G. T. Denison, Robt. Dunison, 
W. W. Fitzgibbon. W. B. Heward, Robert Wells, J- Fitzgibbon, F. Muttlebury, A. Givins, C. 
Foster, Grant Powell, R. O. Dnggan, G. W. Allan, S. R Smith, L. Ridout, J. H, Cjuneron, G. 
Givins, W. Ruttan, G. R. Billings, B. Dixie, R. Cameron, Wni. Bellingham, W. D. Powell, 
J. Mooi-e, L. Robinson^ J. C. Morrison, W. S. Fitzgerald, Thos. Latham, H. Latham, J. 
Billings, M. Dyett, A. McDonell, W. IHxie, Thomas Moore, G. D. Wells, and John Latham. 

The Address, which is both well conceived and well expressed, must 
have been very gratifying to Sir John Colborne. It is an interesting 
reminiscence of the early years of the College, of its first founder's 
connection with it, and of the men who were afterwards to figure, more or 
less prominently, in Canadian public life. Some of the names appended, 
it is difficult, after the lapse of time, now to identify ; but it is easy to 
recognize among the signatories the Hon. George W. Allan, Sir J. Lukin 
Robinson, Hon. R. B, Sullivan, Mayor Boulton, Col. Wells, Judge Powell, 
Judge Morrison, J. O. and W, B. Heward, Hon, John Hillyard Cameron, and 
Colonels G. T. and Robert L. Denison. In the College lists of the period, 
other well-known names occur of men who afterwards took an active part 
in the native history, political or social, or were prominent in one or other 
of the professions. Among these old College boys we find Chief Justice 
Wallbridge, his brother, W. H. Wallbridge, the Hon. John Beverley 



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REGIME OF THE REV* DR. HARRIS, l830-3f. 6t 

Robinson, Christopher Robinson, Q.C., Larratt W. Smith, D.C.L., the Rev. 
H. Scadding, D.D., the Rev. Walter Stennett, M.A.,' the Hon. Adam 
Crooks, LL.D., Judge Stevenson, the Rev. J. G. D. Mackenzie, M.A., 
Sheriff Jarvis, Wm. Wedd, M.A., Dr. J. T. Small, ^milius Irving, Q.C, 
Dr. W. C. Chewett, Judge W. G. Draper, Judge Kingsmill, Samuel and 
T. C. Keefer, C.E., Hon. James Patton, LL.D.. D. B. Read, Q.C, T. R. 
and W. Hamilton Merritt, Francis and John O. Heward, Jonas Ap. Jones, 
James Crowther, Q.C, Henry Hartney, W. H. Weller, W. O. Buchanan, 
&c., &c. 

Not less entitled to honourable place in this Memorial Volume of 
the College are those who won distinction in the Class Lists of the year and 
who figure among the Annual Prize winners, during the rigime of Dr. 
Harris. Space will not permit us to give any detailed lists of those eager 
youths, who, judged by their achievements, seem to have been hungry for 
intellectual food, and were laudably ambitious of showing how well it 
agreed with them. Their number is a goodly company, and the honours 
that fell to them make a good showing. Room, however, must be 
made, for the list of head-boys of the period. It is as follows : 1832, 
Henry Scadding; 1833, W. J. Fitzgerald ; 1834, Wm. Ruttan ; 1835, Wm. 
Fitzgerald; 1836, Thos. Ewart; 1837, Edward Hurd ; 1838, John Ewart. 
Of these, the first seven head-boys, whose names are to be found in the 
roll of honour in the Prayer Hall of the College, but one or two survive to 
testify to the able and assiduous labours of the Principal and Masters of 
the Institution in which they won distinction. Most of them have fallen 
asleep : not a few of the number, indeed, passed the portals of the other 
world at an early age. One of these, poor Ruttan, of Cobourg — a youth 
of great promise and much beloved while at College — returned from his 
travels in Europe, three years after carrying all before him in the class- 
room, to fill a consumptive's grave. Great was his love for his alma mater: 
in a letter to a schoolmate, written abroad, he writes " God bless every 
brick of it !" A most interesting memoir of the youth, prefaced by a 
funeral sermon preached by the late Bishop Bethune, then Rector of 
Cobourg, was published at the time, and contains loving tributes by several 
of his Masters and a few of his cherished schoolmates. One of the bright 
band — a now venerable and most interesting historical figure — happily 
yet lives, to treasure the memory of his triumphs, and still loyally to 
honour the old College in which for nearly a quarter of a century he was 
himself a Master. The contribution of the first head-boy to these pages, 
is not by any means the sole service Dr. Scadding has rendered either to 
the educational literature of his country, or to the historic annals of the 
institutions of the city which has the honour to own him as a son. His 



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62 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

has been a long, honourable and useful life — a life devoted to good works 
and the service of his fellowmen. In him education, literature, and local 
antiquities have had a loving, enthusiastic, and life-long friend. If, in a 
practical way, he may not be called one of the makers of the city, among 
antiquarian and literary students he is counted, at least, as one of the 
makers of its fame. Wherever the Capital of Ontario is known, there is, or 
ought to be, known the author of " Toronto of Old," its learned and loving 
annalist. In September, 1838, Dr. Scadding was appointed a Classical 
Master in the College, and in that capacity, for five and twenty years, he 
laboured well and faithfully in the Institution he so well loved. 

Before passing from the early head-bo}s of the College, it is due to 
the other head-form prize winners and head-form boys of the period to say> 
that though others, more fortunate, snatched from them the laurel of the 
year, they did much by their industry and talent to add to the honours 
of the Institution. Among the more successful prizemen of the Harris 
rigimew^ find the following: Geo. W. Allan, Larratt W. Smith, Graham 
Colborne, Christopher Robinson, R. H. Draper, Wm. Powell, J. Lukin 
Robinson, W. and S. Jarvis, John Breakenridge, John Helliwell, Walter 
Stennett, D. B. Read, M. C. Cameron, Wm. Vidal, John H. Cameron, H. J, 
Boulton, James Patton, John Roaf, and Robt. O'Hara. Of these, it is on 
record that John Breakenridge and Larratt W. Smith won prizes for English 
verse, the former in 1836, and the latter in 1837. The subject of Mr. 
Breakenridgc's poem is " Canada." It is a warm apostrophe, in rhymed 
couplets, to his native land, and finds place in a volume of verse issued in 
Kingston by the author in 1S46, under the title of " The Crusades and other 
Poems." The theme of Mr. (now Dr.) Larratt W. Smith's muse is ** The 
Accession of Queen Victoria," an event which had just taken place, and is 
commemorated in stirring and loyal lines. The Editors trust to preserve in 
another portion of this volume some extracts at least from these fine poetical 
productions, with other prize compositions in English and Classical verse, 
belonging to a later regime. Dr. Larratt W. Smith, throughout his career 
at College, was also a frequent and diligent prize winner in other subjects 
than English verse, a proof not only of the versatility of his talents, but of 
the excellent training afforded at the Institution which has since had the 
benefit of Dr. Smith's able and unwearied services, through a long series 
of years, on the Board of Management. 

It is interesting here to note the names of two pupils, both of whom 
in coming years were to be identified with Masterships in the College, and 
one of wiiom filled the Principalship from 1856 to 1861. We refer to 
Walter Stennett and William Wedd, who, though they studied under 



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REGIME OF THE REV. DR. HARRIS, 183O-38. . 6^ 

different headmasters at Upper Canada College, were classmates in tl.e 
early years of King's College. Later on, both will come before the 
reader of these pages, one in connection with the history of his regime, and 
the other as the valued contributor of the chapter on the administration of 
the Rev. Dr. McCauI. An interesting and delightfully reminiscent paper 
will, in point of time, naturally precede what is written by the one and 
what is written about the other, in the case of these two gentlemen. Wc 
allude to Mr. Wm. Thomson's gossipy " Retrospect" of the CoUejje at the 
era of the Rebellion. In the perusal of this paper by a pupil contemporary 
with the events which he so charmingly describes, old College boys will 
have their hearts warmed by the patriotic enthusiasm of the writer, and 
by his unaffected loyalty to, and long-surviving interest in, the Institution 
which he proudly owns as a Mother. Appropriate to the subject of Mr. 
Thomson's paper is the following " memorandum," which we find appended 
to the official record of the ''Distribution of Prizes," for the year 1837. 
"In consequence," says the minute, "of the public disturbances, which 
broke out on the 4th of December, the business of the College was 
necessarily suspended, and the usual examination omitted, which will 
account for certain prizes, viz., the first and second Latin Grammar, the 
Greek Grammar, the Scripture, and the College Boarding House, prizes 
not having been awarded." However jubilant were young Master Thomson^ 
and doubtless many other of his schoolmates, at the prospect of a lively 
break in the educational routine of the College, the circumstance we have 
noted could not have been pleasant to the aspirants for prizes and other 
omitted or withheld honours. 

About this period, the College Council was increased by the appoint- 
ment to seats at the Education Board of the following gentlemen': 
Attorney-General, the Hon. Christopher A. Hagerman, the Hon. J. H. 
Dunn, (Receiver-General), the Hon. John Macaulay, (Inspector-General), 
the Hon. Vice-Chancellor, R. S. Jameson, and John Simcoe Macaulay, Esq. 
Some additional changes were also made in the College staff, in the Harris 
rigime, which should have been earlier noted. One of these was the 
appointment of Mr. James Duffy as assistant Writing and English Master. 
A more important change took place, however, in 1833, when Mr. Drewry^ 
the Drawing Master, retired from ill-health, and Mr. J. G. Howard was 
appointed to "instruct the College forms in Perspective, Planning and 
Surveying." The College had for nearly twenty-five years the services of 
this able and experienced Surveyor and Draughtsman, who now for the 
space of two generations has been well and favourably known as an 
Architect in Toronto. The venerable gentleman (he is now in his eighty- 
sixth year), is still a resident of the city, in which he has always taken a 



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64 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

loving and public-spirited interest, and to which, some years ago, he 
munificently donated 165 acres in the Western suburbs, which compose 
what is known as High Park, including the grounds attached to his private 
residence, Colborne Lodge. 

The year 1838 saw other changes in the College staff. The Rev. 
Charles Dade, Mathematical Master, resigned, and his post was filled by 
the transference to it of the Rev. Mr. Maynard. Mr. Dade's retirement 
was the occasion of regret, for he was a distinguished scholar, a Fellow of 
his College, and a successful teacher. In the same year, the College was 
deprived of its first Principal. We need not go over the ground so well 
covered already by Dr. Scadding, in the sketches he has supplied of these 
two gentlemen. The retirement of Dr. Harris was a serious loss to the 
College, more especially as he withdrew from the country, having accepted 
a living in England. The College Council have given expression, in the 
minutes of the body, to their keen regret at losing Dr. Harris. We 
transcribe the minute : Resolved, " That the College Council have great 
satisfaction in declaring that they value most highly the course of arduous 
service which the Rev. Dr. Harris has sustained during more than eight 
years in bringing into proper order and discipline the Seminary which he 
has superintended with so much distinction, and the success by which his 
oxertions have been attended, and in assuring him that he carries to his 
retirement in England, their best wishes and earnest hope that he will soon 
be placed in a station where his talents and eminent acquirements may be 
a source of comfort to himself and of benefit to that country as they have 
been to this Province. That while they congratulate Dr. Harris on the 
more immediate cause of his retirement, they cannot but deeply deplore the 
loss which Upper Canada College sustains in his resignation, and the more 
especially because they judge it scarcely possible in many respects to 
supply his place." 

This Resolution of '*the Chancellor, President, and Council of the 
University of King's College," in taking leave of the Rev. Dr. Harris, 
. hardly does justice, we incline to think, to the occasion . The retiring 
Principal manifestly deserved a more flattering testimonial. The College 
Council, in any case, owed it to themselves to put what little they had to 
say in better literary form. But these are matters — perhaps trifling 
matters — of individual taste and judgment. The important thing before us 
is the loss the College was now to suffer in the withdrawal of its first 
Principal. Had the College been a proprietary institution, it would be no 
marvel to find its shares suffer a decline on the retirement of Dr. Harris. 
As little of a marvel, however, would it be to see them recover their value 



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REGIME OF THE REV. DR. HARRIS, 183O-38. 6$ 

on Dr. McCaul's succession. It was* no light task Dr. Harris had undertaken, 
in laying the foundations of the Institution over which he had been called 
to preside. Considering the difficulties of both time and place, the suc- 
cess that waited upon his eight years of arduous labour was most creditable 
to him. Not only did he bring the College into existence, and leave it a fully- 
equipped and efficiently working educational institution ; but he stamped it 
with the impress of his own high professional attainments, and set upon it 
the seal of repute and honour which it was afterwards to bear. " It is not 
a small thing/* writes a proud chronicler of Eton, " to form the characters 
of men who may one day guide the action of England, or influence the 
thought of the world." Is not the remark, with some little qualification, in 
place, in reviewing the work of Upper Canada College under the mastership 
of Principal Harris ? 



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THE COLLEGE AND THE REBELLION : 
A RETROSPECT. 



BV W. THOMSON. 
Pupil in the Hartis Rigime. 



M 



Y EARLIEST RECOLLECTIONS of Upper Canada College date back 
to 1830, when I was only six years of age. My father, the late 
Col. E. W. Thomson, who at that time had a large contract on 
the Rideau Canal, with the late Hon. George Crawford as partner, had just 
then removed from Maitland's Rapids to "muddy Little York," and we 
lived on Yonge Street, about half a mile north of Lot — now Queen — Street. 
The house we occupied was known as " Elm Cottage," and was quite in 
the country ; a long stretch of open fields lay between us and the town 
proper. To these fields we were often obliged to betake ourselves, when 
going to and fro in the land, as Yonge Street was then a mere causeway of 
clay — and such clay ! In the Spring and Fall, and indeed at any time 
after much rain, it was almost impassable. Scores of times I have seen 
both horses and ox teams hopelessly mired, even with empty vehicles — but 
that was not at all a rare sight on King Street itself in those days. Surely 
a name and place never fitted each other more pefectly than did " muddy 
Little York," the embryo Toronto. The mud thereof was of a most 
adhesive and all-embracing nature, and was wont to stick far " closer than 
a brother," — indeed it could not by any means be " shaken off." I then 
little thought that I should live to see a great city, such as the present 
capital of Ontario, cover the remote places, woods and fields over which 
the youth of York then disported themselves, or, that in this year of grace 
1889, grandson and grand nephews of my own would be attending the Old 
School. As an illustration of the comparative wildness of the place in 
those early days I may say, that one day when I was at play in my father's 
yard, a deer, chased by hounds, nearly ran over me ; and the same year I 
saw a large black bear killed not three hundred yards from our front door ! 



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THE COLLEGE AND THE REBELLION. 67 

Upper Canada College was, at this period, located in a large, plain, frame 
building at the foot of what was then known as March Street, and a most 
unsavory reputation this street had. Whether it has improved, under its 
more aristocratic title of Stanley Street, or, as it is now designated, Lonibard 
Street, I do not know. Of course I was at this time too young to attend 
the College, but my eldest brother did so, and subsequent events, not 
unmixed with the history of Canada, have fixed upon my memory the 
names of many of his schoolmates. Among these, if I mistake not, were 
John and Alexander Strachan, George W. Allan, Percival and Lionel 
Ridout, Lukin* and J. B. Robinson, F. W. Jarvis, W. H. Boulton, R. L. and 
G. T. Denison, Edwin Fisher, John Turquand, George D. Wells, Henry 
Scadding, Ford Jones, T. A. McLean, R. Playter, Edward Scarlett, &c., &c. 
These were, I presume, the elder sons of their respective families, as the 
younger sons of the same houses were afterwards my own fellow pupils. 
As I look back upon this far away time it always seems to me that the 
students who attended the College during the first five or six years of its 
existence were much larger and older boys than those who were afterwards 
enrolled. 

Indeed, many of the pupils of 1830-32, appeared to my very juvenile 
eyes to be almost grown young men ; and a most dashing, strapping, 
vigorous lot of fellows they were. I can well remember with what awe and 
admiration I used to look upon them as I trudged back and forth to my 
own school, which was situated on some open ground just west of Yonge 
Street, and between King Street and the bay. It was conducted by a 
teacher named Thomas Thompson. Time, however, always brink's its 
compensations, and before many years I, too, was an Upper Canada College 
boy, and then these hitherto envied mortals did not look half so big and 
grand to me as in the days when "distance lent enchantment to the view." 

In the spring of 1832, my father, who had then sold out his Rideau 
Canal contract to Mr. Crawford, removed from York to a beautiful four 
hundred acre farm in the Township of Toronto, sixteen miles from the city: 
This land was a Crown grant to my father and mother who were both 
children of U. E. Loyalists, and we had resided upon it before going to the 

*Oii the death of that notable figure in Canadian history. Chief Justice Sir John Beverley 
Robinson, his son Lukin succeeded to the Baronetcy, while John Beverley, Jr., after an honour- 
able parliamentary career, became one of the best and most popular of Ontario's Lieutenant- 
Governors. While holding this important office, his popularity,' as is indeed the case to-day^ 
was only equalled by that of his excellent and accomplished wife, a daughter of the late Justice 
Hagerman. Li his younger days this gentleman was a great athlete, or rather a great proficient 
in all exercises requiring agility, in proof of which I may state that I once saw him at the 
'* Olympic Games " in Toronto, stand upright under a bar, and then, with a short run, clear- it 
at a bound ! 



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68 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Rideau Canal. Indeed, your humble contributor was born there, April 27th, 
1824, in the first two-storey hewed log house ever erected in that township. 
From 1832 to 1836, I was " growing up with the country" in the old home- 
stead ; and then came the memorable elections of this latter year, when my 
father defeated the famous William Lyon Mackenzie for the Second Riding 
of the County of York. Here, I may remark, en passant^ that out of his 
twenty contests this was, I believe, the only occasion upon which the sturdy 
little rebel (or shall we now say Patriot ?) was defeated. The result of this 
election had not only an immediate influence upon Canadian history, but 
upon my own humble fortunes as well ; for at the beginning of the succeeding 
winter, in order that my father might attend Parliament, we removed to. 
what had meantime become, the city of Toronto, and my second eldest 
brother — the late Hugh C. Thomson — and myself were duly entered at 
Upper Canada College. 

I can never forget how nervous I felt when ushered into the presence 
of Dr. Harris, the then Principal, for preliminary examination. I was a 
raw country boy only twelve years of age, and although I had been taught 
the A, B, C, of Latin by a brother-in-law, the late Rev. Andrew Bell, yet 
I had never seen any of the text-books then in use at the College ; and 
hence was assigned to the Preparatory School. However, I remained there 
only three weeks, and when I reached the College proper, I was only three 
months in the " First Form.** My brother, bein^ij three years older, and 
further advanced than I, went at once into the " Third Form." I do not 
know how it is now, but in those days the College was graded from 
" Preparatory School" to " Seventh Form ;** and there was also a Com- 
mercial, or as we called it then, a " Partial" Form, for those pupils who did 
not wish to study Latin or Greek. 

Excellent school as it was. Upper Canada College was then literally 
ruled by the rod. The discipline exceeded justice. It was harsh, and I 
think cruel. Petty faults, devoid of malice or moral turpitude, such as 
talking or laughing in class, were punished by from two to six strokes of 
the barbarous bamboo cane across the bare hand, causing very severe pain 
and leaving clearly-defined blood blisters wherever it touched. No wonder 
that high-spirited boys should resent such treatment, or that they should in 
many cases become so hardened, that, with a fine irony, they would call 
their blisters "merit marks"! lam now an old man of sixty-five, and 
have no interest to serve, except that of truth ; and yet, with all my love for 
my alma mater, I venture to assert that this system was a mistaken one, 
— Salomon's proverb to the contrary notwithstanding. On the other hand, 
had any one of my teachers of those days condescended to speak kindly 



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THE COIJiEGE AND THE REBELLION. 69 

to me ; and for the moment made a boy of himself for my sake ; if he had 
appealed to my generosity and chivalry, and to my better nature, he would 
have had a loving, obedient and tractable scholar. He would have "spared 
the rod" and improved '* the child." Of course, also, what was true of me 
was true of the generality of pupils. We were all very human boys. 

I would not have my readers suppose that corporal punishment was 
carried to an extreme by the authorities of the College. No ; the masters 
were honourable, upright gentlemen, who performed their several duties 
conscientiously, according to the best light they had in those days. I 
remember most of them only with feelings of affection and respect, and 
could fill a small volume with kindly recollections of them and their ways ; 
but this will doubtless be done by an abler pen than mine. And now to 
return to my simple narrative. When I first entered the College, being 
very young, and a stranger in the city, I had no friends or acquaintances 
among the boys, and for a time I felt quite lost in the crowd. But this 
soon wore off as I began to know and appreciate my companions. At this 
distance of time I can recollect only the names of those with whom I came 
most often in contact, or whom after events caused me to particularly 
remember. Among them were Stephen Jarvis, James Hagerman, Chris. 
Robinson, L. W. Smith, D'Arcy Boulton, Wm.Vidal,Waywanosh and Johns 
— Indian chiefs — R. B. Denison, W. H. and Thomas R. Merritt, Joseph 
Woodruff. George McMicking, John Kirkpatrick, Frank Dee, Henry 
Skinner, Richard Dixie, "Charlie" Sadlier, (a wonderful swimmer), two 
McDonnells, B. Turquand, Fred, [and Arthur Wells, Alex. Dunn, R. 
Dempsey, Will Andrews, Wm. Wedd, Alfred and Walter Stennett, Wm. 
Dixon. Stephen and "Gus." Heward, John Ewart, Thomas Mewburn, W. R. 
Harris, George Duggan, Jr., " Sted " Campbell, John, George and Daniel 
Brooke, George and Harry Draper, John Auldjo, George and "Jack" Munroe, 
W. H. Weller, Sydney Cousins, two O'Haras, two McLeans, Edward and 
Jonas Jones, Will Lyons, James Henderson, two Barbers (sons ofGecrge 
A. Barber, one of our teachers and, as well as Mr. Barron, a great cricketer) 
Hugh C. and A. Thomson, one or two ("Commissariat") Thompsons, M. 
C. Cameron, James Patton, James Austin, John McKenzie, two Scarletts, 
two Pagets, J. M. Home, Walter Boyd. These are all that I can call to mind 
just now, but among them are the names of many who have since achieved 
distinction in various walks of life. Upper Canada College boys of that, as 
well as of a later era, have made their mark in law, politics, and medicine ; 
have adorned the pulpit, the bench, and the bar ; and have been gallant 
soldiers in the armies of their own and foreign countries ; have shone as 
successful explorers, geologists, and engineers ; have upheld ihe honour cf 
their country in civil government, diplomacy, and statecraft ; have 



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70 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

distinguished themselves in art, literature, and poetry; have become 
merchant princes and great ship and mill owners ; have held high com- 
mands in British and Canadian armies; have repelled invasion and subdueil 
foreign and domestic foes ; and in numberless ways reflected honour upon 
the race from which they sprang, and approved themselves good men and 
true. In the Crimean War were two Upper Canada College boys, Fred. 
Wells and Alex. Dunn, contemporaries of my own. The latter was among 
the " Six Hundred " of deathless fame, who charged at Balaclava, and who 
had the honour to win the Victoria Cross. The name of the former — the 
gallant son of a gallant sire — reminds me at how early an age a lad may 
shew an aptitude for military life. After the Canadian Rebellion biokc 
out, in 1837, a number of us young College boys formed ourselves into 
a company for the purposes of drill. We used to meet on the premises 
of Mercer Jones, at the foot of York Street, and Fred. Wells was our 
captain. We were armed with wooden muskets and swords, and worked 
off our superfluous energies and patriotism at a great rate. But I am 
getting rather ahead of my story, and must go back to that eventful 
morning, early in December, 1837, when we boys, ignorant, in common 
with nearly all the inhabitants of the city, of the events of the preceding 
night, went as usual to College, only to find the gates closed and the 
startling news awaiting us that the Rebellion had broken out ; that 
Colonel Moodie had been killed by the rebels, and that there would 
be no school for six weeks! Of course we were all as sorry as boys 
could be to hear of the Colonel's death ; but all the rest of the news 
was so entirely delightful, so exhilarating, and altogether so joyous, that 
with one accord we threw our caps in the air and cheered again and 
again until the welkin (whatever that may be) rang to the glad acclaim, 
when we scampered off to our respective homes like a lot of wild young 
colts suddenly freed from corral. I should say, however, that before we 
dispersed, and after our janitor — the venerable Alderdice, (what old College 
boy fails to remember him ?) had fully confirmed the good tidings we 
dashed across to Government House where we were greatly impressed 
by seeing Mr. Henry Rowsell, of the bookselling firm of Rowsell & Co., 
walking up and down before the gate, as sentry. He was dressed in his 
ordinary clothing, but was fully accoutred with buff cross-belts and 
loaded musket; and although he looked somewhat comical in this unwonted 
guise, he seemed rather to enjoy the situation. Note here that booksellers 
of ancient as well as modern Toronto have been prone to fight for their 
country ! 

When I reached my own home, which was then just opposite Osgoode 
Hall, on old "Lot" Street, I burst into the presence of my father, shouting 



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THE COLLEGE AND THE REBELLION. 7 1 

at the top of my voice " hurrah ! hurrah ! the Rebellion has broken out, 
and there is no school for six weeks !" My enthusiasm, however, received 
a severe check when my father, instead of responding with that hilarious 
alacrity which I thought the occasion demanded, looked exceedingly 
grave, donned his uniform, and taking down his sword, went at once to 
Government House, and offered his services to the Lieutenant-Governor, 
Sir Francis Bond Head. And oh ! wasn't Sir Francis a prime favourite 
with the College boys ? They did not trouble themselves about his politics, 
system of Government, or any such trifling matters. The causes of his 
popularity were far other than these. In the first place, he was a superb 
horseman, and scarcely a day passed that he did not ride several times 
past the College play-ground, mounted on one or other of his fine 
hunters ; then he used frequently to come in to witness our cricket-matches, 
and once when we had a grand silk flag presented to us (I forget by whom) 
he " manned the halyards," and hoisted it with his own hands to the top 
of the lofty staff erected specially for the occasion. Besides, he was the 
representative of our young Queen, who had then but lately ascended the 
throne, and who was fairly idolized by the boys — and by their fathers, too, 
for that matter. But, perhaps, the most potent of all the causes, which led 
us to look upon Sir Francis as our fast friend and ally, was the fact that 
when, for some reason or other, weighty in our eyes, we wanted a holiday, 
he would send a note to the Principal, and obtain it for us. All the 
survivors of the classes of 1837 will remember the day, shortly after the 
outbreak of the Rebellion, when a whole crowd 'of us marched over to 
the Government House, and gravely offered our services to help to fight 
the rebels. Sir Francis received us very kindly, and made us a nice little 
speech, but said — what was certainly true — that adult volunteers were 
pouring in at such a rate that he felt justified in declining our offer for the 
present, and that, on the whole, he thought we could best serve our country 
by remaining at home, and attending to our studies, &c., &c. This Lady 
Head approved, and, as a solace for our disappointment, invited us into 
the dining-room, where she regaled us with cake and wine. The prescrip- 
tion answered admirably ; and we gracefully retired with three cheers for 
the Queen, and three times three for Sir Francis and Lady Head ; satisfied 
that if we could not die for country we would at least have all the fun we 
could while living for it. And fun galore we certainly did have that 
winter ! 

As clearly as if the event had ociiurred only yesterday, I recollect that 
morning when the two or three thousand loyal, but exceedingly raw, 
militiamen marched up to Montgomery's Tavern to engage the, supposedly 
bloodthirsty, rebels, who, however, all dispersed like morning mist before 



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72 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

the old-fashioned flint-lock muskets carried by our men could get a chance 
to work havoc in their ranks. But few of Mackenzie's men were killed : 
one, I remember, was shot through the head by a stray bullet of the 
many that were wildly and aimlessly thrown away on that occasion. So 
very excitable were our militiamen that I remember my father, who was 
in command of one large detachment, saying on his return that evening 
that he felt more danger from the reckless firing of his own men than he 
ever did from the bullets of the enemy in any of the battles of 1812 in 
which he took part. If I rightly remember, Chief Justice Robinson, 
Attorney-General Hagerman, Judge McLean, Mr. Draper (afterwards Chief 
Justice), and all the notabilities of that time took part in this foray ; and I 
think that nearly, or quite, all of the Upper Canada College boys named in 
the first part of this paper were there too. I know that my own two elder 
brothers marched in my father's corps, and that I, being then only thirteen 
years old, fairly cried with vexation because I was not allowed to accompany 
them. After things began to steady down a little, two regular regiments 
were formed out of the tens of thousands of volunteers offering. One of 
these was " The Queen's Rangers," and the other " The Queen's Light 
Infantry." This last named regiment was stationed in Osgoode Hall, and 
was commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Hill (a Waterloo man) and Majors 
Nash and Thomson (my father). Several old College boys bore commissions 
in these regiments, but I can recollect with certainty only the name of one, 
that of George Wells, who was Adjutant in the Queen's Rangers. I do 
not remember whether John Beverley Robinson, Jr., served in one of 
those corps or not, (I think, however, he was Lieutenant in the Queen's 
Light Infantry,) but I know he was about that time appointed an extra 
aide-de-camp to the Lieutenant-Governor, to the huge delight of his old 
schcol-fellows. Then, too, was re-organized and rejuvenated Major George 
Denison's famous troop of Cavalry officered by three ex-College boys, 
viz.. Captain R. L. Denison, Lieutenant George T. Denison, and Cornet 
Edwin Fisher, while several other old Upper Canada College boys served 
as troopers. This Cavalry troop, of late years known as " The Governor- 
General's Body Guard," has now been in existence for, I believe, seventy 
years, and has, if I mistake not, always been commanded by a Denison, 
beginning with that stout old 1812 soldier, Major George ; then by 
Colonels R. L., G. T., and R. B. Denison, and later by Colonel G. T. 
Denison, Jr., Toronto's present efficient Police Magistrate, and author of 
the well-known work on Cavalry which carried off the Emperor of Russia's 
prize in face of the world's competition. A signal distinction indeed, and 
won by an Upper Canada College boy ! 



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THE COLLEGE AND THE REBELLION* 73 

But, a short space back, I referred to the fun we boys used to have in 
the winter of '37 and '38, and truly the sources of amusement were 
numberless. Upper Canada College was in a manner a privileged school, 
and its pupils had the entrie to lots of public places and ceremonies not free 
to the boys of other schools. For instance, at the opening and closing of 
Parliament a space was always set apart for us in the Legislative Council 
Chamber where we could at our ease feast our ^y^s upon the grand display 
of those state pageants. And to the galleries of the Legislative Assembly 
we were always welcome — so long as we behaved ourselves — which we 
generally did. There were numbers of us whose fathers were members of 
Parliamenf, and on our Wednesday and Saturday half-holiday we used to 
go down to "The House" to listen to the debates, and gaze at the 
" assembled wisdom." Of course, each boy thought his own father was the 
greatest man of the crowd, and he would wait patiently to see him get up 
and air his views, and then go home quite satisfied. In connection with 
the * Assembly'* Room there is one little historical fact which I remember 
very well. It occurred during the first hubbub of the Rebellion, at a time 
when Parliament was not in session or had temporarily adjourned. The 
basement of the building, immediately under the Assembly Room was then, 
for a time, occupied by volunteers. One of these while carelessly handling 
his musket happened to discharge it, and the bullet passed through the 
floor overhead, and also through the seat of the chair always occupied by 
Dr. Rolph when in his place in **The House," This event greatly 
impressed the boys, but did not hurt the worthy Doctor much, as he was 
then safe in the domain of Uncle Sam, whither he had betaken himself in 
consequence of the high value (;^Sco,) placed by the Canadian Government 
upon his head. Party feeling ran to extremes in those old days, and I am 
afraid that the few boys among us, whose fathers were " Liberals," (Radicals or 
Rebels we then called them) had a rather hard time cf it. But, once again, 
time has righted this wrong also. A great many of those same boys lived 
to see their fathers occupy positions of honour in the councils of their country, 
and to hear them called by the honourable name of ** Reformers." The now 
free and enlightened people of Canada have long ago ceased to draw 
invidious distinctions because of party proclivities. 

As usually happens in any city where considerable bodies of troops 
are stationed, Toronto was very gay throughout the winters of '37 and '38, 
and we youngsters got our full share of the good things going. There were 
a great many "children's parties" given, particularly by the old Loyalist 
families ; and in going to and from these we used to have lots of fun. At 
numerous points in the city, especially in front of public buildings and 
prominent houses, sentries were stationed, who invariably demanded the 
10 



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74 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

pass word or countersign from all night pedestrians. It was very often my 
pleasing duty to escort my young sisters and other little girls to one or 
other of those parties ; and before I left home my father would give ine 
the countersign for the night, with full instructions that when challenged 
by a sentry with the customary " who goes there ? " I was quietly to 
answer " friends." Then when the sentry should say " advance friends and 
give the countersign," I was to step forward and whisper the word- 
Wellington, Waterloo, or whatever it might be. This all looked quite 
simple, but, for the first dozen or so of our expeditions, the upshot always 
was that when suddenly challenged, while going round a corner perhaps, 
the whole crowd would yell out, as with one voice, " its me ! " — throwing at 
once grammar and instructions to the wind. Then, on the order to 
" advance me and give the countersign " we would all shout " Waterloo," 
or whatever were the words for the night. By and by, however, we got 
properly trained, as we began to realize that some lurking enemy might 
possibly avail himself of a pass word so cheerfully published abroad. Then, 
in addition to our social recreations, and far transcending them in impor- 
tance, we boys used to have our sham battles, which sometimes bordered 
very closely upon the real. There was very little snow in 1837, but when 
an opportune fall did come we would erect great snow forts, and dividing 
our forces into about equal bodies of loyalists and rebels, determine by lot 
which party should " hold the fort," and which attack. Some of these 
battles were contested with great obstinacy on both sides, and many quite 
painful wounds were given and received ; but the result was ever the same. 
Victory always remained with the legions of the Queen ; and for the simple 
reason that these fought con amore^ while most of the others were merely 
acting a part. 

And now, as I must have severely taxed the patience of my youthful 
readers who have followed me thus far, I will close with a humble, but I am 
sure I shall be pardoned for saying well-deserved, tribute to my native land 
** fair, free, prosperous Canada." I have been somewhat of a traveller in 
my time ; I have been quite around this globe of ours ; have seen many 
countries and people, and have resided, on and off, for more than a decade 
in several States of the American Union, and have closely studied their 
institutions. I freely, and without a spark of envy or jealousy, acknowkdge 
that the Republic of the United States is a great and wonderful country, 
and that its people are worthy of it and of the grand old stock from which 
they sprang ; and yet I most deliberately say, without prejudice or conceit, 
that Canada is a still better country, and Canadians, man for man, a better 
race, and a more free, happy, contented, and law-abiding people ; and in 
sober truth even a more democratic people. And I further say, that 



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THE COLLEGE ANJ> THE REBELLION. 75 

Canadians have sound, solid, and substantial reasons, apart altogether fron) 
sentimental ones, for being proud of their heritage. It needs no special 
gift of prophecy to predict for Canada, and her patriotic sons a great and 
glorious future, which will be enhanced, rather than retarded, by the 
proximity and generous rivalry of her powerful Southern neighbour. These 
two great nations, growing up side by side, and always maintaining friendly 
relations, will, in less perhaps than a half-a-century from to-day, sway 
the whole civilized world by their combined influence, prestige, and power, 
while the lustre of their achievements will reflect back upon Old England, 
the birthplace of freedom and the cradle of liberty ! 



Note : — The Editors desire to express their acknowledgements to the friend of the College 
who was instmmental in procuring from Mr. Thomson this chatty paper on the Rebellion, with 
the author's reminiscences of his own College days. From their correspondent the Editors 
received the following note on Mr. Thomson's prowess as a marksman, which though uncon- 
nected either with the College or with education, they append as a biographical epilogue, not 
without interest, they conceive, to many readers of the present volume : — 

"Mr. Wm. Thomson, the author of these Bebellion reminiscences, has been well-known for 
years as a writer on forest and stream sports, and more particularly as a contributor of many 
sketches, stories, and verses to the American Angler, of New York. Always an expert with 
rod and fowling piece, he was, as the writer has often heard from the late Col. B. L. Denison, 
and the late E. C. Fisher, of Etobicoke, a really wonderful performer with the old-fashioned, 
small bore, short-range rifle. These two gentlemen often testified that they had seen Mr. 
Thomson, in the year 1849, fire a bullet in a tree at fifty yards distance, and then, at the same 
range, shoot six bullets upon the first so that the seven were cut out in one lump. On the same 
day, same witnesses, Mr. Thomson, firing on a challenge to hit ten ^^-ild-birds on the head 
seriatim, shot off the heads of nine wild pigeons consecutively, and finished by shooting a blue 
crane through the head at a measured distance of 135 yards. In 1851, at Dunnrille, Mr. 
Thomson put t^'elve successive bullets int^ a four-inch circle at 220 yards distance, and struck 
a number ten gun- wad sixteen times out of twenty at 75 yards, both of which feats are attested 
by several living witnesses. In 1863, the present writer saw Mr. Thomson bring down a hovering 
king-fisher with a single bullet from a Smith and Wesson rifle, calibre twenty-two, and on the 
same afternoon he saw him kill, with the same weapon, a crow perched on the top of a lofty dead 
pine situated on the other side of the Chippewa River, from the shooter, a distance of probably 
not less than 130 yards. In these days, when long-range rifles are the vogue, and accuiate 
shooting at short-ranges little cultivated, one runs some risk of being doubted in recording 
such feats ; but the " old-timers " who remember the practice made with the long, heavy, small- 
bores of their youth will testify that Mr. Thomson's remarkable shooting was not wholly 
unexampled. He says himself that his proudest recollection is that he raised a Rifle Company 
in three days in 1861, at the time of the Trent affair, and drilled it for three months at his 
own expense." 

A. L KENSHAW, 



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THE REV. JOHN McCAUL, LLD., SECOND 
PRINCIPAL, 1839-1843. 



BY WILLIAM WEDD, M.A. 



C^T HAS BEEN already stated that when the Chancellor, President, and 
^ Council of the University of King's College, passed a complimentary 
/^^ resolution in reference to Dr. Harris, on the occasion of his retire- 
ment from the Principalbhip of Upper Canada College, they concluded by 
remarking that they judged it scarcely possible in many respects to supply 
his place. And it was evidently owing to the prevalence of this feeling 
that so many efforts were made, and so much hesitation shown, in the 
endeavour to fill the vacancy. 

On referring to the minutes of the Council, we find that, towards the 
end of July, 1837, Dr. Harris gave notice of his intention to resign, such 
resignation to take effect on April i, 1838. About the middle of March, 
in this" latter year, we see allusions made to unsuccessful efforts, and a 
statement that no selection had yet been made. At length, under date of 
May 9, 1838, we have a record of a meeting at which His Excellency the 
Chancellor (i.e., the Lieutenant-Governor) presided in person — an unusual 
event, indicating the great importance attached to the object of the meeting. 
The minutes state that "The Council feeling a strong desire tp avoid 
further loss of time in supplying the vacancy occasioned by the retirement 
of the Rev. Dr. Harris from his situation of Principal of Upper Canada 
College, it was proposed and resolved : — 

" That Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Colonies be 
prayed to procure the necessary appointment to be made by Her Majesty, 
and it is recommended that His Excellency, the Lieutenant-Governor, in 
consideration of the great importance of having a suitable person to 
preside over the College, do suggest to Her Majesty's Secretary of State, 
that His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury be requested to afford his 
assistance and advice in making the selection, in order that the Province 



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REGIME OF THE REV. DR. M'CAUL, 1 839-43. JJ 

may have the advantage of His Grace's intimate acquaintance with the 
Universities and his perfect knowledge of the qualifications required for 
the duty." 

It was not until January 27, 1839, that the President was enabled to lay 
before the Council a communication from His Excellency, dated the 
previous day, and announcing for its information that the Rev. John 
McCaul, LL.D., who had arrived in the city the preceding evening 
(January 25), had been appointed Principal of Upper Canada College. It is 
interesting to observe that Dr. McCaul immediately thereupon signed the 
prescribed declaration, and took his seat as a member of the Council, 
thenceforward to attend it with his well-known regularity, until ultimately 
it ceased to exist, at least under that name. 

At a meeting held on February 2, 1839, certificates in recommendation 
of Dr. McCaul, transmitted by His Excellency, were read, and the following 
minute in reference to them was directed to be entered : 

" The documents referred to gave the Council much satisfaction, as 
they proved beyond dispute that Dr. McCaul is a gentleman in every 
respect highly qualified to discharge with distinguished ability and 
efficiency the duties of the important situation to which he has been 
appointed.*' 

To this the following addition was made : 

" In perusing the Rev. Dr. McCaul's testimonials, the Council are very 
forcibly struck with the ready condescension and unwearied pains taken by 
His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury to secure, at His Excellency's 
request, for Upper Canada College a gentleman more than usually qualified 
to become its Principal. So feeling, the Council most respectfully solicit His 
Excellency, the Lieutenant-Governor, Sir George Arthur, to convey to the 
Archbishop, in the most acceptable manner, their most grateful acknow- 
ledgments for so signal a proof of his paternal affection, and for the deep 
interest which His Grace has uniformly taken in the spiritual and intel- 
lectual welfare of this Colony." 

The members present on this occasion were : The Hon. and Ven. the 
President, the Attorney-General, the Solicitor-General, the Hon. R. B. 
Sullivan, the Hon. William Allan, and John S. Macaulay, Esquire. Dr. 
McCaul, in view of the objects of the meeting, was of course absent 

Here would appear to be the proper place to take a slight retrospect, 
and to state briefly the antecedent training and academic status of the new 
Principal, Very considerable, it will be seen, are his achievements up to 



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78 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

this point Bom, then, at Dublin, on March 7, 1807, he first attended, 
while very young, a celebrated private establishment in that city, known as 
** White's School ; " subsequently he became a pupil of the ** Maravian 
School," in Antrim, but the year immediately preceding his entrance at the 
University was spent at the former school. In 1820, when only in his 
fourteenth year, he matriculated at the University of Trinity College, 
Dublin. Mathematics particularly engaged his attention for the first three 
years of his undergraduate course, and it was in that subject that his first 
college prize was gained. Dr. Sandes, who, in later years was Bishop of 
Cashel, being his mathematical tutor. Classics claimed his especial 
devotion during his fourth year, and at this period of his course he obtained 
several important prizes and a scholarship, tenable for five years, of the 
annual value of ;f 20. The scholarship also carried with it free rooms and 
furnished meals in residence. He graduated with the highest honours, 
having won the gold medal for classics and the Berkeley Greek medal. 
Among his competitors for these distinctions, it is stated, were the late 
Dr. Greig, Bishop of Cork, and the late Dr. Hamilton Verschoyles, Bishop 
of Killaloe, both of whom are mentioned as being then, and afterwards 
continuing to be, his warm and life-long personal friends. Between the 
degree of B. A. and that of M. A. (in 1828), he spent a considerable portion 
of his time in preparing pupils for University examinations, and with such 
remarkable r.esults. that, when he took the latter degree, he was appointed 
University Examiner in Classics. 

The authority followed in the above statements proceeds as follows : 

" Continuing to live in residence, and devoting his whole time to the 
study of classics and classical literature, Dr. McCaul supplied a long-felt 
want by writing and publishing a series of works on the metres of 
Horace, Terence, and the Greek tragedians. These were, for many years, 
the only text-books on their respective subjects used at Trinity College, 
Dublin, and are still acknowledged as valuable authorities amongst classical 
scholars. He subsequently published his editions of Longinus, Thucydides, 
and the Satires and Epistles of Horace, the edition last named being at 
once adopted as the standard text-book by the Grammar Schools of 
Ireland. In 1835, the degrees of LL.B. and LL.D. were conferred upon 
him by the University, upon his undergoing the prescribed tests, which 
were, as they should be everywhere, real tests of merit, while the special 
and very rare compliment was paid him of remitting the fees exacted for 
those degrees. He had previously been admitted to holy orders — to the 
Diaconate in 183 1, and the Priesthood in 1833, and was frequently called 
upon to officiate in chapel and elsewhere." (See two exceedingly well 



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REGlNtE OF THE REV. DR. M'CAUL, 1 839-43. 79 

written and appreciative articles on Dr. McCauI, by J. King, M.A., in 
The 'Varsity, Oct. i6th and 23rd, 1880.) 

In addition to the above works mentioned by Mr. King, I have some 
recollection as to certain minor writings of Dr. McCauls during this 
period : these, unfortunately, were never in my possession, but consisted,, 
if my memory be not at fault, of lectures on Homer, Virgil, and the 
Dublin University classical course. I mention this from the conviction 
that even the fugitive products of the learned Doctor's pen should, where 
possible, be preserved as an appendage to his more prominent volumes ; 
since, whether he was writing an extended and elaborate work, or 
condensing his genius into some brief inscription, or even merely selecting 
an appropriate motto, the old saying was still ever true of him — Nihil quod 
tetigit non omavit. There was, moreover, in everything he either said or 
wrote that curiosa feliciiaSy that painstaking happiness of expression, 
which, even when it seems to be entirely spontaneous, is in reality oftener 
the natural fruit of protracted culture bestowed upon mental qualities in 
themselves originally refined. For these reasons I would like to see carried 
out Mr. King's suggestion that Dr. McCaul's literary contributions in the 
shape of pamphlets, reviews, magazine articles, etc., should be carefully 
collected and preserved in a more permanent form. 

The above condensed retrospect has again brought us down to the 
time of Dr. McCaul's appointment to the direction and oversight of Upper 
Canada College. Fresh, then, from the halls of his renowned University, in 
all the vigour of youth, and with a reputation for brilliant scholarship 
already well-established, he entered upon the duties of Principal, as it 
stands recorded in his own handwriting in one of the registers, on Tuesday^ 
January 29, 1839. He found an institution working, as far as possible in a 
new land, after the great models of the Mother Country, and officered mainly 
by masters who had been trained in those schools. Being himself of tried 
learning and a perfect gentleman, he would naturally be led to appreciate, 
with a delicate sense of honour, all that was scholarly and worthy of 
commendation in the efforts of the former Principal and his able assistants; 
and he consequently seems from the first to have been careful to 
follow, for the most part, the lines already so well laid down by his 
predecessor, and to have been anxious rather to expand and supplement 
what had been wisely inaugurated and so far successfully carried forward, 
than to make changes to gratify personal predilections, or merely for the 
sake of change. Yet it is admitted on all sides that there was something 
so marked in the character and bearing of the man — such an indomitable 
energy and perseverance in all he conceived and did — that he gave a fresh 
start, as it were, and an abiding impulse to the career of the College. 



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«0 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Dr. McCaul seems at once and permanently to have identified himself 
with his adopted city and country. This may appear somewhat strange 
in one of his well-known strong love for his native land — a love so 
characteristic of all of his nationality. But we must remember that he 
found the work in which he was engaged a congenial one as far as teaching, 
at any rate, was concerned. It was, moreover, a fitting introduction 
to the higher phase of it to which, when we consider how far-sighted he 
was, it is reasonable for us to imagine he must have looked forward, even if 
it had not been, as it probably was, held out as an inducement to his 
coming here. 

Again, even supposing it to be true that he may have at times looked 
back to the old land, and the old associations so dear to one of his 
temperament, with an intense home-sickness and longing to return, yet we 
know he , made, immediately on his arrival here, very many warm 
friends. Among these there was one who took a manifest fancy to the 
young Principal. We refer to the Honourable Mr. Justice Jones, who was 
a distinguished member of one of Canada's oldest and most influential 
families, and who then occupied a spacious residence amid beautiful 
grounds quite close to those of the College. Of course the Doctor was 
often invited there, as he was to other places ; but besides his friendly 
relations with Judge Jones, there must soon have been an additional 
attraction calculated most effectually to reconcile the Doctor to his 
expatriation, for we flnd that, so early as the October of the very year in 
the January of which he arrived at Toronto, he married Emily, the second 
daughter of the learned Judge. 

I remember distinctly that, when we boys first inspected our 
youthful but dignified Principal and his girl-bride (she was then not yet 
nineteen), we came to the unanimous conclusion that the union was 
in all respects suitable, satisfactory, and much to be commended. Nor 
was this conclusion of ours at all influenced by either bribery or 
corruption ; for although it is true that we all were shortly afterwards 
regaled with a bountiful supply of wedding cake, yet our opinion had 
been formed antecedently to that occurrence, even, in fact, before we 
had the remotest idea that such a luxury was in store for us. Now 
those of us old boys of that period, who still survive and have continued 
to have opportunities of observing and knowing, are rejoiced to have 
found that the course of events has fully justified the opinion then 
formed. Some people may say that the Doctor acted in this matter 
with his usual wisdom ; but then the wisest of men have not always 
proved wise on these occasions. Others may think that it was in 



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REGIME OF THE REV. DR. M*CAUL, 1 839-43. 8 1 

accordance with the Doctor's wonted good fortune ; but that surely is a 
heathenish notion, however classical it may be. No ; let us rather look 
with reverent thankfulness to that Divine Source, whence we are assured by 
infallible authority that a good wife comes — a true woman, loyal and loving 
to the end. 

The additions and improvements made by Dr. McCaul in regard to 
Upper Canada College were neither few nor unimportant. Many of 
them were doubtless but the continuation of what Dr. Harris had 
pictured to himself in his first report (given in the preceding pages), and 
had been diligently pursuing all along. This will probably be best 
understood by a general statement of Dr. McCaul's method, supplemented 
by some specified particulars. 

While Dr. McCaul devoted himself most sedulously to every detail in 
the whole course throughout all the Forms, the seventh, his peculiar charge, 
received special attention at his hands. During the abeyance of the 
University, the idea seems to have largely prevailed that the highest Form 
of what was then the first educational institution in the Province ought, in 
a measure, to supply a want which was now becoming more and more felt. 
It was, therefore, Dr. McCaul's great endeavour to make the instruction 
imparted in that Form as much as possible of a University character. 
Thus, in " Subjects of Examination — 1841,'' which I happen to have at hand, 
we find, in addition to ordinary classical work of irtstitutions of the kind, 
Sophocles, QEdipus Rex ; Horace, Ars Poetica, with other Epistles, etc ; 
and portions of Plato and Longinus. In Mathematics, besides the usual 
school work, we see Plane Trigonometry, Logarithms, Elementary Conic 
Sections, Mechanics, and Natural Philosophy (Astronomy and Optics, 
Elementary). Also Logic. 

Dr. McCaul's mode of teaching, too, was after an advanced style. In 
the reading of a Greek play, for instance, he paid great attention to making 
the pupils thoroughly conversant with everything relating to the theatre of 
the Greeks, even going so far as to instruct them in Aristotle's definitions 
and critical rules in reference to the drama. Those who bear in mind that 
Dr. McCaul had before this time given to the world valuable treatises on 
Horatian and Greek metres, need hardly be told that all questions in 
regard to prosody and scansion were minutely and exhaustively dwelt 
upon. Greek, Latin, and English Composition, in prose and verse, and 
Composition in French prose, also received due attention from him and his 
staff of masters. Logic was a favourite subject with Dr. McCaul, and was 
very successfully taught by him. In his capacity of Principal he held 
fortnightly examinations in the various subjects, for the best annual result 
11 



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8^ UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

of which he instituted and gave the Head Monitor's Prize. In his time, 
also, Hebrew and German were introduced as optional branches. 

Comparing now the prize lists under this administration with those of 
the former, we find the following changes and additions, some of them 
gradually, some of them at once, made : — His Excellency the Governor s 
prize henceforth comes first on the list, the subjects presumably having 
been changed for which it was given. It was now awarded for proficiency 
at a special examination in Classics and Mathematics. The next prize was 
the Classical, similarly decided, the subjects being the same as to Classics 
as for the Governor's prize, but with other classical subjects added. The 
next the Mathematical, on a like plan ; then, subsequently, the French, the 
English, and in 1842 the Hebrew and the German. The Good Conduct 
and Scripture prizes, the latter for a knowledge of the English and the 
Greek Text, and for general and critical information thereon, were given 
a position of greater prominence. In addition to the year prizes for each 
Form, examination prizes for each were at once added, the intention 
Evidently being to bring out varieties of talent. First and second class 
Certificates of Honour were also introduced, and of First Places in each 
subject. Upper Canada College registers were published with prize lists 
and examination papers appended. 

During Dr. McCaul's regime sundry improvements were made in the 
grounds in front of the buildings. These grounds were often much 
admired. The porch and exterior of the central building were also 
improved and adorned, and subsequently new gate-posts and gas-lamps 
erected. The boarding house was improved by building a new porch and 
by other changes. Dr. McCaul was also mainly instrumental in the 
foundation by the Council of King's College (in 1 841) of twelve exhibitions, 
open to all Canada, to be competed for by candidates of the final standing 
of the Fourth Form. These were tenable for three years, the regular 
number of vacancies in each year being consequently four. 

Mention has been made as to the mode in which Dr. McCaul gave 
instruction in regard to subjects ; let me now say a few words as to the 
way in which he dealt collectively and individually with the pupils. When 
it is considered that he had previously had no practical experience in the 
management of boys, it is wonderful how successfully he ruled those of a 
large institution like the College. I am indebted to Mrs. McCaul for the 
substance of the above remark. It is a shrewd and valuable observation — 
precisely the expression of one of those thoughts, which, when once stated, 
are so evidently true as to make one surprised that they never occurred to 
one's self. The circumstance, though wonderful, is strictly in accordance with 



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REGIME OF THE REV. DR. M'CAUL, 1839-43. 83 

the extraordinary tact which the Doctor always displayed in everything he 
undertook. In addition to this, he had such a winning way with him, and 
his enthusiasm so infused itself into those whom he taught, as to render 
pleasurable even arduous and intricate studies. He was extremely affable, 
but withal so dignified that no pupil ever presumed on his good-nature.. 
As to our training in faith and morals, it appears to me now looking 
calmly back after all these years, that he influenced us not by perpetually 
harping upon those topics, but rather by an occasional word in season, and 
by the more forceful, though silent, teaching which his own life and practice 
invariably afforded. Thus, I think, we were insensibly led on to revere all 
that is holy, to be obedient to duly constituted authority, to be ourselves 
actuated by manly and honourable sentiments, and always to show con- 
sideration for the feelings of others. 

In this connexion I will now narrate a little incident of the class- 
room which will probably not be without interest to those readers for 
whom this work is chiefly designed. Characteristic traits pervading Dr. 
McCauFs whole life were his unvarying kindness of heart and his courtly 
demeanour towards all — the former constituting a large part of the greatest 
and the best, the very flower and crown, of the Christian graces ; which 
abides with the good here, goes with them into the hereafter, and " never 
faileth ; " and the latter flowing naturally from the former. Many are able 
to recount instances, either personally experienced, or as having come to 
their knowledge, of great acts of benevolence performed by him in a quiet 
and unostentatious manner. Yet it is quite questionable whether the little 
every-day occurrences in a man's life may not be, after all, a truer test of 
his real self. Old boys who were under Dr. McCaul will readily remember 
what genuine kindness and encouragement there used to be in his hearty 
^' Good, sir," or ''Right, sir," whenever they gave a particularly happy 
rendering of some passage, or a correct reply to some difficult question. 
And, on the other hand, I can tell of a pupil — reading the poet it is true 
for the first time — who one day, in Horace, and that too in one of the 
rhythms of most frequent recurrence, said — At vulgiis infidnm — O dreadful 
atrocity! What must have been the absolute horror of the author of 
the able treatise on The Metres of Horace! — yet, when he saw that his 
sudden start, and reproachful look, had moved the wretched delinquent 
even unto tears of vexation, then his ever-gentle soul at once relented, 
and he said in soothing terms, " You need not take it so much to heart ; 

you see, , you were thinking of perftdus^ More likely the boy 

was thinking of the English infKdel, and the Doctor probably knew that 
well enough ; but the point I want to make is this — how delicate must 
have been the working of that compassionate Charity, which, not content 



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84 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

with merely pardoning the offence, could even devise an ingenious excuse 
for its commbsion. Oh, when we call to mind the loved ones, who, as 
he, have "gone before," and when we softly breathe a Requiescat for each 
one, do we not feel our breasts aglow with gratitude while recollecting 
just such little incidents as these ? 

It was, however, on the day of the annual distribution of prizes in 
the old College Hall, that the Doctor, so far as the general public was 
concerned, appeared to the greatest advantage. Those who never attended 
Upper Canada College, but in later years were present at University 
Convocations, will thoroughly understand what is meant to be conveyed. 
During all the proceedings there was one to whose distinguished and 
commanding form all eyes were ever and anon turned, as they listened to 
his still varying but always appropriate eloquence, or were entranced by 
the occasional outbursts of his now flashing, now glowing, inborn oratorical 
genius, — whilst he was giving utterance to his friendly remarks, so suitable 
to each individual case, his witty points^ his sound advice, his earnest 
exhortations, his godly admonitions, his prayerful wishes for future welfare. 

One great feature of Prize Day in those times was the accompanying 
Recitations in all the languages taught. They were either monologues or 
dialogues, and were taken from standard authors. They were highly 
instructive, interesting, and some of them mirth-exciting ; and for weeks 
before had given the Principal and Masters no end of trouble in their 
selection and preparation. But then the way in which they invariably 
" brought down the house " was compensation ample enough. 

At times there were other state occasions, on which the Doctor's 
perfect familiarity with academic precedent was an additional reason 
for his having the full arrangement of the whole ; for instance, when on 
April 23rd (St George's Day), 1842, the corner-stone of the University of 
King's College was laid by its Chancellor — Governor-General Sir Charles 
Bagot. The procession was formed in the grounds of Upper Canada 
College, and, arrayed in full canonical and academic costume, our beloved 
Principal, as he received the Chancellor, seemed to my boyish mind very 
nearly, if not quite on a par with His Excellency himself. 

It was a grand academic, civil, and military display. The procession, 
starting from Upper Canada College, proceeded up the Queen Street 
College Avenue through lines of soldiers of the regular army stationed at 
equal distances all the way to the site. After the corner-stone was laid, 
and the procession had returned, there was a sumptuous banquet in the 
College Hall, the Principal and Masters entertaining His Excellency and 
suite on the dais, and the boys being at the same time entertained, at the 
expense of the College Council, in the main portion of the Hall. 



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REGIME OF THE REV. DR. M'CAUL, 1 839-43. 8$ 

A deep impression was made on my mind by the fact, that, at this 
banquet, we boys had our wants well looked after and were actually waited 
upon by grown-up ex-pupils of the College. It showed a fine spirit in 
every way, and, whenever I think of it, much moves me even now. It, 
however, is only one out of the countless instances, which I have known in 
the course of a long life, of old and present pupils being ever ready to 
perform kind offices for members of the same dear old school. Such has 
been true of the past, and there is every reason to suppose that such will 
be true of the future. 

It was on this occasion, also, that there were addressed to the 
Chancellor a Greek Ode by Norman Bethune (now the eminent physician) 
and a Latin Ode by W. G. Draper (the late Judge Draper, of Kingston). 
His Excellency subsequently sent each of these tvo Seventh Form boys of 
the period a suitable acknowledgment in the shape of costly books. 

And now there came the day when the sad word Farewell had to be 
spoken to him who had been so long our example, instructor, and guide. 
It was on the 20th of March, 1843, that Dr. McCaul, in consequence of his 
having been appointed Vice-President of the University and Professor 
therein of Classical Literature, Logic, Rhetoric, and Belles Lettres, retired 
from the Institution. 

The event was marked by the reading in the Public Hall of addresses 
from the Masters and pupils and ex-pupils — the Masters stating their 
intention of placing a portrait of the Doctor in the Hall, and the pupils 
presenting a large, beautiful, and costly solid silver vase, appropriately 
ornamented and inscribed. On the ample sides of the base there are 
engraved the names of the pupils. The addresses were in every way 
worthy of the College and of the occasion, and it need scarcely be said that 
the Doctor replied to them in fitting, eloquent, and most touching terms. 
On leaving the centre building the pupils formed a long double line 
reaching to the Principal's residence. As the Doctor passed through 
every head was bared in silent and sorrowful respect — the senior pupils 
feeling as though they were parting with a kind elder-brother, and the 
junior with an indulgent father. 

A short time afterwards a separate address was presented by the 
pupils and ex-pupils of the Seventh Form. It was written in Greek, and 
the Doctor replied in the same language. The reason why this Form, 
besides taking their part in the former address and presentation, felt it 
appropriate in them to pay this additional mark of regard would seem to 
be shadowed forth in the following expression occurring in the Greek 
document: — *Hfuv yhp i^rjv ra ah ia-oorepiKct axoveiv. This address was 



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86 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

accompanied by a massive snuff-box of silver gilt, which they begged the 
Doctor to accept as a slight token of their respect, gratitude, and affection. 
It is to be regretted that want of space prevents the insertion here of this 
and the two other addresses. They all, however, being engrossed on 
parchment and placed in metallic cases, have been perfectly preserved, and 
will doubtless be accessible to some future biographer. 

Very pleasant would it be to the writer of this article to continue to 
chronicle Dr. McCaul's course — to describe, however feebly, the energetic 
and able manner in which he discharged his duties, first as Vice-President, 
then President, and also as Professor in the University — to tell of the 
publication of his two great works, so soon and so widely celebrated, 
especially among archaeological and theological scholars ; that on Bri- 
tanno-Roman Inscriptions, and that on Christian Epitaphs of the first 
six centuries — to bring his academic record even up to the time when 
failing health at length came upon him, and at the last we, after passing 
through another double line, of older pupils now, laid his body down 
with saddened hearts hf r^ KoifjLTirripltp, in the Cemetery, — that peaceful 
Sleeping-place where it awaits the hour, in which the dead shall be raised 
incorruptible — but my limit is well-nigh reached, and I must forbear. 

Let me conclude b}' stating, that, in going over the records covering 
this Principal's administration, and comparing them with my own personal 
knowledge, I became convinced that there were just two born leaders of 
men, to whom, more than to any others, the distinguished success of the 
Institution was at this period due. They were persons of widely different 
type, temperament, training, age ; and yet it was remarkable how soon, to 
employ a word which I have been told was used by the elder of them in 
this very connexion, they a ssiilaiid. They continued fast friends, and 
doubtless a mutual aid and support, as long as the elder lived. They were 
both preeminently great, but each in his own way ; and there are numbers, 
the writer included, who have particular reasons for reverencing the 
memory of each in his especial line. Their names are now, and will ever 
continue to be, historical — the Right Reverend Doctor JOHN Strachan, 
first Lord Bishop of Toronto, and the Reverend Doctor JOHN McCaul, 
second Principal of Upper Canada College. 



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REGIME OF PRINCIPAL BARRON, M.A., 

1843-56.. 



BY NATHANIEL O. WALKER, M.A., M.D., PORT DOVER. 



M 



R. F. W. BARRON entered upon the duties appertaining to the 
Principalship of Upper Canada College in the year 1843, thirteen 
years after the first opening of its halls under Royal Charter. 
He directed its internal discipline and teaching, with supervision of the 
Boarding House, until the year 1856, a period of time equal to that of his 
two predecessors combined. 

The external affairs of the College from its foundation were placed, 
first, under a Board of Directors and Trustees, until March, 1833, when 
control was transferred to the Council of King's College. In 1837, by Act 
of the Parliament of Upper Canada, the College was incorporated with the 
University of King's College, and became subject to its jurisdiction ; and 
thus it remained until January, 1850, when the University Act came into 
force. This latter Act, while declaring that the College was still an 
appendage of the University, transferred the management of its affairs to a 
Council and Endowment Board of its own. The President of the Univer- 
sity retained, however, the power of disallowance of the Statutes and 
Regulations. The Hon. Francis Hincks was at the same time appointed 
" Crown member of the Endowment Board of the University of Toronto, 
and Upper Canada College and Royal Grammar School," as the Governor- 
General's official appointment reads. This appointment was regarded at 
the time in the light of " a sop to Cerberus," in order that these institutions 
might pass safely by the dogs of rapine who sought then, as later on, to 
mangle the Royal Endowments made for their support. 

Again, in 1853, the College, passing through another Parliamentary 
ordeal, was placed by statutory enactment under the control and manage- 
ment of the Senate of the University of Toronto. This body had power to 
make Statutes and Regulations for the discipline of " The College and 
Royal Grammar School ; " to exercise supervision over the Principal and 
Masters ; and had charge of the appropriation of the .fees and endowment. 



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88 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

This authority was vested by the Senate in a committee of five, constituting 
" The Board of Management," which, by an Order in Council, was entrusted 
with the administration of the financial affairs of the College, in regard to 
the disposition of its income and fees, but subject to the Lieutenant- 
Governor and Council in regard to its capital and endowment. 

These several changes took place chiefly under the rigime of 
Mr. Barron, and doubtless were sources of embarrassment and perplexity 
to both Principal and Masters. The internal management, modelled from 
the outset after the great Public Schools of England, continued unchanged 
as regards both the subjects taught and the discipline enforced in the 
various forms. The changes made after Mr. Barron's time, and the 
dropping of the Seventh Form which did University work, do not appear 
to be mentioned in the history of the College under his successors * The 
prominence that classics and mathematics had in the curriculum of studies 
was more marked then than now, for instruction in those subjects was at 
the time the chief work of the school. 

The excited political condition of the Province, incident to the 
development of self-government, and the hostility of opposing political 
parties, were doubtless the moving causes of the changes brought about in 
the external administration of the College. Its internal administration 
however, moved on quietly, and, despite the turmoil in politics, education 
made substantial and gratifying progress in the capital and throughout 
the Province. Much of the credit for this is due to the Rev. Egerton 
Ryerson, D.D., who in 1850 was appointed Chief Superintendent of 
Education for Upper Canada. Under his fostering care, and with the aid 
of Government, the machinery of Common and Grammar Schools was 
reorganized and largely developed'. 

The secularization of the Clergy Reserves in Upper Canada and 
the abolition of Seignorial Tenure in the Lower Province, following the 
disturbances of 1836-37, had unleashed the dogs of confiscation and 
plunder, and no endowment was deemed too sacred for the iconoclastic or 
reforming hand. The preservation of the endowments of King's College 
and Upper Canada College from perversion and spoliation can now be 
regarded as almost miraculous. France was hardly yet sober after the 
intoxicating draughts of "Universal and Individual Liberty," which 
elevated the Goddess of Wisdom to the throne of the Almighty. The 
United States after the Revolution were not yet agreed as to " Sovereign 
State Rights ; " a liberty bordering on licence made each individual a 

*The laat appearance of a Seventh Form in the College Register is at the end of the Summer 
Term, I860.— The EoixoBa, 



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REGIME OF PRINCIPAL BARRON, 1843-56. . 89 

proselytizing political Agnostic. Tom Paine's . writings were, in many 
quarters, more eagerly read than the Bible, and his political doctrines- were 
freely avowed and quoted by the koi polloi. Each of these sinister forces 
had emissaries and advocates in the Canadian body politic. Credit is 
therefore due to those men in whose hands were the destinies- of our 
country and who successfully piloted it through the perilous times. 

Upper Canada College emerged from h<5r, several ordeals iiitegra et 
recta, anii preserved all her proper functions for the education and due 
correction of the youth entrusted to her care. Among those who stood firm 
between the fierce oppbsingfactions of the time and the Royal Endowment 
of the College, the names of our present Premier, Sir John Macdonald, and 
the Hon'bles. Robert Baldwin and George Brown, must be cited and their 
memories revered. Many others deserve honourable mention for their 
unswerving fidelity to this seat of learning. Those mentioned above, 
however, formed a barrier between their followers and their opponents ih 
our legislative halls, and to their efforts we owe, at a critical juncture, the 
preservation of the College. 

While the angry sea of politics raged without, little, was known of it 
within the College walls. Rarely was . political controversy indulged in. by 
the studious inmates, thef esprit evoked was dominant in infl^uence and led 
sons of fathers of opposite political camps to fraternizie and form but one 
fold under the cegis of Alma Mater, The aninesty extended to Mackenzie, 
his return from banishment, the passage of the Rebellion Losses Bill, the 
burning, of the Parliament buildings at Montreal, the outrage perpetrated 
on Lord Elgin, the Governor-General and Visitor of the College, and other 
political, events of the period, excited only an ephemeral commotion 
among the pupils. T}ie only occasion on \yhich the calm^ inland waters 
of education within the College ;were ruffled was when William Lyort 
Mackenzie returned to To/onto from his outlawry, and was ejected from 
the corridors of the Parliament buildings by Sir Allan McNab. This stetie 
and its occasion wei^ hotly discussed for a few days, and some disagree- 
ments among the boys were quietly settled in a corner of the playground, 
According to the Queensbury rules ; the gallant knight meanKvhile being 
foremost in the hiearts of the boys. 

Mr. Barron's personal appearance is easily .recalled.. He was' of 
medium height, broadrshpuldered and full-chested. He Had . a splendid 
muscular, development, slightly inclined to corpulency, with a fc^ir, rounict^ 
genial face and bald head. , He was upright^ in carriage jand quiclc in his 
movements. He wx^ire.^ double glasses \ on account of nearsightedness 
Succeeding to the; Prinpipalship just yacateld by sq popular a man -and so 



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90 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

efficient a scholar as Dr. McCaul, his rigiem was at first subjected to 
criticism. Mr. Barron's urbane manner and genial bearing towards both 
teachers and pupils, the ripeness of his scholarship, and the strictness 
though thorough impartiality of his discipline, soon however won the hearts 
and loving confidence of the various forms, and all invidious comparisons 
made at the outset of his career vanished from the halls of the College. 
He endeavoured to instil principles of uprightness, truthfulness and self- 
respect in the minds of all. The higher manly qualities dormant in youth, 
he sedulously sought to e>^oke, and, while always preserving and 
exacting due respect, he yet observed a prudent familiarity, especially with 
the pupils of his own form. By example, he encouraged all to engage in 
outdoor sports ; cricket, r6unders, hockey, running, leaping and jumping 
were with other sports and games introduced into the playground, there 
being as yet no gymnasium. Quarrels were frequently settled in the 
" ring," the monitors and seniors securing fairplay between the contestants. 
For giving a foul blow or taking a treacherous advantage, boys were 
incontinently " sent to Coventry " for a week or more. These contests 
were never too closely inquired into either by Principal or by Masters. 
Being thoroughly English, Mr. Barron endeavoured to make the boys 
chivalrous, as well as respectful and considerate, and to sustain the ideal 
character at all times of an Upper Canada College boy, as being upright, 
honourable and j^entlemanly. The Seventh Form was considered par 
excellence his form; though others, from the First upwards, were occasionally 
rehearsed by him. The Seventh, however, engaged most of his time, and 
as its work was mainly University work he took upon himself its chief 
supervision. The thoroughness of his teaching and superior manner of 
instruction are borne out by the honours, scholarships and medals which 
the boys of his tigime carried off at the matriculation examinations of 
Toronto, Trinity and other Universities, having earned them in competition 
with scholars from all parts of the Province and elsewhere. 

As Mr. Barron was frequently called to attend meetings of the Board 
of Management and other councils on educational matters, the Seventh Form 
was often without supervision. On these occasions advantage was taken to 
inaugurate a series of so called "tournaments.*' These consisted of contests 
in the prayer-hall under the rules and regulations made, as we ambitiously 
phrased it, at the " Field of the Cloth of Gold." The tournaments, though 
they lacked the pageantry and splendour of the historic jousts of Henry 
VIII. and Francis I., at Guisnes, were greatly enjoyed as a spectacle and 
became the occasions of much fun. They were thus celebrated, and I 
recall them with still undiminished interest : Janitor Alderdice, junior, with 
keys of College in hand as sceptre, was installed in the Principal's chair at 



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REGIME OF PRINCIPAL BARRON, 1 843-56. 9 1 

the head of the room as Master of Ceremonies and " arbiter of the jousts." 
Challenges were made by a herald, which, when accepted, the gage of 
battle was thrown down, and when taken up, the herald would then declare 
"prepare for jousts." The contestants in pairs, two by two, would take 
their places at opposite ends of the room ; a line drawn across the middle 
of the prayer-hall was the barrier, or division of the lists. The " constable 
of the lists" (a boy stationed at the bottom of the stairs at the front entrance 
of the main corridor) would then declare " lists are open " (/>., the Principal 
not in sight). Then came the summons " prepare the knight-contestants." 
The squires would at this call assist one boy on the shoulders of another : 
head, body, and arms free above, but legs underneath armpits formed part 
of the horse. Thus prepared at opposite ends of the room, the couples back 
to back, the herald would shout ; " Ready ; charge, knights, and let the 
guerdon be to the most valiant ! " At this the pairs would turn and in full 
career charge upon each other, making as much speed as possible to get 
beyond the " barrier " with a good momentum. Great was the shock when 
horse and rider came together, and at times both would " bite the dust." 
In that case, the rider in whose list the fall occurred was loser. At other 
times, only one horse and rider would fall and be declared vanquished. 
Again, it may be, neither would fall at the first encounter, and then would 
follow a variety of hostile manoeuvering, ending with a general scrimmage. 
The horses would perform a volt or demi-volt, careering backwards and 
forwards, right or left, as the exigencies of the battle required, taking good 
care of his own and his rider's legs, and bracing in various ways to sustain 
the impelling motions of the rider. Armis naturalibus the riders would 
engage each other, pushing by shoulder, pulling by collar, and by every 
other device seek to unhorse his opponent. Frequently the horses would 
from sheer exhaustion drop on their knees ; but the contest would go on 
until one or the other engaged in the m&lie was declared victor. 

Puerile as the above may seem in writing, the tournament was a source 
of great amusement and was entered into with much zest and spirit. The 
shock in mid-career, when both couples would fall, made the windows of 
the whole building rattle. The combat on the part of the horse, brought 
every muscle into play and tested to the full the power of endurance ; but 
on the other hand he was not exposed to so much serious bruisings in the 
fall. In these contests, I do not remember that any very alarming personal 
injuries were received : many slight and a few severe bruises and strainings 
of muscles would sum up the casualties of all placed hors de combat But 
we made no end of a din. The masters in the other rooms would frequently 
send to inquire the cause of the concussions heard and felt throughout the 
building. The answer carried back, " the Seventh Form in the prayer-hall '* 



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92 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

was deemed an all-sufficient excuse. Nor was there ever a report, so far as' 
I remember, known to have been made to the absent Principal, though on| 
one occasion we were surprised in the height of our revels. The combat, 
on this occasion, had been so long and stoutly indulged in, that the constable 
of the lists had abandoned his out-post to witness the fight Shortly after 
this desertion of duty, Mr. Barron stood at the open door a spectator of the 
scene before the joust was concluded. It was some time before he was' 
observed, but' when the Master of Ceremonies noticed the well-known 
figure, he quickly vacated his high seat of honour and command and 
was Janitor Alderdice once more. Simultaneously, there was a general 
shuffling back to the seats, and no herald's trumpet was needed to declare 
the combat off and the jousts suspended. 

The sequel may be told in a few words. "Boys! boys! is this 
desipere in loco f Come to my room ! " And in obedience to the command, 
there entered as crestfallen, tired, buffeted and wind-blown a set of boys as 
ever entered a class-room. The misery on their countenance, and their 
wearied and bedraggled appearance seemed, however, to touch the good 
Principars heart and condone their offence ; and the rehearsal of lessonis 
was proceeded with, though with much more effort on Mr. Barron's part to 
increase the difficulties of the subject examined upon, and to show how 
little the pupils had studied it. 

I can well recall the College staff in my day. Of them all, there 
remain now alive, I believe, but two — Mr. Wedd and Dr. Scadding. 
Mr. J. G. Howard has just passed over to the majority at an advanced age. 
The other masters, with many of their pupils, have also gone hence. 
If my memory serves me, there were but few changes in the staff during 
Mr. Barron's term of office. The first that occurred was the installation of 
Mr. Thompson as writing master, in place of Mr. Gowinlock, who retired. 
The next was the removal by death of the Rev. Mr. Ripley, second classical 
master, and the advancement of the Rev. Mr. Stennett to the post 
Mr. Wedd at the same time, I think, became third classical master. 
Although Mr. Ripley was but a short time a master, he was endeared to 
the pupils by his benignant though firm sway and patient and forbearing 
manner. Messrs. Stennett and Wedd, being old College boys, their 
appointment was hailed with delight, each pupil feeling a personal pride in 
seeing them occupy their several positions. The one was quite a contrast, 
however, to the other : Mr. Wedd was mild, placable and for those days 
lenient in the management of his classes ; Mr.' Stennett was rigorous, 
exacting, a hard task-master, and mightily in earnest. He was the bete noire 
of all idle and insubordinate boys, for every ill-prepared lesson and every 



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. -REGIME OF PRINCIPAL BARRON, 1843-56. 93 

transgression generally entailed a free application of the cane. : The use of 
this instrument was much more common in my day than I believe it is now, 
and a wholesome corrective I must admit that it was. As a deterrent, at 
least, we made the most of it in the case of the newcomer. Each new boy, 
upon his advent (if he belonged to Mr. Stennett*s form), would be cheered 
by his form-mates after the following fashion : " I tell you, if you don't 
know every letter of your lessons, he will skin you ; he will bark you ; you 
won't have a spot of whole skin on you ! " With these and such lik6 
disconcerting words, the reader may imagine with what sinking-of-heart the 
new boy would enter upon his first recitation. 

For some years, Mr. Stennett's severity in the class was proverbial 
There came a time, however — one year, just before the midsummer holidays 
— when a change appeared to come over him, and he was observed planting 
flowers in front of his residence and tending them with assiduous care. 
It was speedily rumoured that he was to be married during vacation, and 
such turned out to be true, for with a young bride the master returned and 
took up his old quarters; but where was the anti-holiday Mr. Stennett?, 
In class, suavity, forbearance and even leniency towards the pupils, marked 
a different man, and great was the praise awarded to the young wife for 
bringing about the change. But Mr. Stennett's strictness was far more a 
virtue than a vice, and this was shown in the careful training of the boys 
under him, and in his rigorously insisting that lessons must be well 
prepared. In 1856 he was deservedly advanced to the position of 
Principal of the College. 

The cane, though hitherto only casually mentioned, formed no incon- 
siderable part of the furniture of the College. Each master had a bamboo 
upon or in his desk ; the instrument was generally about three or three and 
a-half feet long, turned up at one end like a shepherd's crook, and of the 
thickness of a man's little or ring finger. The usual mode of punishment 
was by application on the palm of the hand, and nearly all transgressions 
were atoned for in this way. Flogging was reserved for the Principal, and 
though the traditions of the College tell of cases having occurred, flogging 
was but seldom resorted to. Each master had power to administer the 
cane, and he apportioned the dose to the degree of the offence. From two 
to a dozen cuts upon the palm were frequent. Some boys were daily 
,punished once or twice, and became adepts in receiving the strokes. 
The trick of resining the hand well, and of turning the palm from a 
horizontal to a perpendicular position at the supreme moment, was soon 
learned, and the trick saved the hand generally at the expense of the cane. 
In these modern humanitarian days, corporal punishment in. our schools is 



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94 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

nearly or quite abolished. In Upper Canada College, in those days, the 
rod was not spared ; and the pain of the rattan-cuts on the hand, wiping 
out as it did the fault and absolving the offender, was preferred by the boys 
to " a hundred lines of Homer or Virgil," or to the silent record of a black 
mark held over in menace, to be at some future time enforced when the 
pupil again lapsed from grace. The cane was an immediate and full 
expiation, and when administered the culprit was at once shrived and 
restored to freedom and integrity of spirit. 

Monsieur De la Haye, the French Master, was the grim custodian of 
the stock of canes. Every midsunimer, a cart-load was reported to be 
brought in, to replenish the exhausted arsenal. These were placed in a 
cupboard in Monsieur's class-room, and thence doled out by him, one or two 
at a time, to masters, as per requisition when occasion required. At odd 
times. Monsieur, the custodian, on leaving his room would forget to lock his 
cupboard or negligently leave the key in the door. Such lapsus curce fidelis 
always provoked a raid ; and it was wonderful how quickly each boy would 
purloin a bamboo and conceal it on his person. At the end of the division- 
hour there would carefully file out from the room a curiously straight-backed 
and stiff-legged set of boys. 

Poor Monsieur De la Haye had frequently to bewail his losses, which 
though recoverable were never recovered. This was a point of honour with 
the boys. His own cane, I well remember, was the cynosure of canes. It 
was always the pick of the lot, and when oiled, rubbed, and smoked, as he 
was reported to prepare it, and duly displayed on the desk, or, as was more 
commonly the case, held and sometimes flourished in the hand, it challenged 
the respect and attention of the class. 

Monsieur De la Haye was appointed French Master when the College 
was first opened and continued in that post throughout the whole of 
Mr. Barron's rigime. With the exception of English, French was the 
principal modern language taught in the College. It was commenced 
in the First Form and carried on to the Seventh. Efficient as a teacher 
as was M. De la Haye, his usefulness was somewhat qualified by the 
fact that any industrious lad who diligently applied himself to the study 
of the master's native tongue would, by his fellow-students, be dubbed 
"a French fag." The epithet was considered to carry so much 
opprobrium that the linguistically-inclined pupil was deterred from perse- 
vering in the course. Neither Principal nor Mastqrs may have known of 
this, but it was known to, and especially applied by, the boys themselves. 

Monsieur was intensely French, a great lover of Napoleon, and proud 
of his exploits. Some few forms, perhaps, would have a pupil who could 



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REGIME OF PRINCIPAL BARRON, 1 843-^6. 95 

converse easily in French. Happy the form, and more happy the boy 1 
for the latter was often egged on, in the interest of the class, to start a 
conversation with the master — and it took little to do this if the theme 
were Napoleon — and so beguile the hour with an animated recital instead of 
the lesson. A favourite topic, which then engrossed Monsieur's mind, was 
the erection of the Parisian tomb for the great Corsican, at the Hotel des 
Invalides. Sometimes the boys would attempt to play pranks on the 
Master. One or two of these took the form of gulling a beginner in 
French, by introducing some words disparaging to the master's nationality 
in the exercise he would have to hand in, and of which the young 
" freshman " would be ignorant. Once, I remember, the following was 
interpolated in this way and handed up to M. De la Haye by the innocent 
writer of the French exercise: •* La musique des crapeaux et des grenouielles 
sont aux oreiiles des homtnts Frangais irhs plaisant*^ Another theme was 
headed, ** Tu as Franfats grenouille'' The black thunder cloud that passed 
over the Master's face when these insulting phrases were observed was 
disconcerting to the innocent youth who had handed in the Thhne^ though 
the subsequent " licking " did not elicit the name of the young rogue who 
had practised the imposition. All that the cane effected was to vary the 
statement, jin reply to the interrogation of " Who helped you with the 

exercise ? " from " Please, sir, I did it all," to " C helped me down 

along there " [where the interpolation occurred]. 

Another episode, I recall, which perhaps may be deemed worthy of 
mention. An old French soldier who had served under Napoleon, was 
once introduced to Mr. Barron by M. De la Haye, and pci mission was 
granted him to instruct any boys who wished to take lessons in ** single- 
stick," •* broadsword," or " foils." A few seniors engaged him, and lesspns 
wtre given in the assembly-room after the regulation hours. A few terms 
pgssed and some of the pupils became accustomed to the mien, and the 
bold " en gardey* " carte'* " tiecrel* ''fond*' and other professional phrases 
of Monsieur, le Soldat One day, a senior boy told his comrades that he 
intended pressing the master with the foils in a bout he was going to have 
with him. The contest was entered upon, and soon it was seen that the 
daring youth was pressing hard upon the Frenchman's foil, and made him 
aware that an earnest contest was intended. Parries, thrusts and returns 
were quickly made, and the stentorian ** cartel^ etc , of the master ceased, 
and the youth got in a full, strong ''fond'* on the Frenchman's breast. 
He fell prostrate, legs in air, mask fallen off, gasping " Mon Dieu! Men 
Dicu! 7e sjiis tui!** The student examined his foil, and, finding the 
button on, knew that he had not committed a murder. Helping the old 
soldier on his legs again, he was not long in discovering that he had lost 



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96 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

the Frenchman's friendship. ..No mQi:e lessons would he give to thiastudent^ 
and at the end of the t^rtn his lesson §.A\'ere discontinued altogether.. A com? 
plaint was made to the Principal ; but a bright, amused smile lit up Mr. Barron's 
features, indicating thereby that no reprimand or punishment would be given. 
These incidents will serve to show how kind and reverent was the 
feeling, amounting almost to a passion, which boiind the students to their 
PrincipaL/ In the class-room, and in exacting strict obedience to Masters 
in all the Forms, he was rigorous, and applied the ** rattan " to transgressors 
^nd idle, refractory boys with stern vim, his conduct was at the 3ame time 
tinimpeachable and his administration just! Towards him, the pupils 
preserve in their minds and hearts a loving regard. Often have we heard 
pld College boys testify to their admiration of Mr. Barron. Communicating 
lately with an old fellow pupil on the Principars love of out-door sports and 
recreations, the following letter was elicited, from which the present writer 
ventures to make a few extracts. The writer is Mr. A. R. Boswell, ex-mayor 
of Toronto. '* I am not able," says my correspohdent, " to say very much of 
the late Mr, Barron's yachting career, save that he was an enthusiastic 
yachtsman and until the day of his death he owned a sailboat of some kind. 
Of late years he lived, as you doubtless knaw, at Gore's Landing, Rice Bay, 
one of the loveliest of Canadian lakes, and there he had his little yacht 
Donna. ddL.agos^ and enjoyed sailing her immensely. For many years he 
was a member of the Royal Canadian Yacht Club. He was an advocate 
and an enthusiastic lover, of all outdoor and athletic sports. Cricke the loved 
heartily, cind he was himself no indifferent cricketer, although short-sighted 
and compelled to wear glasses. I never heard that he took any interest in 
hor^e-racing ; but in yacl^ting, rowing, cricket, and skating he indulged in 
the season for these recreations and was an adept in all of them. In my 
younger days, I remember being a great admirer of his skating, and he was 
considered the best and most graceful skater! on the Bay of Toronto. 
There >vere no rinks in those days. Mr. Barron was also a good fencer. 
Xhere was no one he was afraid to tackle with thp foils. He was also ready 
to put on t,h^ boxing gloves with any one who might care to meet hini. 
The Principal was one of those men who excelled in alipost everything in 
wiiich he took an interest; ^nd though one could not help, admiring him 
for tfie ipanly support he gave to all healthful exercise,, his greatest charm 
for me was his cheerful disposition, his interesting conversation, his love of 
^ jo,if,e, and l^is thorough kigdness of heart" Mr. BosweU's letter, sums.. up 
Principal Barron's .personal qualities so well, that I am surp he will pard9n 
pie fpr inserting his communieation. here. The tribute will doubtless be 
$if>pr,^iate;(^ (>y all "old boys" of Mr. Barron's ri^^«;/^.and especially by tho^e 
of the m^ply fvorld with whpm he once, associated. , Peace to fu? ashejs ! 



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REGIME OF 

THE REV. WALTER STENNEH, M.A., 

FODRTH PRINCIPAL, 1857-61. 



CONTRIBUTED. 



C^iS ETWEEN Principal Barron's retirement at the end of September, 
^n\ 1856, and Mr. Stennett's appointment to the Principalship at the 
J^tJ beginning of April, 1857, the interregnum of six months was duly 
and faithfully filled by the first classical master, Dr. Scadding, as acting 
Principal, who was again employed in the same capacity for a short period 
during the illness of Principal Stennett, immediately preceding the appoint- 
ment of Mr. Cockburn. 

Dr. Scadding was often urged by his friends to apply for the Princi- 
palship when vacancies occurred, but could never be induced to do so. 
Indeed, it became well understood that the wear and tear of his long service 
had caused him to mistrust his physical strength for the additional strain, 
and had rendered him decidedly averse to attempting it. 

Old pupils and friends will doubtless be pleased by our introducing 
here a more extended notice of the Rev. Doctor in connection with Upper 
Canada College, and we feel that we cannot do better that avail ourselves 
of the appreciative words of Dr. N. O. Walker : — 

"The Rev. Dr. Scadding may fitly be styled the Nestor of Upper 
Canada College. For as the Pylian Nestor is reputed to have lived among 
three generations of men, and by his silver-tongued eloquence persuaded them 
into the ways of wisdom and culture, so Dr. Scadding, as first classical 
master, presided during the regimes of three Principals, and by his gracious 
manner and amiability persuaded the youths under his charge into the 
courses of learning and understanding. 

" Dr. Scadding, having received his primary education in the schools of 
the Province, was able to place himself en rapport with the spirit of Canadian 
youth more readily than those masters whose education had been wholly 
13 



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98 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

obtained in European schools. Before entering Upper Canada College he 
had been a pupil of the district school of the county, under the Rev. Dr. 
Strachan and the Rev. Dr. Phillips. Leaving Upper Canada College as 
head-boy, he went to the University of Cambridge, matriculating at SL 
John*s College in 1833, taking his degree in honours in 1837. He proceeded 
to the degree of M.A. in 1840, and D.D. in 1852. He was early appointed 
a classical master, and continued as such under Rev. Dr. McCaul, Mr. 
Barron, the Rev. Mr. Stennett, and Mr. Cockburn. 

" It was about the time of Dr. Scadding's first occupying the position 
of acting Principal that another attack upon Upper Canada College was 
made. Public notice in the daily papers announced a general meeting 
of ex-pupils, to take into consideration the affairs of the College ; no accusa- 
tions or open complaints were made, but some slight reflections were cast in 
the announcement. The writer of this sketch had just returned from Eng- 
land, and, by chance, saw the announcement (it was in February, 1857), and 
attended the meeting in one of the public halls of the city. There was not 
a large gathering. The writer challenged the meeting for specific accusa- 
tions. This challenge was endorsed by M. C. Cameron, a rising barrister, 
who afterwards became eminent as a jurist and was appointed Chief Justice 
of one of our Courts. He, in eloquent terms and in fierce invective, demanded 
to know who were the authors of the public notice, and denounced the 
unmanly manner in which it was framed as '* hitting below the belt," and 
unworthy of an ex-pupil. Not a single accusation was formulated, nor was 
there one to stand up to father the notice. The movement collapsed 
completely. It has always been a mystery whence the inspiration came, 
but it was shrewdly suspected that some rival educational interests were 
the " fons et origo " of the attempt. 

"Dr. Scadding was beloved by all his forms. He was a conscientious 
expounder of his own deep classical lore, a lovable man and a sympathetic 
teacher. The Third, Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth forms were those attendant 
upon his ministrations. There was but one division in each of his forms, 
and all were rehearsed in one class, and yet he knew how to address the 
natural qualities of each. To those at the head of the class the rehearsal 
was thorough, sharp, and critical ; to those midway in the class more 
leniency and consideration were shown, while to those at the foot he 
extended careful but long and patient endurance. In teaching the forms, 
as a whole, at one time and in one division, he was led into dilemmas ; 
while the top were wrestling with his profound, far-reaching and critical 
questions, the middle boys were little interested and the foot not at all, but 
occasionally indulged in mischievous tricks. 



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REGIME OF PRINCIPAL STENNETT, 1857-61. 99 

" On one occasion, while Dr. Scadding was absent from the class in 
attendance on the Principal, the whole form broke out in one bedlamic 
saturnalia. The head-boys were piling one another in the wood-box ; the 
middle and foot were bufTetting each other with brooms, shovel, tongs (open 
fire-places and wood were used in those days), and whatever could be got, 
and in the m^l^e one of Dr. Scadding's rubbers was shied, and, missing its 
mark, went fairly behind the blazing wood and was burnt. This disaster 
quieted the turmoil, and Alderdice, the janitor, was at once found and 
despatched in haste to the city for a new pair, taking the remaining one for 
a pattern and size. These were substituted, and Dr. Scadding was 
unconscious of the fact that his form had presented him with a new pair of 
shoes ! 

" It must be remarked that Dr. Scadding, even in these days, suffered 
from weak eyes and indistinct vision, and now, in his later years, sad to 
relate, the malady has so increased that this eminent antiquarian and 
scholar is obliged to consult his books he loved so well by the light of 
others' eyes — a sad deprivation to one whose other physical and mental 
qualities are still intact. Dear master ! all your old pupils condole with 
you in your bereavement and deplore your loss !" 

As a supplement to this sketch by Dr. Walker we append the following: — 

In 1862 the veteran first classical master resigned his post in the 
College. The usual trials of a teacher's life had begun to tell seriously on 
his nervous system, but more especially his eyesight suffered. On his 
retirement, he was presented by his classes with a claret jug of solid silver 
on a salver bearing the following inscription : ** Henrico Scadding, . . . 

S, T, P. Cantab Collegia Canadce Ulterioris .... Decedenti .... Hoc 

nmnusculum . . . .Alumni, . . . Reverenies grate amafites , . . .Dedicaverunt. . . . 
a.d xvi. KaL Maias. , . .MDCCCLXW 

The words, " Reverentes grate amantes," well express the genuine 
feelings of the donors and former pupils generally towards their old 
instructor. The wish expressed in the concluding paragraph of the beauti- 
fully illuminated address, which accompanied the gift, has been happily 
fulfilled : " We pray that under the good providence of God your health 
may soon be reestablished, that you may long be spared to fill up the 
measure of your usefulness, and that finally you may be of the number of 
those who ' crown a youth of labour with an age of ease.' " 

Several former pupils- of Upper Canada College have been masters in 
the institution, but the Rev. Walter Stennett, M. A., is the only alumnus who 
as yet has had the honour of being appointed Principal. He passed 



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lOO UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

through a highly distinguished course at Upper Canada College during the^ 
Principalship of Dr. Harris ; and when some years afterwards the Univer- 
sity of King's College, Toronto, was incorporated, he matriculated therein, 
and took part with great success in a competition, in which head-boys of 
Upper Canada College of several preceding years, and other formidable 
opponents, were keenly engaged. He graduated B.A. in 1845, being the 
medallist in metaphysics and ethics, the medallist in Evidences and Biblical 
literature, and Jameson gold medallist in history and English composition.. 
Besides these high honours he also obtained valuable prizes in metaphysics 
and ethics, in Evidences and Biblical literature, Latin verse prize four times,. 
English prose prize thrice. In the Faculty of Divinity he won the divinity 
prize of both years, and a special Bishop Strachan divinity prize offered in 
the first year. Mr. Stennett proceeded to his M.A. in 1848, but never took 
his degrees in divinity, although he might either have sought them from the 
University of Toronto, (since, if we mistake not, the very Act abolishing the 
Faculty was careful to reserve all existing rights), or have obtained them 
from Trinity by first taking an ad eundem statum. 

On referring to the Upper Canada College records we find that Mr. 
Stennett was appointed third classical master and resident master in the 
boarding-house in May, 1846, second classical master in 1849, and Principal 
in April, 1857. 

Dr. Walker has already given Mr. Stennett well-deserved commenda- 
tion as a master. In regard to the Doctor's playful allusions to boys' stories 
as to severity, etc., we bear well in mind that considerable allowance 
must be made for the exaggerations which are the result of the force of the 
imaginative faculty at that early age. Not that we would imply that these 
are wilful misstatements on the part of youth — indeed we are of opinion 
that stories of the kind have nearly always some foundation in fact — but we 
have learnt that such accounts of severity or its reverse must always be 
received with ample abatement. The desire to augment energy of descrip- 
tion by forcing contrasts, a mode of procedure which we occasionally notice 
even in grave historians of mature growth, does not seem to be altogether 
absent from the young. Such contrasts we think are sure to be unfair to 
both parties compared. It appears to us that a juster estimate of Mr^ 
Stennett in this particular can be formed by citing his own words in 
reference to discipline during his Principalship. He says, *' those were days 
in which discipline was really maintained, with no unkindly but with a firm 
hand. The cases of corporal punishment during my term of the office of 
Principal were notoriously few — chiefly, in my opinion, owing to the certainty- 
of punishment for proven dereliction of duty. The boys understood the 



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REGIME OF PRINCIPAL STENNETT, 1857-61. lOI 

system, and the system worked generally well." Be this as it may, the 
undoubted fact remains that Mr. Stennett proved himself a most efficient 
master both in teaching and in discipline, and this probably had a great 
deal to do with his subsequent appointment as Principal. 

Dr. Walker has also alluded to Mr. Stennett's marriage while a master. 
The lady in question was Veronica Frances, the only surviving daughter of 
the late venerated Bishop Bethune — an ancient name of high renown which 
twice graces the Upper Canada College roll of head-boys. The fair and 
gentle daughter of the good Bishop won for herself, both as a master's wife 
and as Principal's wife, the esteem and affection of all who were brought in 
contact with her. She was, indeed, one of those bright and sympathetic 
natures over which the memory loves to linger, and many an old boy of the 
time, and such of the then masters and members of their families who yet 
live, often look back with grateful recollections on those bygone days. 

The two head-boys bearing her maiden name are Dr. Norman Bethune, 
the nephew, and the Rev. Dr. C. J. S. Bethune, the son of the Bishop. 
This latter head-boy has been for many years Head Master of Trinity 
College School, Port Hope, a circumstance which suggests to us the thought 
that Upper Canada College has never been actuated by mean and petty 
jealousies in regard to kindred institutions. There was a period when the 
old College undoubtedly took the lead every time, and carried all before it. 
Since then numerous very excellent schools have arisen, many of them, as 
the one just specified, under the instruction and rule of her own sons. It is 
little wonder then, if in the natural course of events she has had to divide 
the honours, and she feels naught but a generous and friendly rivalry when 
competing with other schools, either on the literary arena or on the cricket 
and other kindred fields. She rejoices under all circumstances to see the 
general cause of mental and physical education prosper. 

Mr. Stennett was peculiarly fitted to succeed to the Principalship from 
the fact that his early training was under the direct superintendence of Dr. 
Harris, the first Principal ; that his University course was under Dr. McCaul, 
the second Principal ; and that he had served as a master under Mr. Barron, 
the third Principal. We should therefore not be surprised to find in him a 
combination of the excellencies of them all : and those who are well capable 
of judging consider such to have been the case. 

We have heard the remark made by old pupils that during Mr. 
Stennett's administration there was no particularly marked feature, but 
that everything seemed to go on just as usual. Precisely so : that is the 
very point. What higher commendation could any Principal possibly 
-desire, than that, succeeding such men as Harris, McCaul, and Barron, he 



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I02 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

should maintain without deterioration the exalted character of the College, 
and hand it on, in untarpished splendour, to the fostering care of his 
successor ? 

But even with all Mr. Stennett's high scholastic and other attainments, 
this could never have been brought about without infinite pains on his part. 
It is the universal testimony that he was a most conscientious and persevering 
Principal — always most anxious to discharge his every duty, always ener- 
getic, and ever at his post. He had, however, his reward : for the success of 
the pupils of his time was most marked, as the various University and other 
records abundantly demonstrate. 

Unfortunately after a few years of faithful discharge of the duties of tlie 
office to which he had been promoted, this quiet, unassuming, but thoroughly 
efficient Principal found his health gradually becoming impaired. This 
may have been caused, partly at least, not only by the many cares legiti- 
mately pertaining to his important position, but also by additional anxieties 
arising from persistent unfair and unreasoning attacks on the College, — of 
which, by the way, Dr. Walker has given us a very fair specimen. Mr. 
Stennett, therefore, came to the conclusion that for the remaining portion 
of his life the continuous peaceful exercise of his functions as a Christian 
minister would be in every way more desirable for him. Indeed both Dr. 
Scadding and Mr. Stennett never forgot their sacred obligations as clergy- 
men. As an instance of this we may mention that the former contracted, 
while assiduously visiting sick immigrants in pestilential sheds, a fever 
which nearly cost him the loss of one of his eyes ; and that the latter was 
only constrained to discontinue similar visits by the peremptory command 
of Bishop Strachan upon the instigation of Principal Barron, who naturally 
was apprehensive of the danger of contagion among the pupils, although 
these masters were careful to take all the usual precautions. Here was a 
clear case of a conflict of duties. The matter had to be arranged somehow, 
and the good Bishop, if we were correctly informed, would appear to have 
assumed the responsibility. 

Upon retiring from the College Mr. Stennett took country ecclesiastical 
duty for a time, became examining chaplain to his Bishop, and was 
finally advanced to a canonry and the important rectory of Cobourg, 
which preferment he held at the time of his death. 

After Mr. Stennett left the College the customary compliment was 
paid him by Principal Cockburn and the masters of placing his portrait in 
the College hall. Like that of Principal Barron it is by Berthon, and is an 
equally life-like and speaking picture. When the secretary, as directed, 
wrote to Mr. Stennett requesting him to sit for this portrait his reply con- 



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REGIME OF PRINCIPAL STENNETT. 1857-61. IO5 

tained the following words : " Please express to the Principal and Masters 
my very high sense of the honour they do me, and my cordial acceptance 
of it I cannot but accede to a request so flattering to myself and so much 
in accordance with my own wishes. I feel that it is one which will give me 
in time to come a visible connexion with that noble Institution in which so 
many Canadians have received their education, and within whose bounds 
so many years of my own life were spent" 

On the occasion of the death of Canon Stennett, in 1889, Principal 
Dickson called a special masters' meeting for the purpose of paying due 
respect to his memory. We extract the following from the minutes : — 

**It was proposed by Mr. Wedd, First Classical Master, seconded by 
Mr. Sparling, First Mathematical Master, and unanimously resolved : 

" That the Principal and Masters, having heard with deep regret of the 
death of the Rev. Canon Stennett, M. A., for many years a classical master 
and for some years Principal of Upper Canada College, desire to record on 
their minutes their esteem for the deceased. 

" Mr. Stennett was himself an old Upper Canada College boy ; and his 
distinguished career within these walls was followed by one still more 
distinguished at the University. 

" Both as a master and as Principal Mr. Stennett's regime was 
characterized by a strict but judicious discipline, combined with kindli- 
ness of heart and gentleness of manner ; and old pupils, who were under 
him, will constantly tell how much they appreciated these high qualities, 
and the accuracy and elegance of his varied and extensive scholarship. 

*' Those who knew him best can testify how loyal and how grateful he 
was to the Institution, which had so well instructed his earlier years. And, 
indeed, the Rev. Walter Stennett was in himself a proof of the wisdom of the 
founders of this College in providing, from the first, for a duly porportioned 
admixture of literary and scientific studies : for while his logical and closely- 
reasoned arguments showed the mathematical bent of his mind, the 
melodious flow of his pure and refined English never failed to excite the 
admiration of all who had the privilege of listening to him as a lecturer. 

"But he now rests from his labours: and it only remains for the 
Principal and Masters to conclude by offering to his widow and family 
heartfelt condolence under their sad bereavement." 

At a subsequent meeting the following letter from Mrs. Stennett was 
read by the Secretary, who was directed to enter it on the minutes : — 



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104 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Thb Rectory, Cobourg, April 2m>» 
My Dkar Mr. Wedd : 

Your kind letter, enclosing " Extract from the minutes of a special meeting of the 
Principal and Masters of Upper Canada College," reached me yesterday. 

The children join with me in thanking you as mover, and Mr. Sparling as seconder of the 
resolution, and all who were present at the meeting* for their kind appreciation of my dear 
husband's abilities, and their recognition of his efforts as master and Principal. 

We also thank you for your sympathy with us, who mourn. Believe me, your letter and 
enclosure have done much to comfort, and I pray that the memory of one who loved the old 
Institution so well may linger yet a while with those he laboured for and with. 

Of his personal friendship for you I have often heard him speak ; and it is sweet to us all 
now to hear your gracious and loving words, for you knew and understood him. 

I suppose you are aware how great an invalid he had been for some time. We were looking 
and asking for rest for him : his Heavenly Father has given him " Rest eternal." 
» # » * 

Again thanking you all for your kindness and sympathy. 

Believe me. 

Yours very sincerely, 

(Signed) JULIA V. STENNETT. 

We have ventured to publish Mrs. Stennett's reply for two reasons : 
First, because it shows, with numerous other instances which might be 
produced, the spirit in which these kind attentions on the part of Principals 
and masters have ever been received ; and secondly, because her statement 
that Mr. Stennett loved the institution so well is a proof that his affection 
for it endured to the end. In order to understand the full force of this 
testimony, it is necessary to call attention to the fact that this is not the 
Mrs. Stennett of whom mention has already been made ; and, in regard to 
the Canon himself, that, having been for many years severed from the school, 
and other ties and other associations, both ecclesiastical and educational, 
having in the meantime been formed, he might quite reasonably have been 
supposed to have somewhat weakened in his attachment to it. Most pleasing 
must it be to all true friends of ^the College to learn, that such was far from 
being the case, and to find this succeeding sharer of his heart and home so 
feelingly alluding to her husband's unabated love for the time-honoured 
place, and responding, in such beautiful terms, to those its officers who had 
been anxious to pay him that tribute of their esteem which he had so well 
deserved, and to offer to herself and family that sympathy which she and 
they have so fully appreciated. 



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THE COLLEGE RIFLE COMPANY. 



BY THE REV. T. F. FOTHERINGHAM, M.A., ST. JOHN'S, N.B. 



^^ we 



AR BACK as 1863, when I entered Upper Canada College, and I 
do not know how long before, the .older boys were assembled 
i^eekly for drill under the instruction of Major Goodwin. They 
were supplied with rifles and bayonets, waist belts and pouches. The room 
next the lavatory was set apart as an armoury. Out of this drill class the 
Rifle Company was evolved under the influence of vitality and environment. 
The presiding genius under whose auspices this took place was the gallant 
old soldier in command. What boy of that day does not remember him 
with affection ? A strict disciplinarian, yet liking better to silence a 
frolicsome private with a harmless witticism that held him up to ridicule, 
than to bid him ** fall out." This was the severest penalty he ever inflicted, 
and it was much more keenly felt as a disgrace than the hundred lines of 
Virgil which the Principal immediately imposed by way of ratifying the 
sentence. The kindhearted old Major always seemed sorry the moment 
after, for in the next breath he would temper his rebuke with a cheery 
word and good-natured apology for the offender. He was bluff* and 
boyish, although his shoulders stooped and his head was grey. He 
loved the boys with all his heart, and they fully returned his affection. 
His quarters in the old Bathurst Street barracks w^re always free to them, 
and his happiest moments seemed to be when reciting his favourite " Tam 
o' Shanter" to an admiring crowd, who never wearied of applauding the 
really splendid elocution. 

The activity of the Fenian brotherhood in 1865 awakened much 
uneasiness in Canada. Large numbers of volunteers were enrolled, and 
the Military Schools were crowded with cadets. As in 1837, College boys 
were not behind in offering their services. Three of us, Fuller, Wilson, and 
myself, had obtained second-class certificates, and the idea was mooted of 
transforming our drill association into a company of the " Queen's Own." 
The consent of the Principal having been obtained, Major Goodwin 
entered heartily into our plans. The boys met in the Prayer room one 
-afternoon in December, 1865, 2i"d amid great enthusiasm elected Frank C. 

14 



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I06 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Draper, an old College boy and ex-officer of the ** Queen's Own," as 
Captain, Valancey E. Fuller, Lieutenant, and M. Wilson, Ensign. William 

M. Richards, Watson, and myself, were chosen Sergeants. I ^o 

not remember the names of the other non-commissioned officers, if there 
were any. Enrolment went briskly on. The cubits of our stature were 
measured against the wall of the Principal's room. What heroes we were 
in the eyes of those whose heads could not touch the ruler held at the 
standard height ! The company was duly gazetted in General Orders of the 
1 2th January, 1866, and attached to the 2nd Battalion, "Queen's Own Rifles." 

On March the 8th, some volunteers were called out, and., amongst 
others, the " Queen's Own." The College Company was not mentioned 
in the General Order, but tfie boys would not be suppressed. With the 
consent of Major (now Lieut-Col.) Gillmor, then in command, the boyc 
appeared at every parade and march-out, — drilling as faithfully as others, 
but without any pay. This latter was a consideration to which our 
knightly souls were utterly oblivious. Class work was sadly interrupted. 
Every week there were evening drills and a Saturday afternoon march-out. 
Not one of the company was twenty years old, yet all tramped through 
the mud with the endurance and light-heartedness of veterans. Woe to 
the boy who stepped around a puddle instead of marching through it, or 
grumbled when an unlucky step filled his boot with ice-water. He was the 
butt of ironical sympathy for days afterwards. Our youthful appearance 
won us a somewhat patronizing regard from the rest of the battalion, and, 
in their paternal affection, they nicknamed us " the babicii." So far from 
being offended, the boys shewed the genuine stuff* they were made of by 
accepting the soubriquet, and trying to make the name an honoured 
one. When, at the close of that period of active service. Major Gillmor 
complimented the company in his address at the final parade, and three 
cheers were generously given for ** the babies," we felt that the respect of 
the other corps had been completely won. 

At that time many companies had their own marching songs. The 

College boys, in view of the juvenile position assigned to them, adopted as 

theirs the nursery hymn "Joyful," fitting to its tune nonsensical words 

such as — 

* ' He that hath plenty of spondulics 
And giveth his neighbour none, 
He sha'n't have any of my spondulics 
When hiK spondulics are done. 

Chorus : 0, that will be joyful, 
Joyful, joyful, 
that will be joyful, when his 
Spondulics are done." 



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THE COLLEGE RIFLE COMPANY. lO/ 

Other verses followed ad lib, " He that hath plenty of sauerkraut, 
peanuts," &c., &c., until invention was exhausted. The ethics of the 
song were unimpeachable, and there was not the slightest thought of 
irreverence towards sacred associations. Anything of that kind would 
have been treated with scorn as utterly "low." It was simply a boyish 
response to good-natured chaffing. 

Few members of the corps will forget the excitement of St. Patrick's 
Day, March 17th, 1866. Some days previous a rumour spread to the 
effect that bodies of men, marching in military order and armed with 
pikes, had been seen parading the streets after midnight. A guard of 
citizens was organized and a night patrol instituted. Fears were expressed 
that the usual St. Patrick's Day procession would be the occasion of an 
outbreak on one side or the other. In Montreal and Quebec these parades 
were abandoned, but the Toronto societies determined to display their 
green banners as usual. Although no one believed that local Fenians 
would give any trouble, yet there was then, as now, an excitable element 
of the opposite party who might attack a procession, and those marching 
in it, fearing such an interruption, might carry concealed weapons. The 
throwing of a single stone might start a sanguinary conflict. The 
"Queen's Own " and the *' Tenth Royals " were assembled at the drill shed 
early in the forenoon and k^t there until towards evening. The College 
Company was with the rest of the battalion. Rations were served about 
noon. Drill and frolic filled up the quickly passing hours, and not a few 
voted it the jolliest pic-nic they had ever attended. Yet, beneath all the 
merriment, there were serious thoughts, for we had ball cartridges in our 
pouches, and many of us remembered the standing order never to fire over 
the heads of a riotous crowd. It was with feelings of intense relief that 
the citizens saw the volunteers returning to their homes peacefully that 
evening. 

Although relieved from active service on Good Friday, March 30th, 
the " Queen's Own " continued battalion drills at least weekly, sometimes- 
oftener. At all of these the College Company was present. There was a 
lull in the excitement. The O'Mahony wing of the Fenians was making a 
demonstration at Eastport, Maine, and the Roberts faction was temporarily 
inactive. The volunteers were recalled ffom the frontier. A grand 
concert in the drillshed, which held 10,000 people comfortably, on the 
evening of the Queen's Birthday, seemed a fitting mode of celebrating the 
re-establishment of public confidence. Meantime " General " Sweeney had 
succeeded in effecting a reconciliation of rival factions, and on May 30th 
was announced as on his way to Canada at the head of the Fenian "army."' 



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I08 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Fuller despatches arrived next day, and that night the militia of Canada 
were again called to arms. In March the Government asked for 10,000 
volunteers and were offered 180,000 — now the response was no less 
enthusiastic. 

When we assembled in the Prayer room on the morning of Friday, 
June 1st, Mr. Cockburn announced that the Fenians had crossed the 
Niagara River and were in possession of Fort Erie, and that the " Queen's 
Own " had been ordered to meet them. The College Company was also 
called out, and members would report at once in uniform at the armoury. 
After a few words regarding the gravity of the occasion, the Principal 
dismissed the school for the day. The company mustered in full strength 
within an hour afterwards, only to find to its chagrin that, by special orders 
of General Napier, it was to remain in garrison and furnish the necessary 
guards for the armouries and military stores. It was with difficulty that 
the boys could be restrained from deserting to join the battalion. Many 
refused to wear their uniform when off duty. The order was an eminently 
wise and considerate one, but the boys felt that it carried the reproach 
of ** babyhood " a little too far. They resented such an implication of 
juvenility. One admires their spirit and is not surprised that they failed 
to appreciate the responsibility resting upon their elders. It was quite 
true that they were too young for the hardships of service in the field ; 
most of them had been sent to school to study and not to play the 
amateur soldier, and their parents would have justly blamed the Principal 
for having permitted the formation of the corps ; besides this the duty 
laid upon .them was a necessary and honourable one, and fell most fittingly 
upon the junior company of the battalion. 

For two days the College Rifles were the only troops in the city, and 
furnished the guard on the Friday and Saturday nights succeeding the 
departure of the volunteers. I need not describe the excitement of those 
days. College boys helped to swell the crowds around the bulletin boards 
and added their voices to the cheers that rang out to the accompaniment 
of the Cathedral chimes when news of the rout of the invaders arrived. 
About three o'clock on Sunday morning the volunteers from the country 
began to arrive. They were marched up from the railway station in 
companies and dismissed to 'billets for breakfast. To me, the arrival of 
these raw troops was a deeply interesting sight. They came evidently 
from the farm and the workshop. It might be that the first gun of a great 
war had been fired at Ridgeway, — we did not know. If it was so, every 
one of these men was ready. There was no noisy frolic or loud laughter 
-among them. Every word of command was heard with painful distinctness 



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THE COLLEGE RIFLE COMPANY. I09 

in the quiet of that Sabbath morning. When dismissed, one group after 
another struck up old-fashioned Psalm tunes, and set off singing them to 
their new quarters. One would have thought that Cromwell's army or a 
regiment of Covenanters had reappeared among us. With such defenders,. 
we did not fear should Lundy's Lane or Queenston Heights come to be 
fought over again. Few Churches held service that evening, for nearly 
every person crowded towards the Yonge Street Wharf to meet the " City 
of Toronto" with its precious freight of dead and wounded. With another 
member of the company, like myself just off guard duty, I joined the 
crowd and was near the wharf when the steamer came in. To my surprise 
I heard the familiar voice of Lieut. Fuller in command of an escort 
composed of the College Company. It accompanied the five hearses to 
their destinations through thronged streets, amid a silence only broken by 
exclamations of sympathy and sorrow. Every head was uncovered as the 
dead heroes passed by. 

On the Tuesday following a public funeral was held, and the bodies 
of Ensign McEachern and Privates Defries, Smith, Alderson, and Tempest 
lay in state in the drill shed. The gallery erected for the concert so 
recently held afforded a suitable elevation for the caskets. Ranged 
around these, the boys of our corps stood as a guard of honour, resting on 
their arms reversed, from eleven a.m. to one p.m. The company took part 
in all the military funerals of that sad time, and on one occasion, I think 
the one just referred to, furnished the firing party. 

During the fortnight following the raid Toronto swarmed with 
volunteers, most of whom remained only a few days until formed into 
provisional battalions. Whilst these were in town, the College Company was 
released from the duty of furnishing guards. But there was the possibility 
that a sudden order from Ottawa might remove the guard on duty, and it 
was accordingly agreed that should the College bell ring at any time out 
of class hours, the members of the company would understand it as a 
signal to assemble at the armoury. One night as I was just about to 
retire I heard the well-known sound. It took very few seconds to resume 
my uniform, but, before I reached the street, every bell in the city was 
ringing the "general alarm." The din was enough to warrant the 
conclusion that the Gael was indeed at our gates. I lived about a mile 
from the College, and only arrived in time to take my place at the head 
of the company as coverer and lead the way to the drill shed, then situate 
between Front and Wellington Streets, at the east end of the Parliament 
Buildings. A dense crowd was already assembled at the corner of Simcoe 
and Wellington Streets, and, as we drew near, I heard some one call out : 



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no UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME, 

^* It's the College boys, let's give them three cheers ! " This they did with 
a heartiness that made us feel modestly embarrassed. Acknowledging the 
honour in military fashion, we entered the drill shed, discovering then the 
cause of the ovation with which we had just been honoured. We were 
the first company to report itself in obedience to the summons. It was 
found shortly afterwards that we were not needed. A few companies had 
been ordered to Prescott, but enough remained for guard duty. In about 
an hour we were dismissed with not undeserved compliments. On the 
return of the " Queen's Own " from Stratford, after the engagement at 
Ridgeway, the College Rifles met the battalion at the railway station and 
accompanied it in its march through the streets. Although they did not 
hear bullets whistle, the College boys felt that they had won some slight 
share in the magnificent welcome the regiment received. 

During the summer following the Fenian raid a military camp was 
formed at Thorold, and the Upper Canada College Rifles united with the 
University Company to form one corps. The battalion was landed at 
Port Dalhousie, and marched through St. Catharines to the breezy field 
on the top of the mountain where the Tenth Royals and the Thirteenth 
from Hamilton were already pitching their tents. Here the boys again 
distinguished themselves by their light-hearted endurance of discomforts 
that would have well-nigh caused a mutiny amongst regulars. The ground 
was rough and hard — cattle had evidently roamed freely over it when the 
soil was moist. One had to select carefully for his couch the precise 
spot whose physical geography was most nearly complementary to the 
angularities of the human anatomy. The last duty every evening was a 
field study of the relations between geology and osteology. When it 
rained, the clay betrayed a most tenacious attachment to boots often ill- 
suited to such rough usage. The camp arrangements were of the most 
imperfect character. Plain rations, however, were abundant. One of our 
number betrayed extraordinary talents in the culinary line, and no " Irish" 
or " Boston " stew can ever obliterate the memory of his achievements. 
No coffee and butterless bread ever tasted sweeter than that partaken around 
our tent pole every morning. The air was pure and bracing, and the drill 
just enough to make us forget all our discomforts in dreamless sleep. 
Every one heard with regret the orders to break up camp. To this day 
pleasant memories linger around the old camp ground. As illustrating 
the spirit of the boys, I may mention that it leaked out one evening that 
a general alarm was to be sounded during the night in order to test the 
promptitude with which the volunteers could respond. We determined 
that, for the honour of our corps, we should be the first on parade. Not 



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THE COLLEGE RIFLE COMPANY. Ill 

-one removed his uniform that night when he lay down. The covering 
sergeant slept in his boots and cross-belt, with his rifle by his side. To 
our great astonishment and chagrin the sun was shining brightly when the 
bugles awoke us at r^veilld. 

The home march was not uneventful. As we left the camp, and when 
we marched through the streets of St Catharines, fair faces smiled from 
sidewalk and windows, and the battalion sang popular songs, accompanied 
by the band. We had scarcely left the town behind us when a thunder- 
storm came on. The " Queen's Own " had proved its ability to " stand 
fire," but water was another affair and retreat was no cowardice. We 
quickly found refuge under the grand stand of the race course. On a 
break occurring in the storm we set out again and arrived betimes at Port 
Dalhousie, where the *' City '* awaited us, but alas quantum tnutati ab Hits 
who one short hour before spread their plumes and tuned their manly 
throats before the admiring civilians of the *' City of the Saints!" Scarcely 
had we left the friendly shelter of the race course when the storm burst 
out afresh. The mire of the road was ankle deep and the ditches were 
brimful of water. Some took to the fields and others picked a careful 
but tedious path along the fences, while the bolder tramped along as much 
indifferent to pouring rain and adhesive mud as plucky College boys 
ought to be. No company in the battalion straggled less than the 
beardless youths in No. lo. When we arrived at Toronto, our sergeant 
was the first to spring ashore in response to the bugle call for " coverers," 
aud none marched up Yonge Street with jauntier step than the rain-soaked 
and mud-bespattered veterans of the rear company. 

On the 26th June, 1868, Lieut. George D. Dawson, late of H. M. 
47th Regiment, and now Col. Dawson, of the " Grenadiers," was gazetted 
Captain, vice F. C. Draper, who retired with the rank of Brevet Major. 
The Company re-enlisted under the Militia Act of 1868, but its name 
does not appear in the General Order of 6th February, 1869, in which the 
corps who constitute the active militia are named. It seems to have been 
silently dropped, along with others, which it was not judged advisable to 
continue in existence. The College Rifles never formed an integral part 
of the " Queen's Own," but was merely attached to the battalion for 
administrative purposes. During its brief existence it left a record of 
which it need not be ashamed, one worthy of an institution which has 
supplied so many able officers to the various branches of the Imperial 
service. General Napier did not forget to give us honourable mention in 
his report. 



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112 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

We old boys cannot contemplate without a feeling of sadness the 
retreat of our cdma mater before the resistless tide of commerce. Some 
ghosts of the olden time will for us ever hover around the spot where we 
drank the mother's milk of character, and learned to love the noble and 
the true in ancient song and story. May her new home be consecrated to 
coming generations with memories as sweet and hallowed as the genius 
of reverie assembles around the dear old walls. In Reverence, Honour, 
and Loyalty, may each College boy to the latest generation prove himself 
a knight sans peur ei sans reproche ! 



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REGIME OF G. R R COCKBURN, M.A., 
FIFTH PRINCIPAL, 1861-1881. 



BY D. R. KEYS, M.A, 



Cj[N THE YEAR 1 86 1, Upper Canada College was without a supreme 
^ head. The duties of this office were for the time being vested in a 
^^^ commission consisting of Messrs. Scadding, Wedd, and Brown — 
three of the oldest masters of the College. Under such an administration 
the school had for a year or two been less successful in the race for matricu 
lation scholarships. It had also suffered by the presence of an active rival, 
the Model Grammar School, which had been established in 1858, by the 
Rev. Dr. Ryerson, then Chief Superintendent of E(Jucation. This school 
was situated in St. James' Square, but must not be confounded with the 
present Model School in the same place, nor with the old Toronto Gram- 
mar School now presided over by Rector McMurchy. The Department of 
Education, it will be remembered, had then no control of Upper Canada 
College, which was under the general supervision of the University Senate, 
of which the Principal was an ex-officio member, but the appointments were 
made by the Government. That the Minister should consult with the 
department in reference to the appointment of a principal was not to be 
wondered at, nor was it altogether surprising that Dr. Ryerson should have 
recommended the rector of the new Model Grammar School,Mr. George R. R. 
Cockburn. That gentleman had been selected as head of the new school on 
account of his high testimonials and his knowledge not only of Scotch, but 
of German, educational methods. After winning the highest praise from 
Dr. Leonard Schmitz, rector of the High School of Edinburgh, Mr. Cockburn 
had distinguished himself at Edinburgh University and had taken a post- 
graduate course at the University of Berlin, where he entered fully into 
German student life and gained that familiarity with the spoken language 
that gave such interest to College " revisals " in German. His success since 
1858 in the Grammar School had justified the Doctor's choice, as his subse- 
<iuent success in Upper Canada College justified that of the Minister. 
15 



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114 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Yet the experiment was a bold one, — to place at the head of an 
institution, already a generation old, the head of a rival school that was but 
a mushroom growth in comparison with Upper Canada College, to advance 
over masters who had themselves been head-boys in the school and had 
taught in it for a long period a young man who had been only three years 
in Canada. To do this was a line of conduct that could only be justified 
by the very success which it seemed calculated to imperil. But in this case 
the end justified the means in more ways than one, and it certainly tried 
the man. Nor were these the only disadvantages the young Principal had 
to contend against, leaving what might be called personal equation wholly 
out of account The condition of the College had been seriously injured by 
the action of the Legislature in cutting down the staff and reducing the 
salaries of the masters who were retained and in withdrawing the annual 
grant of over $4400. Still further to cripple the finances, the expense 
of maintaining the Bursar's office, previously assumed by the Government, 
had been made a charge upon the College revenues, as well as pensions to 
the amount of $1,900 per annum. To crown all, the College was in debt to 
the extent of $20,000. Under such financial difficulties Mr. Cockburn 
assumed the principalship. 

As the outlook was most gloomy in the department of ways and means, 
so the result in that department was most brilliant. There is a saying in 
Edinburgh that no Scotchman is allowed to enter the service of the Bank 
of England, even as porter, lest he win his way to the presidency. To this 
national predisposition to finance Mr. Cockburn added a natural bent of 
his own. He was aided moreover by the long experience of the bursar, the 
late Mr. Buchan, no less than by the cordial cooperation of the masters 
who in this respect, as in all others, shewed their loyalty to their alma mater 
by doing their utmost to assist the new principal It is neither fitting nor 
necessary to describe here the means that were adopted to increase the 
College income ; let it suffice to make known the results. The bursar's 
office was made to pay its own way. The deficiency in the masters' salaries 
was made up, including the arrears. Not only was the entire debt, due 
mainly to the building account, paid off, but new buildings were put up and 
paid for in place of the old ones. In short, an era of business prosperity 
took the place of the period of depression. Of course, the historical side of 
all this must not be forgotten : 1857 was the darkest year in the business 
history of the Province; in 1 861 the American civil war began, a war which 
brought much prosperity to Canada, and affected Mr. Cockburn's private as 
well as his public life. 

Such financial success was obviously dependent also, in part at least, 
on the success of the school in other ways. Statistics will be found else- 



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RfeiMB OF PRINCIPAL COCKBURN^ 1861-81. 11$ 

• 
where, showing the increase in the attendance both of boarders and day 

b6ys. The number of masters had also been increased, as well as the 
accommodation in the boarding-house. The character of the institution 
had improved, if the standing of the College boys in the University exami- 
nations be made the criterion. The most striking evidence of growth in the 
internal economy of the College was to be seen in the subdivision that took 
place in the different forms. The form names L A., I. B. are familiar only to 
boys who have been at College since 1862. In 1868-9 this division held in the 
first two forms only. The following year there was a 1 11. B., which afterwards 
became the Third Commercial, and, later on when the Fourth came to be 
subdivided, the commercial boys formed the Upper Modern and the third 
commercial was called the Lower Modern. These divisions were for a time 
obsolete, under the changed conditions of the College, and the altered 
requirements for University matriculation. 

Indeed the system of education has been almost wholly changed. In 
the "sixties" and "seventies*' specialization had not enslaved the teachers of 
Canada as it has to-day. Perhaps the most telling way of showing the 
contrast is to compare the present with the old way of awarding exhibitions. 
Now they are granted as special scholarships, then they were all for general 
proficiency, the list of subjects in the Fifth form including classics, mathe- 
matics, English, French, German, chemistry, and physiology. Not seldom 
it happened that a boy would gain an exhibition notwithstanding his 
weakness in one subject, as e.g.y mathematics. In one case a boy took only 
forty marks out of a possible 450 in algebra and very nearly carried off the 
first exhibition. But in that year Professor Goldwin Smith examined in 
classics and the late Professor Young in mathematics, and the returns in 
both subjects were more surprising than the denouement of one of Gaboriau's 
romances. So strict indeed was the application of the rule " all subjects 
must be taken " that a boy who intended going to Germany after leaving 
College was not allowed to substitute German for Latin verses in the Sixth 
form. Nor had the era of modem text-books yet dawned. The only 
Canadian book the writer remembers having studied while at College is 
^ Campbell's Geography," but there may have been others in use in the lower 
forms. In this respect, therefore, the boys of to-day have an advantage, and 
it is possible that some of the subjects may be better taught now than then. 

Yet as one recalls the days of yore it is hard to single out a master who 
in his own style could be much improved upon. Each no doubt had his 
particular faults, but let not "the dram of ill" make "all the noble substance 
of a doubt." The present writer feels only the great debt he owes to every 
oite of the masters, who, like the Muses, nine in number, had each a special 



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Il6 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

formative influence or inspiration of his own. What wonder if memory 
brings kindly thoughts of them all? Is not memory the parent of the Muses.^ 
But two of the nine remain in the College — Mr. Wedd and Mr. Martland. 
Of these two gentlemen, who, for at least thirty years, have trained the 
College youths in the humanities, it would scarcely be fitting to speak at 
length. Both of them in sympathy with boys, both good classical scholars, 
and both skilled in imparting knowledge to their pupils, they were at the 
same time very different in their methods. Mr. Wedd represented the per- 
fervid classical spirit of that fine old Irish scholar, Dr. John McCaul, whose 
impress upon the learned professions in Canada has been often remarked. 
Mr. Martland was of the English Public School and Oxford type, accurate to 
the last degree, and the friend of accuracy above all things, having at the 
same time an air of the man of the world that the scholar very rarely has and 
that greatly impressed the youthful mind. His position at the head of the 
College boarding-house brought him into very intimate relations with the 
boys, and it would be hard to name anyone in Canada whose influence on 
the youth of the last generation has been greater or on the whole more 
beneficial. 

The second English master, Mr. C. J. Thompson, was the terror of the 
First form boys. Perhaps the fact that his room, known also as the writing- 
room, was the scene of afternoon detention, to which that form was very 
liable, lent a character of sternness to its principal occupant that he hardly 
deserved. The impartiality of his severity was admitted by all, and as the 
boys grew older they found how mistaken was their first estimate of the 
second English master. After the Fourth form writing was not taught nor 
was bookkeeping, so that during the last two years we had already 
graduated from Mr. Thompson's room. Still it was by no means impossible 
for a Fifth or even a Sixth form boy to be "kep.t in," and in that case he had 
a chance to renew his acquaintance with the ink-stained and jack-knife- 
whittled desks and benches of the old north-west room. The master in 
charge might happen to be Mr. Thompson himself, when, if it was one of 
the old boys, he would have a talk about the good old times in I. A. The 
writing master had a great friend in his opposite neighbour, the late Mr. 
Schluter, with whom he used to walk up and down in the hall and around 
the grounds. Although the head of the commercial department, there was 
nothing Mr. Thompson detested so much as the rapid off-hand business 
style of writing. A Belleville boy who came up to Upper Canada College 
after a term at a business college was sent foot or thereabouts for his 
" outward flourishes " and only succeeded in getting up near the top by 
discarding them. Mr. Thompson retired from the College in 1883, and 
lived several months after, dying in 1884. He had been for fifteen years a. 



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R^IME OF PRINCIPAL COCKBURN, I861-81. 11/ 

master in the old school, and when he left it one of the most characteristic 
figures had departed. 

The position of English classical master was held by the late 
Charles Connon, LL.D., a gentleman of very striking personality. Already 
advanced in years when he came to the College, he was perhaps less fitted 
to make a favourable impression on the youthful minds of his pupils. But 
the elder ones certainly appreciated his extensive knowledge of our litera- 
ture and his love of philological research. An annotated edition of the 
first four books of Paradise Lost and an English Grammar, written in the 
old classica*! style, were proof of the variety of his reading and the vigour 
of his pen. Equally vigorous was his use of the cane, for in this respect, 
too, the doctor was of the old school, and would have scouted the idea of 
ruling by moral suasion. As an ardent patriot it vexed him continually to 
have to accept Webster's authority in disputes on spelling. A stripling 
Yankee roused his ire one day by naming New York as the largest city in 
the world. " If you put a dozen of your biggest cities together, it wouldn't 
be equal to London," was the reply with which he silenced the pert 
youngster. The twenty years that are past since then have seen as great 
an advance in the subject of English as in the population of the American 
cities, but with all the new methods no master could be found who would 
give his pupils a keener relish for the great English writers than Dr. 
Connon. 

Dr. Michael Barrett, M.A., was first English master and lecturer on 
chemistry. Dr. Barrett had received a part of his own early training in 
France, and this seemed to be reflected in a certain jauntiness and nattiness 
that characterized his personal appearance. It also gave a local colour to 
his treatment of the geography of Quebec and France that might have 
made a native homesick, had we had any such in the class. Geography was 
his specialty and was taught with an utter disregard of text-books that 
made it impossible for the pupil to cram for his lessons. His knowledge of 
maps was amazing and, after the six years training, which in those days 
was not thought too much for this important subject, the best pupils still 
stood a chance of being puzzled by a question on the capital of some Persian 
province or the position of the rivers in Venetia. With his hands behind 
his back, and his head bent slightly forward, he used to walk up and down 
the room with short decisive steps, putting question after question, first on 
the subject of the lesson, then on all the past lessons, for, with his energetic 
manner he quickly discovered how much was known or unknown about the 
lesson for the day. In Dr. Barrett's room, as in Mr. Wedd's, the custom of 
giving " rounds " prevailed. This curious outgrowth of the marking system 



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Il8 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

deserves a word or two, as it is now» I believe, nearly extinct The nuaiber 
of questions " passed" from the ignoramuses at the foot of Ae form to the 
head-boy gave him more than his due share of work ; and, to obviate this, he 
was allowed on answering a given question to take his place above the boy 
who had first missed it To prevent any disputing, a slip of paper with the 
master's initials upon it was given him and this was the "round." It may 
give some idea of the doctor's energetic administration of the Socratic 
method to state that a boy has been known to make a double round of a 
class of nearly forty, in other words, " to get up " eighty places in half an 
hour. The doctor's favourite subject has been discarded from the matricula- 
tion examination, and will probably be taught in but few of our higher schools, 
a change, the wisdom of which is questionable, and the making of 
which he certainly would have vigorously opposed. Geography, however, 
was but one of the subjects which Dr. Barrett taught with remarkable 
success. His power as a reader impressed the younger boys, and gave 
them an excellent model, just such an one as Scott has described in 
Guy Mannering. In his teaching of chemistry, physiology and anatomy,, 
the same mastery of details was apparent as in the geography classes. 
It was a rare privilege to have a professor in the medical college as 
our lecturer in anatomy. It is said one must learn anatomy and 
forget it again seven times before knowing it thoroughly, but the doctor 
must have been an exception to the rule for his memory could not have 
failed him so often, and he certainly knew his subject thoroughly. 
Several of his old pupils are now ornaments to our medical colleges. The 
skeleton which served for demonstrations in anatomy used to hang in a glass 
closet, and the doctor sometimes had a little quiet sport by sending the 
kead-boy to fetch this skeleton from its case and hang it up on the gibbet 
before the class. Apart from the gruesomeness of it, a skeleton is a most 
Ikwkward thing to handle, and for a tall boy to carry one across a long room 
ia the presence of a score of his classmates, with the skull bobbing up and 
down, the arms wobbling around his shoulder and the legs getting tangled 
in his own is a sight to move gods and men to laughter, much mo^e 
boys. The doctor's humorous smile and rigid justice endeared him to 
all. He rarely gave, and was never known to take off, a demerit u^vlu 
In 1884 Dr. Barrett retired from the College owing to ill-health, but w*s 
fortunately restored to vigour and lived to become the founder and first 
president of the Woman's Medical College, which will be a monument of 
liis eaergy to future generations. So long as this generation endures hjs 
name will call up pleasant memories in the minds of old College boys. 

The Rev. E. Schliiter, Ph.D., of Halle, was for seventeen years French 
and German master in the College. Like most foreigners he had certain little 



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RjfciMB OF PRINCIPAL COCKBURN, 1861-81. U^ 

peculiarities that afforded constant amusement to the boys. His command 
of the English language was remarkable in one who had not emigrated 
until past middle life, and he was never so happy as when displa3dng his 
mastery over the various meanings of the words by some far-fetched pun.- 
Should a boy's name afford any chance for such word-play, it was always 
sure to be taken advantage of. Unfortunately these sallies were invariably 
greeted by uproarious applause on the part of the class, which would some- 
times reach the second classical master's room, like the distant roar of the 
ocean, reminding Mr. Martland how Homer should be read. 

Mr. Schluter was none the less a good disciplinarian, as well as a 
thorough teacher. He used to amaze the boys by taking down their rank 
in the class without calling a roll and in an incredibly short space of time. 
This faculty, along with his ability to supply off-hand the principal parts of 
any irregular Greek verb to a " kept-in " Fifth-form boy, made him our 
favourite among the masters for the position of greatest polymath. A 
story he used to tell us contributed not a little to this general impression, 
and as it illustrates human nature as well as the training of bye-gone times, 
it may be allowable to repeat it here. When undergoing his final examina- 
tion as a German student one of the exercises was to turn a piece of 
German into French. As the German was dictated, the quick-witted 
student wrote it down at once in French, and when the dictation was over 
handed it all complete to the examiner. But oh, the crabbedness of these 
examiners ! Instead of being pleased at the quickness of Mr. Schlliter's 
work, his old German professor considered himself insulted by the ease with 
which his pons asinorum had been crossed. At the examiners' meeting he 
was for giving a second-class to Mr. Schluter, and succeeded in keeping him 
down to a first C. instead of a first A. which he deserved. As a moral to his 
story, Mr. Schliiter warned us never to make light of an examination in the 
presence of the examiner. The matriculation examinations in French were 
a perennial source of complaint to the old gentleman, who had his own 
way of accounting for the fact that an Upper Canada College boy was 
rarely head at that examination, and as rarely failed to be first at the later 
ones. But a greater grievance was his being refused a pension when after so 
many long years of service (during which he had lost but fourteen days by 
absence), he left the College in 1874. The boys, more grateful than their 
elders, presented him with a silver service — an act that moved their worthy 
old master to tears. He lived a long distance from the College on a farm 
north of Bloor Street, and thither he retired to remain until certain changes 
in his domestic affairs should permit of his return to the Fatherland. More 
than one old College boy, in years gone by, has tried to seek out the aboda 
of his former French and German master, but hitherto without success. Tbo 



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I20 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Other day, however, we chanced to notice the announcement that this faithful 
old teacher had gone to " that bourne whence no traveller returns." He 
leaves a kindly memory in the pnind of many an old boy. 

The first mathematical master during Mr. Cockburn's regime was Mr. 
James Brown, M.A., who had taken the most brilliant course at the 
University before the time of Thomas Moss. As a scholar he was all that 
could be desired, but his subject was one whose unpopularity has become 
proverbial. The best teaching will not make algebra an interesting subject 
to the non-mathematical mind and the average mind is of that class. 
When physics, or, as we called it in those days, natural philosophy, was 
taught, the lessons became interesting enough and so too with mensuration 
and surveying. The last mentioned was a Sixth form subject and had the 
advantage of being studied out of doors and of giving a chance to bring the 
theodolite to bear on the windows in John Street, whose fair occupants were 
usually known to the boarders. Although the early mathematical successes 
of the College boys at the University were not so pronounced as they were 
in classics, yet, in view of the fact that there were really three classical 
teachers, for the Principal's specialty was classics, and only one permanent 
instructor in mathematics, there is no doubt Mr. Brown's boys did even 
better than could be expected. The aid given him by the second mathe- 
matical master was a varying quantity, as that position was the one in 
which most frequent changes occurred. Thus from 1868-74 it was filled in 
succession by Mr. John A. Paterson, (now of the law firm of Kerr, Macdonald, 
Davidson & Paterson) ; Mr. James MacLellan, (now of the new School of 
Pedagogy) ; Rev. Arthur Sweatman, (the present Bishop of Toronto), and 
Mr. Alfred Baker, who has since become mathematical tutor and professor in 
the University of Toronto. Only the last mentioned gentleman was known 
as a teacher by the present writer, for the classical boys remained under the 
charge of Mr. Brown until they reached the Fifth form. But in that form 
he met the pupils of the present bishop and was amazed at the celerity 
produced by Cambridge mathematical methods. Dr. McLellan also made 
a great reputation both by his originality in the classroom and the strictness 
of his discipline. But owing to the shortness of their tenure of office none 
of these gentlemen made a very deep impression on the life of the institution. 

In addition to the regular staff the aesthetic arts were represented by 
Mr. Baigent, the drawing-master, recently deceased, and Mr. Thomas 
Martin, who has long since relinquished music for painting. In this 
connection we should mention the gymnastic masters. Colonel Goodwin and 
his son, and Mr. Andrews. The first named was a survivor of Waterloo, 
and in his stories to the boys might almost have outshone the famous 



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RtolME OF PRINCIPAL COCKBURN, 1861-81. 121 

Mulvaney of " Soldiers Three." His son was a splendid specimen of 
manhood, but died of consumption at an early age. Another familiar face 
was that of the bursar, who seemed nearer to the boys of our form, because 
two of his nephews, James Buchan and Andrew Freeland were members 
of it. The latter, now dead, was head-boy of I. A.; the former has gone 
to the antipodes to spread there the fame of the old school. The bursar 
was without any sympathy for one class of boys, those who came late with 
their fees. A laxity had grown up in the matter of paying fees, which it 
was one of Mr. Cockburn's first tasks to remedy. But boys are naturally 
forgetful and up to 1869 there were a few who kept forgetting till their 
names were read out in the prayer-room, a measure that never had to be 
resorted to more than once for each offence. 

In commemorating the officers of the College, we must not forget one 
who lived as it were in the midst of the boys themselves, the janitor. James 
Marshall held this position after the Alderdyces, and was succeeded by 
George Frost at Christmas, 1870. Coming at such a time it would have 
been extraordinary indeed had he not been rechristened Jack Frost. By 
that name he still rules the bell rope, and his cheerful face beams a welcome 
on the old boys who visit the school. 

With such a staff, and with his own uncommon administrative ability, 
it is not surprising that Mr. Cockburn had great success. The financial 
improvement in the affairs of the College we have already seen; the increase 
in the number of scholars was due in part to the excellent management of 
the College boarding-house under Mr. Martland ; but the stand taken by 
the College boys in the University examinations was the result of the 
combined exertions of all the masters. The various sources of the 
antagonism excited by this University success are so obvious that we 
may be spared the disagreeable task of enumerating them ; nor is it 
necessary in such a work as the present to stir up strife by lengthy 
reference to these '*old unhappy far-off things." The controversy was 
embittered by the introduction of personal animosities, and by its extension 
to the public press. The whole question as to the management of the 
College was finally referred to a Parliamentary Commission, which did not 
materially alter the system. This was in the year 1868. Despite this attack, 
in 1870 it was found necessary to build a large addition to the boarding- 
house, and a few years later it became necessary to follow the English plan, 
-and open some of the residences of the College masters, in order to 
.accommodate the increased numbers of boarders. 

Nor did the attack affect the success of the College boys at the 
University. On the contrary, that success increased steadily until, in 1874, 
16 



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122 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

the six College boys who matriculated carried off three first scholarships^ 
two second and one fourth, being six in all out of the twelve offered that 
year. Nor can the decline that seemed to follow this success b^ justly 
attributed to any falling ofT in the quality of the instruction, or in the 
capacity of the pupils. As a distinguished educator^ well acquainted with 
both sides of the question, has put it, this decline of the College in the 
competition for scholarships was due to the gradual growth of the high 
schools. The latter developed wonderfully during the " sixties " and 
" seventies " under the thorough inspection of such able scholars as the late 
Professor Young, Dr. MacLellan, Mr. Marling, and Mr. Buchan. The 
growth of wealth and population aided of course in this development, and 
under these circumstances it was not to be expected that the College should 
continue to win half the scholarships at matriculation. Yet at the close of 
Mr. Cockburn's administration he was able to refer with proper pride to the 
latest results of College training, as tested by the old University prize lists 
for 1 88 1, and to point to College boys as winners of four out of the eight 
medals awarded in the fourth year. "This," he said, "is our latest record, 
and it is one of which the College may well feel proud.*' 

But the College had fallen upon evil days. The old animosity had by 
no means died out, nor was there that sympathy with the school in the 
mind of the then Minister of Education which might have been expected of 
an old head-boy. Something there may have been of a personal spirit in the 
opposition that made itself apparent to Mr. Cockburn, as both the Minister 
and the Principal were men of resolute and uncompromising character. At 
all events, the old attacks were revived, the papers were again full of letters 
on the Upper Canada College question, and once again a Parliamentary 
Committee was charged with an inquiry into the College management 
The contrast between the methods of this Committee of 1 880-81, and those 
of the earlier one of 1868, may afford an illustration to the future historian 
of our constitution, but need not be further alluded to here. The outcome 
of the inquiry was a decision on the part of the Minister of Education to 
reduce the salaries of the Principal and masters and to effect a general 
lowering of expenses. 

Such a decision came severely upon the members of the staff. Notice 
has already been taken of the increase in the number of boarders, necessita- 
ting a large addition to the boarding-house. In like manner the increased 
attendance of day-boys had led to the enlargement of the College Building 
in 1877. A new hall had been built out in front of the old College, with 
new classrooms beneath it on the ground floor, allowing the old prayer- 
room, as it was familiarly called, to be divided up into several additional 
classrooms. 



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RltolME OF PRINCIPAL COCKBURN, l86l'8l. I23. 

This old hall or prayer-room filled so imfmrtant a part in the life of 
the College that it cannot be dismissed in a sentence. In the old building 
it occupied nearly all the western side of the upper floor, Mr. Wedd*s 
classroom on the King Street front being excepted. There was an entrance 
for the boys at the head of the staircases and a master's entrance at the 
northern end. There were seats for masters along this northern wall and 
a single seat at the southern end, to which, about the year 1 870, seats in 
the middle of the other two walls were added. The walls were hung wilh 
oil paintings of the former principals and emblazoned with the names of 
successful students, who having done honour to the College were thus 
honoured in return — ^a practice much decried by Mr. Cockburn's critics. In 
this ball it was that morning and evening prayers were said, and'here the 
unsuspecting new boy sitting on a front bench was liable to a sudden shove 
from the foot of an older boy that would land him on his back on the floor. 
This was the scene of the weekly " revisals " where two mistakes in Latin 
grammar meant an hour's detention " to write it out" in Mr. Thompson'* 
room. Here the boys of Mr. Martland's Latin composition class usually 
did their Latin prose, spread out over the great hall so as to make copying 
utterly impossible. Here, too, the Fifth and Sixth form boys would get their 
quota of English poetry to do into Latin verse, a task harder for most of 
tiiem than for the Hebrews to complete their tale of bricks without straw. 
One advantage at least was derived from the Latin verse, namely, we usually 
learned the English piece by heart in the process of turning it into elegiacs or 
alcaics. Once a week, on Friday afternoon, it was the privilege of the Literary 
Society to consider the hall their own, and it became the arena of triumph 
(M* defeat to the young debaters, who there made their first essays in the art 
of public speaking. Once a year it was the scene of the distribution of prizes 
and some distinguished orators were heard within its walls ; the stately 
eloquence of Dr, MqCaul gave the boys a foretaste of what they might 
expect at the University, and the classic English of Professor Goldwin 
Smith, was heard recalling the memories of his own boyhood at Eton. 
How it all comes back as we write ! The hot close air of the hall, packed 
fer beyond its capacity with the parents and friends of the boys, the 
brilliant colouring as of some Old World festival lent to the assembly by the 
resplendent gowns and variegated silken hoods of the masters, more espe- 
cially that of Dr. Connon ; the subdued yet intense excitement of the 
misters themselves, particularly of Mr. Martland, on whom devolved the 
duty of marshalling the prize boys, and of Mr. Cockburn, who in the presence 
of such eloquent speakers as have been njentioned may be pardoned some 
trepidation J most characteristic of all — the rich heavy odour of the bindings 
pf the prize books, a fragrance th^t hangs round them still and always 
brings back the scene of these boyish triumphs. 



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.124 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

At rarer intervals the hall was used for more aristocratic functions. 
When, in 1869, Royalty visited the College in the person of H. R. H. Prince 
Arthur and, in 1872, eloquence and beauty came in the persons of the then 
Earl and Countess of Dufferin, it was in the prayer-room that the boys 
-assembled to do honour to these noble guests. The young gentlemen of 
the Sixth form and the exhibitioners of the Fifth were introduced to their 
Excellencies, and the whole school was given a holiday to mark the occa- 
sion. To the school boys of those days who are old boys now, the College 
ceased to be the same when the old prayer-room was gone. 

To a later generation of boys the new public hall, so soon to be left in 
its turn, will have its own store of memories. Here it was that Mr. Cockbum 
took his leave of the College on the 30th of September, 188 1, — for the 
anxieties of the recent controversy had been added to the attacks of a 
painful constitutional malady and he found it necessary to resign his 
position in order to seek abroad that relaxation and surgical aid which it 
was impossible to obtain at home, and by which alone he could hope for a 
restoration to health. Yet to look at the Principal as he rose before the 
brilliant assembly to give his farewell address and deliver a last review of 
his work in the College, the spectator would . hardly have suspected the 
cause of his retirement. His tall figure, well over six feet in height, with 
massive proportions rendered still more striking by the folds of the academic 
toga, his head thrown back with the air of a Roman gladiator, the imperious 
actioji as of one accustomed to command, made him seem the very ideal 
type of a man in the prime of life. Nor was this impression lessened when 
the Principal began to speak. A voice naturally strong and high but not 
strident, had been cultivated and developed by his years of reading, declaim- 
ing, and speaking before his classes, so that it gave an effective expression 
to the speaker's eloquent defence of his work. 

The nature of the occasion assured him of his hearers* sympathy and 
attention, at the same time that it inspired his own highest efforts, and the 
result of such reciprocity on the part of speaker and audience was natural. 
Let us quote the words of an "Upper Canada" boy who was present on 
that occasion : "Able at all times to give clear and forcible expression to 
his thoughts and not without a certain eloquence, he on this occasion far 
surpassed all his former efforts. Smarting under a sense of injustice and 
injury, and foreseeing, probably, the outcome of the changes which were 
even then taking place, he reviewed and defended, in sentences that time 
and again called forth applause from his hearers, the twenty years of his 
administration of the aflfairs of the College." 

A verbatim report of the address will be found in the Toronto Mail of 
October ist, 1881. After stating that he assumed the duties of Principal in 



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REGIME OF PRINCIPAL COCKBURN, 1861-81. 12$: 

June, 1861, Mr. Cockbum proceeded to describe the financial condition of 
the College at that time and the serious disabilities under which it lay. 
He went on to sketch the progress which had been made by the- 
institution, in the improvement of its financial condition, the increase of 
attendance, and the enlargement of its accommodations for boarders and 
dayboys. Turning then to the question of educational results, the Principal 
referred to the returns of the last University examinations as a complete 
vindication of the College from the charge that its pupils were deteriorating 
in scholarship. A list prepared by Mr. Wedd, who for years has been in 
charge of the College honour roll, furnished the most indubitable evidence 
on this question. Of eight medals conferred by the Senate four were 
carried off by undergraduates owing their previous training to Upper 
Canada College ; the gold medal in classics, Milner, W. S. ; the silver medal 
in classics, Armour, D. ; while Gwynne, another old College boy, came next ; 
the gold medal in metaphysics McAndrew, J. A. ; the Lome gold medal, 
Davis, E. P. " None of these medallist at any time lived in Toronto, but 
they are fair representatives of the provincial youths availing themselves of 
the training offered by Upper Canada College. In addition to these medals 
there were carried off by ex-pupils four scholarships, thirty-eight first-class 
honours, fifty-seven second-class honours, besides ten degrees in arts, three 
in law, and four in medicine." Such was the latest College record to which- 
the Principal pointed with exultation. After some further general state- 
ments in connection with the past history of the College, Mr. Cockburn 
concluded in the following words ; " I have devoted the best twenty years 
of my life to the old College, which must always be very, very dear to me. 
My life has been a most happy one, spent as it has been, among the boys, 
who, I think, have regarded me as their friend, and determined to mete out 
equal justice to all — though perhaps unknowingly the justice may have 
occasionally appeared to be tempered with severity. I have enjoyed your 
respect and affection, and these have been great and sustaining comforts 
to me in the thousand and one trials incidental to my position. No one 
can be human and break asunder the ties of two score years' active life 
without feeling sad at parting. I hope however to return with renewed 
health to Toronto in a few months, and to renew my acquaintance socially 
with both my colleagues and yourselves. 

" If my bodily health is not what I could desire, it is a pleasure to me 
to be able to hand over to my successor the College in full and vigorous life, 
and to assure him that he bears with him in the discharge of his new duties 
the warmest wishes of both my colleagues and myself." Presentations from 
the boys and laudatory speeches from several gentlemen followed, the 
ceremonies concluding with cheers fgr Mr. and Mrs. Cockburn. 



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126 upi»ER Canada college memorial volume. 

The era of College history thus terminated has certainly been the roost 
important in its annals. The length of his service, nearly a quarter of a cen- 
tury, his strongly marked personality, both as teacher and as administrator, 
the number of boys that came under his influence, the prosperity arrived at 
by the College under his rule, lastly, the peculiar character of the institution 
as compared with the other secondary schools of the Province, all these vari- 
ous causes make Mr. Cockburn's principalship remarkable. Particularly, in 
the last respect, his resignation terminated an epoch. In its distinctive char^ 
acter as a great public school established on the model of Eton, Rugby, and 
Harrow, giving a broad, general education of the old-fashioned liberal type, 
its career was at an end. It must, however be admitted that only by 
contracting it to the Procrustean standard could the life of the institution 
have been saved. And we must further admit that the change is after all 
-one of the signs of the times, another of the many proofs that the old ideas 
are giving place to the new in this part of the American continent, and 
that the levelling influence of democracy prevails more and more. . As we 
write these lines the local newspapers are calling for tenders for the sale of 
Russell Square and before this volume leaves the press the old bell to 
whose pealing we have listened for so many years will be heard on Simcoe 
Street no more. The old order gives place to the new, and as an old boy 
of twenty years ago the present writer wishes the College, her Principal, 
masters, and boys such success in their new home on the hill as shall ensure 
the continued life and progress of the most notable school that our Province 
has produced. 



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THROUGH UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 



CONSULS GEORGIO. 



CONTRIBUTED. 



W 



♦♦ ^J'^I^HY don't you send him to Upper Canada College?" This 
was the first time I ever heard of the College. We had 
come from the Southern States, where the war had destroyed 
whatever educational facilities had previously been found there, to Toronto 
which even then, over twenty years ago, had a reputation as the city of 
colleges. So when the above advice was given to my mother by a cousin 
who had lived all her life in Toronto, we resolved to go down and see Mr. 
Cockburn. 

That visit remains stamped on the memory as one of life's turning- 
points. The afternoon prayers were just over and the boys were swarming 
out of the building as we went up the steps of the Principal's dwelling. 
Shouts of " New boy, new boy ! '* filled the air, and inspired dismal 
forebodings in the heart of one who had never before been at a public 
school of any kind. But the manner and presence of the Principal, though 
to us awe-inspiring, were at the same time re-assuring. His most striking 
statement was that the College was the Canadian Eton, and this came with 
special force to one who had just been reading Disraeli's Coningsby. So it 
was decided that I should be placed in the lowest form, and on the 28th of 
October, 1868, I was entered as registered number 232, that being the 
number of boys at the College in the first quarter of 1868-9. 

That was a very new and interesting life to registered number 232. 
There was the morning roll-call in the " prayer-room," at which the 
head-boy of the College or his substitute — some stentor of the sixth form— ■ 
called out the 232 names, and each boy answered from his place. Occa- 
sionally a boy caused a laugh by entering just as his name was called, 
and answering it in the doorway. Under this system the boys knew each 
other better than they did in after years, when each form had roll-call with 
the form master. 



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128 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Very awful to the mind of the *' new-boy " were the masters seated 
en banc in stalls on each side of the Principal. At the other end of the hall 
sat one of the junior masters, whose attention was severely taxed to keep 
order and prevent personation during roll-call. Another master remained 
in the outer hall to take the names of those who were late, and maintain 
silence among these unfortunates during prayers. At afternoon prayers the 
roll-call was a different one, consisting of the names of those boys who had 
received demerit-marks during the day, and those who were to be detained,, 
or in boys' parlance " kept in." 

The small boys of I. A. were never in the " prayer-room " at any other 
time, except when undergoing the weekly examination or " revisal " by the 
Principal. This was looked forward to with something of the feeling that 
high school boys have when anticipating the visit of the Inspector. There 
being fewer masters in those days, the boys in the lower forms were brought 
under the senior masters to some extent even in I. A., which gave them a 
better training in many ways. 

During my first year at College, a very striking incident happened at 
afternoon prayers, which will be remembered by many old College boys. 
That day it was the turn of the French and German master to occupy the- 
seat at the lower or south end of the hall. Before his entrance one of the Third 
form boys gave to a I. A. boy, seated in front of him, one of those curiously 
twisted instruments of torture that schoolboys will probably continue to 
contrive till the millenium. The pin was put upon the master's chair, but 
the act was detected and the Principal sent the head-boy to fetch him the 
suspected article. Every eye was fixed on the lower end of the hall, not a 
boy dared to remove the biangular dart, and terrible must have been the 
feelings of that poor little LA. boy as the proof of his guilt was relentlessly 
removed and brought to the Principal. But worse torture was in store. 
" Let the boy who put this pin on that seat stand up ; " came in dread tones 
from the dais. For some seconds there was a pause, then with quivering, 
knees the culprit stood up. *• Now go into my room and after prayers Til 
give you the soundest flogging you ever got in your life ! " The command 
was obeyed and while the wretched victim waited his prayers were far more 
fervent than ever they had been in the hall. Nor were they unanswered. 
For when the awful interview came courage was given him to refuse to* 
disclose the name of his tempter. The first effect on the Principal's mind 
was very bitter to the young culprit. " Oh ! you're more afraid of him than 
you are of me, are you ? " but the answer, ** I don't think it would be 
honourable, sir," was given in a way that bore conviction with it. The- 
inciter ver>' soon gave himself up, whether urged by his own better feelings- 



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THROUGH UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 129- 

or by that of his classmates I know not. Certain it is that the caning the 
big boy got was much harder than that received by the little boy. The 
latter in addition was advised never to be a cat*s-paw again, and it is to be 
hoped he took the counsel for which he had paid so dearly. 

In those days the cane was frequently employed, generally by the 
Principal or by the head master of the boarding-house. With the latter it 
was a specific for lying, and often in I. A. have I seen boys weep at the 
invitation " Come to me after three o'clock ! " 

During the later years of my course the discipline while quite as 
thorough was less rigorous, the canings becoming, in one sense at least, 
like angel's visits. 

In other respects, too, there was a very marked change in the College 
spirit. Those were stirring times in the world's history. The great War of 
Secession had just ended. The two mighty conflicts by which Prussia 
fought her way to the possession of the European championship took place 
just before and just after my entering the College. The revival of public 
interest in pugilism is of much later date, but at Upper Canada College 
the interest in the prize ring was quite active in those early days. I had 
not been long at College when I learned that another southern boy had 
been worsted in the ring. His name, Dan Lick, was against him. This 
fight I did not see, as we small boys were kept outside the gymnasium, 
where all the fights came off, while such important contests were taking 
place. It used to give great amusement to the boys inside to throw 
.sawdust in the eyes of such I. A. boys as tried to peep tlirough at the 
•* mills." However, the I. A. boys had their own innings and had some 
very creditable "bantam " performances. One in particular comes vividly 
to my recollection. The two boys were both of Celtic descent, one from 
Cornwall, the other from the neighbourhood of Dublin. The former had 
shown me kindness when I was a new boy, the other had charmed me by 
boyish beauty of face and frankness of manner. It was with mixed feelings 
therefore that I saw my benefactor knocked out after a quarter of an hour's 
hard fighting. But the greatest match of this kind that we had in my day 
was a pitched battle between the champion of I. B. and the two best fighters 
in I. A. This took place some time in the spring of 1869, and excited great 
interest. Having been present when the challenge was accepted I can 
state positively that there were no written articles. There was a verbal 
agreement between the three contestants that they should fight rough and 
tumble, but without kicking, for the I. B. hero, a well-grown boy about 
sixteen or seventeen, wore moccasins and the other boy*s boots. On this 
occasion the I. A. boys were of course admitted to view the fight, which took 
17 



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I30 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

place after school hours. Goliath stood in the middle of a twenty-foot ring, 
and David and Jonathan — boys about twelve or thirteen — took up positions 
one in front of the other, behind Goliath. This added to the novelty and 
interest of the contest. It showed the grit of these boys that the younger 
faced his foe, who was nearly a head taller than either of them. I shall 
only describe the opening of the battle, leaving the rest, after the approved 
fashion of school chroniclers, to the reader's imagination. When the word 
was given, big H. wheeled around, struck B. the elder I. A. boy a blow in 
the forehead that knocked him over and then turned back to get G.'s fist in 
his eye. By this time B. was on him again from the rear, and it took all 
the big boy's strength to stay himself up between them, like a Samson 
tugging at two pillars. It resulted in a drawn fight after all, for the 
appearance of the boarding-house master put an end to this chancery suit, 
which after the opening seemed to lag a little. Next morning, however, all 
the contestants showed signs of the punishment they had received, and it 
was evident that though H. had managed to get both his opponents heads 
in chancery he had not been able to keep his own head undamaged. 

To these pictures of the bellicose state of the College at the end of " the 
sixties" the explanation must be added that while there have been as many 
as three fights in one day, the authorities were strongly opposed to such 
practices. A rather amusing instance of this occurred when I was in the 
third form. One of the boys had the misfortune to be hit in the eye with 
a trapeze and had to remain two days at home, bathing his eye with hot 
water and milk, returning to the College with an excuse stating as a cause 
.for his absence : " An accident in the gymnasium." The Principal looked 
severely at the vari-coloured orb, and wrote down (without listening to the 
explanation) " loses six places," instead of the familiar, *' resume place." 
One of the masters earned that boy's eternal gratitude, by refusing to follow 
this direction, and restoring the boy to his place. 

As time went on this severity proved more eflfcctive than in the case 
of the German duellists, for fighting went out of fashion, and pitched battles 
were heard of no more Occasional challenges were given by hot-tempered 
boys, but so strong was the influence of the Principal that once a sixth 
form boy refused to fight because he feared the ridicule of which Mr. 
Ct>ckburn was such a master. At the same time he expressed his willing- 
ness to defend himself if attacked, but this was beneath the dignity of his 
adversary, as prize-fighting in the gymnasium was beneath his own. A 
curious thing, that dignity! At the present time, I believe, fighting is 
almost a lost art among the boys and the only regular "mill" that h:is 
taken place in the gymnasium of late years was between ex-pupils. 



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THROUGH UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. I31 

With the decay of fighting there grew up another way of showing 
enmity which is more characteristic of little girls than of boys — not speak- 
ing. There were boys who did not speak to each other from year's end to 
year's end. There was also a certain lowering of tone among the boys. 
In those times, twenty years ago, it was an insult to call a boy **a cheat." I 
remember a fight between two boys on this ground that caused considerable 
bloodshed. One of them is now a clergyman, and the other a college 
professor. But as the years passed by greater laxity prevailed until finally 
the sheep and the goats were about equal in numbers. I have been told that 
later on the boys who would refuse to be prompted or assisted in their 
examinations by other boys were the exception rather than the rule. 

Those examinations were ordeals that grew more and more trying as 
the years rolled by. Perhaps the most exciting of all was the earliest — the 
oral "exam." in I. A. The element of luck was much larger in these than in 
the later " written exams.," which began in the Second form. At the same 
time it was much harder to get a high percentage, and when a I. A. boy 
made forty-seven out of a possible fifty in English grammar, and over ninety 
per cent, in his Latin grammar oral examination with Mr. Martland, he had 
a right to be proud of the special prize he obtained. 

The inspiration of that examination carried registered number 232 
through the next two forms ahead of all his I. A. classmates. But in the 
Fourth form the '* new boy " infusion is usually of a good quality. Many 
clever boys were in those days sent up from the Grammar Schools to the 
College, to the great advantage of the latter. Moreover the Fourth form, 
was made a halting-place by boys who had entered the College- at an early 
age, and by their quickness had kept up with their forms so far, but on 
account of their youth were held back at this stage. Then in this form 
there was a great advance in the work done. The reading of Greek, 
Xenophon and Homer, was begun, and the more difficult Latin authors, 
such as Livy and Horace, taxed the ingenuity of the boys. At the end of 
this form came the Exhibition examinations ; and here again there was a 
renewed inspiration for registered number seventy, as he had now become. 
In that year, 1872, the boys who went up for exhibitions had the rare 
honour of being examined in Classics by Professor Goldwin Smith, and in 
Mathematics by the late Professor Young. It is not to be wondered at that 
the Oxford professor, whose Tacitean Latin is at once the pride and despair 
of his alma mater, should have given the head-boy of our form about 
twenty-five per cent, for his Latin prose. But that two boys who had been 
fourth and fifth for the year should come out head \x\ classics was an 
unheard-of thing, and only to be accounted for by the excellence of the 



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132 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

English translation that the boys had learned by heart. It was a nnatter of 
no small pride to one of the competitors that he afterwards came out head in 
Mr. Cockburn's test examination on Livy at sight, and so justified Professor 
Smith's return. So utterly were the masters' calculations upset by the 
results, that a re-reading of the papers was suggested. But the idea of an. 
Oxford examiner re-reading his papers ! 

A noteworthy feature of these examinations was the general character 
of the work. In this, Upper Canada College presented a contrast to the High 
Schools. The High School masters at one time made it a charge against the- 
College, that this institution was more intimately connected with the 
University, and therefore its pupils had a better chance in the University 
examinations. Whatever may have been the case in earlier days it is 
certain that during the last six years of Mr. Cockburn s pri'ncipalship, the 
tendency, owing to a particular cause, was all the other way. This- 
particular cause was the advance of specialism. That system, which has 
found such favour with our practical age, owes its origin partly to the 
influence of political economy, showing the advantage of a division of labour^ 
partly to the example of the German Universities, which in these latter days 
are supplying teachers to even conservative Oxford ; but chiefly to that 
enormous widening of the bounds of knowledge that has made universal 
scholarship one of the lost arts. In 1874 there were proficiency scholarships 
in every year of the University course, and the highest honour a student 
could win was the Prince of Wales* prize, then given for general proficiency 
in the fourth year final examination. But already the High Schools were 
beginning to train up specialists for the diff*erent subjects. Not for years 
later — not indeed until after Mr. Cockburn's resignation — did this system 
come into vogue at the College. The exhibitions were always granted for 
general proficiency in classics, mathematics, English, history and geography, 
chemistry and physiology. To be narrow was impossible. With such a 
course, coupled with the character of the teachers, was a guarantee against 
"cram." 

Of the masters who taught between 1868 and 1874 but two, Mr. Wedd 
and Mr. Martland,* remain in the school. For more than twenty years these 
gentlemen have imparted the humanities to generation after generation of 
College boys. Both of them in hearty sympathy with the boys, both good 
classical scholars, both skilled in imparting knowledge to their pupils, they 
were at the same time poles apart in their methods. It was one of the 
greatest advantages of the school that the teaching was of this varied 

• Both these masters have now (Oct., 1891) been retired. — Editors, 



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THROUGH UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. I35 

-character. In Mr. Cockburn the pupils had a teacher whose vigorous, 
shrewd, and practical mind had enjoyed the combined advantages of Scotch 
and German training. Mr. Wedd, like the late Chief Justice Moss (one of 
the staunchest friends the College ever had) and other of Ontario's departed 
worthies, was a representative pupil of that fine scholar and courteous 
gentleman, Dr. McCaul, whose far-reaching influence on the mental life of 
Canada, it would be difficult to over-estimate. Mr. Martland, in turn, was 
eminently fitted to bring the influence of an English public school and 
university training to bear upon the College boys, and more especially the 
boarders. It was customary to read most of the classical authors on the 
-course with each of these masters in turn ; was it any wonder that at the 
university the classical scholarships and medals were nearly always taken 
by their pupils? 

This breadth was indeed a noticeable quality of the instruction even in 
the lower forms. Here it was carried into effect by means of the weekly 
revisals that have been already mentioned. Every old College boy will 
remember the " vim " which the Principal used to put into these oral exami- 
nations on the work done. Entering the prayer-room, with the stride of 
an Arab sheik, sometimes a little late, owing to the claims of visitors, (once, 
I remember, just in time to catch a couple of boys in a fight, and send them 
out to wash their faces) he would take the head-boy*s book and then the 
rush of questions that began to be scattered here, there, and everywhere, till 
the class was thoroughly sifted and the dregs left at the bottom. Then as 
the index finger swept more and more swiftly past the foot boys, their 
names would go down to swell that day's " detention list " and the position 
of head-boy would grow more and more trying, for he had to act as a net to 
catch all the hot balls that went through the lower ranks. 

Woe to the boy who tried to look in his book or to prompt his 
neighbour ! An incident that took place at one of these revisals is worth 
-commemorating for what it shows of boy nature as the College was then. 
It was revisal in Ancient History, an old boy was head and the second boy 
was a new boy who had been working himself up by amazing diligence to 
the head of the Fourth form. An attachment had sprung up between the 
two boys who sat together in Mr. Thompson's room. So when the new 
boy asked the other to tell him a question the head-boy complied. He was 
caught — it was very rarely that a boy fooled Mr. Cockburn — and told at 
once to ** go foot." He went, and as the hour was nearly over when this 
happened, he had not risen very far when the end of the recital came. It 
chanced that the register in which the numbers were kept was not at hand 
-and Mr. Cockburn told the bbys to give their numbers to Mr. Martland 



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134 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

that afternoon. . At dinner time the new boy came to his prompter and 
after some persuasion induced him to keep his place at the head of the form 
and let the new boy resume the low place from which he had taken so long 
to rise. Everybody felt it was a proper thing to do, for he had asked the 
other boy to tell him. But it caused a wonderful revulsion in the feeling with 
which the form regarded that new boy. Jealous of the rapidity with which 
he rose there had been something of " combine * against him. He had 
been kept down by waj's more characteristic of the heathen Chinee than of 
the Upper Canada College boy. But after that incident there was no bar 
to his upward progress, and years after, when it became his turn as head- 
boy of the College to fear the rise of an ambitious new boy, he was often 
aided by his old chum of the writing-room, who to this day remembers 
gratefully the magnanimity of W. B. N. 

Earlier in the hour during that revisal a question on the Decemvirate 
had given a rise of twenty places to a boy whose beautiful, classically cut 
features were in keeping with his knowledge of Roman history. This boy, 

who had been at Harrow, was the only one that thought N p's kindness 

should have been refused. " You should*nt have let him do it," he said. 
Years after, when the same boy had completed his professional course as a 
physician, and was still in the first flush of youthful manhood, he was 
wrecked off the coast of Newfoundland. Swimming up to a boat with 
another drowning man he learned that they had room for only one more : 
** Take him, then," he said, and swam away to die the death of a hero! 

'* To each his sufferings : all are men 

Condemned alike to groan : 
The tender for another's pain 

Th' unfeeling for his own. 
Yet, ah ! why should they know their fate, 
Since sorrow never comes too late. 
And happinesstoo swiftly flies. " 

Not the least transient of the joys of College life were the friendships therv 
formed. As the writer recalls the boyish faces of his friends, and remem- 
bers how they are scattered : one in St Louis, another in Winnipeg, a third 
in the North-West, a fourth, the dearest of all, lost in the Far West and 
unheard-of for years, he is constrained to cry out against the restless spirit 
<rf the times. Many a loyal supporter has it given the old school, whose 
sons are to be found in every quarter of the globe. 

In the upper half of the school the day boys had a better opportunity 
of knowing each other through the influence of the College Debating 
Society. It was customary to select a few of the Fourth form boys as 
members of the society, so as to prepare them for future usefulness, and 



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THROUGH UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 1 35 

in one year the wisdom of this plan was shown. The first meeting after 
we entered the Fifth form was a stormy and eventful one. The lower half 
of our form was more muscular than literary, and took more pleasure in 
slamming the benches together than in listening to the debaters. The din 
had become quite deafening when order was suddenly restored in a very 
remarkable way. The Sixth form was unusually staid and dignified — more 
than half of its eleven members afterwards went into theology or law. 
Their head-boy, President ex officio, had in vain called for order ; they had 
consulted together and now they formally made known the result of their 
deliberations : they withdrew from the society. This decision having been 
announced by the President, he left the chair and marched solemnly out of 
the masters* door, followed by all the Sixth form boys. Thus the great 
secession was consummated. 

This withdrawal of the senior form restored perfect order among the 
boys who were left. A discussion took place on the course to be pursued, 
and now the experience of those boys, who were already members in the 
Fourth form, came into play. Urged on by these and confiding in their 
judgment it was resolved \ That the Fifth form keep up the Literary and 
Debating Society. For that year therefore there were two societies in 
operation in the College, and the boys of both Fifth and Sixth forms had a 
doubly good opportunity of becoming debaters. The Sixth form did more^ 
for they published the College Times, without any aid from the members 
of the Literary and Debating Society. Efforts were made to bring about a 
reunion, but they proved ineffectual and the schism was healed only at the 
end of the year, when the Sixth form left the College. 



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JOHN MILNE BUCHAN, M.A., 1881-1885, 



BY A. H. YOUNG, B.A. 



^'2^ HOUGH accident of birth would have made him a citizen of the 
li ) "G'S^bouring republic, John Milne Buchan was through his family, 
^^•^ education, tastes and preferences a Canadian and a British subject. 
Born in Lockport, New York, in 1842, he was brought when yet an infant 
to Upper Canada. In Hamilton he received his early education, and, after 
being head-boy of the Grammar School there »n Dr. Sangster's time, 
matriculated thence into the University of Toronto. Here he was contem- 
porary with Hon. J. M. Gibson, Prof. Loudon, Dr. McLellan, Rev. J. Munro 
Gibson, Rev. Dr. McNish and others who have since made a name for 
themselves. Never fond of display, and valuing more than prizes and 
medals that for which they are given, he devoted himself to the pursuit of 
learning for its own sake, and in due time left the University with a good 
foundation laid for future culture. The curious may see for themselves 
in the University class lists how well he stood and what honours and 
medals he won. 

A short time after graduation he returned to Hamilton to become head- 
master of the recently reorganized High School. His work in that position 
was so well done that, in 1873, when anew High School Inspector was to be 
appointed to represent modern languages, the Chief Superintendent of 
Education offered him the appointment. For eight years he continued, 
with Dr. McLellan and the late Mr. Marling, the one an old College boy 
and the other a former master, to supervise the secondary education of the 
province, sowing the seed which is now bearing such good fruit Then, 
happily he once more returned to teaching when the principalship of Upper 
Canada College became vacant in i88i,and the Government of the day, 
desirous of conciliating the High School Masters, offered it to him. That 
their choice was a good one has never been questioned. Certainly most 
boys who attended the College in Mr. Buchan's day will appreciate the 
estimate of him given by one of his Hamilton pupils at the time that death 
cut him off. " Mr. Buchan was no ordinary tutor or educationist. With a 
fine education, with the application and enthusiasm in the pursuit of 



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REGIME OF PRINCIPAL BUCHAN, 1 88 1 -85. 1 37 

• 
knowledge which mftkes the cultured man, Mr. Buchan united a humanity 
which it is given few mortals to experience. Hundreds of young men in 
Canada have lovingly sat at his feet, and learned from him not merely the 
knowledge which books impart, but the higher and better instruction of 
brotherly kindness, of manliness, and of nobleness of character. As a 
teacher Mr. Buchan had probably no peer in Canada, possessing in a 
remarkable degree the faculty of imparting the learning he had himself 
acquired. * * * The personal affection towards him of his pupils was 
something e.Ktraordinary ; he won the confidence of his scholars almost at 
sight, and so heartily, so genuinely did he sympathize with them in all their 
joys and sorrows, their sports and studies, that almost a brotherly love 
sprang up between master and pupil." 

Great had been the amusement among us boys over the various lists 
that, from time to time, had been called for by order of the Legislature 
when the fate of the College was being decided. Had not one lad from a 
rural district wished to have his father styled agriculturist i And, when 
asked if that was not the same thing as farmer, had he not scouted the 
very thought and insisted on agriculturist, when, after all, the man was no 
farmer but an honest country doctor ? And had we not, boy like, got it 
into our heads that all this row was being raised by the High School 
masters, and wrongly, as we afterwards found out through Mr. Buchan, 
concluded that these men were worthy of no consideration at all ? Then, 
we had gone down to the opening of the House and gazed in admiration 
at our Principal as he stood, a striking figure in his academicals, among the 
gay throng upon the floor. So, with all our watching and all our listening 
we were not surprised after the summer holidays of 1881 at the announce- 
ment made by the boarders that Mr. Cockburn was going to leave on prize- 
day ; boarders have always been able, for reasons well known to all who 
have attended the College within the last thirty years, to give early and 
trustworthy information concerning matters of general interest. 

At length prize-day — the day that was to witness the end of a twenty- 
years' principalship and the coming of a new man — arrived. The last 
Friday in September was the all-important date. A beautiful autumn day 
it was, and everything looked its best. The western sun shone brightly in 
through the great windows of the prayer-hall, one of the monuments of the 
retiring principal. His predecessors in their frames, and the noble founder 
of the school, all the better for the recent attentions of the varnisher and 
gilder, looked down with a frown, a jolly, mirthful smile, or a certain 
imperious dignity upon the scene about to be enacted. The very curtains, 
divested for the nonce of their every-day holland dress, did honour to the 
18 



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138 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

day in all the glory of their crimson and the gold embroidered crest above 
them. The uncomfortable, somewhat monk-like, old walnut seats, relics of 
the older hall, whereon in awful dignity had sat generations of masters, to 
listen, in appearance at least, to the morning and evening reading of the 
Scriptures, or to mark out for correction the irreverent and the misbehaving 
— these seats even, despite their faded damask cushions and valances, 
looked a trifle brighter while waiting to witness another change in the life of 
the College, and to receive the throng of distinguished nien who had that 
day come to do honour either to the old, or to the new. Principal. 

The gilded honour rolls, not the least beneficial stimuli afforded by the 
associations of the place, were proxies for those whose names they bore, and 
in all their pride awaited the coming of the procession from the Principal's 
room. Soon it came, heralded by cheers for the Governor from prize-boys 
drawn up at the head of the stairs, and crossed the hall amid the lusty 
shouts of a couple of hundred boys massed at either end of the room about 
the places usually sacred to masters. Quickly the ordinary business of the 
day was done ; prize-boys, marshalled from Mr. Brown's classroom by Mr. 
Martland came in, form after form, in quick succession and then made way 
for others ; exhibitioners rejoicing in their prospective wealth, whether 
coming from the College treasury or their fathers' pockets, nervously signed 
the book ; the head-boy, now a gay and festive freshman, carried off his load 
of books and his meed of applause, and the speeches began. 

To recount all that was said of the College and the two Principals, in 
praise of the closing administration or in anticipation of the one just begin- 
ning, were here out of place. The interest to-day, of the boys at least, 
centred not in these, nor wholly in the presentation of an address and 
memento to Mr. Cockburn. The great pleasure in the latter had been in 
buying the one and writing the other, connected as they had been with 
invitations to a farewell dinner party at the Principal's, which had caused 
not a little trepidation to the boys of the Sixth and the exhibitioners of 
the Fifth. Never had any of us been at a formal dinner before, so we 
had to decide in solemn conclave, perched upon the desk in the Principal's 
classroom, the all-important question of wearing coats or jackets, white 
ties or black, gloves or no gloves. But to-day the main thing was to see 
the new man and read his character as far as possible. 

Soon, by ways known only to boys, it was found that the tall, thin man, 
on Principal Cockburn's left, was Mr. Buchan. Dark-eyed and dark- 
haired he was, rather sombre and mournful-looking, and still only in the 
thirties, though thought and study gave him the appearance of being older. 
But he could smile, and what a smile! It made him look many years 



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REGIME OF PRINCIPAL BUCHAN, 1881-85. 1 39 

younger, and at once gave confidence to those looking at him. Evidently 
a kindly man, yet one not to be imposed upon. Though asked to speak; 
he preferred to let the old Principal be Principal till the close of the day^ 
and to wait till Monday to introduce himself to his pupils when removed 
from the embarrassing gaze of curious strangers who had come to criticize. 

On Monday morning, contrary to custom, there was not a laggard on 
the way to the prayer-room. Every boy hurried to prayers as he would 
have done to play. Already Mr. Buchan was in his place, though the 
masters still loitered at the head of the stairs exchanging their morning 
greetings — and their bits of gossip. While they lingered thus, the boys 
began to applaud. Louder and louder grew the applause, and at last 
three hearty cheers and a tiger were given for the Principal. At the first 
** hip " he stood up, uncovered, made a profound bow and, when the noise 
had ceased, returned a few words of thanks. Then in came the masters, 
and prayers went on as usual, but well nigh three hundred boys had been 
captivated by the little act of courtesy done them in the very happy 
recognition of their reception. 

Of course, there came the inevitable putting through to which even 
principals are subjected ; but we soon found that we had in our Principal a 
friend who respected the rights and feelings of school-boys and was ready 
to grant us every liberty, as far as the school discipline would permit, and 
therefore we early gave up the game. 

Shortly after Mr. Buchan's coming the Sixth was waiting for him in 
his classroom just after dinner. To pass the time two of the biggest of 
them had a scuffle which was interrupted by the opening of the door of the 
Principal's private room. The two boys were ordered to get up from the 
floor, which they did, covered with dust and very sheepish withal, slinking 
off beneath the steady gaze of the Principal. They were quietly told that 
this time the impropriety of the scuffle would be overlooked, but not the 
next time. The next time never came. 

It was customary in those days for the Sixth form and the Fifth to 
remain in the building during the noon-hour. Some of the boys, however, 
wearied of being locked in, had made their way out by one of the windows 
and back by the same means. This, being found out by Frost, was duly 
reported. An investigation was held, in which we were all made to feel 
very foolish, though little was said, and that very quietly. Thenceforward 
the Fifth, who as generally happened, had been the chief offenders, had to 
betake themselves to the " Taffy," the " Gym,'' or the old lunch-room in the 
basement, instead of enjoying the comfort of a warm classroom at noon. 



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140 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

As St. Andrew's day drew near, the Principal was astonished one day 
at being asked of what nationality he was, if he was Scotch. He asked 
*' Why ? " and was told that it had been customary, as it had been except in 
the previous year, when the head boy did not think of asking for it, for a half- 
holiday to be given on the anniversary of the patron saint of the Principars 
native country. With an amused smile, one he often wore, he said he was 
not a Scotchman, but his father was, and he gave the half, without prejudice, 
however, to future years. 

One day in the prayer-hall some announcements were being made, and 
we were paying no heed to them. All at once the Principal stopped 
speaking and a hush immediately fell upon us, only to be broken by the 
ringing of the table-bell which had stood unused for all the weeks of his 
term of office. We were then given to understand that we were to have no 
other signal but the Principal's voice to ensure quiet 

At another time there had been a great deal of talking and laughing at 
prayers, but this was stopped when the Principal very gravely reminded us 
that at prayer-time we were "in an especial manner in the presence of the 
Supreme Being, and that it therefore became us to be reverent" To say 
we never talked or laughed again during prayers would be to say we 
became goody-goody youngsters, which we were not, but there never again 
was any necessity to publicly reprove the school for this offence. 

But, grave and serious as he was, he was also kindly. A boy never 
brought a note to school giving illness as an excuse for absence without 
being asked about his present state of health, or, in the case of family 
bereavement, without sympathy being expressed by a look, if not by words. 
A little thing in itself this was, but one often talked about among us. 

Among other trying things that happened during Mr. Buchan's first 
year was the death of one of the boys. The event was all the sadder from 
the fact that the boy's home was in Jamaica, and that, excepting a brother 
at school with him, he had neither relatives nor friends in Canada. From 
the beginning of the illness until the day when the boys followed the body 
through the rain to the grave, Mr. Buchan was kindness itself. 

More joyous memories, though, are connected with both Mr. and Mrs. 
Buchan. In the Spring when games'-day was drawing near, the Principal 
took the chairman and secretary of the committee over on Thursday to call 
on Mrs. Buchan, who, before they took their leave, gave them an invitation 
for themselves and the other committee-men to afternoon tea on games'-day. 
Of course not a few of them took advantage of this invitation, and they 
thoroughly enjoyed themselves. After leaving school it was a pleasure to 



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R&ilME OF PRINCIPAL BUCHAN, 1881-85. H^ 

old boys to call at the Principars house on games'-day or prize-day and, 
over a cup of tea, renew their acquaintance with the College and revive old 
meniories. 

Just when the school examinations were beginning, and the boys 
matriculating were about to leave, they were all asked by the Principal to 
spend a quiet evening with him. Needless to say that every boy put in an 
appearance and enjoyed to the full the simple entertainment so unaflFectedly 
provided. Except Mrs. Buchan, there were no ladies present, and conse- 
quently there was no dancing, but a little music and a great deal of 
conversation, of which the Principal himself was the life and soul, more 
than made up for any lack. Delightful and full of interest as this year had 
been, this little evening filled up the measure of it and made more than one 
of us feel almost home-sick at the thought of leaving the old College for 
good, even though we were going to that place of great and varied delights 
— the 'Varsity. 

Going away, we carried with us the knowledge that \#iatever might 
happen us we had at Upper Canada College a friend we might be free to 
consult in any difficulty. We carried with us, too, the deeply impressed 
feet of the worth of the man who had taught us ; — a man with lofty ideals, 
who, though he by no means undervalued the little externals that go far to 
make pleasant the humdrum, work-a-day life, yet had learned not to live 
for them but to subordinate them to the concerns of his intellectual and 
nK>ral being, a man who studied in order that he might be worthy, and live 
a manly, straightforward, kindly and useful life. 

II. 

It was in the prayer-hall only or in his private room that the majority 
of the boys saw and knew the Principal as, in his deep musical voice, he 
read prayers, made announcements, called over the lists at the chanijing of the 
seats at the end of the markings, or administered public or private reproof 
and correction. To the higher forms, particularly the Sixth, he was better 
known by his teaching them and being consulted by them on various 
school matters, such as the games, the Literary Society, and the College 
Times. 

After the suppression of the journal several years before, on account of 
its too free criticism and caricatures of the masters, the College Times was 
revived in Mr. Buchan s first year at the school. T. C. Street Macklem 
(now rector of St. Simon's Church, Toronto) was editor, C. B. Beck (at 
present a master in the Toronto Church School for Boys) was treasurer, and 



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142 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Allan Scatcherd, of Strathroy, was secretary. The committee came mainly 
from the noble or gallant Fifth, it having been stipulated that, for this year 
at least, no boys who were reading for matriculation in honours at Toronto 
should have to do with the management. In passing, it may be remarked 
that the epithets " gallant " and " noble," always applied to the Fifth in those 
days, were Homeric in their character, and had no specific meaning unless 
it were a certain tendency on the part of the boys in question to hasten to 
the John Street fence when a procession of girls from one of the neighbouring 
ladies' schools passed by, and to most religiously attend evening service at 
the Church of the Holy Trinity for a somewhat similar reason. 

In turning over the dusty pages of the Times for that year, one has 
his memory refreshed concerning little things that had dropped into the 
background. Now it is little turns of expression peculiar to the masters, 
but to the Principal in particular ; now a chronicle of the games, of 
prize-day, or the doings of the Literary Society, or some boyish joke at 
another's expense. A series of sketches of old boys — among them the Hon. 
Edward Blake, the Hon. Adam Crooks, and Mr. S. Arthur Marling — was 
one noticeable feature of the paper ; while original sketches on a variety of 
subjects, attempts at poetry and theatrical criticisms were well done — for boys. 
That almost sounds as though one might be praising himself. If anybody 
thinks so, he must be content with the excuse which often used to be given 
by a genial old master who, for some forty years of his pilgrimage through 
the wilderness of school life, has rejoiced in the name of " Billy " or *' Billy 
Goat." When we nudged each other, with many an accompanying wink, 
at the announcement that a piece of verse, quoted to illustrate a point in the 
lesson, was his own, " Billy" would say " Oh well ! Boys ! That was done 
so many years ago that I can judge the verse quite dispassionately — almost 
as though it was the work of another man, you know." Of course we had to 
know, but there was a chorus of " Oh " ! ! ! The same old master frequently 
said in an argument with the boys over the marks on a paper, for instance : 
" Well, boys ! I am open to conviction." As surely as he said that, though, 
wc soon learned that no length of argument could bring conviction. It 
might bring demerits, but they were almost certain to be taken off again if 
wc assumed a properly penitent air, or pointed out to the kind old man the 
dreadful consequences that would ensue on Saturday afternoon if the demerits 
were entered, and how grieved our parents would be when the reports 
went home. 

Considering the circumstances that before had led to the suppression of 
the Times, the masters in session in the Principal's room, where they gave 
counsel on affairs of state and discussed boys' characters and doings, advised 



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R^.IME OF PRINCIPAL BUCHAN, 1881-83, I45 

that it be resuscitated only on condition that the Principal should act as 
censor. Accordingly, all copy was submitted, but no practical difficulty was 
encountered. Little that was objectionable was sent in, for there was no 
use in that It was certain to be thrown out ; and woe betide the boy who 
put anything in on the sly. The editorial staff would not have stood such 
a thing either, for it would have been taking a mean advantage of the Princi- 
pal. Scarcely any help was given by the masters in editing the paper, the 
aim being to make us depend upon ourselves as far as possible. So also 
with the Literary Society, and nearly everything else. Advice was given 
when asked for, but they were our own affairs and we had to shoulder the 
responsibility of failure and were given the credit of success. 

After football season ended, something was needed to relieve the monot- 
ony of the days before skating had come. A Literary Society was proposed, 
consent to establish it was obtained, officers were elected, a constitution was 
drawn up, and week by week, or as often as the committee had a programme 
ready, a goodly number of boys gathered in the room, then Mr. Martland's 
classroom, where now the boys from Mr. Jackson's and Mr. Brock's at least 
go through the motions of learning their lessons night after night. The 
reading-desk was brought down from the library whither it had been 
banished from the prayer-hall. The desk at which " Authority" sat during 
the day was taken from the platform and set at the end of the room. The 
benches, which, as we had many a time heard in that same room when 
lessons had been poorly said, did not communicate learning through the 
mere contact of our bodies with them as we sat upon them, were ranged 
facing the chaii', and proceedings began. Minutes were not always 
approved in the formal fashion one generally sees in older assemblies, but 
were often discussed and had to be amended. After the reading of minutes 
the president vacated the chair to let some other member of committee 
sum up the debate and give his decision, while he himself became 
a private member for the time being and listened to some, on the principle 
of criticism already laid down, not bad speeches on such old-time subjects 
as '* Is a lie ever justifiable ? " " Are early marriages conducive to the welfare 
of society ? " etc., etc. Early in the society's history, however, that article of its 
constitution, which it had copied from that of the society at University College, 
prohibiting the discussion of party politics was repealed. Consequently the 
meetings became even more lively, all the more so that the elections of 1882 
were drawing near. " It is preferable for a college to be located in the 
country rather than in the city" drew a large crowd to listen to arguments 
founded perhaps, in the speakers' experience, as to the bad effects of 
parading King Street, etc. None of us for a moment thought that there 



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144 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

was any serious prospect of our College being located in the country, though 
even then, one of our number whose father was, and is still, in politics told 
us as a great secret how the College was to be moved, perhaps, to Scarboro/ 
a new building erected out of the proceeds of the sale of the old site, the 
residue to be a new endowment, while the old one was to go to swell the 
revenues of the University. The actual state of things is worthy of com- 
parison with the older scheme. 

The most enjoyable of all the meetings of our Literary Society, 
probably, was the last one. Summer had come, exams, were drawing 
near, a surplus was in hand (the expenses had not been heavy, so too much 
credit cannot be given the executive for its thrift), the society might not 
exist another year, and, if it did, why should our surplus be carried over? 
The most natural solution of the difficulty, to a boy's mind, was ** a feed." 
From the fact that a sub-committee visited Coleman's (the "Taffy" would 
not suffice this time), and that the Times had the following chronicled in its 
next issue, all may judge how easily the troublesome surplus was disposed 
of: "The subject for discussion was: ice cream and cake. Debaters; 
members (all on the affirmative). After the members had partaken of 
these refreshments, and after a chorus of spoons vs. plates (borrowed from 
the boarding-house and due there again at five o clock) the company 
showed how they had mastered the Terpsichorean art. The society (led, 
we suppose, by the singing-class) sang * God save the Queen.' After three 
cheers had been given for the president and officers of the society, for Sir 
John A. Macdonald, Mr. Blake, and Centre Toronto, the society was dis- 
solved, not prorogued." Because of the arduous duties performed by the 
committee, and because there was not enough ice-cream to give a second 
lielping to every one of the members (forty odd), the committee returned 
to the prayer-hall to have a second feast free from interruption by the 
private members, some of whom had, strange to say, joined the society 
solely to enjoy the privilege of attending this meeting. The treasurer, who 
has since gone into business, insisted that the membership fee should in 
every case be paid before the interesting " debate " began. 

Though the society was " dissolved," the president had to appc^ar before 
the Principal on the following morning and explain how his name h.id been 
cut on a bench and how the legend " Billy Goat " came to be on another. 
The meeting had had to be held upstairs, for the piano could not well be 
brought down from the library, so Mr. Wcdd had kindly let us have his 
classroom, now Mr. Brockls, and, in earlier days, the northern half of the 
prayer-hall. The return wc made him is related above. Of course, b >y-like, 
the president knew nothing about the matter, he having been in the chair. 



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R^IME OF PRINCIPAL BUCHAN, 1881-85. I45 

For once, therefore, Frost was obliged to do the necessary repairing without 
the levying of fines and without other recompense, for the society's money 
had all been spent the day before. 

It has been already said that the boys came into contact with Mr. 
Buchan, and learned to know him in consulting him about the games. In 
this matter, however, it was only in the more general arrangements, such as 
the day games were to be held on and matches played, that the Principal 
was spoken to. In the details the master who was always looked to was Mr. 
Martland,and naturally so : firstly, because he took a real interest in games 
themselves and in boys, and would walk any distance to see them play a 
football or a cricket match. Then, he was house master, and, as such, had 
for years helped the boys to make all their arrangements, and had managed 
all their affairs in such a way as to make them happy and contented ; and 
lastly, the games were very largely a boarding-house affair, because the 
day-boys played on the grounds at recess and noon only, and were expected 
to take themselves off home as soon as school and detention were over. 
The boarders, on the contrary, were on the grounds all the time, in early 
morning, at recess, at noon, and in the afternoon and evening. Such being 
the case, it was but natural that they should take the lead in sports, and, 
each year, elect as their president and consult at every turn their old 
favourite. But it was soon noticed that on practice days, as well as match 
days, Mr. Buchan turned out to see how the boys were getting on, and stood 
watching their play by the half-hour. The boys' hearts warmed toward 
him accordingly. 

In making arrangements for the first games after his coming to the 
College, the writer well remembers in what a difficult position Mr. Buchan 
was placed. It will be remembered that in the old days there was a graded 
rate of subscription to the games' fund. The Third paid seventy-five cents a 
head, but III. A., being made up for the most part of small boys, had no 
vote and could not be represented on the committee. III. B. was more 
fortunate, for, being larger boys, they had both these privileges. Here was 
an injustice, and all wrongs must be righted. So the reformers laid their 
plans, but, strange to say. the majority of these reformers were candidates 
who would carry the election if III. A. could get a vote, but v/ould lose it 
otherwise. The conservatives insisted on adhering to old established custom. 
The very College would be wrecked if any of these old customs should be 
changed. Party spirit ran high. Chalk advertisements on fellows' coats 
and elsewhere solicited the vote and influence of the electorate for one party 
or the other, and election d«iy was drawing on. 

19 



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146 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

In order to exercise the ancient right of his position, the head-boy had 
himself excused from Mr. Furrer's German class, and went to afternoon 
prayers to ask the Principal to summon to the meeting the forms from III.B. 
up. But a reformer had forestalled him, asking to have III. A. included. 
Being assured that this was an innovation, the Principal called the meeting 
in the old way. After prayers III. A. laid their grievance before the 
Principal, and the head-boy was sent for from the meeting which had 
already begun in Mr. Martland's classroom. Once more the question was 
decided against III. A., but the reform leaders still persisted, and came with 
the Principal to the meeting, where nominations were already being 
received. A consultation was held with the whole Sixth form, and, they 
agreeing with the head boy, the Principal finally withdrew, saying he could 
not interfere. Thus he was always careful to change as little as possible the 
old usages of the College. 

Needless to say the meeting was none the quieter for the dispute, and 
the reformers were beaten. By way of retaliation the III. A. vowed they 
would not pay their subscriptions, but a threat to exclude them from com- 
petition in the games and to give them no invitation cards broke down 
their opposition. The games went on, and had the success that usually 
attends them. 

To Mr. Buchan's first year belongs one innovation which deserves men- 
tion. For years the boarders had had their minstrel show at Christmas, but 
no day-boy had ever been present at it — unless he had stolen in. This year, 
however, an invitation to the supper and show was given by the committee 
to all the exhibitioners and, if the writer is not mistaken, to all the boys of 
the Sixth who were day-boys. Early, for promptness has always been a 
virtue of the house, the day-boys presented themselves and were received 
by the head-boy of the boarding-house in Mr. Martland's drawing-room. 
Thence, after a short delay, they were marshalled in state to the dining- 
room. (There was only one in those days, though now the seniors have 
betaken themselves to what was the senior study to eat.) Here memory 
fails to recall the enormous quantity of oysters said by the boarders to have 
been bought for the feast. All sorts of Christmas good-things were heaped 
on a dinner plate at each boy*s place, beside which also was a box of candiesi 
On the box, in many a case kept to recall the jolly night, was 

Upper Canada College Boarding-House. 



A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. 



Safe Home and Safe Back Again ! 



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RftilME OF PRINCIPAL BUCHAN, 1881-85. 1 47 

Supper over, the dining-room was cleared, and we all went upstairs. 
There we ate our good things, scattering nutshells from one end of the house 
to the other, regardless of the housemaids' extra flourishes of the broom, 
and^ eqiNUly heedless of the feelings of our schoolmates when they should 
get into bed. 

As we were going up-slalrs several fellows whipped out pillow-cases 
and made it known that they were ready to receive contributions of cake, 
apples — anything eatable. One lad who was particularly fond of eating, 
received in his slip a glass of lemonade to wash down the more solid pro- 
visions. He did not appear, however, to approve of that way of taking 
lemonade. 

On going back to the dining-room at the ringing of the bell, we found 
it had become a theatre, with stage, curtains and scenery. Mr. Martland's 
piano, with tambourines, banjos, guitars and mouth organs, made up an 
orchestra to accompany the chorus. The interlocutors questions, the 
cndmen's jokes, the speech, the witticisms at the expense of principal, 
masters, steward and servants have nearly all faded from our memory, but, 
in thinking it over, the same feelings of delight are almost felt again ; with 
them comes regret that there was another side which finally led to the 
suppression of this entertainment. It always did not a little to make a 
Christmas feeling in the house, and was one of those pleasant things which 
used to make boys glad to have been at Upper Canada College. 

III. 

Genial as the glimpses we obtained showed him to be in private life, 
kindly and judicious as he was in all his dealings with us, it was in his 
teaching that Mr. Buchan shone most of all. To give an adequate idea of 
it were impossible, and yet, on the other hand, one's appreciation of it might 
lead to exaggeration. For the first week or so the old time-table was in 
force ; following it, the Principal took Horace. Though he appreciated the 
beauties of that author, his sympathies did not go out to classical studies as 
they did to certain others ; hence the teaching was not at all inspiring. But 
what a change when the new time-table came into force and he took his 
favourite subjects — History and English ! He no longer seemed the same 
man ; he was enthusiastic. The afternoon hours, often the dullest and most 
uninteresting since they came just after dinner, were now looked forward to 
more than any other. Not lecturing but simply talking, asking a question 
here and there to make us think, to have us give him ground to work upon, 
and to find out whether we had read the lesson or not, he in a certain 



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148 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

measure made us realize that the Greeks and Romans and the men they 
fought with, their writers and their statesmen were men of the same flesh 
and blood, and of like passions with ourselves ; that the social and political 
problems presented to them were, after all, much the same as those we have 
to solve in our day ; and that History, the unfolding to us of cause and 
effect, was not merely a collecting and memorizing of certain facts, but a most 
instructive study to warn us from the rocks on which so many men and so 
many nations had struck and sunk in days of old ; a beacon to guide us as 
citizens in doing our duty to our countr)-. 

In the art of questioning he was a master, and many a time did the 
simple word " why " disclose to us the fact that, underneath many a point 
we thought quite clear, there were depths still to be explored and explained. 
When our embarrassment at not being able to suggest a reason, or at 
suggesting a wrong one, showed itself in our faces, the amused smile, so 
often noticeable, came into his eyes and he would proceed to tell us all 
about it till no obscurity remained. 

But delightful as these lessons in History were, those in English were 
still more so. Why they should have been will be best understood from 
what he himself said at various times and in various places. "The study 
of English Literature is better calculated to cultivate the intellect and the 
heart than that of any other subject." Again, ** He who acquires such a 
taste (that of the study of literature) not only places within himself a foun- 
tain of perennial pleasure, but ennobles his nature, and makes himself capable 
of rising at will above the trivialities of everyday life to contemplate themes 
worthy of the intellectual being." And once more, *' The savage, as he 
faces the mystery of life, finds no footprint on the sands of time to guide 
him ; the civilized man, on the contrary, sees before him the traces of the 
great and the good of preceding generations who, though dead, yet speak 
to him in melodious verse or eloquent prose." 

From his introductory lecture, in 1876, to the Ladies' Educational 
Society, formed under the presidency of Mrs. Ewart, the widow of an old 
head-boy, when as yet women had not been admitted to University lectures, 
from his introductory lecture in literature to this society, which had his 
fullest sympathy as well as that of the late Prof Young and of others equally 
prominent, we may gather something of what were his views of teaching 
English. Nor, from what has been already quoted, shall we be surprised. 
"I do not regard myself as a pump and each one of you as a bucket into which, 
through my agency, are to be conducted so many gallons from the Pierian 
Spring. No, my conception of the duty I owe to you is far different. I do, 
it is true, intend to pump a certain quantity of facts into the reservoirs of 



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RlfiGIME OF PRINCIPAL BUCHAN, 1881-85. I49 

your memories, but I intend to do more. I shall attempt to show that these 
facts have a meaning fraught with interest for ourselves if we can only get 
at it." 

In another place, when dealing with methods of teaching English, which 
until recent years was, by reason of the methods pursued in most schools, 
made as wearisome and uninteresting a subject as any on the programme 
of studies, he writes " Parsing, the analysis of sentences, the derivation of 
words, the explanation of allusions, scansion in the case of verse, the point- 
ing out of figures of speech, and the hundred and one minor matters on 
which the teacher may easily dissipate the attention of his pupils should be 
strictly subordinated to this great aim. The masterpieces of our literature 
were written not to serve as texts whereon exercises of various kinds might 
be based, but to convey to others in the most attractive form the thoughts 
and feelings which pervaded the minds of their authors, and the chief 
benefit which any reader can obtain from them is to imbibe those thoughts 
and feelings and to inhale for a time the atmosphere by which they are 
surrounded. The essential thing is, that the mind of the reader should be 
en rapport with the mind of the writer. There is something in the influence 
of a great soul upon another soul which defies analysis. No analysis of a 
poem, however subtle, can produce the same effect on the mind and heart 
as to read the poem itself." 

These were his views when, about 1876, he and his fellow inspectors 
were able through their representations to have an English text put on for 
the Junior Matriculation into the University of Toronto ; when, later on, he 
became an examiner in the University ; and lastly when by virtue of his 
being Principal of the College he took his seat in the University Senate. 
But, best of all, they were the views he put into daily practice in his class- 
room, where, with benches drawn up close to his desk, we listened to him as he 
talked of the glorious Elizabethan age and showed us how Shakespeare fitted 
into it, or of the artificial Frenchy age of Dryden and Pope, and of the revolu- 
tion brought about by Cowper and Goldsmith. Richard II.'s woes were 
more pitiful, the public and the private character of the man were made 
clear to us ; the " Deserted Village,'* always beautiful, grew upon us ; and 
even " The Garden *' with its cucumbers, sewers and stercoraceous heaps 
seemed fit subjects for poetic composition. Day by day we gave him our 
understanding of passages or he gave his to us, or, listening to his reading 
of the poems in his deep, rich voice, we were thrilled through and through, 
and day by day imbibed more of his spirit and had our tastes formed by his. 
Whatever love and appreciation of the beauties of English literature any of 
us has to-day is due mainly to those pleasant after-dinner hours spent in 
the large classroom adjoining the Principal's private room. 



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I5o UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Mr. Buchan's main object in life, as we have seen, was to study ** that 
he might be worthy," and, after that, to make others love what he had found 
to be worth loving. He, therefore, did not confine himself to History and 
Literature alone, though these were the only subjects he taught in the 
College. Early in life he took up the study of Botany ; his reasons for so 
doing may fairly he drawn from an essay on ** Our April Flowers," read 
before the Hamilton Association. " It' is for their influence in the formation 
of character that the pursuit of the physical sciences is especially valuable. 
The love of truth, patience in investigation, fertility of resource and habits 
of accurate observation required for the successful study of any of the 
physical sciences are qualities which cannot easily be over-estimated." 
Again, " an occasional ramble is very pleasant, but a regular morning or 
afternoon tramp becomes monotonous as the treadmill. Under these 
circumstances the study of some physical science furnishes the needed 
incentive to exertion, and while it exercises the body, refreshes the mind 
by turning thought from its ordinary channels. The ideas gained enlarge 
the mental horizon, life becomes easier because mind and body are healthier, 
and more enjoyable by the addition of one more mode of pleasant exertion. 
The ardent entomologist or botanist will have thews and sinews worth 
speaking of, and a plentiful lack of indigestion, nor will mental thews and 
sinews be wanting, and he will have a heart full of the love of all pure and 
beautiful things — the best safeguard against the entrance of impure thoughts." 

Anthropology with its kindred subjects was another study to which, 
with its many problems, he turned in even his busiest days with unchanging 
delight to keep his mind from deteriorating by contact with immature minds. 
Freshened by contact with master minds, he was always ready for his work, 
and always had an elevating influence upon his pupils, while his attainments 
in science and literature were rewarded by his election and re-election to 
the presidency of the Canadian Institute. 

IV. 

Despite his connection with the Canadian Institute and the University 
Senate, not to speak of other public duties, Mr. Buchan never allowed his 
work as Principal to be neglected. Throughout his nigime the school 
prospered, so far, at any rate, as can be judged from increase of numbers 
and from the standing of pupils in the matriculation li^ts — neither of which, 
however, is in itself ever a sufficient standard by which to judge a school. 

As to the former, the causes of increase are quite evident. The first 
undoubtedly was the quiet his appointment had brought to the school ; no 
school, especially a boarding-school, could do its best work amid such 



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RfclME OF PRINCIPAL BUCK AN, 1 88 1 -8 5. 151 

• 
turmoil and uncertainty as his predecessor had had to contend with during 

the latter part of his principalship. Full allowance being made for the 
effects of this quiet, as well as those that a change of itself brings, everyone 
will agree that the manly, straightforward character of the new principal did 
not a little to influence parents in the choice of Upper Canada College as 
the place to send their boys. His answer to a lady who asked him to take 
a special interest in her boy was characteristic, " Madam," said he, ** I cannot 
take more interest in your boy than in any of the others, and I shall try to 
take as great an interest in each of the other boys as in yours." It certainly 
was not the answer of a worldly-minded man or of a time-server. Another 
cause of the increase was the obligation the new head of the College felt 
resting upon him, merely by virtue of his receiving a boy into the school, 
to get rid at once of any boy who clearly showed by his conduct that his 
further presence would be hurtful to the institution and to the other boys. 
This disagreeable but necessary duty was performed with his usual con- 
sideration, the boy generally being informed at the end of the term that it 
was not desirable that he should return after the holidays. After all, the 
pursuance of this policy was the chief reason for the masters' houses being 
filled with boys, one after the other, as they fell vacant. 

As for matriculation scholarships and the like, whoever wishes to 
know the College's standing from 1881 to 1885 must consult the honour 
rolls given in the present volume. To dwell upon them would be an insult 
to Mr. Buchan's memory, for he never dwelt upon them himself, in anything 
of that spirit, at least, in which a jockey might with some propriety be allowed 
to speak of a horse he had trained and ridden to the winning-post. Apart 
from other considerations, he knew too well that one cannot always count 
on having clever boys to win the scholarships. Indeed his definition of a 
clever boy was *' one who had a capacity for work." Though they may be 
naturally clever, boys vary in this capacity for work, while there may happen 
in one or two years to be really dull boys. Therefore, as a mere matter of 
policy, one can see the wisdom of his not setting much store by scholarships 
and honours as such, and certainly one would not expect him to advertise his 
school as an honour-getting establishment. Another quotation from the 
" April Flowers '* will emphasize this idea. " We are all continually tempted 
to forget that there is something more valuable to a nation than wealth and 
power, that is the character which makes it possible to acquire wealth and 
obtain power." Accordingly, he strove to build up a good character for 
the school and allowed its reputatioi) to take care of itselt 

Under ordinary circumstances, it would have been an especially difficult 
task to come to the school as Mr. Buchan did, and yet to achieve success. 



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152 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

It was the difficulty that ''might naturally be expected by a comparatively- 
young man coming to be principal over men older than himself in years as 
well as in experience, one of whom at least would have been offered the 
position, had it not been for the peculiar circumstances in which the College 
was at that time placed. Happily the staff received Mr. Buchan with the 
greatest cordiality, and everything ran smoothly. 

Again, he came as the representative of a policy of retrenchment But 
on this point he himself soon saw the difficulty of living, even quietly, in 
Toronto on salaries which appeared large when compared with those paid 
in High Schools. To manage to live and work comfortably year in and 
year out with men whose pockets had been affected, if not by his coming, 
at least contemporaneously with it, would have been no easy task if there 
had not boon on both sides a determination to do their duty fairly the one 
toward the other. 

No easy task either was it for a man who had had but little experience 
of boarding-schools to take the headship of one whose superintendent had 
been managing the house for nearly twenty years, and had done his work well 
in spite of many difficulties and drawbacks. Yet he himself, as a study- 
master in the College early in Mr. Cockburn's and in Dr. Barrett's time, 
and afterwards in his own home in Hamilton, had learned to know that the 
best interests of the school required him to be Principal only and to take 
cognizance of those house matters alone which were referred to him. Thus 
he followed the good example set him by his predecessor. 

Not only a policy of retrenchment, but one of change was his to be, 
as any one who wishes may see in the report on the College prepared by 
the late Minister of Education. Formerly all boys intending to matriculate 
had been obliged to pass through the Sixth Form whether intending to 
write for honours or for pass only. Of recent years the opinion had become 
common that this extra year was a waste of time, and it was, therefore 
deemed advisable to establish a matriculation class for pass boys separate, 
from that for honour candidates. Thus the College was brought into line 
with the practice that prevailed in the larger High Schools. Since that time, 
inasmuch as the University is now crowded with boys instead of men, the 
question has presented itself as to whether the extra year is really, or in 
appearance only, wasted time. 

Another change contemplated by the Government when it placed Mr. 
Buchan over the College was the re-establishment of the Modem Forms 
which had been abolished some years before. It had been necessary for 
every boy in the school to take Latin, while an option was allowed in the 



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REGIME OF PRINCIPAL BUCHAN, 1881-85. 153 

case of the other languages. Now, however, it was regarded as useless to 
make boys grind away at Latin and Greek if they were going into business, 
while certain other branches would be of more practical benefit to them. 
Accordingly, in 1882, the old order was restored, and boys intended for 
business were enabled to take advantage of the finishing given in the 
boarding-house, and at the same time pursue a course in Modern Languages, 
mathematics, chemistry and bookkeeping, and were thus in some measure 
fitted for their work after leaving school. 

Besides these changes in the classes, there was one which was not 
popular with the boys — there are no conservatives like boys. It tended 
also, perhaps, to divert their attention to specialties rather than to the 
general all-round learning for which Upper Canada College had justly been 
celebrated. Such diversion, it is hardly necessary to say, was not the 
reason for the boys' disapproval of the rearrangement of the exhibitions, 
but the fact that the money was less in amount than it had been. Prior 
to the session of 1882-83 there had been four exhibitions for general pro- 
ficiency tenable in the Fifth and in the Sixth, the first two in each form 
being worth respectively eighty and forty dollars, with tuition ; the other 
two entitled the holders to tuition only. Now, there was to be but one for 
general proficiency in each form, while the other three were to be given 
for modern languages, classics, and mathematics, thus following the lead 
of the University of Toronto toward early specialization. As has been said 
already, the unpopular part of the new scheme was the manner of dividing 
the money. Hereafter no boy could win eighty, or even forty dollars, since 
no more than thirty dollars (with free tuition) was attached to each exhibition. 
Moreover, no matter how many he might win, a boy could hold but one 
exhibition. 

In text-books and methods little change was made, since there was a 
strong feeling that it was not well to have too much uniformity in educational 
matters, and that Upper Canada College had a good field in which to work 
out its problems in education after its own fashion. 

Other changes, but of minor importance, also took place. Now dis- 
appeared the row of frames that u.sed to hang on the wall of the down- 
stairs hall. In these, written in old Mr. Thompson's neat, round hand, had 
been displayed the honour rolls of the Forms at the end of every marking — 
a source of gratification to fond parents when they visited the school, and 
of course to the boys themselves. But the pupil whose ambition was to be 
foot did not mourn their disappearance. 

The " revisal," or examination of the forms that had been wont to be 
held periodically by the Principal in their various subjects of study found 
20 



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154 UPPER CANADA COLLlSGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

no place in Mr. Buchan*s time-tables. Many a hapless youth who had 
heard with much quaking the familiar formula, ''Three to four, and write it 
out," was devoutly thankful that revisals were no more. With them also 
vanished the time-honoured general detention presided over by all but the 
house masters in turn down in Mr. Thompson's, or, as it was often called, 
the writing-room. Sundry carvings, drawings, and etchings on the forms 
and long old desks showed how the boys had not learned their lessons, 
while a goodly collection of College paper to be found in their rooms after- 
wards gave evidence of their forethought and thrift. 

Of all the customs of the College the ancient system of going up and 
down in class, and marking accordingly, was the most sacred ; it was 
therefore suffered to remain with but slight modification. The Sixth, all 
reformers this time, not long after Mr. Buchan's entrance upon his new 
duties, made a most respectful request that the old system might be changed 
— so far as they were concerned at least. The inevitable " why " made it 
necessary for them to call into play all their logic and powers of persuasion to 
shew what a premium the system placed upon cheating, etc. With the usual 
promise for consideration we had to be content for a day or two ; but that 
was easy, for we already knew that once a matter was taken into considera- 
tion It would not be forgotten. At length we were told that the markings 
would hereafter be on the results of examinations held when we had finished 
a subject, or a part of it Rejoicing in our triumph, we did not know until 
years afterwards when turning over the leaves of the minute-book for the 
masters' meeting that there had been a formal discussion of the question. 
We had won our point ; that was the main thing. 

There may have been other changes, but they were not of importance 
enough to impress themselves upon the memory. Whether brought about 
at the suggestion of the Government or otherwise, those that were made 
were followed by no calamity, as some had seemed to fear. On the contrary, 
the College was even stronger than before, while opposition almost entirely 
disappeared. Whatever may have been the expectations of those who 
suggested Mr. Buchan's appointment to the principalship, and they were 
doubtless high, they cannot have been disappointed. The same manliness, 
uprightness, and simplicity of character, the same devotion to learning, 
diligence in business, and conscientiousness in the discharge of his many 
duties, and the same gentleness and kindness which had won and kept the 
love and respect of many in his student days, in his earlier manhood as a 
schoolmaster, and, in the succeeding years, in the exceedingly difficult 
position of Inspector of High Schools, caused him to be loved, respected, 
and after his death sincerely mourned, by those College boys who were 



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RfelME OF PRINCIPAL BUCHAN, l88l-8S. 155 

ibrtanate enough to know him. No mere matter of form was it, no mere 
consideration of the proprieties, that prompted them to go on the funeral 
day to show their sympathy with the mourning family, in the short autumn 
days when more of them were in town to send a boyish address of 
condolence to Mrs. Buchan, and later on to erect in Mount Pleasant a 
simple stone recording the dates of his birth, principalship, and death. 
To them generally it was clear that, in becoming Principal, it was not so 
much he who was honoured, but rather he who had done honour to the 
College. In them, though dead, he lives again, an inspiration to the doing 
of noble deeds. 



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A TRANSITION PERIOD. 



BY G. MERCER ADAM. 



CHE old order giveth place to the new. After sixty years, insti- 
tutions, like men, are apt to suffer change. In the case of the 
College, it is, however, not easy to see why change should come to 
it, save that in these democratic times little is venerated, and the socialistic 
leveller is permitted a fatal facility in tampering with old-time State endow- 
ments. Insidious, from Ihe first, has been the cry against Upper Canada 
College. The voice of envy loved to taunt it with being a privileged insti- 
tution. The charge was that it was designed only for a class. Even from 
those who might be expected to be its friends sympathy was withheld from 
it, because it was unshackled by the Departmental Machine and had 
immunity from Government Inspection. The same critics objected to it 
because its staff was paid too highly ; forgetting, seemingly, that to cheapen 
salaries at the College was to lower the rewards of the educational profession 
generally. Contemporary with these cries, came one from a still more 
interested source, which was plied through a long series of years with art- 
ful, and finally, with fatal persistence. This was the charge that Upper 
Canada College had, in its early years, been a heavy burden on Toronto 
University and owed it a large amojunt for overdrafts on maintenance 
account. Whatever truth was in the charge, and we shall deal with that 
presently, there were set-offs which should have squared the account, to say 
nothing of injustice to the College arising out of a scandalously loose system, 
in the early years of both institutions, of financial administration. Still 
further did self-interest seek to prejudice the public mind against the 
College, by re-enforcing the last charge with one which investigation subse- 
quently proved to be utterly without warrant. This new device of the 
enemy called in question the legality of the College endowments, a charge 
which, as we shall see, was as unfounded as that which aspersed the College 
for preying upon the funds of the Provincial University. These and other 
sinister objections were from time to time made the subject of parliamentary 
inquiry ; but unhappily they were not always fairly dealt with, even when 
strenuously rebutted, and where statements founded on them were emphati- 
cally disproved. As years passed, hostility to the institution increased, and 



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A TRANSITION PERIOD. 1 57 

the ** College Question," as it was called, came annually into the evil arena 
of politics. The result, despite the heartiness with which its friends rallied 
to its defence, could not be doubtful. The legislature was not always 
wisely informed as to facts, and Committees dealing with the subject had 
perhaps an unconscious bias, imparted, if not by active opponents outside 
the College, by a spirit within the assembly apparently inimical to the 
higher culture. Before investigation had proceeded very far, and before the 
College's defence had been heard, public opinion was influenced adversely 
by the cries to which we have referred, cries which in a popular assembly 
not over-scrupulous in its regard for public faith or even careful not to 
traverse the will of former legislatures, were sure to prevail. It is possible 
also that the House was not altogether free from a certain prejudice against 
the provision for the maintenance of the College made at a time when the 
provincial administration was in ultra-Tory and autocratic hands. Present- 
day Radicalism might be excused for resenting, for instance, the tone of Sir 
John Colborne's message to Parliament, in which he advised it of his inten- 
tion to provide for the College in such a manner as to place it above risk 
either of failure or overthrow. ** Before I leave the province," said the far- 
seeing though, perhaps, not politic founder, " I shall endeavour to procure 
for the institution (Upper Canada College) such protection as may enable 
it to counteract the influence of local jealousies, or of the ignorance or vice 
to which in a new country it may be sometimes naturally exposed." 
Unhappily, Sir John Colborne's safeguards were not proof against spolia- 
tion, still less were they proof against the spirit and temper which is apt to 
breed vandalism. 

Vandalism in the provincial legislature we do not say there was, 
though more than once debates on the College question betokened designs 
not quite guiltless of that taint. In the heat of discussion much, of course, 
has to be excused to a speaker who has taken a pronounced side on a public 
question ; but the spirit was not acrimonious merely that demanded the 
abolition of an institution which for over half a century had been a bulwark 
against ignorance and, educationally, was a sound and strong pillar of the 
State. Nor was the clamour for the diversion of its endowment creditable 
to legislators who might claim to be above the arts of the demagogue and 
in sympathy with higher aims and aspirations. If vested interests, hallowed 
by many and tender associations, were not sacred in the hands of representa- 
tives of the people in parliament assembled, to whom should we look for 
the permanance of our institutions, and even for the integrity of the State? 

Not only insidious but prolonged was the agitation against the College. 
For fully twenty years its enemies kept up a current fire of detraction and 



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I S8 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

flung at the hapless institution almost every missile which envy or selfishness 
could invent. Even denominationalism was dragged in as an ally of the 
enemy in the fray. This was done in concert with the movement to bring 
about college federation, and to augment the resources of Toronto University, 
with which the denominations were seeking affiliation. To bear the expense 
of the enlaf-ged teaching staff and a more thorough equipment of the Uni- 
versity, when the federation scheme was projected, more funds were needed. 
For supplying these, the ill-favoured design was then formulated, to lay 
hands upon the endowment of Upper Canada College, which for a number 
of years had been a trust of the University ; and later came the outrage of 
expropriating even the College's old historic site. How the provincial 
legislature came to sanction these ruthless misappropriations, and subse- 
quently to ratify what was a gross violation of a sacred trust, we shall 
with amazement presently see. Only an obtuse or a commonplace mind 
could have been misled by the perversion of facts by which the iniquity was 
justified in parliament and before the country, and only a conscience unre- 
sponsive to the promptings of honourable dealing would have given effect 
to the wanton spoliation. We write, as we feel, strongly on this matter, for, 
in respect of the whole question, we hold that there was nothing in the 
circumstances of the case to justify so sacrilegious an act as the govern- 
ment and parliament of the province ere long committed. Nor can we see 
any reasonable consideration of public policy to warrant the despoiling the 
College of its endowment, and, at the instance of selfish rivalry, tearing it 
up by the roots. 

Looking back now upon the whole controversy, when a forced acquies- 
cence, in the results of recent legislation has stilled the agitation and cooled 
the blood of the most ardent defender of the rights of the College, one is 
abjured to write dispassionately. In briefly reviewing the history of this 
crisis in the affairs of the institution — which we have termed " A Period of 
Transition " — we shall endeavour to write dispassionately. We have stated 
that the agitation against the College lasted for fully twenty years. In its 
more virulent form, the clamour may be said to have broken out in the 
year 1 868, when the provincial high school masters made common cause 
against the institution, as a privileged rival, burdened the press with 
interested outcries, and brought their grievances to the bar of parlia- 
ment. Some ten years later, the College bore the brunt 'of a still more 
bitter onslaught, from pretty much the same partisan sources. A general 
indictment appeared, in the form of a pamphlet, issued under the auspices 
of the Grammar School Teachers' Association, which became the arsenal 
of the Philistine weapons used in the fray. The grounds of attack at both 
periods were in the main alike, though at the second outbreak, fuel was 



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A TRANSITION PERIOD. 1 59 

added to the flame of enmity by the proposed expenditure of $30,000 for 
additions to the buildings used as the College residence. The College was 
spoken of as a pampered institution, designed for the sons of Toronto pluto- 
crats, inefficiently conducted, and wasteful in its management — charges 
which were far from the truth. Nor were the tactics of its assailants merely 
Philistine : they sought not to reform, but to abolish, the institution. With 
this iconoclastic aim, they accused it of enjoying its endowment illegally, and 
averred that it subsisted only by the grace of the other secondary schools of 
the Province, which were starved to maintain the institution. This calum- 
nious statement the now well-known history of the College endowment 
conclusively refutes. The statement was at the time met by Mr. G. R. R. 
Cockbum, then Principal, who also replied to the other items of indictment 
contained in the pamphlet issued under the sanction of the Grammar School 
Masters. Mr. Cockbum's rejoinder was addressed to a Committee of the 
Provincial Legislature on Education, in 1869, and is an able and exhaustive 
refutation of the charges made by the enemies of Upper Canada College. 

In the years 1880 and 188 1, the attacks on the College were renewed. 
To meet them, the Hon. Mr. Crooks, then Minister of Education, prepared 
a special report on the history, working, and condition of the institution, 
which was submitted to the Legislature. In this report the origin of the 
College endowment is traced historically to its source, in the Crown appro- 
priation of public lands for the general purposes of education made when 
the Province was founded. This appropriation consisted in a land grant 
of 500,000 acres, set aside to endow a University and four Royal Grammar 
Schools, one in each of the four districts into which the Province was at 
first divided. The Royal Grammar Schools were intended as feeders to 
the projected University, after the model of the great public schools of the 
motherland. Of the 500,000 acres, one half was set apart for the University, 
and one-fourth of the other half (66,000 acres) was devoted to establishing 
** Upper Canada College and Royal Grammar School," its long-time official 
designation. Public documents are extant to prove the validity both of the 
original provision for the general purposes of education, covered by the 
specific grant of Crown lands, in 1798, and of the later appropriation, in 
1831, of the 66,000 acres for the endowment of Upper Canada College. 
These conclusively attest what we are more immediately concerned with — 
the legality of the College's endowment, a legality which has since repeat- 
edly been confirmed by Acts of the Provincial Legislature.* In defiance of 

* In Mr. R. E. Kingaford's paper, in the present volume, this has already been pointed out. 
The reader is further referred, in confirmation of the matter, as well as to the general history of 
the College endowment, to page 27 of Principal Cockburn's " Statement," prepared for tba 
Legislature (Toronto, 1869), and to the *< Memorandum " of the Hon. Mr. Crooks, submitted to 
the Legislature in 1881. 



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l6o UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

the facts, once more here set forth, it was contended during the College 
controversy (the financial connection of the two institutions, and for a time 
their common administration lending colour to the charge) that the 
College had been endowed from lands specially devoted to the erection 
and support of the provincial university. Another assertion of its 
enemies was to the effect that the College drew its maintenance from lands 
styled " Grammar School Reserves," which it was claimed had passed under 
the control of the Provincial Board of Education, established in 1821. Both 
statements, it need hardly be said, are untrue. Despite proof to the 
contrary, however, much wrong was done to the College by the dissemina- 
tion of the misstatement while the agitation was in progress. There were 
other charges brought forward at the period, but of a minor though equally 
unscrupulous nature ; and these we should weary the reader by retailing 
here. Unfortunately, with the sum of the other and more weighty charges, 
they adversely influenced public opinion and insidiously prepared the 
Legislature for the perpetration of a great wrong. 

We may be suffered a word here of what may frankly be admitted 
as the only vulnerable point in the armour of the College, if even this 
concession is due to its assailants. We refer to the administration of the 
institution, which its enemies deemed wasteful and inefficient. During its 
long existence, Upper Canada College fell at various times under a more or 
less indifferent management, both of men and of systems. At first it had a 
council of its own, under which, the provincial university not being in 
existence, or rather not having been launched on its academic career, it 
practically did University work. When King's College went into operation, 
the institution fell under the control of the long-projected University. But 
King's College did not, in name at least, attain to the dignity of a University 
until 1850, and when it did Upper Canada College was given back its own 
council. Three years later, another change came to it. It was then placed 
under the management of the Senate of the University, which appointed a 
standing committee of five members, who were entrusted by order in council 
with the " administration of its financial affairs, so far as regards the 
disposition of its income, and subject to the Lieutenant-Governor in Council 
as to its capital and endowment." Under this Board of Management its 
affairs have since been administered, though at Confederation the Education 
Department of the Province, through the Minister of Education, has had 
the practical disposal of its affairs, subject to the approval of the Legislature. 
Under the early years of this diverse management the College had a some- 
what chequered career. We have already seen that for a time there was 
indulgence in collecting and laxity in accounting for the College fees. The 
general methods of finance were, in like manner, at first easy-going 



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A TRANSITION PERIOD. l6l 

and, in relation to the University, somewhat complex. But each institution 
had its own endowment, and the common Bursar, writing in 1868, when the 
affairs of the College were being closely looked into, is authority for saying 
that ** neither from the University Permanent Fund nor from its Income 
Fund has any grant been made to Upper Canada College since I took 
charge of the endowment." * While the College has )iad its financial 
difficulties, and while the administration at periods might have been more 
wise as well as thrifty, it is gratifying to know that the institution has been 
no pecuniary burden to the Provincial University, and that for its mainten- 
ance it has drawn on its own resources. It has been difficult to eradicate 
popular belief in the reverse of this statement, but the evidence is too over- 
whelming to admit of it now, or at any future day, being questioned. 
Justice, though tardy in its coming, should at last be done to the College 
in this matter. We submit also, that the College has never had full credit 
given it for the work it accomplished in its early years, when as yet the 
University had no existence, and when the College, for ten years at least, 
not only did its own work, but that of the University. 

Equally satisfactory is the College's claim to the possession of its own 
lands. Where there was a doubt as to the legality of some portion, at one 
time claimed by the Toronto Grammar School, doubt was set at rest by the 
Executive Council of the old Province of Upper Canada, in a report of a 
committee of the body. Candour requires it to be said, however, that 
financially speaking, it was not always smooth-sailing with the College. 
Doing the work it did, and that at a time when it was most important to 
the country that its work should be done, and well done, it was necessarily 
at heavy expense to maintain itself. Nor, as a distinctive and invaluable 
provincial institution, was it always fairly treated by Parliament. In i860, 
in a fit of economy. Parliament withdrew its annual money grant to the 
College of over a thousand pounds currency. This occurred at a most 
inopportune time, when the institution had to honour drafts on its income 
for pensions or gratuities to retired or retiring masters. This drain, some 
$2,000 per annum, continued for over seven years, and to meet it entailed a 
pro rata reduction of the salaries of all the staf!*. Despite this and other 
drawbacks, the College, during "the sixties," set forth on a highly prosper- 
ous as well as most notable career. The credit of this is largely due to 
Principal Cockburn, whose regime, as we have seen, covered the period 
from 1 86 1 to 1881. These twenty years were perhaps the most critical 
in the history of the College. They are those that saw the institution 
rise to the full stature of its lusty manhood, under one of its most vigorous 

• Letter of Bursar David Buchan to Principal Cockburn, appended to the latter's "State- 
ment to the Committee of the Legislature on Education," Toronto, 1869 (page 31). 
21 



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l62 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MENfORIAL VOLUME. 

and efficient heads. Never before did the College shine as it shone during 
these couple of decades. Only that fact could have triumphantly carried it 
through the long series of assaults to which it was then exposed. But 
manly, as well as aggressive, was the defence made for it ; and Principal 
Cockburns "Statement," to which we have referred, testifies to the effective- 
ness of the rally to its aid, no less than to the un scrupulousness and bitter 
character of the attack. 

The Government's course at this time respecting the institution added 
in no little measure to the perplexities of the position. The affairs of the 
College, though nominally controlled, as we have seen, by a Committee of 
the University Senate, were really controlled by the Minister of Education, 
acting for the Provincial Government. The institution was thus brought 
within the untoward influence of politics. When its affairs came to be 
liiscussed in the legislature, the government, properly enough, had to give 
car to the will of the House. There, the government, in its relation to the 
College, was however under two fires — the fire alike of its supporters and 
its opponents — for on the College question there were foes on either side, 
and opinion in the House traversed party lines. Nor was there a common 
ground of hostility to the College : one section of the enemy sought its 
abolition to augment the revenues of the University, the other, to supple- 
ment the government grant to the Grammar Schools, Why the College 
endowment, anciently set apart for a sacred, and surely commendable, 
purpose, should thus be gambled for, and its confiscation bruited, was 
intelligible to no honest mind. The act that would legislate Upper Canada 
College out of existence might be made to legislate out of existence all the 
secondary schools in the province, .and, with them, the University itself. Ply 
the axe at the root of one institution, was the current reflection, and what other 
was safe? Nor, as we have already said, was there anything in the circum- 
stances of the case to warrant the threats of the despoiler. The institution 
had fallen upon evil days ; it had not fallen, however, into decadence. 
Never had it been doing better or more useful work. To alienate its funds, 
was, at any time, to do a great wrong ; to raise the clamour against it at 
the period was utterly and wantonly unjust. To speak of it as a local insti- 
tution, maintained for a class in the capital of the province, and doing work 
equally well done by the High Schools, was quite misleading, if not wholly 
untrue. The College had been, and still was, distinctively national ; it was, 
moreover, a residential school ; and in this respect it filled a place filled by 
no other institution of its scope and character in the Province. It is true, 
it educated the sons of well-to-do Toronto residents, but it would be strange 
if the wants of this class were not entitled to consideration, even if it did 
not seem reasonable that they should take advantage of the facilities supplied 



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A TRANSITION PERIOD. 1 63 

"by a local institution. Besides, were not the parents of these pupils the 
main supporters of the College, and that despite the fact that they were 
taxed to maintain the Public Schools of their localities which they did not 
use i The city pupils, it is calculated, averaged less than half the number 
attending the College, while they contributed fully half the revenue. If a 
parallel is to be drawn between the circumstances of the College and those 
of the High Schools of the province, the advantage, in one notable respect, 
will not be with the latter. In the matter of fees the contrast between them 
is a sharp one ; for while the College contributes from this source some forty- 
five per cent, of its total receipts, the High School contributes only five per 
cent. Happily there is to-day little need to repeat these contrasts or to 
take up afresh the old brands of warfare in defence of the College. In 
the history of the period with which we are dealing, it is however necessary 
that the case should, as far as possible, be fully presented, especially in a 
volume such as this, where essential facts may be looked for that throw 
light on the controversies of the time, with some record of the vicissitudes 
through which the institution has passed. Nor must it be forgotten that 
though the College had its enemies, it had also its friends ; and it is due to 
such to indicate at least the lines on which the battle was fought for the 
preservation of the institution. 

Nor need the charge that the College was an aristocratic institution 
be seriously confuted : the character and career of its long roll of distin- 
guished sons absolve the writer from undertaking so trivial a defence. 
What the College had to impart in the way of tone and manners was a 
desirable, certainly not an undesirable, element in the education of demo- 
cratic youth. Nor as an educational agent, looking to the character of its 
work, is it difficult to repel the charge that the College was inefficiently 
conducted. In now meeting this point, there is no need to underrate the 
achievements of the Provincial High Schools ; but, as was aptly remarked 
at the period, "their unquestioned usefulness is no argument against the 
existence of an institution which has served to most of them as a conspicuous 
model.*' The contention often heard at the time, was, that the High Schools 
were doing work almost equal to that done by the CoUe^je, while some of 
the Collegiate Institutes were abreast of it in special work. It would be 
ungracious to make invidious comparisons ; but the writer is happily relieved 
from this in being able to quote from the Minister of Education conclusive 
evidence of the status of the College and unimpeachable testimony as to 
the character of the attacks then made upon it. *' In getting up a cry 
against the College," said the Honourable Mr. Crooks in a debate in the 
House in 188 1, "the selfish instincts of certain interests had been appealed 
to, and the petitions resulting therefrom were no indication of public opinion.'* 



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l64 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

"From 1867 to 1879," the Minister went on to say, "about four thou- 
sand pupils received their training at Upper Canada College, — an average of 
three hundred yearly — so that the usefulness of the institution had not 
ceased. The reason of the endowment was that an institution of a pro- 
vincial character, such as Upper Canada College, should be supplied to give 
secondary education. During the ten years forty University scholarships 
had been taken by the College against sixty-six by all the High Schools. 
* * In three years from 1877, the College had obtained twenty-three 
scholarships in arts, while in four years from that date all the High Schools 
(over a hundred in number) had taken only thirty-six. * * It was not 
true, moreover, that Toronto as a municipality got any special advantage 
from the institution, since the parents of the pupils contributed about 
$12,000 a year towards its maintenance. * * To abolish an institution 
which had confessedly been of great use for fifty years was a singular propo- 
sition, unless it could be proved that the College had failed in the object 
for which it was founded. The same proposition could be made in regard 
to the University endowment, on the ground that the local colleges were 
doing good work." Not less conclusive, and we hope we may say not less 
impartial, was Principal Cockburn's reference to the record of the College, 
in a speech made at the annual distribution of prizes in the previous year. 
"At the examinations of the Toronto University alone, for 1880," said the 
Principal, " the students of the College had carried off one gold medal, 
three silver medals, six scholarships, sixty-five first-class honours, twenty- 
eight second-class honours, three degrees in medicine, eight degrees in arts, 
and one in law." The College record, again, from 1867, when the institution 
was transferred to the care of the Provincial Government, to the present 
time, showed that the following students had matriculated at Toronto 
University alone during that period : 175 with' first-class honours, 204 with 
second-class honours, and fifty-two scholarships — making a total of 431 
honours or distinctions, apart from special prizes, or 30.79 honours for each 
matriculant, and four scholarships. This was apart from honours obtained 
at the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, Trinity (Dublin), Edinburgh, 
London, McGill (Montreal), and at the examinations of the Law Society, 
Military College, and similar institutions." Better testimony than this to 
the eflficiency of the College, and to the high standard of work it was doing, 
could hardly be furnished : it is its own and a sufficient answer to the 
attacks made upon it. While we say this, we are not unmindful of the 
truth that the efficiency of a school is not to be measured merely by the 
number of university honours its pupils may obtain. That the College is, 
or was at any time, a class institution, is belied by the statement made at 
the period by one of its many loyal sons. " During my three years* course/* 



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A TRANSITION PERIOD. 165 

Avrites an 'old College boy' from Belleville, "I sat beside and competed 
with the son of a shoemaker, the son of a journalist, the son of a mechanic, 
three sons of merchants, two sons of lawyers, two sons of clergymen, and two 
5ons of farmers." Only Philistinism or a petulant prejudice could remain 
hostile to testimony such as this. More reason, perhaps, had the High 
Schools to complain of the College, in attracting their pupils to it by its 
offer of annual exhibitions, and in appropriating credit for the honours won 
by them at the University, after perhaps only a year's coaching at the 
College. While the exhibitions were maintained, there was no doubt a 
grievance here ; but it was a grievance which did not call for more than a 
protest from the High School Masters, certainly not for the obliteration or 
the disponing of the College. 

The College happily withstood the onslaught in the Assembly of 1881. 
The local and municipal spirit, which, abetted by the jealousy of the High 
Schools, had laid covetous eyes on its endowment, was not then gratified. 
Mr. Crooks, who, as an old College head-boy, had been loyal in the defence, 
had, however, not wholly triumphed. He and the government had saved 
the institution from wreckage, but Cerberus had for the time being his sops. 
These and the general results of the agitation were briefly as follows : 
authority for the expenditure on im residence was, from politic motives 
not pressed in the legislature ; the College's affairs were to be more closely 
looked into ; economy was to be rigidly enforced ; and the institution was 
to be made to come more effectually under the Provincial Educational 
system. Some of the masters, moreover, were to have their salaries reduced 
while others, long in service, were to be retired. The instituting of these 
changes, and doubtless the application of the pruning knife, had an untoward 
and, at the time, unlooked-for sequel. It brought about the resignation of 
Mr. Cockburn, as Principal. This occurred on the reopening of the College 
after the midsummer holidays in 1881, when, as we know, Mr. J. M. Buchan, 
then Inspector of High Schools, was installed in the Principalship. Regret, 
as well as surprise, was of course manifested at Mr. Cockburn's resignation. 
The friends of the College naturally looked upon it as ominous of further 
change. In this respect, the enemies of the institution had won a point ; 
and policy appeared to have dictated that the new Principal should be an 
old High School master. The appointment of a successor brought about 
the no doubt intended result ; it allayed, for some years at least, the storm 
of agitation, and the College once more set forth on its now reposeful and 
beneficent career. 

Principal Buchan's regime was uneventful, since unhappily it was brief. 
His death, which was greatly regretted, occurred in 1885, after four years of 



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l66 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

able and careful administration. Under him, the College was permitted to 
pursue the even tenor of its way and continued to do excellent work. It 
was said that the controversy over its affairs had done good, since it put 
the staff anew on its mettle and had an inspiriting influence on the manage- 
ment. Possibly this may have been the case, though there is no reason 
specially to credit the agitation with giving the institution a spur beyond 
that which it had always had from the zeal and high sense of duty exhibited 
by its governing heads. One mercy, during Mr. Buchan's period of office, 
the College was manifestly thankful for ; it was let alone. This, as we have 
hinted, was in part due to the politic appointment of Mr. Buchan, who was 
greatly esteemed by the High School masters, and was himself, for many 
years, one of their number. It was doubtless, in part also, due to the 
concessions made by the Government in the new administration of the 
College, which for the time being disarmed, but did not uproot, opposition. 
All too brief, as we shall presently see, was the respite from attack. Mr. 
Buchan's lamented death once more brought the College and its affairs into 
the arena of discussion. The vacant Principalship was worthily filled by 
the present incumbent of the office, who, like his predecessor, stood in the 
forefront of the teaching profession in the province, and had long been 
known as one of the most able and successful of headmasters. Principal 
Dickson's regime dates from 1885. With his installation, the College made 
a further leap in a career of progress, as well as of efficiency and usefulness, 
hitherto hardly paralleled in the history of the institution. Largely animated 
by the modern spirit. Principal Dickson brought to the headship of the 
College just those requisites which the institution found most valuable in 
the new dispensation which had been forced upon it. In his new sphere, 
as has been truly said of him. Principal Dickson's power of organization, 
good discipline, and thorough business-like administration, combined with 
his all-round scholarship, fine teaching ability and faculty of imbuing 
students with love of their work, soon manifested themselves, and gave a 
new impetus to the old historic school of the Province. On his appoint- 
ment to the Principalship, there were signs of a renewal of the old agitation 
against the College, and the new incumbent in office could scarcely fail to 
perceive that, if doom was not actually impending, a period of transition, at 
least, would have to be faced. Faced it was, and loyally faced, for the new 
Principal from the outset determined that whatever crisis might ensue, the 
College, so far as he was concerned, should suffer no eclipse of its fame. 
Under his administration, it continued to flourish, and that not merely 
by the grace of sentiment or from consideration of its traditions and old 
associations. Whatever might befall, it was said, its future, under its new 
and capable head, need cause no uneasiness to any friend or "old College 



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A TRANSITION PERIOD. 1 6/ 

boy." This has since been abundantly demonstrated, not only by the 
satisfactory routine work done within the College, but by the high standing 
of its pupils at the annual examinations of the national and other Univer- 
sities, pitted, as they were, against all comers, and in competion with the 
best educational training the country could supply. Whatever designs 
were still harboured against the institution, the excellence of the work it 
continued to do could not be mistaken by any unprejudiced observer, or its 
substantial results for a moment doubted. That what we have said is not 
mere rhetoric or partisan comment, the statistics of the College are in 
evidence. These were presented by the Principal on Prize Day, 1888, three 
years after he succeeded to the headship of the institution. " There were 
enrolled,*' said the Principal, " during the year ending June 30th last (1888), 
415 boys, of whom 180 were resident pupils, the percentage of average 
attendance to the annual enrolment being eighty-three. In 1883, the 
annual enrolment was 243; in 1884,255; in 1885,296; in 1886, 346; in 
1887,369; and in 1888, 415! Now that we cannot increase our class- 
rooms, we have reached the possible limit of attendance in our present site. 
Last session two new class-rooms were opened, and two additional masters 
employed to meet the demands then made upon us. This year we could 
have increased our attendance far beyond that of last year if there had been 
room for all applicants eligible for admission. Our pupils come from the 
Maritime Provinces, from British Columbia and the North-West Territories, 
from Central America, Bermuda, and from the Hudson Bay Country. Of 
the forty-one counties of Ontario no fewer than thirty-one are represented 
on our enrolment ; about ninety per cent, of our pupils come from our 
own province. The boarding-houses, which form an integral part of the 
College, have always been filled ; and at the present time we have a long 
list of applicants waiting for admission." As shewing the success of the 
pupils for the year on entering the Universities or engaging in the practical 
avocations of life, Principal Dickson proceeded to say, " that of the boys 
who left the College eleven entered the various faculties of Toronto Univer- 
sity, two entered Trinity University, two Queen's University, three McGill 
College, two Osgoode Hall, one the Royal Military College ; while twenty- 
three entered mercantile or manufacturing life, four entered banks, and 
five took to farming." The matriculation class of the year won at Toronto 
University, he added, ** eleven first-class honours, five second-class honours, 
and no fewer than five of the seven scholarships annually offered for com- 
petition among the High Schools and Collegiate Institutes of the Province ; 
namely, the first mathematical scholarship, the first modern languages, the 
first and second general proficiency, and the Prince of Wales' prize. The 
last named scholarship has been awarded seven times by the University ; it 



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1 68 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

has been won no less than five times by College boys ! " Of the compara- 
tive standing of the College pupils in the University class lists, the Principal 
observed, that " the College ranked in a matriculation class of upwards of 
250 candidates, drawn from the best schools in the Province, as follou's : — 
first and tenth in mathematics, first, fifth, and sixth in French, first in 
English language and literature, first in history and geography, fourth in 
classics, and fourth, fifth and eighth in German." 

Comment on results so excellent as these statistics indicate, is super- 
fluous ; yet in presence of these figures, and the good work and high 
standing of the College which they imply, envy looked coldly upon the 
institution, or churlishly averted its face. Well for the College had this 
been the extent of the disaster ! Worse, on the contrary, was in store for 
it. The old cries once more broke out, and unhappily gathered strength, 
from the fact that something at previous agitations had been yielded to the 
enemy. Concession had already brought the institution into line with the 
Collegiate Institutes and High Schools of the province, and an advance, it 
was thought, could easily be made on what was then gained by the adver- 
sary. Importunity well knew, also, how to gain its ends : while security 
slept selfishness made haste to get in its work. Nor was the situation 
improved when a land boom broke over Toronto, and, at an inopportune 
hour, placed a fictitious value on the old College site. The school, it was 
true, had outgrown its home ; but there was no reason why that home 
should not be enlarged. The enemy saw the chance ; either lever could be 
worked ; the College wanted increased accommodation ; to rebuild where 
it was would require the sanction of the Legislature ; this it should not 
have, for the site was too valuable. Such was the first reasoning of the 
adversary : the second was like unto it : if the College could not do where 
it was, it might accept a new site ; agreeing to this it would surrender the 
old one. The next step was an easy one ; surrender of site might, under 
agitation, be made to include surrender of endowment : obtaining the latter 
then would come partition of the spoils, afterwards — happy thought! — 
possibly abolition 1 

What the friends and *' old boys '* of the College thought of all this, 
may be seen from the public press of the city towards the end of March, 
1887. In the " Old Boys' Rally" for the preservation of the College, the 
gravity of the situation, as well as the truth of the above presentation of the 
enemy's argument, may in part be realized. Should the *' Rally " fail to 
make its due impression, the curious inquirer into Parliamentary dealings 
with the College is directed to the journals of the Legislature in the session 
of 1887, when the College question was once more under debate. 



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A TRANSITION PERIOD. 1 69 

The meeting of the old pupils took place in the public hall of the 
College on the evening of the 22nd March, 1887, and was of a character, 
with respect both to numbers and influence, such as to carry weight with 
the Government. The late Senator John Macdonald was in the chair, 
supported by many prominent citizens of Toronto, cither "old boys" or 
friends of the College, who had rallied to its defence when menaced by the 
hand of the spoiler. Among these were Chief Justice M. C. Cameron, Hon. 
J. B. Robinson, Senator Geo. W. Allan, Principal Dickson, ex-Principal 
G. R. R. Cockburn, Judge Macdougall, Dr. Larratt W. 5;nith, Rev. Dr. 
Scadding, Colonels R. B., G. T., and Fred. Denison, Cdi. Jarvis, J. O. 
Howard, S. M. Jarvis, D. B. Read. Dr. J. A. McLellan, A. R, Marling, 
Rector MacMurchy, Rev. D. J. Macdonell, Rev. G. M. Milligan, R. E. 
Kingsford, G. M. Evans, A. R. Boswell, W. H. Beatty, J. T. Small, F. 
Arnoldi, G. G. S. Lindsey, Z. Lash, W. H. VanderSmissen, F. Cayley, G. 
W. Badgerow, E. Langtry, John A. Barron, M.P., Allan Cassels, E. H. 
Duggan, G. T. Blackstock, James Morris, Q.C., G. H. Robinson, VVilliam 
Houston, C. E. Romaine, G. Mercer Adam, and others. The motive 
and designs of the " Rally " will be gathered from the following resolution, 
which was moved by ex-Principal Cockburn and supported in a convincing 
speech : — 

" Whereas, Upper Canada College was established over half a century ago as an instifcatioa 
for the promotion of the liberal education of the youth of this Province, and was granted an 
endowment of certain lands for that purpose, and 

** Whereas, this institution has fulfilled and is fulfilling efficiently the aim of its foundation^ 
in furnishing an education in a way that is not provided for by any other institution of the 
Province, and of the nee<l of which there is no reasonable question ; and 

*' Whereas, if the endowment of this institution be applied to other purposes than those 
set forth in the charter, or than those for which it was granted, a dangerous precedent will be 
thereby created, perilous to all state endowments, and thus subversive of the highest interests 
of the Province, and a precedent will be established which the Government in the future will 
find it hard to resist ; therefore be it 

'* Resolved, That this meeting regards with alarm the proposal to deprive the College of 
its rightful endowment, or to interfere with its present usefulness in any way whatever, and 
that it further expresses the earnest hope that no argument of mere expediency will prevail 
with the Government to adopt a course of action that cannot fail to cause distrust of our 
system of self-government, to place our established institutions for secondary and higher ednciv- 
tion in peril, and to extinguish one of the forces that gives rise to and fosters amongst the 
youth of this Province a true national spirit." 

In his remarks, Mr. Cockburn dealt at some length with the College 
endowment, insisting upon the fact that it had a sure historical foundatioHj 
that nothing had been done to impair its stability, that the College had in 
no way trenched on the funds of Toronto University, that it was "ful- 
filling efficiently the aim of its foundation," and that therefore its friends 
"should combine in resisting spoliation, and insist upon its opponents keeping 
22 



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I70 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

their hands off." Other speakers followed in much the same vein, expressing 
at the same time loyal adherence to the interests of their historic alma 
mater. Chief Justice Cameron, amidst loud applause, strenuously resisted 
interference with the vested interests of the College and expressed surprise 
at those who were moving in the Legislature to despoil the institution of 
its own. Such, he said, had not really considered the enormity of the act 
they wished to perpetrate. He insisted that the endowment granted to the 
College should be held as sacred as any land deeded by the Crown to a 
private individual. " No one," he continued, "should attempt to lay hands 
on it. Had nJJj: this institution rendered that service to the country which 
was contemplated at its foundation ? He felt proud as a Canadian of its 
record and of its antiquity, and affirmed that it would be ruinous to the 
best interests of the University to owe success to the spoliation of Upper 
Canada College. The University, he believed, might in its turn be injured 
in a similar manner by the denominational colleges." 

The meeting was further and eloquently addressed by the Rev. D. J. 
Macdonell, by Mr. John A. Barron, M.P., son of a former Principal of the 
College, by Dr. Larratt W. Smith, and Mr. R. E. Kingsford, ex-pupils, and 
members of the Senate of Toronto University, by Senators G. VV. Allan and 
John Macdonald, and by Lieut-Col. G. T. Denison, Judge Macdougall, Mr. 
A. R. Boswell, and Dr. J. A. McLellan. The latter gentleman's rally to the 
aid of the College, in its hour of trial, was not only a courteous but a generous 
act, since he might have been expected, as one long connected with the 
Provincial educational system and for many years Inspector of Hi<^h 
Schools, to be in sympathy with those who sought to abolish the College 
and to make partition of its endowment for the benefit of the High Schools. 
Such, however, was not the case, and Dr. McLellan's presence on the 
occasion was, therefore, the more gratifying. His experience, moreover, of 
the secondary schools, which claimed rivalry with the College, gave increased 
value to his testimony as to the unique work done by the old historic 
institution. " No system of national education," remarked Dr. McLellan, 
** could be sufficient that did not provide amply for higher education. Those 
who opposed higher education were mostly demagogues. In such a 
national system an institution such as Upper Canada College was a neces- 
sary link. The historic schools of England had made that nation great. 
They were necessary for the complete development of the national life. 
There was not a school in Canada," he added, " that could give the education 
that was received in Upper Canada College. Nor were there any boarding 
schools in connection with the High Schools." Dr. McLellan concluded by 
oflFering the following resolution : — " That this meeting, while protesting 
against any interference with Upper Canada College, would rather be pre- 



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A TRANSITION PERIOD. I71 

pared to support the original intention of its founder, and suggest the 
estabh'shment of similar additional residential schools in other sections of the 
Province, so that the benefits now conferred by the present institution may 
be even more largely distributed throughout the country." With the passing 
of another resolution, proposed by ex-Mayor Boswell, deputing a delegation 
** to wait upon the Legislative Assembly to request to be heard at the bar 
of the House in support of the College, and lay the views of the meeting 
before the Government," the " Old Boy*s Rally " of 1887 came to a close. 

What was done in the Legislature, and what the Government, under 
pressure even of its own supporters, seems to have been forced to do, are 
now familiar matters of history. The agitation against the College, when it 
introduced itself on the floor of the House, cut across the lines of political 
party. This we have already shewn, as we have also shewn the vicious 
grounds on which the Legislature demanded the abolition of the College or 
its serious impairment, by laying hands on its endowment for the benefit 
either of Toronto University or of the provincial Collegiate Institutes and 
High Schools. Circumstanced as the Government was between two fires, 
it was, as we have seen, indisposed to steer a course characterized by 
inflexible loyalty to the College. The case, in every respect, demanded such 
a line being taken. A Government morally as well as numerically strong 
would have hazarded everything to achieve this. That line at the outset, 
however, was not taken, and each passing year saw the agitation spread 
until it was tqo late to maintain inviolate the rights of the College and 
respect the sanctity of the Crown's appropriation on its behalf. What 
followed was a compromise. The College was not abolished, though its 
valuable and historic site was confiscated, and its endowment made over to 
Toronto University. In lieu of the expropriated King Street site it was 
given a new home, built for it in the northern suburbs of the city, with thirty 
acres of land for ornamental lawns and playgrounds. Both the site and the 
new buildings, which have been especially designed for the enlarged modern 
uses of the institution, are happily such as to atone, in some measure, for 
the ruthless act of confiscation. We say this frankly, with the intent of 
being fair to the Government, by whose grace so much of a restitution was 
made from the diversion of the endowment to the University and the 
expropriation of the College site for the behoof of the Province. But 
nothing, in our judgment, can justify the confiscation or palliate the wrong 
committed. Well will it be for public morals, and well also for the Province, 
if no further outrage or excess of Parliamentary license is made easy by 
pointing to this indefensible College precedent. The Government's position, 
we repeat, was a difficult one. Had it been firm, however, from the first and 
refused to give ear to local jealousy and Philistinism, as well as abstained 



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172 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

from sanctioning an act fraught with the gravest evil in itself, the difficulty, 
we apprehend, would not have been created. What it finally had to do, we 
must in justice say, it did creditably ; and, in the person of the Hon. Mr. Ross, 
Minister of Education, the path of transition was made smooth, and the 
College moved to its new home with as little wrench as was possible under 
the circumstances. 

The summer months of 1891 witnessed the desertion of the familiar 
old quarters on King Street, replete with memories dear to thousands of the 
flower of Canadian youth, and hallowed by the tender. associations of sixty 
long years. There was a pathos in the act of removal which smote not a few 
hearts among those who from boyhood's days had known the College and 
been loyal to it. Chiefly, we can well imagine, however, must the disruption 
have affected those old masters who were now not only parting with the 
College haunts, but were severing the ties that had long bound them to the 
institution itself. Keen as their regret must have been, theirs vras the solace 
of duty well done, and the consciousness of meriting approval where, 
faithful service claims, even though it may not always receive, its reward. 
Nor without satisfaction must the thought have been, that the College, while 
betaking itself to a new home, had passed the dangers which had long 
beset it, and been set free, finally it is hoped, from the perilous fortunes of 
political vicissitude. In entering on a new phase of existence it did so 
with the honours which it had so well won, added to the advantages of 
historic reputation and traditional interest These should count for much 
in the new home it now occupies, and have their influence on the hearts and 
minds of the coming generations to be nurtured under its spacious roof. 
Nor can the new and enlarged College buildings, with their improved 
modern equipment, and the ample academic groves which will in time 
encompass them, fail to have their zesthetic influence and become a potent 
instrument in refining the taste as well as in cultivating the imagination of 
the trooping Canadian youth who are to throng its beautiful halls. In the 
annals of the institution, as elsewhere, history significantly repeats itself. 
The College had its beginnings, surrounded by nature's wildness, when 
Toronto was but partially hewn out of the forest fastness ; to-day, like 
fabled Antaeus, "it renews its life by falling back on the bosom of its mother." 

Not only the situation, but the vast area and architectural design, of the 
new buildings at North Toronto are handsome and attractive. The 
spacious grounds lie back of the ridge that bounds Toronto on the north- 
ward, and the fine tower and ample front of the new building are striking 
objects of interest as the visitor approaches the College by way of Queen's 
Park and Avenue Road. In many respects, we frankly admit, the College 



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A TRANSITION PERIOD. 173 

has gained by removal from its old-time site. Not only has it freer and 
more ample surroundings ; it has a palatial home and more extended and 
improved equipments. The edifice in which it is housed is in appearance 
distinctively academic, and as a residential school it has now the advantage 
of having the dormitories and refectories, as well as the public hall and 
class-rooms, under one roof. The value of this, socially and morally, was 
aptly pointed out by the Principal, when speaking, on the first prize-day in 
the new building, of the formative influences of a little commonwealth like 
that of Upper Canada College. Nor in the new quarters of the College has " 
provision been stinted for physical culture and recreation. In all the 
appurtenances of the modern home of the College — in the playground, the 
gymnasium, music hall, library, and laboratory — the demands of the tin:e 
have been fully met. With such facilities and an enlarged and reorganized 
staff the old institution once more takes a new departure, the sun of its 
meridian life gilding alike the future and the past. The reorganization of 
the staff was in part necessitated by the retirement of two of the oldest and 
most valued of the masters. Mr. Wedd, first classical master, and Mr. 
Martland, second classical master and superintendent of the boarding-houses, 
retired from the College on its removal. In Mr. VVedd's case there had been 
over forty years, and, in Mr. Martland's case, over thirty years' faithful 
service. The memory of these services may well be treasured in the annals 
of an institution which has so long borne the impress of their work. 

The retirement of the two long-time masters, endeared as they are to all 
old boys of the College, would, under ordinary circumstances, have made it 
difficult to fill their places. But happily the College, in its six decades 
spent in the training of youth, is not left dependent on outside aid to carry 
on its work. It can now, as it could from the first, call on its alumni to 
assume the mantle of its retiring preceptors and hand on the torch of learn- 
ing to succeeding generations of scholars. Pleasant is it to see the " head- 
boys " elevated to the position of masters in the institution, and with the 
best results to the esprit and fnorale of the school. Successful and time- 
tried masters are properly also given preferment, where, as in the case 
of Mr. Jackson's installation as Dean of Residence, the interests of the 
College are subserved by the appointment. It is thus that an institution 
like Upper Canada College maintains its time-honoured traditions and 
hands them on with added zest to relays of " new boys " who enter the 
venerable and venerated institution. 

An incident connected with the last day's work in the College before 
the final break up, in July, 1891, well deserves to find record in these pages. 
On the morning of the closing day, when the College bell had for the last 
time summoned the pupils together in the King Street building, there 



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174 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

entered the Prayer Hall with the Principal and the Masters Mr. John Ross 
Robertson, a well-known ex-pupil and the generous donor of the annual 
Ross Robertson prizes. Mr. Robertson had been repeatedly invited by the 
Principal, and at the solicitation of many of the boys, to be present on some 
prize-day or other public occasion, in order that the school might honour a 
munificent benefactor and one of the most warm-hearted and loyal of its 
sons. Circumstances, added to Mr. Robertson's own modesty, had pre- 
vented his earlier complying with the request. The spirit of the hour, 
when the College was about to close its career on the old site, now however 
overcame Mr. Robertson's reluctance, and on the morning referred to he 
honoured the school with a visit and gratified the pupils by a brief talk to 
them. We need hardly say that this generous patron of the school was 
received with the most hearty acclaim and with an applause almost boister- 
ous in its fervour and intensity. Principal Dickson, in appropriate and 
felicitous terms, introduced the visitor and acknowledged the almost princely 
character of the gifts Mr. Robertson had showered upon the College. 

Mr. Robertson, when he rose to speak, was greeted with a storm of 
cheers, and it was with difficulty that silence could be obtained to permit 
the audible delivery of his remarks. Substantially, Mr. Robertson spoke 
as follows : — 

" Mr. Principal and boys. The last time that I had the pleasure and privilege 
of standing in the public hall of the old school was some forty years ago in response 
to an inquiry of an animated character from my old teacher, Mr. Barron, who was 
anxious to have an explanation as to how a small portion of cayenne pepper myste- 
riously managed to find a resting-place on the top of the long box stove, which then 
stood in the centre of the old public hall. My memory does not serve me as to the 
exact result of the explanation. Sometimes I think it was satisfactory, but at times 
I have vivid recollections of being directed to write out a thousand times, in legible 
hand, the familiar heading to be found in your copy-books which reads : ' Evil 
communications corrupt good manners.' As I stood at the door of the Evening 
Telegram office yesterday and heard the old bell calling the boys of the College 
for the last time in this building to their afternoon's work, the days of long ago 
came rushing back to me, and the promise made to Mr. Dickson, some day or other 
to say a word or two to the boys, came freshly to my mind. As I stand here to-day 
memory fills this room with the forms and faces of those who were as you are, and 
in this sad and sacred hour my mind goes back to the old days when as a boy of 
ten years I struggled through the old preparatory form, then to the second, third, 
and fourth, winding up my career in the sixth form after seven years of College life. 

" If I am not known personally to the majority of the boys, I am at least known 
to many of you by name, and nothing gives me greater pleasure than to feel 
that I have been enabled, in the sphere in which Providence has placed me, to 
do what I can to encourage the boys and keep up the interest in the work of this old 
school, and no delight is so great to me as when some of my old friends come with 
joyful faces and tell me in pleased tones that their boys have taken the * Robertson 
Prize.' It is indeed an incentive to me to stand by the old boys, and to-day, with 
even all the cares of business and family, there is no spot on earth which has a 



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A TRANSITION PERIOD. 175 

warmer corner in my heart than this old building, bright with so many memories — a 
building, which has sent forth from its walls some of the brightest and best minds 
of Canada. This school is greater than the building or the grounds which have so 
long been its home, and in another pile, surrounded by more spacious grounds, the 
standard which has so long waved over this roof will again be set up. Upper 
Canada College is, my boys, but in the morning of its glory. These old walls, 
the dear old sward, are all joined to the infancy, not only of the school, but of 
the country. The place where I stand to-day, is a relic of the old colonial days, the 
days of the pioneers, and if some of those who were connected with the earlier work 
of the Old Blue School and the infant days of Upper Canada College, could stand 
in this room and look on these boards and see the names of those who have carried 
away honours, they would indeed be proud of the institution which they founded, 
and feel that when Upper Canada College was established, it was on a permanent 
basis, reflecting credit not only on this section of the country but on the whole 
Dominion of Canada. I do not believe that the old days were the best days. 
Year after year the work of this College has gone on with increased prosperity, and 
although in my opinion and that of a great many others, the institution has not 
received the fair play to which it was entitled, and through the selfishness of a larger 
institution and the eccentricities and ignorance of legislators, has been robbed of a 
large portion of its patrimony, still, withal, it is climbing the ladder of success, and 
notwithstanding all the difficulties and obstacles which have been thrown in its way, 
the prejudices which the rival educators, biassed by sectarian influences, have 
endeavoured to create against the College and its work, lustre will yet be added to 
its name, and the great work which has been accomplished in the past will be but a 
shadow of what will be done in the future, when in another place, with renewed 
life and vitality, Upper Canada College will hold front rank among the educational 
institutions of this Continent. 

" While it is gratifying to me to stand here and see your pleasant faces and 
listen to your kindly applause, I know that to-day is an important one to you, boys, 
for it not only is a closing up of the examination work, but it is the day when the 
trunks and bundles which I see in front of the different boarding-houses, will go with 
you to your homes. I had it in my mind to come up yesterday afternoon, but I 
knew that you boys would feel that to take ten or fifteen minutes from your play 
hour would hardly be the proper thing, even if it were to listen to a talk from an 
old boy, and therefore I am here this morning to speak to you, without encroaching 
upon your play hour, but rather taking the minutes from those which are allotted to 
work. I can only tell you that this morning, this very hour, will always be to me 
one of pleasure, a red-letter morning in my life, and, believe me, that so long as I 
live I shall always have pleasant memories of the visit. 

*' 1 am glad to know from my friend the Principal that the prizes which I have 
given year after year, are competed for with eagerness, and it is a satisfaction for me 
to know that in the College course no prizes are more anxiously sought after than 
those which I give to you. Satisfactory as they have been, not only in selection, 
but in number, in the past, I hope they will be even more so in the future ; and so 
deeply do I feel the honour of being an ex-pupil of this dear old school that I shall 
so arrange it that certainly during my life-time, and after I have passed away, the 
boys of the College may always have the Robertson prizes to try for. I have 
occasion many times to speak to large audiences, but, believe me, boys, were it the 
applause of an audience of ten thousand of my fellow-citizens it would not touch 
my heart as the generous cheers and hurrahs which you have bestowed upon me on 
this last visit to the old school. May you all go home and enjoy, whether in city or 
countr)', your lengthened vacation. May those of you who will return to your 
studies come back reinvigorated for your work, and you who have finished with 



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176 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

College and are entering the busy paths of life prosper and succeed. Remember in 
your journey through life that you were pupils of Upper Canada College, and where- 
ever you are, and whatever you do, forget not that you carry with you the honour of 
this old school, that its escutcheon, like your own, must never be sullied, and may 
you look back upon your College days with pleasure and profit, and be able, perhaps, 
to tell your children's children of the old school where you learned the rudiments of 
education, and where were formed your habits which have made you good, moral, 
truth-telling, and loyal citizens of the Empire, whose drum-beat is heard in every 
corner of the globe." 

The proceedings closed with cheers for the speaker, which made the 
old public hall fairly shake to its foundations. 

We may fitly close this chapter by chronicling two additional events 
which marked, by the display of a loyal and touching enthusiasm on the 
part of its sons, the transference of the College from its old to a new 
site. On the 29th of August, 1891, there was played on the old grounds 
a farewell cricket match between former pupils of the College, which 
brought happily together a number of the old athletes of the institution, 
who having had their sport on the field retired to the familiar dining-hall 
to season the " loving cup " with stories of by-gone " matches *' and other 
genial College reminiscence. The day was joyously closed by another 
rally round the banqueting board, at a well-known city restaurant, where 
alma mater was again loyally pledged, and all, for the time being, came 
under " the spell of other days." The other incident which signalized the 
removal of the College was the reorganization of the Old Boys' Association, 
founded with the object of "promoting the interests of Upper Canada College, 
the renewal and perpetuation of the associations and traditions of the school, 
and the preservation of its records." An enthusiastic meeting of ex-pupils 
was held on the first prize-day (October 14th, 1891), in the new buildin.ij, 
under the presidency of Mr. W. T. Boyd, and the honorary presidency of 
the Principal and the venerable first head-boy of the school, the Rev. Henry 
Scadding, D.D. The Association, on this occasion, adopted a constitution 
and elected officers. It took at the same time for its motto the legend, 
solum non animum mutant, with the idea of marking the fact ** that the 
change to its present new position from the old-time hallowed premises in 
which the College was commenced, and where it has been so successfully 
carried on, has not changed or diminished the affection of its old boys.'* 
The motto in this respect is appropriate, and it may be taken as an earnest 
of the good-will and kind feeling which actuates every " old boy " of the 
College towards the institution which prepared him for the duties of life. 
Very beautiful is fellowship such as this, mind kindling mind in the 
common desire to honour an ancient and honoured seat of learning. In 
the fresh start taken by the College towards still nobler things in the 
domain of education, hardly anything could be more encouraging than 
the sympathy and loyalty of her sons. 



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THE OLD BLUE SCHOOL. 




\\V 



THE COLLEGE CLOCK. 
(The time- keeper for over sixty years). 



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THE OLD BLUE SCHOOL. 



THE SCHOOLS OF EARLY YORK— THE HOME DISTRICT SCHOOL OF 

DR. STUART, AND THE DISTRICT SCHOOL AND THE OLD 

BLUE SCHOOL OF DR. STRACHAN. 



BY J. ROSS ROBERTSON. 



^3p HE first Legislature of the old Province of Upper Canada debated 
|l j with interest the means and methods by which the rising youth — 

XJX the sons and daughters of the pioneers who had cast their lot on 
British soil— should have the advantages of education in all its branches. 
Indeed, one of the first acts of those who sat at the council board at Navy 
Hall, in the old town of Newark, now Niagara, was for organization with 
this object in view, and Governor Simcoe, who, from his advent, had 
recognized the necessity for a public school system, gave diligent thought 
to the subject. 

The result was the founding of District Grammar Schools, and, at a 
later period, of colleges for higher education. This was accomplished in 
1797 by a memorial to the Imperial Government. The plans for the 
establishment of these schools did not materialize until 1807, when the sum 
of ;f8oo currency was apportioned for the payment of the yearly stipend of 
the ma.sters of eight grammar schools, one school being maintained in each 
of the eight districts into which the old province of Upper Canada was 
then divided. 

These headmasters were selected by the trustees, appointed by the 
governor, and the selection was confirmed or sanctioned by the governor-in- 
council. Governor Simcoe had been transferred to another colony, and, 
consequently, did not share in the anticipated pleasure of seeing a system of 
popular education inaugurated in the province. It is not pertinent to this 
chapter that further reference should be made to any of the schools other 
than those in the town of York. The procedure had been laid down, and 
on the i6th of April, 1807. the Rev. George O'Kill Stuart, D.D., was 
23 



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1/8 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

appointed by Governor Gore as the first headmaster of the Home District 
Grammar School, at York. 

Of the many preceptories for the enlightenment of youth in the ancient 
town of York, none occupied the exceptional position of the far-famed 
Home District School, better known as " The Old Blue School," and its near 
neighbour, the Central School, a rival institution which, under royal patron- 
age, also has a claim to primitive eminence as an educational crucible in 
which youthful brain-power was tested and refined. 

The centre of trade and commerce in the eastern section of the modern 
capital was in the vicinity of George, New (Nelson) (Jarvis), Church, King, 
and Palace (Front) Streets. Indeed, every foot of the locality from Yongc 
Street east was more or less not only the business but the residential part of 
the town. The inhabitants who could afford it sought homes and habita- 
tions in the west between Yonge Street and the Garrison, in open fields and 
pastures new that to-day are studded with mansions and palatial residences 
of enriched descendants of the pioneers of York. 

In the summer of 1803 the residents of York first saw the benevolent- 
looking face and stately figure of the Rev. Dr. George O'Kill Stuart, the 
first rector of the Anglican congregation, which worshipped in the cathedral 
of St. James, and who, at the same time, was the founder of the first public 
school in York, so well known to succeeding generations as the Home 
District School. The plot of ground on the south-east corner of King and 
George Streets the rector held in fee simple, and, with the purpose of living 
near his charge, erected a substantial frame house, with bow windows looking 
out on King Street, the entrance being on George Street. The external 
part of this structure was painted a light brown colour, with green Venetian 
blinds as a protection to the smaller windows. This was the home of the 
rector. At the eastern side or gable of his house, and attached to it, he 
erected a small one-storey stone building that might be rendered serviceable 
for any purpose, either as the habitation of man or beast. When this 
structure was erected the stone was rough as when first extracted from its 
native quarry. In order, however, that the contrast between the home 
structure and the stone house might not be unfavourably noticed by passers- 
by, a sheathing of half-inch boards covered the quarried boulders which 
composed the walls. 

In this primitive school-house the first public school of York was 
established, and on the roll of pupils one may read the names of boys who 
became rich and prominent men, and of girls who blossomed into belles of 
the growing capital. The school-room was about fifty feet in length and 



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THE OLD BLUE SCHOOL. 1 79 

ifully twenty-five feet in width. The classes opened on the ist of June, 1807. 
Here we find that the townspeople of York sent their children ; indeed a 
reading of the names gives us alnnost a directory of the inhabitants of the 
first settlement. A score or two of those entered on the first rolls should 
be mentioned : William Pilkington, Thomas Playter, James Givins, Ben- 
jamin Anderson, Robert Anderson, Harvey Woodruff, William Smith, 
William Cawthra, Robert Gray, John Gray, Henry Ernest, Gilbert Hamilton, 
William Robinson, Charles Reade, Daniel Brooke, Richard Brooke, Marshall 
and Henry Glennon, Bernard Glennon, James Mcintosh, Philemon Squires, 
Peter McDonell, William Bowkett, George and William Jarvis, John Hayes, 
Charles Small, James Edward Small, Donald McDonnell, Alexander 
Chewett, Charles Boulton, Edward Hartney, Charles Ruggles, John Moore, 
Allan McNab, Robert Ross, Wilson Hamilton, Alexander Hamilton, Angus 
McDonell, William Stanton, Robert Stanton, George S. Boulton, George H. 
Detlor, Thomas G. Hamilton, William A. Hamilton, John Ridout. 

This old corner was the business centre of York, even as late as 1832, 
for we find an advertisement in the Upper Canada Gazette^ of that year, 
offering for sale a lot directly east of the old school as "one of the most 
eligible lots in the town of York, and situated on King Street, in the centre 
of the town." The labours of Dr. Stuart were continued with great success 
for six years. In 1813, he resigned his charge, sold his property to Colonel 
Duggan, and accepted a call as the rector of St. George's, Kingston, and 
archdeacon of the diocese. He was succeeded by Dr. Strachan, who, 
having presided with energy over the Cornwall Grammar School, gave 
renewed life to educational matters in York, by a reorganization, on a 
broader basis, of the system of training which had been so happily intro- 
duced by the Rev. Dr. Stuart. 

The District School, which at a later period was more particularly 
identified with the interests of Upper Canada College, was a structure of 
primitive architecture, without an attractive feature, the aim of the architect 
being to rear a pile that, framed in heavy timber covered with clapboard 
and plastered inside, would give the active youths of York room for lung 
exercise guided by the eagle-eyed instructors, who surveyed their juvenile 
audiences from a pedestal-mounted desk, which ornamented the east end 
of the main or ground floor of this academic institute, from which gradua- 
ted, in later years, many of the brightest lights of our University. 

Let us, however, wander back to the second decade of the century. Wc 
stand at the south-east corner of King and Yonge Streets, and observe on 
the north-east comer a neatly built, two storey, white painted frame building, 
with a neat porch half hidden with vines and faced with a sharp pointed 



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l8o UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

picket-fence that ran around the structure, shaded as it was by huge willow 
trees which shielded the inmates from the sun-rays of summer and the snow- 
whirls of winter. This was the house of Mr. Joseph Dennis, whose sons 
were the first lads on the roll of the District School, which, at its foundation, 
was temporarily accommodated in a very ordinary frame building that stood 
about a hundred feet east of the Dennis House, in later days the Ridout 
corner. The building had been a barn, and was readily improved by Dr. 
Strachan, when he bid farewell to his Cornwall pupils, and favoured York 
with his energetic presence in the early days of 1813. 

In an old plan of York, dated 1797, the six acres directly north of the 
square occupied by St. James cathedral, is marked " School." The plan 
is official, and its correctness is certified to by " D. W. Smith, D.S.G., loth 
June, 1797," with the countersign of "In Council at York, June 10, 1797, 
Peter Russell." At a later date, in 1819, another plan was issued by "T. 
Ridout, Surveyor General," on which this plot of ground is marked " College 
Square." The authorities had evidently made the selection with the 
intention, that within the limits of this stretch of green, buildings for the 
purposes of education would be erected, from which would radiate the 
knowledge that might illume the understandings of the striplings of York. 
The King Street building had served its purpose from about 18 15. Under 
Strachan apt pupils of the early days had gathered a mental strength that 
was a credit to the master. Parents recognized the vigorous efficiency of 
the founder of the school, and felt that they could entrust the intellectual 
development of their sons to the guidance of a man whose heart was in the 
work, and who strove to impart knowledge that would be bearing fruit when 
their children had climbed into manhood. 

The progress of the King Street school was phenomenal. Success had 
crowned the early designs of the master, and the limited accommodation 
soon compelled a flight to more commodious quarters. The six acre field, 
originally laid out by Mr. President Russell, was selected as the site of the 
improved building, and the summer of 1816 saw the timbers felled from the 
forest, north of Lot Street, now Queen Street, for a more stately erection than 
the rude structure which for years had served the purpose of a school near 
King and Yonge Streets. 

The " School " or " College Square," north of the " Church Square," had 
no particular claims to beauty. The tall pines, the drooping willows and 
the forest oaks which adorned it when the town was originally laid out, had 
become martyrs to the axe of the pioneer woodman. The field was nothing 
more than a green sward, dotted with stumps of the monarchs of the forest 
and divided by a half sluggish rivulet, that finally assumed the proportions 



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THE OLD BLUE SCHOOL. l8l 

of a pond, which, in winter, was haunted by boys. These urchins smoothed 
the soles of their Wellington boots On the half acre of ice, which formed at 
the bidding of the thermometer, and thus afforded untold enjoyment to 
specimens of future manhood who were fond of sport. In summer the field 
was the arena for games of hockey, and the lads tumbled over the stumps, 
and, perhaps, landed in the shallow pools of water which formed in the field, 
to return to the parental roof with torn attire and mud-bedrabbled boots. A 
sight of their children no doubt made mothers feel, as mothers from the 
beginning of time have always felt, that such rude experiences were a part 
and parcel of the life of the genuine, practical, every-day boy. 

An old pioneer, whose face the writer welcomes, even as the century 
folds its arms before sinking into the calendar of time, recounts the raising 
of the frame of the Home District School in 1816; the timbers, dovetailed 
into each other, stood waiting for the shingled roof and the half-inch clap- 
board sides. The structure occupied a site near the south-west corner of 
the square, a hundred odd feet north of Newgate, or Adelaide, Street, and 
the same distance from Church Street, directly east and north of the line of 
the present Public Library. The school building was nearly seventy feet 
deep, with a frontage of forty feet. The structure was two storeys high, its 
gables faced the east and west, and light streamed into the structure through 
ten windows on the north and south sides — five above and five below ; while 
the east end was pierced by four windows — two above and two below ; and 
the west end was honoured by the entrance door, with three windows above- 
and two to the south of the doorway, the tread of which was scraped hourly 
by the juvenile horde that made the welkin ring as, at the close of the school 
day, they eagerly sought the unconstrained atmosphere of the six-acre play 
ground. The boards which covered the stout frame-timbers had been 
smoothed by a vigorous jack-plane, and thus yielded more gracefully than 
when in the rough to the arm of the painter, who, brush in hand, at a low 
price per yard, covered the entire outside with a dull slate-blue that defied 
not only the scorching sun of summer but the Arctic frost of the old-time 
Canadian winter. To vary the monotony of colour the door and window 
frames were painted white ; a not uncommon mode of treatment in early 
buildings by the deft artists of York. Surely it has been by right inscribed 
in print as " The Old Blue School.** The designer had not much difficulty 
in apportioning the space at his disposal. Once inside the door the pupils 
found themselves in a long lobby that extended from the north to the south 
along the west gable of the building, the only decoration of which was a 
long row of iron pegs and brackets for the hats, caps and coats of the pupils. 
At the east side of the lobby a stairway ran up to the second storey which 
was not used for school purposes, but served occasionally as a public hall 



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l82 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

for concerts and lectures. A door opened from the centre of the lobby into 
the lower school-room, of sixty by forty. It was a roomy apartment, with 
the conventional plastering of the period. The angles made by the walls 
and ceiling were not ornamented with the moulded projections or curved 
lines of cornice work ; indeed, the severity of treatment was doubtless 
intended to prevent dust and cobwebs accumulating in the comers that are 
special targets for the activity of the broom. The stringers, which grasped 
the frame of the building, and which in turn strengthened the roof, had 
additional support in four square upright pillars of pine which rested on a 
stone foundation, and within a few feet of the angles of the room, helped to 
support not only the main roof but the ceilings of the upper and lower 
school-room. The guiding mind in the school-room occupied an elevated 
position behind a long pine desk that stood on a platform and commanded 
a full view of the pupils whose minds and characters were being formed to 
suit the requirements of life. The furniture of the room was in harmony 
with the woodwork. Friendly as had been the painter's brush with the 
exterior of the structure, it was a perfect stranger— indeed, had not ever had 
a bowing acquaintance — with the interior. The woodwork bore evidence that 
the active and regular movements of the carpenter's elbow had made rough 
places smooth and rendered the pine presentable, and it was not many 
months ere both the woodwork of the building and the furniture caught that 
dark, sienna look which is the sombre result of smoke, dirt and age. The 
benches and desks were ranged on the north and south sides of the room. 
Every boy owned an ink-cup of glass, which dropped into an auger bole the 
size of a half-penny, and was replenished as regularly as the supply was 
exhausted, out of earthen bottles that were labelled "London Writing Fluid." 
The faces of the boys at these side desks were turned towards the wall, 
while on each side of the centre of the room was a set of double-sloped 
desks. In the centre stood a long box-stove of government pattern, that 
consumed the beech and maple without the aid of the traditional bucksaw. 
The school was as all primitive schools are. The boys were as varied in 
character as those of to-day. Studious lads were commended by the master ; 
those who struggled and persevered were encouraged by a kindly word ; 
while the perverse youth, who could but would not digest the mental diet, 
was invigorated and quickened into activity by the aid of rods, cut from the 
McGill and Jarvis property, which lay north of Lot. Street, and at a later 
day by the assistance of a strap, fashioned by an artizan who in these 
days would be called a shoemaker, but whose appellation in olden times 
was that of " cordwainer." We have no desire to perpetuate, even in the 
memories of the descendants of the boys of the Old Blue School, the 
physical treatment administered for any infringement of regulations. 



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THE OLD BLUE SCHOOL. l8j 

Yet the dignity of standing up alongside of one of the ceiling supports, 
with jacket or coat turned inside out made the victim prominent for the 
rest of the lesson. The mishap of allowing "a pocket-full of marbles to 
roll over the floor meant an extra half-hour after the other boys had 
retired for the day, and the sly bite of an apple during school hours, on 
one occasion, resulted in an inventory being taken of every earthly article 
in the youngster's pocket. An old scholar whose pocket pence had been 
invested in a jew's-harp, inadvertently tested its notes in school hours and 
had, as a punishment, to favour his much amused mates by rendering, on 
the top of a desk, an air that had more life and vivacity in its chords than 
musical rhythm. The old pioneer who relates to the writer so many of the 
incidents of early York, smiles as he recounts his efforts to cut, carve, and 
engrave, with the aid of a jackknife, his name in the slant of one of the pine 
desks, and he declares that a photographic view of any of the desks in the 
school would pass for the hieroglyphics on some Egyptian monolith. Other 
volumes have told the story of the loved old schoolmaster, whose familiar 
face and careful step are bright in the memory of hundreds to-day. There 
are still among us those who remember Dr. Strachan, not only in the sere 
and yellow of old age, but in active and lithe youth either presiding over 
the primal school, in Cornwall, or as director and central figure of the District 
School of York. Dr. Strachan was born in the north of Scotland, in 1778. 
He was the teacher of the parish school at Kettle, although some years 
prior, he, at the age of sixteen, had charge of a smaller school, where 
the sons of small farmers of the surrounding gentry and clergy imbibed 
knowledge from their youthful instructor, who possessed an executive ability 
in his vocation that would have been creditable to one of older years. His 
store of knowledge was replenished by keeping the terms and lectures held 
during the winter months, at King's College, Aberdeen. Before seeking a 
home in the new land over the sea, Dr. Strachan had a position in the school, 
at Denino, where two years " as happy as any in my life " were spent. Here, 
under the guidance of Dr. Brown, the parish minister, and the Rev. Thomas 
Duncan, the doctor states that they " corrected many of my false notions. 
I learned to discriminate between hypothesis and fact, and to separate the 
ebullitions of fancy from the deductions of reason." At Kettle there were 
nearly a hundred pupils, and, amongst them, the renowned David Wilkie, 
whose work as an artist in ** The Village Politician " first found fame in the 
Royal Academy of 1806, just as he stepped from the confines of youth into 
the arena and welcome of manhood. Captain Barclay, who fought so well 
at Put-in-Bay, Lake Erie, in 18 13, against Commodore Perry, was also a 
pupil, and the poet Campbell, whose " Hohenlinden " and " Exile of Erin " 
are familiar to the boys of all schools on recitation day, was likewise a scholar. 



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184 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

The school at Cornwall had an excellent reputation. At its desks sat 
the scions of all the leading and prominent families of the old Midland 
District, while from the Home District many were sent to obtain the 
advantages which York from 1800 until 1815 did not possess. The names 
of the scholars enrolled are familiar on the pages of Canadian history, and 
their gratitude was marked as late as 1833, when forty-two of the old pupils 
testified their love for their old master by presenting him with an engrossed 
address, accompanied by a substantial piece of silver plate. The address 
was a pleasant exposition of the views of the old pupils, in that it admitted 
tliat : " Our young minds received there an impression which has scarcely 
become fainter from the time of the deep and sincere interest which you 
took, not only in our advancement in learning and science, but in all that 
concerned our happiness, or could affect our future prospects in life." This 
generous tribute to the teacher s skill touched the heart of the reverend 
doctor, and in his reply, pregnant with many truths, he said : " It has 
ever been my conviction that our scholars should be considered for the time 
our children ; and that, as parents, we should study their peculiar disposi- 
tions if we really wish to improve them, for, if we feel not something of the 
tender relation of parents towards them, we cannot expect to be successful 
in their education. It was on this principle I attempted to proceed ; strict 
justice, tempered with parental kindness ; and the present joyful meeting 
evinces its triumph ; it treats the sentiments and feelings of scholars with 
proper consideration ; and while it gives the heart and affections full free- 
dom to show themselves in filial gratitude on the one side and fatherly 
affection on the other, it proves that unsparing labour, accompanied with 
continual anxiety for the learner's progress never fails to ensure success and 
to produce a friendship between master and scholar which time can never 
dissolve." 

We have the printed order of exercises at the examination of the 
District School on the 7th August, 18 16, and the "recital" of the prologue 
was given to John Claus, of Oxford, whose father, in 1804, was one of the 
lieutenants of counties in Upper Canada. This office, a counterpart of 
which may be found in England, was not perpetuated in Canada. Among 
the names of the pupils we have John Skeldon, and George Skeldon, Henry 
Mosley, John Doyle, Charles Reward, James Myers, John Ridout, Charles 
Ridout, John Boulton, William Allan, Allen McDonell, Henry Heward, 
James Sheehan, Saltern Givins, John Mosley, John Fitzgerald, William 
Myers, Daniel Murray, David Shaw, Warren Claus, Henry Nelles, Robert 
Baldwin, John Harraway, David McNab, James Strachan, William 
Lancaster, Horace Ridout, James Givins, John Knot, K. de Koven, George 
Baldwin, William Baldwin, James Bigelow. 



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THE OLD BLUE SCHOOL. 185 

At this period His Excellency, Francis Gore, was Lieutenant-Governor 
of Upper Canada, previously Governor of Bermuda, and frequently visited 
the school, and on examination day paid a special visit. The prologue of 
the head pupil was of course the piece de resistance, not only as an original 
composition but as a bit of rhetoric, which probably had been carefully 
examined by the master prior to its delivery. Indeed we have many 
examples of the poetic gift in the work of Dr. Strachan at his Cornwall 
school. This prologue, in the concluding lines, asks that His Majesty's 
representatives pay some little attention to the educational interests of the 
country. The last two lines were of a topical character, and must have 
amused the Governor, as he sat in a high chair which, with others, had been 
borrowed from the cathedral church for the occasion. The youth thus spake: 

'* O, think what honour pure shall bless thy name 

Heyond the fleeting voice of vulgar fame. 

When kings and haughty victors cease to raise 

The secret murmur and the venal praise ; 

Perhaps that name, when Europe's glories fade, 

Shall often charm this Academic shade. 

And bards exclaim on rough Ontario's shore, 
* We found a Wellesley and Jones in Gore.' " 

The system pursued by Dr. Strachan in the school at York, and previ- 
ously at Cornwall, was in harmony with the sound methods adopted in the 
parish schools of Scotland, followed out in early days at the schools of 
Kettle and Denino. In the advanced classes the pupils prepared for one 
another a series of questions on topics selected, this interlocutory exercise 
being carried on in the presence of the master, whose word was useful in 
the correction of any errors that might occur. Another favourite method of 
inspiring emulation was for pupils who were versed in rhetoric or elocution, 
to challenge one another in a reading or recitation, after which, in the 
presence of the class or entire school, the contest took place, the voice of 
the school awarding the palm of victory, subject to review by the teacher — 
and a possible reversal of the award. 

Dr. Strachan realized that in a new country the difficulties in the way 
of imparting information were many and serious. Men who had to earn the 
bread and butter of life had but limited time to give to an intelligent study 
of the arts and sciences, and the hours snatched from that enlivening time 
which begins in the pinafore season, and ends when long boots and trousers 
are assumed, was a limit within which information had to be instilled prior 
to entrance upon the toils and cares of business life. So many of the 
Cornwall pupils achieved honour in the highest positions — mercantile and 
judicial — and stand prominent in public work in the annals of Canadian 

24 



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1 86 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

history, that one must feel that Dr. Strachan's methods were the results of 
careful thought He himself saw the situation. He admitted the peculiar- 
ities of the position, and said to his pupils at Cornwall, in 1807 : " The time 
allowed in a new country like this is scarcely sufficient to sow^ the most 
necessary seed ; very great progress is not, therefore, to be expected ; if the 
principles are properly engrafted, we have done well. In conducting your 
education, one of my principal objects has always been to fit you for 
discharging with credit the duties of any office to which you may hereafter 
be called. To accomplish this, it was necessary for you to be accustomed 
frequently to depend upon and think for yourselves; accordingly I have 
always encouraged this disposition, which, when preserved within due 
bounds, is one of the greatest benefits that can be acquired. To enable you 
to think with advantage, I not only regulated your tasks in such a manner 
as to exercise your judgment, but extended your views beyond the meagre 
routine of study usually adopted in schools, for, in my opinion, several 
branches of science may be taught with advantage at a much earlier age 
than is generally supposed. We made a mystery of nothing ; on the con- 
trary, we entered minutely into every particular, and patiently explained by 
what progressive steps certain results were obtained. It has ever been my 
custom, before sending a class to their seats, to ask myself whether they had 
learned anything, and I was always exceedingly mortified if I had not the 
agreeable conviction that they had made some improvement. Let none of 
you, however, suppose that what you have learned here is sufficient ; on the 
contrary, you are to remember that we have laid only the foundation. The 
superstructure must be raised by yourselves." 

Again, in 1809, in a small publication, issued by himself, he refers to 
his method of teaching arithmetic. He writes : " I divide my pupils into 
separate classes, according to their progress. Each class has one or more 
sums to produce every day, neatly wrought upon their own slates ; the 
work is carefully examined, after which I command every figure to be 
blotted out and the sums to be wrought under my eye.. The one whom I 
happen to pitch upon first, gives, with an audible voice, the rules and reasons 
for every step, and, as he proceeds, the rest silently work along with him, 
figure for figure, but ready to correct him if he blunder, that they may get 
his place. As .soon as this one is finished the work is again blotted out, 
and another called upon to work the question aloud as before, while the rest 
again proceed along with him in silence, and so on round the whole class. 
By this method the principles are fixed in the mind, and he must be a very 
dull boy indeed who does not understand every question thoroughly before 
he leaves it. This method of teaching arithmetic possesses this important 
advantage, that it may be pursued without interrupting the pupil's progress 



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THE OLD BLUE SCHOOL. 1 87 

in any other useful study. The sarnie method of teaching algebra has been 
used with equal success. Such a plan is certainly very laborious, but it will 
be found successful, and he that is anxious to spare labour ought not to be 
a public teacher. When boys remain long enough, it has been my custom 
to teach them the theory and give them a number of curious questions in 
geography, natural philosophy and astronomy, a specimen of which may be 
seen in the questions placed before the appendix." 

The venerable preceptor fully realized the incongruities of disposition, 
character and mind, to be found in the primary schools of a young country, 
and, in another part of the same address, he writes in jubilant strain, and 
justifies his methods of inculcating instruction. He states : — 

" One of the greatest advantages you have derived from your education 
here arises from the strictness of our discipline. Those of you who have 
not already perceived how much tranquillity depends on the proper regula- 
tion of the temper will soon be made sensible of it as you advance in years. 
You will find people who have never known what it is to be in habitual 
subjection to precept and just authority breaking out into violence and 
outrage on the most frivolous occasions. The passions of such persons 
when once roused, soon become ungovernable, and that impatience of 
restraint which they have been allowed to indulge embitters the greatest 
portion of their lives. Accustomed to despise the barriers erected by reason, 
they rush forward to indulgence without regarding the consequences. 
Hence arises much of that wretchedness and disorder to be met with in 
society. Now the discipline necessary to correct the impetuosity of the 
passions is often found nowhere but in well-regulated schools ; for, though it 
should be the first care of parents they are too apt to be blinded by affection, 
and grant liberties to their children which reason disapproves. * * • 
That discipline, therefore, which you have sometimes thought irksome, will 
henceforth present itself in a very different light. It will appear to the 
teacher a habit of the greatest consequence in the regulation of your future 
conduct ; and you will valuje it as the promoter of that decent and steady 
command of temper so very essential to happiness and so useful in our 
intercourse with mankind.'* 

The writer of this has in his possession a copy of the programme of 
the school at York for 18 19. The list of names recalls to mind many 
familiar faces, all of whom, except old Mr. John Ridout, have gone into that 
higher country — beyond the lowlands of life. The examination days were 
so regulated that the classes, when not engaged in exercises and lessons, 
exhibited their power in retaining knowledge and ability as memorizers, in 
recitations and debates. 



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1 88 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

" Order of the examination of the Home District Grammar School at 
York, Wednesday, nth August, 1819. First Day. The Latin and Greek 
Classes. Euclid and Trigonometry. Thursday, I2th August. Second 
Day. To commence at 10 o'clock. Prologue, by Robert Baldwin. Read- 
ing Class. — George Strachan, The Excellence of the Bible ; Thomas 
Ridout, the Man of Ross ; James McDonell, Liberty and Slavery ; St. 
George Baldwin, The Sword ; William Murray, Soliloquy on Sleep. 
Arithmetic Class. — James Smith, The Sporting Clergyman ; William 
Boulton, Jun., The Poet's New Year's Gift ; Richard Gates, Ode to Apollo ; 
Orville Cassell, The Rose. Bookkeeping. — William Myers, My Mother ; 
Francis Reward, My Father ; George Dawson, Lapland. First Grammar 
Class. Second Grammar Class. Debate on the Slave Trade. — For the 
Abolition : Francis Ridout, John Fitzgerald, William Allan, George Boulton, 
Henry Heward, William Baldwin, John Ridout, John Doyle, James Doyle. 
Against the Abolition : Abraham Neils, James Baby, James Doyle, Charles 
Heward, Allan McDonell, James Myers, Charles Ridout, William Boul- 
ton, Walker Smith. First Geography Class. Second Geography Class. 
James Dawson, The Boy that Told Lies ; James Bigelow, The Vagrant ; 
Thomas Glassco, The Parish Workhouse ; Edward Glennon, The Apo- 
thecary. Natural History. — Debate by the Young boys : Sir William 
Strickland, Charles Heward ; Lord Morpeth, John Owens ; Lord Hervey, 
John Ridout ; Mr. Plomer, Raymond Baby ; Sir William Young, John 
Fitzgerald ; Sir William Windham, John Boulton ; Mr. Henry Pelham, 
Henry Heward ; Mr. Bernard, George Strachan ; Mr. Noel, William 
Baldwin ; Mr, Shippen, James Baby ; Sir Robert Walpole, S. Givins 
and J. Doyle ; Mr. Horace Walpole, James Myers ; Mr. Putteney, Charles 
Baby. Civil History. — William Boulton, The Patriot ; Francis Ridout, 
The Grave of Sir John Moore ; Saltern Givins, Great Britain ; John 
Boulton, Eulogy on Mr. Pitt ; Warren Claus, The Indian Warrior ; 
Charles Heward, The Soldier's Dream ; William Boulton, The Heroes of 
Waterloo. Catechism. — Debate on the College at Calcutta. — Speakers: Mr. 
Canning, Robert Baldwin; Sir Francis Baring, John Doyle; Mr. Wainwright, 
Mark Burnham; Mr. Thornton, John Knott; Sir D. Scott, William Boulton ; 
Lord Eldon, Warren Claus; Sir Samuel Lawrence, Allan Macaulay; Lord 
Hawkesbury, Abraham Nelles; Lord Bathurst, James McGill Strachan; Sir 
Thomas Metcalf, Walker Smith; Lord Teignmouth, Horace Ridout. Religi- 
ous Questions and Lectures. — James McGill Strachan. Anniversary of the 
York and Montreal Colleges anticipated for ist January, 1822. Epilogue, 
by Horace Ridout." 

These public examinations were red-letter days with the parents of 
York, and the paternal and maternal relatives of the house were always there 



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THE OLD BLUE SCHOOL. 1 89 

in full force. Fond friends and the usual retinue of sisters and cousins and 
aunts, donned their best gowns to witness the results of the year's study. 
Sir Peregrine Maitland and his staff, seated on a slightly raised dais, covered 
with cloth of crimson hue, were usually interested spectators in the proceed- 
ings. To make the occasion more joyous than the ol*dinary dismissal at 
Christmas, the midsummer vacation day was celebrated by a lunch or 
dejeuner, at which contributions of jellies, preserves and pastries from the 
pantries of the best people in York combined to make the pupils, who had 
been " cribbed, cabined and confined " for six months, feel that there was 
one day in the year on which life was worth living. 

The central figure at the opening was young Robert Baldwin, whose 
name and memory to-day are green in the hearts of all Canadians. His 
verse travelled over the whole range of European history. It lauded the 
work of Warren Hastings in India, the " Asiatic Researches " of Sir William 
Jones, the English Orientalist, the founding of Calcutta College by the 
Duke of Wellington, and the advantage of a similar institution in Canada 
was suggested by the lines : — 

" Yet much remains for some aspiring son. 
Whose liberal soal from that desires renown, 
Which gains for Wellesley a lasting crown ; 
Some general struct nre in these wilds to rear, 
Where every art and science may appear. " 

Perhaps the day dream in Baldwin's fertile brain was the erection of 
Upper Canada College and King's College in the early future, and then 
with a few lines which must have warmed the heart of the distinguished 
visitor, he adds :— ^ 

"O, Maitland blest ! this proud distinction woos 
Thy quick acceptance, backed by every muse ; 
Those feelings, too, which joy ful fancy knew 
When learning's gems first opened to thy view. 
Bid you to thousands smooth the thtirny road, 
Which leads to glorious Science's bright abode. " 

The Epilogue was pronounced by Horace Ridout. An extract from 
this, which was a mixture of machine poetry and doggerel, will suffice. 
The reciter is supposed to be a pupil, who complains of the conduct of the 
master. 

*' Between onrselves, and just to speak my mind, 
In English Grammar, Master 's much behind ; 
I speak the honest truth— I hate to dash — 
He bounds our task by Murray, Lowth and Ashe. 
I told him once that Abercrombie, moved 
By genius deep, had Murray's plan improved. 
He frowned upon mo, turning up his nose, 



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190 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

And said the man had ta'en a maddening do«e. 
Once in my theme I put the word progresa — 
He sentenced twenty lines, without redress : 
Again for 'measure' I transcribed 'endeavour,* 
And all the live-long day I lost his favour.'' 

There are many reminiscences which might be written concerning the 
District School. The venerable Dr. Scadding, the chronicler, in " Toronto 
of Old," has given us the story of the old school-house and its founder. The 
Rev. Dr. Bethune, the successor of "The First Bishop of Toronto," and who, 
by the way, assisted as teacher in the early days of the school, has also 
epitomized his recollections in the cheerfully told story of the life of his 
mentor and patron. He thus alludes to the first visit he made to York, in 
1 8 19, when guided by the principal he for the first time saw the inside of 
the school-house. His story runs : — 

" On entering it for the first time, with the reverend principal, on a bright 
September morning, fresh schoolboy feelings were wakened up at the sight 
of forty or fifty happy young faces, from seventeen down to five years of 
age. There was a class of only two in Greek, who took up Horace and 
Livy in Latin ; and there were three Latin forms below them — the most 
numerous and most sprightly reading Cornelius Nepos. None were much 
advanced in mathematics, and, with the exception of the senior two, had not 
passed the fourth book of Euclid. Everything was taught on the same plan 
as at Cornwall, but at York the pupils were much less advanced, and the 
headmaster rarely took any share in the actual work of instruction. I had 
had the opportunity of seeing both schools, and, though the glory of the 
former was never approached by the latter, still there are reminiscences 
connected with the school at York more fresh and lively than could be 
awakened by the more celebrated one at Cornwall. With the schoolboys 
of the former— now in the sere of life, and owning children and grand- 
children, I can exchange daily greetings ; but few are left who were my 
associates in the latter ; one by one they are dropping fast away." 

After 1820 Dr. Strachan's public duties prevented his active participa- 
tion in the work of the school, and he resigned his connection with it in 
July of 1823, for on the 26th of May of that year he had been appointed 
General Superintendent of Education for Upper Canada. His position for 
many years had been more that of a director to those who assisted in the 
conduct of the classes than of a master. Mr. Rosington Elms, a tall, well- 
formed, well-educated Englishman, was one of the principal assistants, and 
some years later the entire charge of the school fell to the lot of the Rev. 
Samuel Armour, M. A., whose home on James Street will yet be remembered 
by old boys. Mr. Armour was a graduate of Glasgow university, a scholarly 



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THE OLD BLUE SCHOOL. I9I 

man, who had taken high honours in the Scotch commercial metropolis, 
and who, at the same time, had a mind of sporting turn, which enabled him 
with unerring aim to bringdown a percentage of the flocks of wild pigeons, 
which occasionally passed over the town. Dr. Scadding gives an incident 
in the career of this master, illustrating two views of his character. The 
doctor says : — 

"In those days there was not a plentiful supply in the town of every 
book wanted in the school. The only copy that could be procured of a 
Eutropius, which we ourselves on a particular occasion required, was one 
with an English translation at the end. The book was bought, Mr. Armour 
stipulating that the English portion of the volume should be sewn up ; in 
fact, he himself stitched the leaves together. In Mr. Armour's time there 
was, for some reason now forgotten, a barring-out. A pile of heavy wood 
Tsticks of cordwood whole, used to be thrust into the great school-room 
stove) was built against the door within, and the master had to effect, 
and did effect, an entrance to his school through a window on the north 
side." 

Mr. Armour having taken orders in the Church of England, resigned 
his post, and officiated for years in the Anglican church in the township of 
Cavan. His successor was the Rev. Dr. Thomas Phillips, of Queen's College, 
Cambridge, a master of a school at Whitchurch, in Herefordshire, who 
arrived from England to take charge of the District School. With the 
advent of Dr. Phillips the curriculum of the District School was changed. 
The doctor, who had taken his B.A. in 1805 was one who inspired 
respect and regard. He was the ideal country clergyman of English 
parish life. His hat was typical of clerical style, and his closely buttoned 
frock coat, with the prescribed leggings, added to the benevolent fea- 
tures of the old gentleman's appearance. When he migrated from British 
soil, he brought with him many traditions of his educational life. He ranked 
in England as a teacher of note and introduced the Eton Latin grammar 
and Eton Greek grammar, thus displacing some of the text books, which 
had endeared themselves to the classical teachers of Little York. The new 
principal was an extremely affable man, with kindly voice for all who 
sought his friendship, an educationist of tried experience, one who possessed 
the faculty of planting seeds of scholastic knowledge in the brain of every 
boy who showed the slightest aptitude for the acquirement of mental food, 
which would be useful in fighting battles in the business fields of after-life. 
To know him was to love him, and his personal contact with the boys, who 
valued his friendship and training, left an impression that was productive of 
the best results. 



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192 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Dr. Phillips assumed charge of the old school in the autumn of 1825, 
just five years before its removal to the location at the east end of the 
"College Square." The old building was much the same as in its pristine 
days, although, at his coming, the western end was improved by a shed-like 
erection, which was a protection to the pupils during the summer showers. 
The structure was fitted up with a few bars and poles, that earned for it the 
name of "Gymnasium," the first title of the kind that was attached to any of 
the early schools. The ground surrounding the school which, in primitive 
times, was slightly undulating, had been cleared of the stumps, and a space 
of a few hundred feet square, was selected for the good old English sport of 
cricket, which was cultivated from 1825, under the enthusiastic direction of 
Mr. George Antony Barber, who accompanied Dr. Phillips to York, as his 
principal assistant in the school, and who was well known as the father of 
cricket in old Upper Canada. 

The District School continued to exist in the square north of Newgate 
(Adelaide) Street, and its prosperity was attested to by no other feature 
than that the tuition was perfect, and the school popular. 

In 1828 the reins of government in Upper Canada passed into the 
hands of Sir John Colborne, a gentleman whose interest in educational 
matters in Guernsey, where, as governor, he had revived the "School of 
Queen Elizabeth," founded by the maiden Queen in 1563, was an augury 
of good for education in Upper Canada. He had obtained a royal charter 
for the founding of a university in his new charge and laid his plans for a 
better class of school than the old District, the result being the establish- 
ment of the school, known in its early years, as "The College of Upper 
Canada," or the "Minor College," afterwards "Upper Canada College." 

The first record we have of the intention of Sir John Colborne to found 
a school, as the successor of the old Blue or District School, is in the minutes 
of the Board of Education of Upper Canada, dated 4lh April, 1829. At 
this meeting Dr. Strachan, the Ven. Archdeacon of York, presided, and 
submitted to the Board, composed of Hon. Joseph Wells, Hon. Geo. H. 
Markland, and John B. Robinson, Esq., a letter from Sir John Colborne to 
Dr. Jones, Vice-Chancellor of Oxford, giving the plan of organization. As 
the correspondence, indeed, the minutes of this Board, have never seen the 
light of day since 1831, and, as portions are so closely linked with the 
founding of Upper Canada College, the writer ventures to include in this 
chapter excerpts from the original and official documents, which will, it is to 
be hoped, be read with interest by all who take pride in being pupils of the 
old school. 



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THE OLD BLUE SCHOOL. I93 

The enthusiastic Governor was heart and soul in his work. He desired 
a preparatory school for the proposed university, and wanted the masters 
"forwarded" with as little delay as possible. His closing lines are unique. 
If he had been writing of "a cargo" of school-boys, one could appreciate 
the situation; but when he wrote of " a cargo of masters " the enthusiastic 
Governor evidently thought that those learned in classics, science, or art, 
were kept duly parcelled and labelled, on shelves, ready for shipment by 
the first sailing vessel. 

The President read the following despatch : " The Lieutenant-Governor 
has requested His Majesty's Government to grant ;^i,ooo per annum from 
the Territorial Revenue, for the support of this school. If these arrange- 
ments should be carried into effect the revenue of the college will be 
-J^SPSO per annum. It is recommended that the buildings for the school 
and masters may be erected on the part of the military reserve, adjoining 
Peter Street, and parallel with i]t. The houses may be completed for ;^5,ooo. 

" It is intended also to attach several exhibitions to the college. With 
proper encouragement, the Lieutenant-Governor is persuaded it will flourish 
and prove in every respect advantageous to Upper Canada." 

The following resolution was proposed and adopted unanimously : 
*' Resolved, That the treasurer be authorized to place in the hands of Messrs. 
Thomas Wilson & Co., Warnford Court, Throgmorten street, London, agent 
for the Bank of Upper Canada, at the credit of Dr. Jones, Vice-Chancellor 
of Oxford, the sum of j^i,SOO stg., for the purpose of enabling him to 
advance an outfit of ;^ioo stg. to the principal and to each of the masters, 
in consequence of the letter of His Excellency Sir John Colborne, dated 
the 31st March, 1829, and also such further sum out of the remainder as 
they may require on account of their future salaries. 

" Resolved, That the treasurer be authorized to make such arrange- 
ments with the Bank of Upper Canada as will enable him to carry the 
above resolution into effect." 

The letter to Dr. Jones was then submitted. It read : — 

York, Slst March, 1829. 

My Dear Sir, — I am about to impose on you, I am afraid, an unreasonable task, but, as I 
know you will agree with me in thinking that there is no place in which education is requii'ed 
more to be encouraged than in Upper Canada, I trust that I may calculate on your assistance 
in establishing a seminary, which is destined to supply the intended university with students. 

I therefore will proceed in communicating my plan of obtaining, through your good ofSces, 
three classical masters and a mathematical master. We wish the gentlemen, that you may be 
able to enlist, forwarded to Upper Canada College before October next, if possible. 

We shall call our college the Upper Canada College. The head master shall be styled the 
Principal. The second master is now at York, and will not object to take the situation I have 
offered him. 

25 



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194 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

The Principal will have a fixed salary at £600 sterling per annum. He will be provided 
with a home, allowed to take boarders, and will regulate the studies of the whole school, which 
will consist of four classical masters, a mathematical master, two French masters, two writing 
masters, and a drawing master. On the reputation of the Principal the College will chiefly 
depend. Therefore much care will be required in selecting one whose name will give support to 
the institution. He must have taken a first-class degree in classics and mathematics. As a 
generation may pass away in corresponding across the Atlantic, I and the trustees of the 
CoUege give you full power to select our Principal, and the two classical masters, and the 
mathematical master. , But if you should not wish to be charged with the responsibility entirely, 
I beg yon to have the goodness to consult Mr. Stocker, of the Guernsey College, who has had, 
during three years, much experience in the selection of masters, and Mr. Charles Young, of Eton 
College. 

Thus, probably, these gentlemen may have no objection to decide among the candidates 
that may offer. The two junior classical masters will receive £300 per annum for their fixed 
salaries, and will also have a house provided, and will be allowed to take boarders. The mathe- 
matical master will have the same advantages. 

I must trouble you to have the following notice inserted in the Oxford and Cambridge 
newspapers : 

"The headship of Upper Canada College being vacant, a Principal is required to carry 
into effect the system of education to be adopted at that institution. He must be a graduate<l 
member of one of the Universities, and possessed of high classical and mathematical knowledge.. 
He will receive a fixed salary of £600 sterling per annum, and will be allowed to take boarders, 
and will be provided with a house for that purpose. Candidates for the appointment may make 
application to the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford for further particulars. 

*' A mathematical master is required for the same College, and two classical masters. They 
will each receive a fixed salary of £300, and will be provided with a house, and permitted to 
take boarders." 

I am in great haste to save the post. I am persuaded of your zeal in the cause, and 
reckon upon it to overcome all the difficulties that you may encounter in completing the cargo 
of masters for Upx>er Canada before next winter. 

(Signed), J. COLBORNE. 

In this letter, and in the accompanying memoranda, we have the gist of 
the deliberations, which led to the founding of Upper Canada College. 

In the original suggestion for the selection of a site, the location was 
on a plot west of John Street and east of Peter Street, what was after- 
wards the site of the General Hospital, now occupied by private resi- 
dences, and the property of the Hospital Trust. Some discussion pre- 
vailed among the members of the Board of Education as to the 
proposed site, for we find that at a meeting of the Board on 30th 
April, 1829 : "The President reported that he had made known the 
opinion of the Board, respecting the intended site of the College of 
Upper Canada, and that it seemed most expedient to him to place it at 
the west end of King street, that His Excellency, however, still con- 
tinued to prefer that part of the military reserve he had before fixed on, as 
it would create an additional demand on the funds to procure the other, and 
might cause delay." 



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THE OLD BLUE SCHOOL. I9S 

At this meeting the plans were submitted, and it was resolved, "That 
the plan of a school-house, exhibited by Mr. Ewart, be adopted, with this 
difference, than the third storey of the wings be taken away, and a balus- 
trade substituted. 

Resolved, "That the outline of the house be adopted, removing the third 
storeys, and reducing them to a scale of forty feet clear. 

Resolved, "That two of the houses be so built so as to accommodate two 
families each. 

Resolved, "That an advertisement be immediately inserted in the 
newspapers, and distributed by handbills, that proposals for building a 
school-house, and four dwelling-houses, will be received on the ist June 
next, the plans and specifications to be seen at the College Council office 
after the 12th May next." 

At the meeting of the Board on the 13th May, 1829, it \vas resolved, 
" That an extra allowance of ;^5obe allowed to Mr. McFarlane on account of 
the loss stated to have been sustained in printing Mayor's spelling books 
on cards." 

And it was also resolved, "That Lieut-Col. O'Hara, and Grant Powell, 
Esq., and James Fitzgibbon, Esq., be constituted a committee to superin- 
tend the buildings, about to be erected, during their progress." 

It was also resolved, "That the contracts be received for each building, 
and that persons making tenders be told that expedition in the completion 
of the work will be considered a ground for preference," and "That a sum, 
equal to half the amount of the security given, be advanced for the 
contractor, in order to facilitate the work, and on producing, afterwards, 
a certificate from the Clerk of the Works, that further work has been per- 
formed, eighty per cent, of its value be advanced." 

At the meeting of the Board, on the 27th May, 1829, the question of 
the site again came up. 

In consequence of a notification from Mr. Markland, that His 
Excellency, Sir John Colborne, was pleased to submit for the decision of 
the Board, "whether the site of the College of Upper Canada shall 
be upon Russell Square, or on part of the military reserve, near the 
vvoodyard, it was unanimously resolved that, in consideration of the 
increased convenience which will be afforded to the youth of the town, it is 
expedient to place the buildings for the College on some part of Russell 
Square, to be hereafter determined upon." 

It was also directed to postpone the opening of tenders, until the 8th 
of June, and that Mr. Rogers, an architect of Kingston, be allowed three per 



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196 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

cent for superintending the work, in conjunction with that of the Parlia- 
ment Buildings, which were then being erected on Front street. 

The advertisements for tenders which appeared in The Loyalist, read : 

Minor College — Sealed tenders for erecting a school-house and four dwelling-houses, will 
be received on the first Monday of June next. Plans, elevations and specifications may be seen 
after the 12th instant, on application to the Hon. Oeo. Markland, from whom further informa- 
tion wiU be received. Editors throughout the province are requested to insert the notice until 
the first Monday in June, and forward their accounts for the same to the office of The, LoycUist, 
York. 

York, 1st May, 1829. 

The first tenders that were opened for the college buildings and the 
residences of the masters amounted to £$^626, and this, being the excess of 
the intended expenditure a further extension, until the ist August, 1829, for 
the receipt of tenders, was ordered. The speedy execution of the work 
had, it was thought, contributed to produce these high figures. The delay 
resulted in a tender, by a contractor, for £s,26S, and the selection of Mr. 
John Ewart to superintend the work for two and a-half per cent. 

On the 27th June, 1830, the Board met and decided to offer for sale 
the ground known as the college or school square, in the centre of which 
stood the old Blue School. The ground was laid out in lots 26 x 90 feet, and 
on the loth July was sold to the highest bidders. The extreme east end of 
the old square was reserved for the Central School, which was a preparatory 
school for children, prior to entering the College. The building stood 
on the north-west corner of Newgate (Adelaide) street and New (Nelson) 
street. North of it was a vacant space, all of which had been reserved for 
the Central School ; but, it having been found that there was quite sufficient 
room on the reservation to place the District School-house, it was resolved 
to move the old building from the western centre of the square and place it 
at the south-west corner of March (Lombard) and New streets. This was 
resolved upon in August, 1829, and the contract was awarded to Mr. John 
Cuthbert, for the sum of £64. The work was superintended by Mr. Wilcox, 
a builder, an American, who was working for Messrs. Thomas Helliwell 
& Brothers, and who undertook the task of removing the school building to 
the north-east corner of the square, at the junction of March, or Lombard, 
and New streets. The contract was not a light one, and Mr. Thomas 
Helliwell, now of Highland Creek, tells the writer with gusto how well he 
remembers driving up with Wilcox every morning from the Don, while the 
contract was in progress. Finally the work was accomplished. The posi- 
tion of the building was retained, the east and north sides being brought 
within a few feet of the corner, with space enough to permit the erection of 
a six foot close-board fence, which protected the lower windows from the 



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THE OLD BLUE SCHOOL. 197 

mob of urchins that have, even to this day, retained a preceptive right over 
that particular locality. 

Prior to this move the Board had considered the question of laying out 
Russell Square. It was resolved that the College and buildings should 
be placed on a line with King Street, one hundred and thirty-two feet from 
the street, and with this idea the foundations were laid, the period for the 
completion of the College being considered the ist January, 1830, and for 
the dwelling-houses ist September, 1830. 

In the meantime, the work of selecting masters had progressed. Mr. 
J. P. de la Haye, who had been appointed French master, was the first to 
arrive, and was duly introduced to the Board by the Governor, who presided 
at a meeting held in September, 1829, 

Sir John Colborne also handed in a memorandum, with regard to the 
action of the authorities at Oxford, to this effect : — 

" The Vice-Chancellor of Oxford, the Rev. C. Stocker, late Principal of 
Elizabeth College ; the Rev. C. Young, one of the masters at Eton College, 
met in July last at Oxford for the purpose of examining the testimonials of 
candidates for the headship of Upper Canada College and other appoint- 
ments at that seminary, and elected the Rev. Dr. Harris, of Clare Hall (5th 
Wrangler); the Rev. Mr. Dade, of St. John's College, Cambridge (12th 
Wrangler); Mr. Matthews, of Cambridge (2nd Wrangler); the Rev. Mr. 
Boulton, of Queen's College, Oxford (2nd class). Mr. de la Haye, for some 
time employed at the College of Louis le Grand, at Paris and at Vincennes, 
a native of France and an experienced instructor, is appointed French master, 
and Mr. Drury, an eminent artist, drawing-master. 

" As the whole of the masters may be expected at York early in 
November, it is very desirable, in preparing for their reception, that every 
exertion should be made to enable them to open the school as soon as 
possible after their arrival. With this view, the present school-room should 
be repaired and fitted up immediately, in such a manner as will afford a 
class-room for each department. 

" Much advantage would arise from all the masters connected with the 
institution being accommodated in the new buildings, and from their being 
encouraged to take boarders at a low rate." 

It was also decided " to prepare for publication a scheme of the College 
of Upper Canada, fixing the commencement for January, 1830.*' 

The District School-house had, in the meantime, been moved, repainted 
and improved, and fitted up for the accommodation of the new college, 
pending the completion of the new edifice. The third week in December 



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198 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

saw the furniture in position in the old District School-house, and on the 
17th December, 1829, the Upper Canada Gazette contained the following 
announcement: — ^** Upper Canada College established at York. Visitor, 
the Lieutenant-Governor for the time being. This college will open after 
the approaching Christmas vacation, on Monday, the 8th January, 1830, 
under the conduct of the masters appointed at Oxford by the Vice-Chan- 
cellor and other electors in July last. Principal, the Rev. J. H. Harris, 
D. D., late Fellow of Clare Hall, Cambridge. Classical Department. — Vice- 
Principal, the Rev. T. Phillips, D.D., of Queen's College, Cambridge ; First 
Classical Master, the Rev. Charles Matthews, M.A., of Pembroke Hall, 
Cambridge ; Second Classical Master, the Rev. W. Boulton, B.A.,- of 
Queen's College, Oxford. Mathematical Department. The Rev. Charles 
Dade, M.A., Fellow of Caius College^ Cambridge, and late Mathematical 
Master of Elizabeth College. French. — Mr. J. P. de la Haye. English, 
Writing and Arithmetic. — Mr. G. A. Barber and Mr. J. Padfield. Drawing 
Master. — Mr. Drury. (Then follow terms, etc.) Signed : G. H. Markland, 
Secretary of the Board of Education. York, Upper Canada, December 2, 
1829." 

The contractor for the new College had, however, undertaken a work 
that he could not accomplish, and, accordingly, the work was taken out of 
his hands and finished under the superintendence of officials appointed by 
the Governor. 

The College classes were, at this period, in the meantime carried on in 
the old District School until 183I; when the entire staff was removed, with 
the pupils, to the time-honoured pile on King street west The Grammar 
School was then closed, and although on the 2nd May, 1831, it was ordered 
by the Board that " the District Grammar School should be put in a fit state 
of repair for the accommodation of the Central School," it does not appear 
to have been done. We find that in July, 1832, the Roman Catholic Bishop 
requested "the use of the old school-house for Catholic children, until one, 
which is being built, can be finished," but the request was not complied with, 
as it had been represented by Mr. Spragge to be absolutely necessary for 
the children of the Central School. Whatever may have been the require- 
ments, the school was not used for some years. The Central, which had 
been built about 1826-27, had its location in the southern part of the lot, 
the north-east corner of Adelaide and Nelson streets, and the removal of 
the District Grammar School, its staff, pupils, and even its janitor, made 
Upper Canada College the direct and only successor, the heir to all the 
glory and prestige of the noted Home District School of George O'Kill 
Stuart, the District School of the Rev. Dr. Strachan, so well known, even 
to the men of to-day, as the Old Blue School. 



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THE OLD BLUE SCHOOL. 199 

Some years afterwards, in 1836, after an agitation on the part of the 
inhabitants, who desired a school in the eastern part of the city, the building 
known as the Home District School, was again occupied for school 
purposes, under Mr. Charles Cozens, who was appointed headmaster. In 
1838 Mr. Cozens received an appointment as resident master of Upper 
Canada College boarding-house, and Mr. M. C. Crombie succeeded to the 
vacant position. 

The following notice in the British Colonist of ist November, 1838, reads : 

HOME DISTRICT SCHOOL. 

In coDBequence of the appointment to a situation in Upper Canada College of Mr. Cozens, 
the late master of this school, applications will he received from candidates for the mastership 
thus made vacant, till Saturday, 1st Deeemher next. 

Testimonials are to he addressed to the Honourable and Venerable Archdeacon Strachan, 
Toronto. 

A salary of £100, Halifax currency, per annum, is attached to the situation. 

And at a later date, on the loth January, 1839, we find a paragraph to 
the effect that **the Home District Grammar School was reopened on 
Thursday, loth January, 1839, ^i^ ^^e District School-house, under the 
superintendence of M. C. Crombie, Principal." 

This is the story of the Old Blue School. 



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THE JANITORS OF THE COLLEGE. 



THE ALDERDICES, FATHER AND SON — OLD SAM, OF '32 TO '49, AND 

YOUNG DAVY OF '49 TO '6^ — THE JANITORS OF THE 

OLD BLUE SCHOOL AND MODERN COLLEGE. 



BY J. ROSS ROBERTSON. 



C^jS EADLES in the universities of the Old and New Worlds, and janitors 
JIA in the great schools of England and America are generally well- 
J^XJ known characters to the students. To the boys of Upper Canada 
College none could be better known than the two Alderdices — father and son 
— who for nigh half-a-century, with broom and duster, kept the floors, benches 
and the chipped and carved desks free from the dust that, as a consequence, 
gathered when the young colts of the modern city kicked what they could 
of the early York mud from their shoes and carried the remainder into the 
dozen class-rooms of Upper Canada College. Indeed, the janitor of to-day 
would be dumb with horror if his life ran on the lines of the servitor of sixty 
years ago. Whatever may be said of the modern causeway, whether of 
wood, stone, or asphalt, the pavements of the young metropolis were laid 
with a scrupulous desire to economize material. Possibly, too, the boys 
were somewhat indifferent Between short cuts from home, in the eagerness 
to be on hand for the roll-call, and trampling on the ungravelled soil, which 
bounded the grounds of the College, they managed to bring into the class- 
room more of that real estate which is now so valuable in Toronto than was, 
at that period, yearned for by him whose face and form were familiar both 
within and without the College fence. 

How pleasant it was for the writer, a lad of the days of 1849, S^* 
to commune with the grey-haired sire of 1829, '30, and to chat with one of 
the old boys, whose eyes sparkle as he is reminded of school days and the 
familiar name of the old caretaker. Old Samuel Alderdice ! What a host 
of half-forgotten memories of the College spring into life again with his 



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THE JANITORS OF THE COLLEGE. 20I 

well-remembered name ! Before the mind's eye rises a two-storeyed, red 
brick building, of many windows, with spacious, sanded porch, a miniature 
belfry peeping over to the roof, right and left, detached houses of reddish 
brick, fronted with little gardens, fenced, redolent with roses and honey- 
suckle, and an occasional sunflower, interspersed with shrubs and trees, 
the background to the two velvet lawns which, divided by a great gravel 
walk, led from the main building to the principal street in early York. This 
was Upper Canada College. This was the fountain of learning, at which 
some of the bright boys and most distinguished of Canada's sons first drank 
in the inspiration which has since guided them to high places in the history 
of their country. 

Old Father Alderdice ! With rounded shoulders, and stooped form, 
bent down with age, clad in a faded but well-brushed brown coat, his long 
gray locks escaping below his high hat, his quick but infirm step, his bunch 
of keys in hand, he remains as distinct a picture to the boy-student of that 
time as the venerable College itself. Was it not his hand that rung the 
"accursed bell" which summoned trembling souls, conscious of unprepared 
lessons, to the presence of the masters ? And was it not he who pealed 
forth the joyous sounds that freed the lads from bondage and sent them 
home to play and liberty ? Can we ever forget him — that warm-hearted old 
man, who looked upon all boys as under his special care ? 

Old Samuel Alderdice was, in truth, a celebrity. The masters respected 
the old man and the boys revered him. Indeed, Sam had a kind heart 
for all lads who were, as he would say, "not downright bad." He knew that 
boys would be boys, and made due allowance even if legitimate pastimes 
occasionally exceeded the bounds of decorum. Then he had grown up 
with the school from its foundation in the Old Blue School and before 
removal to the King street structure. He felt therefore as if he held not 
only the building but the boys in perpetuity until at last the youths bowed 
a final farewell to the four walls of that historic piece of ancient architecture. 

Samuel was an Irishman by birth. His character was strong, and 
he deemed his duty, as the guardian of the College, as essential to a happy 
existence as was his daily bread. He first saw the sunlight in the town of 
Armagh, Ireland, just when the war cloud darkened the empire in the 
gloomy days of 1774. In youth he had a short probation at a local school, 
where knowledge was engrafted on the youthful mind by a brusque old 
pedagogue, who swore that he had " fought with the army in Flanders," 
and who, in lieu of mask and foil, for he was an expert fencer, displayed 
his athletic skill by handling his ruler as a drum major would his baton, 
bringing it down with a touch on a boy's knuckles that made even the 
26 



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202 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

hard-fisted son of an Irishman groan. Sam never forgot the merciless 
manner in which he was pounded, and, as hourly and daily he met the boys, 
he tried to be the antithesis of his old master in the marble-paved town of 
the Green Isle. 

The senior Alderdice, the father of Samuel, was a joiner by trade, and 
Sam, of whom we write, graduated from school and as time progressed 
developed into a full-fledged mechanic, who could push a plane and use the 
tools with a deftness that was creditable to his parent's teaching. 

The field for employment in the old land was then, as now, limited, 
and the son yearned for a sight of the new world. With enough saved 
from his earnings to pay a passage to America, a few sovereigns and a god- 
speed to cheer him, he said good-bye to the old folks at home. He and 
his family journeyed to Belfast and after being buffeted on the Atlantic for 
nearly six weeks he saw the flag flying from the citadel of Quebec late in 
the summer of 1822. With a light heart Samuel Alderdice stepped ashore 
cheerfully, into the dawn of a strange life, with bright hopes of happiness in 
the new and promised land. His wife, a thrifty and tidy matron, of 
Irish Presbyterian stock, was with him, and four children, Robert, Samuel, 
William, and a young daughter named Sarah, or as the boys used to 
call her, " Sallie." The oldest boy was about twenty, while the others 
ranged between ten and fifteen. Davy, the fifth child, of whom more 
hereafter, the only Canadian of the lot, had not appeared upon the scene. 
The family lived for about three years in Montreal before they sought their 
home in the west. 

Samuel, the janitor, in whom we are more particularly interested, was 
a central figure in College life, as well-known and as well-liked by the 
boys, better, perhaps, than some who were high in authority in the building. 
He began life in Upper Canada as the janitor of the Old Blue School. 
Other pages of this volume tell of the organization of the College classes in 
the Old Blue or Home District School, on the corner of Nelson (Jarvis) and 
March, afterwards Lombard, streets. Alderdice was well up in years when 
he first arrived in Toronto, and here it is that we have the first full view of 
the good old fellow whose portrait, taken, of course, when he had almost 
filled the allotted span, graces this volume. To the boys who saw the 
closing days of the old District Grammar School and the first decade of 
College life, Samuel seemed a fairly active man. He was the janitor who, 
from about 1831, had charge of the Old Blue School, a structure erected to 
encourage mental activity in the youth of early York, and who, with some 
of the masters, migrated to the King street edifice when it was finished in 
1 83 1. The portrait given is the veritable visage of the old guardian. It is 



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THE JANITORS OF THE COLLEGE. 203 

an excellent likeness, and scarce needs the aid of pen to tell his story. . 
Alderdice's face was that of the typical Irishman of northern birth, a man 
of medium frame — not large, but broad-shouldered, long-armed, and one 
who, in early years, must have been active and powerful. His head drooped 
as Would a full stalk of grain, and, in the days of 1830-40, was covered with 
greyish hair, mingled with black, kept neatly brushed, even if it did lie 
loosely on the collar of his Sunday coat, a garment of bluish cloth which, 
with its velvet collar, was the product of an Armagh tailor anxious to have 
his old friend carry old-world fashions across the sea. 

The janitor's face was emblematic of good nature, and his nose, sharp 
and yet prominent, was, so to speak, guarded by two thin lines of whiskers, 
which in colour matched his hair, and seemed to strengthen those two little 
bright grey orbs of his which beamed with kindness, and yet were so keen 
that wayward boys would oft declare that Sam could "see around the 
corner, or through a college door." His voice was one to be remembered — 
not harsh, but sharp, and yet guttural, a marked dialect, not of uncertain 
sound, but sometimes of a high treble, vigorous and decided, with variations 
of tone suited to the particular occasion that called his lung power into 
exercise. If a boy shied chestnuts from the head of the stair-landing at 
some victim at the foot of the staircase, Sam's wrathful bass voice, in 
vigorous, sharp and decided North of Ireland accents, pursued him at 
express train speed. If, on the contrary, " a young man conduct himself as 
a young gentleman should," Sam was sympathetic and kindly. At noon 
orders were always given that the class-rooms should be locked, but boys 
who lived at a distance and who wanted to enjoy their lunch in comfort, 
either waited in the rooms until the masters had gone, stuck a piece of 
wood under the door latch, so that it would not fall when the door was closed, 
or, as a last resort, would vault into an empty wood-box and watch the 
master close the door. Sam sometimes was suspicious, and on more than 
one occasion was up to the trick, and in his sharp Celtic tones insisted that 
" Yez must open the dure," or there would be trouble. He looked about 
the same all the year round, never older nor younger, methodical in his 
habits, quick and pleasant in his actions. His style of dress did not change 
with the fashions, A long, brown frock coat, a vest to match, a pair of grey 
trousers, and a high silk hat of antique vintage, composed the principal items 
in his attire, as he marched along the street, swinging his arm, either on an 
errand for the Principal, or, perhaps, to bring from Rowsell's book-store a 
bunch of canes made of wicked bamboo, and designed by Providence for the 
hands of cross-grained boys. 

The old janitor, when in the building, ever had his hands in his 
pockets, a habit acquired perhaps from carrying a bunch of keys, which 



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204 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

were always on his person, and which he oftentimes jingled, as he ambled 
from hall to room, or stopped to answer the query of some youth who 
bothered him with useless questions. He said that he always went on the 
principle of "Speak when you are spoken to; go when you are called," 
and while unobtrusive and obliging, never was very chatty with the boys. 
His day, from sunrise to sunset, was an ever-moving panorama of work, 
and not a moment was wasted. His thumb touched the College latch at 
half-past six in the summer and seven in the winter, and in about an hour 
he had the rooms aired, the fires lighted, the class-rooms dusted, after which 
he yielded twenty minutes to breakfast, and returning opened a box which 
ran half-way up to the ceiling in the north end of the main hall of the 
College, in which was kept the bell rope from the prying hands of playful 
boys, and at fifteen minutes past eight the air echoed with an invitation to 
College to half-sleepy youths, who groaned as angered fathers or doting 
mothers called them to the matutinal meal, with its proverbial menu of 
porridge and milk. The sound of the second bell, at twenty minutes to 
nine, which seemed to be heard in every house, had scarce died away when 
the door of the Principal's room would open and Dr. Harris and, at a later 
date. Dr. McCaul or Mr. Barron, would march across the end of the hall 
through the north door of the prayer room or public hall, followed by 
the masters who, bowing to the Principal as they took their seats, faced the 
boys seated on the east and west of the hall, waiting for the monitors 
to call the roll. Sam generally stood with hands folded, as if at ease, 
within the shadow of the doorway, undisturbed by the "tramp, tramp" of 
the boys, as they crowded around the doors of the class-rooms, waiting for 
the masters to emerge from the public hall Then he followed the 
Principal — who, by the way, always called the janitor "Allerdice" — into 
his inner room, and behind that red baize door, noted in his mind the 
orders and messages for the day, and then with a respectful "Good 
morning, sir," retired. 

Old Sam did not remove his household goods when the College first 
opened on Russell Square. The main buildings were the first erected, 
along with four large, double houses for the masters, while the little cottage 
at the west end of the ground was not framed until about 1832, a year or 
so after the classes had left the Nelson street building, where the old Vtian 
lived. Robert, his son, had struck out for himself, but William, Sam, and 
Sarah were under the parental roof, with a baby boy named Davy, who, 
born in 1832, in the old rooms at the east end, was tenderly and carefully 
wrapped in a heavy blanket, and carried by the old man to his new home 
in the College grounds. Sam and Sally were old enough to help their 
father, and, years afterwards, when Davy became big enough to assist, his 



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THE JANITORS OF THE COLLEGE. 20S 

elder brother learned his trade as an engineer, and turned the water of 
Toronto off and on at the old Furniss Works at the foot of Peter street The 
janitor always basked in the smiles of the masters. He was so obliging and 
attentive that none could find fault. In winter his work was heavy. In 
those days the stoves were all made for wood burning, and the task of 
bringing in the wood, building the fires in the open fireplaces of the class- 
rooms and in the big box stoves of the upper and lower halls, kept all his 
muscles in motion. As coal was not used, Sam, when he had to light a 
new fire, brought live coals in a covered sheet iron pan or shovel, which he 
carried about as carefully as if it were a child. " De yez mind, now ?" and 
" Whisht, now whisht " were favourite expressions of his. His gait was as 
uniform as his temper. He never moved faster than a walk, except, 
perhaps, when the boys in winter would catch him at a disadvantage as he 
walked between the College and his cottage, and was good-naturedly snow- 
balled into his own door by urchins daring enough to serve a bishop as 
they would the old janitor. His wife enjoyed the fun herself, as she met 
her better-half at the door and knocked the snow off his coat. The life- 
partner of the veteran caretaker was a woman small in stature, with a very 
pleasant face, showing that old Sam's taste, when he selected her for a 
helpmeet, had not been far astray. She was, as the old boys say, " very 
jolly," with enough knowledge of the economies of household life to make 
her husband comfortable. An excellent mother, she trained her family in 
the path of right and duty, and in her daily life realized that where her 
home was there she was happy. The old dame had a noted recipe for 
making potato cake, and it is said that some boys — one of whom is now 
an ex-Governor — who were her special favourites, were occasionally feasted 
at the porter's lodge. Mrs. Alderdice could cook fish to perfection, and at 
frying frogs* legs the old lady excelled. Some of the boys in residence 
were her particular friends, and the catch of all fishing excursions was 
invariably cooked at the little cottage. Her youthful friends always remem- 
bered her at Christmas, as they did her husband. 

A warning, or "first" bell, rang at a quarter-past eight, and then 
followed the regular twenty minutes to nine peal. When not at this work, 
or when cleaning and messages were not on the daily programme, Sam 
carried about the absentee book, which recorded the names of missing 
boys, and for which duty he cared as little as did his son who succeeded 
him in after years. However, it was duty first with the old man, and while 
the masters were inditing the names of those who had not seized the 
opportunity for knowledge on that particular day, Sam would make up the 
fire in the room, sweep up the ashes, and then carry away the absentee 
book in one hand, and in the other a shovel full of coals to replenish some 



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206 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUM E. 

distant fire that was languishing in another class-room. Through some 
unaccountable means, on one occasion, the woodwork in Mr. J. G. Howard's 
room, in the front of the College, became ignited, and considerable damage 
was done. How the room caught fire was always the mystery of the 
janitor's life. Our old friend " Nobody " was there, as he always is in every 
house in the land where mischievous boys, in vacation hours, keep the 
family circle in a constant state of terror. 

The College bell did not grace its belfry until some months after the 
opening, and perhaps the first to hear its notes was a boy who is as loyal 
as ever to the old school, no less a person than the Hon. John Beverley 
Robinson, who, with boyish curiosity, climbed up the slim ladder, and, 
crawling along the rafters, saw the men at work placing " the big bell," as 
the boys used to call it, in position in its picturesque turret. He gave it 
the first swing, and it has been swinging and ringing for sixty years. 
Every boy had not a tug at it, for Sam regarded it as a peculiar honour, 
and those who had the privilege, if they jerked the rope or varied the 
regular monotony of the peal, would soon bring the old man in haste to the 
rope, with " Whisht, now, whisht, now ! Stop, didn't I tell yez i " 

The old man would stand not a little torment, but to quicken the 
tones of the bell was an offence that roused him. He good-naturedly 
avenged himself with the aid of a cane, which he kept in the box that 
enclosed the bell rope, and made a raid upon the offending boy, who, 
perhaps, had jumped the bannister and disappeared down the stair-case 
while the janitor was getting the surroundings in his mind. But his good- 
nature was not always proof against ingratitude, and the base betrayal of 
his confidence. A great delight was to have a pull at the bell, and to 
obtain the coveted permission, any amount of youthful eloquence, worthy 
of a better cause, was put forth. Then the old man, with many cautions, 
would place the bell rope in the boy's hands. This was eagerly seized, and 
was generally pulled with due moderation and discretion. But there were 
evil-disposed boys, whose hearts, as the Indians say, were " bad." They 
would give a few rings as all properly constituted College bells should be 
rung, and then would come a pull that turned the old bell completely over, 
and so complicated the internal anatomy of the belfry that no after- 
persuasion could elicit any sound from it but a kind of grunt. This indeed 
angered the old janitor and shadowed, for a time, his otherwise cheerful 
existence. 

The most vigorous peal the old bell ever rang out was when John 
Powell, afterwards Mayor of Toronto, an hour or two after midnight, on 
4th December, 1837, roused old Sam to alarm the town, in the fear that 



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THE JANITORS OF THE COLLEGE. 207 

Mackenzie and his men would, before dawn, have the city in their grasp. 
The old man made the wheel whirl round, and, in half-an-hour, had every 
inhabitant in the neighbourhood, masters included, up and buckling on 
their armour. 

Once the old janitor did come in for a shake-up by a pupil. For two or 
three years after the opening of the College, there was only one ringing of 
the morning bell, and that at twenty minutes to nine. One day, however, 
without notifying the boys, Principal Harris, who occupied the eastern 
resident master's building, and kept half-a-dozen boarders, gave orders to 
Alderdice to ring a preparatory or warning bell, at a quarter before eight 
This roused everyone within its sound. The boarders, with fleet foot, rushed 
to the main building, and one William McNider, a pupil from Montreal, and 
the oldest and tallest boy in the College, who had been having a before- 
breakfast struggle with an intricate Latin exercise, was particularly wrathy. 
He bounded up the well-worn stairway in his shirt sleeves, and as he landed 
at the top he threw one eye on the big clock in the upper hall, and another 
at Alderdice, and taking the old man by the collar of his brown coat, shook 
the tall hat off his head exclaiming, " You old rascal ! Only half-past seven 
and you frighten us in this way, half-an-hour before the time — breakfast all 
spoilt-^ril pay you for this." "Whisht now, whisht now," said the old 
man, " the Principal tould me to do it, and yez ought to know it yoursel, 
living as ye do, at the same place, so yez ought." McNider was furious, and 
was about to grapple with him again when the old man s Irish blood 
commenced to boil, and in his sharp-keyed voice he faced the youth, and 
declared : "If yez don't make off, or dar to touch me again Til bet ye feel 
the weight of these keys, me bye," brandishing as he spoke the large bunch, 
with its iron ring, in McNider's face. The angry youth seeing trouble ahead 
dashed down the stairway to master his lesson and finish his breakfast 

The Hon. John Beverley Robinson, who relates with relish this story, was 
a College boy at the time, and came on the scene just as McNider was 
pouring his wrath upon the old janitor. The old fellow often told the tale 
himself, and enjoyed a good laugh over it, twinkling his small bright eyes as 
he described how he whipped out his keys and " saw me young gintlemen 
skip down the stair." 

Undisturbed by the hopes and disappointments of a larger ambition, 
Alderdice day by day faithfully discharged the simple duties of his office, 
and lived a contented and even life. His character was not chequered by 
the lights and shades of eccentricity. The boys all loved and respected 
the kind-hearted old janitor, and recall the early days with pleasure, when 



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208 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

the snows of many winters are falling heavily upon the brows of the lads 
who saw the dawning days of College life. 

Let us look at the old soul as in the years of long ago. It is four 
o'clock. The bell has loned the closing hour. From the class-room doors 
a host of joyous boys rush to the large prayer room to take their seats. 
The roll is called, the clear and melodious voice of Dr. Scadding has offered 
up prayer, and the fiat of dismissal has gone forth. Down the stair-case 
troop the pupils with shouts that make the long halls echo and re-echo. The 
happy youngsters speed for home or playground. The old janitor plies his 
broom till nigh sundown: The day is closing. The black-gowned masters 
have disappeared. The front of the building is quite deserted, save for one 
bent figure, outlined against the porch. The right foot is on the highest 
step, the left on the next below, one hand holds the latch, the other is 
turning the key. It is old Samuel Alderdice, performing the last office of 
the day, locking the doors of the College, preparatory to his return to his 
little home by the piney woods. The janitor was not only popular with the 
boys but with the public in general. He was well-known all over Toronto. 
On one occasion when the Hon. John Cameron was appointed Solicitor- 
General of the Province, a banquet was tendered him at Government House, 
which was unoccupied during the summer ; a large number of the old boys 
were among the guests, and old Samuel making his appearance was given a 
place in the room at a small table, where he not only enjoyed his dinner, but 
the feast of eloquence which accompanied it. 

After 184s, Alderdice began to feel the effects of long service. His 
rounded shoulders and enfeebled frame — for he then had passed threescore 
and ten — indicated that his health was failing. Sam, his son, had left the 
parental roof, and David, his youngest boy, helped him to carry wood and 
ply the broom. Three years rolled on. The heavy work was done by Davy, 
who had learned his trade as a carpenter in McBean & Withrow's shop on 
Adelaide street, near Yonge, but who gave up his trade when he became 
his father's helper. When the leaves in the College ground began to turn 
in the autumn of 1849, the faithful father and keeper saw that the shadows 
were deepening around him. He had seen the sunshine of summers and 
the snows of winters for nigh fourscore years, and firm in a belief in 
the Promise, surrounded by his wife and children, as the old bell 
chimed the close of the College day, as if at everting, the old man passed 
away, and, followed by the boys he loved so well, and who truly mourned 
his loss, he was gathered to the last rest of all. His grave is marked by an 
obelisk of stone, surmounted by gown and keys, within sight of the little 



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THE JANITORS OF THE COLLEGE. 209 

church in the Cemetery of St. James, telling the visitor that it is a 
testimonial : — 

TO THE MEMORY OF SAMUEL ALDERDICE, 

DURING TWENTY YEARS THE PATIENT AND FAITHFUL PORTER OF 

UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 

HE WAS BORN AT ARMAGH, IN THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND, 

AND DIED AT UPPER CANADA COLLEGE 

9TH OCTOBER, 1 849, AGED SEVENTY-FIVE YEARS. 

ERECTED BY THE PUPILS AND EX-PUPILS OF UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 



But who does not remember " Davy " Alderdice, the janitor of the 
fifties and sixties of College life, "the son of his father," the youngest 
hopeful of the stooped old man, whose memorial in that hallowed acre of 
the dead — the Cemetery of St. James — was the tribute of boys and youths, 
who, from the opening of the College, had deep regard for the old janitor ? 
No, it was not the venerable porter, whose story has been told, but the 
youngster of twenty, who, when an infant in 1831, had been carried by his 
father, rolled up in a blanket, to the College residence, and who, when his 
father had gone to the " narrow house and the long sleep," stepped into the 
old man's shoes and donned the toga that graced the shoulders of him who 
made music in the air with the old bell that at twenty minutes to nine 
ushered in the College day and called many a willing and unwilling pupil 
to Russell Square to enjoy or endure the daily task of wresting knowledge 
from the bagful of books which fond parents had provided. 

Davy was a quaint piece of human mechanism. His life was not to 
him a burden ; indeed, many thought it lay in pleasant lines. His cosy 
cottage stood, as in the picture, close by the boarding-house gate, a neat 
and tidy example of pioneer architecture, clap-boarded and primitive enough 
in its style, and yet, by the aid of nature, made pleasant to the sight of all 
boys whose ideas of architecture had not sought higher flights under the 
skilful guidance of J. G. Howard. The gravel roadway and narrow 
wooden pathway that led to the boarding-house ran past Davy's habitation, 
and when the long, black hands of the family clock, which, twenty years 
before, was a Christmas gift to Alderdice, senior, touched the hour of 
seven, Davy, with his well-blacked "T. D." — his solace after the evening 
meal — would leisurely saunter out, and, bringing the big gates together 
with a satisfied air, as if he were the warder of a castle, drop the bar into 
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210 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

its iron sockets, shoot the bolt that held the smaller side gate, turn the key 
in the heavy padlock, and return to his cottage, as one who had done his 
whole duty. In summer time, the little cottage just nestled in roses, and 
the wreaths of vines, which gracefully folded their tendrils around the front 
door, made the drab-painted home of the porter slightly picturesque. 

Davy's personal popularity was exceptional. His character was an 
admixture of good nature, tempered with a show of humour, a tolerable 
amount of practical, every-day common sense, such as the descendant of 
a North of Ireland " mon" might justly claim. His whole mental system 
was tinged with a general desire to be friendly with all, save those "imps 
of Satan,' who either "turned the bell, and threw the rope off the wheel," 
or *' knocked down the piles of cordwood " that flanked the Adelaide street 
entrance to the school, or, what was in his eyes the unpardonable sin, of 
** stealing the absentee book," which, on one occasion, was mysteriously 
transferred to his own home, and placed under his own pillow, by one who 
now works in Christian fields, and sermonizes with eloquence in " Talks to 
Young Men on the Follies of Youth." This last-named crime — for, with 
Davy, it was the crime of crimes — led to his being the principal figure in 
a walking match, for he searched every room, and even climbed the lon^s 
steep ladder that led to the belfry. On a previous occasion the book had 
taken wings and flown to a refuge alongside the old bell. An old school- 
mate — the rival journalist of the writer's College days — E. H. Tiffany, 
reminds the writer that on one occasion while passing through the avenue 
on the west side of the plot in front of the College buildings, he saw a 
man a short distance from him striking the air and jumping about in a 
most extraordinary manner. On coming up to him he found it was Davy, 
who had been attacked by a swarm of bees. They had settled on him, 
and stung him on the face, head, neck and arms. He was taken to his 
home and was laid up several days as the result of his encounter. 

Alderdice, when he assumed the reins of power — and he was a power, 
too — was in his eighteenth year, and an active and persistent worker, whose 
broom, as it sped over the floor after school hours, made the dust fly. He 
was an artist in sweeping. He could cover more square feet in a minute 
than any janitor of modern times in an hour. Before the boys had 
swarmed out of the prayer room Davy had at least two of the class-rooms 
in half decent condition, and his temper was never known to fill the void 
of the apartment save on one occasion, when a lad whom Davy had 
reported for appropriating the key of the old clock in the upper hall and 
setting the hands forward ten minutes, revenged himself by colouring 
the contents of the water can with dregs of ink from the glass bottles 



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THE JANITORS OF THE COLLEGE. 211 

which graced the pine desks in the room of Mr. Thompson, the writing- 
master. 

Then Davy fairly foamed, not viciously, but with a deep-hearted wish 
that he could get his massive hand anywhere within reach of the youth who 
had sought this method of revenge. The janitor's wrath, however, was not 
long cherished. His evening meal and the enjoyment of his pipe were 
harbingers of peace, and when he sought his pillow his anger lapsed into a 
feeling of forgiveness, with a mental reservation that possibly indisputable 
evidence as to the guilty one might provoke a gentle reminder of the game 
that had been played upon him. 

The absentee book was the bane of the boys. It held the names of 
absentees, and every hour Davy sauntered around and as regularly did the 
names of the absent boys go down. In the morning round Davy would 
walk up to the desk of the master, in the afternoon he would stand within the 
doorway and call out " all present,' wait for a reply and retire. This was 
the only duty for which Davy did not thirst. It was dull, monotonous and 
objectionable — it seemed like gpiving his boy-friends away. It was the 
black book which told fond mothers and indulgent fathers that their 
progeny had not filled the allotted hours in the class-room, and it led, on 
one occasion, to a misdemeanour that, somehow or other, got Davy into 
trouble, and the boys also. It has been said that sometimes Davy's 
favourites were not marked down, that apparent forgetfulness to click the 
latch of the class-room, and walk to the master's desk with the book, was 
more design than accident, and one of the liveliest scenes ever enacted in 
the building was when it was found that in one of the upper forms, the 
rounds of the porter had been honoured in the breach rather than in the 
observance. The paternal sovereign of a household had occasion to visit 
the College on a matter of business, and, after satisfactorily transacting it, 
asked the kind-hearted Barron to show him the class-rooms of three youth- 
ful scions of his house, and guided by the College *' board," which hung in 
the hall, indicating the subjects and time of study, the classes were visited. 
A twelve-year-old colt, in the Preparatory was found in the writing room, 
caught red handed, just as he had finished carving his name in the long pine 
desk, with one of his fingers blackened with ink, endeavouring to cover up 
traces of his work in the art of carving, and for which he paid the penalty by 
writing out that favourite headline, " Evil Communications Corrupt Good 
Manners," one hundred times. The other rooms were visited, but the 
familiar faces of the two remaining striplings did not greet the father's eye. 
How could they? Enquiry proved that, instead of ** pushing pencils" in 
Mr. Howard's room the youths were down at Mrs. Masterson s, at the foot 



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212 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

of Bay street, busily engaged in painting a skiff, that had been bought in a 
trade, or rather exchanged for half-a-hundrcd pigeons, that the bargainer 
was anxious to get rid of. This brought Davy into the throes of dispute, 
but he cleverly extricated himself, by reminding the Principal that he had 
been three times that week on messages to the University, and that, as a 
natural consequence, he could not be *' here and there at the same time." 
This saved the porter, but the boys suffered. 

Impositions, in those days, were varied in character. Some masters, 
especially Dr. Barrett, favoured the Scriptures. Others thought that the 
second book of the -£neid was more appropriate for purposes of punishment, 
so that many a lad passed weary hours in covering foolscap with " The 
Book of Proverbs," or " The Song of Solomon," " so many timely texts for 
boys," as Dr. Barrett would say, or the second book of Anthonys Virgil, as 
another master would direct. These impositions were dreaded with a 
horror that pen caimot express. The writer recalls penning twenty pages 
of Lucian for the simple offence of being one of five who, quite accidentally, 
dropped the contents of a cayenne pepper bottle on the long box stove 
which ornamented the centre of the prayer room. 

This, however, is a departure from the story. No one sympathized 
with the boys in their troubles more than Davy, and he has been known to 
help many a poor unfortunate by getting others to aid in inditing the 
manifesto of misery. A thoughtful boy once suggested that, when a 
chapter had to be written out twenty times, the first and last sheets would 
look well in the handwriting of the delinquent, while the intervening pages 
might be the work of sympathizers, who could make a fair imitation of the 
caligraphy of the martyr to College law. A victim, who was reminded that 
copying out the Book of Genesis would add to his store of knowledge 
called for volunteers, of which the writer was one, and, with their help, 
completed his task in an amazingly quick time. An obdurate master was, 
struck with the pleasing variety in the handwriting and observed : 

" Your hand varies a good deal." 

" Does it, sir ? " replied the unabashed boy, " it must be a difference in 
the pens." 

"Well," his heartless opi)ressor retorted, "you had better write this 
out again with one pen." Davy often regretted that he was not gifted in 
the writing art, for, said he, " Boys, you know, I could earn many a dollar." 

The red-letter days in Davys life were two in each year. To a 
certain extent he recognized the fact that pleasure is the confectionery of 
life, and that Christmas Day was one that made his pockets jingle with 



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THE JANITORS OF THE COLLEGE. 21 3 

coin. His good nature was refreshing in December, and of the two 
hundred — yes, three hundred — pupils who surged out of the hall and class- 
room few indeed forgot "a quarter for Davy." It was the balm of Gilead 
for Alderdice. When December was welcomed, whether in snow or rain, 
Davy wore one continuous smile. The boys might have torn down the 
building, taken the tongue out of the quick, clappered bell, strewn the 
floor with haws and chestnuts from the grove, and Davy would never have 
murmured, for the fifty or sixty dollars, added to the not extravagant 
wage from the bursar, bought many a luxury, and enabled Davy to enjoy 
his mug of ale and whiff the air with a brand of tobacco that would be 
the envy of a veteran of the pipe. 

Another day dear to Davy was the " Twelfth of July." While not 
bigoted Davy felt that when William landed on English soil at Torbay, he 
was guided by the hand of a special Providence. As for the victory at 
Drogheda on the Boyne, in Davy's opinion no struggle of ancient or 
modern times should be classed in the same chapter, and when the boys, 
knowing his predilections, would refer to Marathon, Thermopylae, or even 
Waterloo, Davy would shake his head, and venture the remark that if he 
had the selection of the subjects in history he would make the boys learn 
the story of the fight on the Boyne by heart, and thus try to instil it into 
the minds of youths, who enjoyed the day more for the music and the 
procession, than for the memories it served to brighten in those from the 
Emerald Isle, who, like Davy, enjoyed the parade. Fortunately for him, 
his favourite pleasure day hit the calendar in the summer holidays, and 
thus he had full and free scope for his enjoyment. The Toronto boys, as 
they watched the procession, \vere not long in singling out the old porter, 
as, with his black silk hat, that had seen many a Twelfth, his breast 
ornamented with a broad band of orange and blue ribbon, he kept step 
to the tune of " Rise, Sons of William, Rise," or " The Protestant Boys," 
with his brethren of No. 301. 

Alderdice retained his post for nearly twenty years, and then his 
health began to fail. The seeds of consumption, whether by heredity or 
neglect, were visible early in the sixties. His health had so far given out 
that an assistant, who did the heavy work, had to be called in. Years 
before, the little cottage by the grove had been dismantled, and in 1861 the 
brick lodge by the north gate was built. Davy, in November, 1852, had 
married a comely, frugal wife, one Mary Ann Anderson, had a family 
grown up, and the new home was commodious and more comfortable than 
the nest where he with his father had lived so long. It was here that he 
died. It was in midwinter. The boarding-house was closed, and many of 



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214 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

the masters and day scholars were in the country for vacation. Few knew 
of Davy's death till the sods had covered his grave. The masters, with 
Principal Cockbum, followed the remains, and, with the writer, made up 
the procession that, on a bright winter afternoon, which followed the New 
Year's Day of 1867, wended its way from the porter's lodge to the 
Cemetery of St. James, where, within the shadow of the shaft of granite 
erected to the memory of his father and predecessor, another grave was 
opened to receive the remains of a faithful fellow, whose memory will be 
for ever green in the hearts of the boys, who thought kindly of him who, 
for nigh an ordinary lifetime, had called them from the belfry to the lessons 
of the day. 



From 1867 until 1870 one James Marshall and others handled the 
broom along the corridors of the College. While, however, they did their 
work efficiently and to the satisfaction of the authorities, none of them 
could see as deep down into the hearts, or, for that matter, into the pockets 
of the boys as the janitors of the bygone days, who had endeared them- 
selves to the youthful collegians by many acts of kindness that were well 
remembered at Christmas time, when the traditional quarter-dollar, the 
shilling of our ancestors, made peace for past offences. Of all those who 
followed the Alderdices, while they could use the broom, somehow none 
seemed to grasp the idea that boys were human, that if they did turn the 
bell, water the ink, or hide the broom, such acts were part and parcel of the 
menu of boy-life, dishes not exactly ready but " extra, if not on the bill of 
fare," and without the " fifteen minutes to wait for cooking." No, fifteen 
seconds were sufficient in some cases to half craze a janitor, who would 
walk into a master's room, and, as he swept the watering-pot around his 
manly form, find that, instead of the floor being covered by aqua Ontario, 
it was aqua coliegio, a pigment that was scarcely up to the standard of a 
civic health officer. 

There are janitors and janitors, and while the actual duties pertaining 
to the office were few, yet tradition supported the belief in the minds of 
the boys who had just entered College that if there was a gold medal for 
a janitor, to secure it the examination paper would be so stiff that unless 
the candidate possessed exceptional abilities, he might pass as a good all- 
round, go-as-you-please janitor, but it would require a high standard of 
excellence to come up to the mark of the Alderdices, whose names were 
endeared to thousands of the old pupils. 



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THE JANITORS OF THE COLLEGE. 215 

The dawn of 1870, however, brought with it one who is now well- 
known to College /ame, one who had not only a civil but a military history,. 
a brave fellow who, in an old town in England, in i860, was so charmed 
with the gay colours of the enlisting sergeant that, with Her Majesty's 
shilling in hand, he inscribed his name on the muster roll of the Fourth 
Brigade of the Royal Artillery, and for ten years at garrison towns, such 
as Aldershot and Woolwich in England, Kilkenny in Ireland, and Quebec 
in Canada, spent the noonday of his life in soldierly activity. 

My friend, Mr. Leacock, an old boy, and now a popular master, 
remembering the advent of this favourite janitor, writes : — 

" Those of us who are old College boys of the last two decades 
remember well the mental shock that we received long ago when we first 
scanned the list of dignitaries in the College circular, and found, under the 
heading ' Janitor and Messenger,' the ambiguous word * Frost/ The 
bitter disappointment at finding our half-hatched witticism ruined by the 
Christian name of George, probably remains in our minds. Nor less so 
our delight, on the other hand, when we entered these classic precincts and 
found the individual in question actually living, breathing and moving, not 
as we had feared as George, but as * Jack Frost.' Boys generally entered 
College at the age when Santa Claus and Jack Frost have hardly faded 
from real beings into abstract personifications. The anthropotomical 
tendency of the child's mind asserts itself, and ' George,' the real and 
baptismal, gives place to * Jack/ the imaginative. Thus has Providence 
seen fit to thwart the wishes of George Frost's godfathers and godmothers 
when they * stood ' for him, and the sobriquet of 'Jack ' has clung and will 
cling to him for life." 

If, in the army life of George Frost, he did not have the opportunity 
of seeing service in the field, he merited the good-will and esteem of supe- 
riors, and when his term of service expired in 1870, he was mustered out 
with not only an unblemished character, but a strong letter of recommenda- 
tion from his commanding officer. Colonel Williams ; for as body servant 
to the Colonel, Frost had by faithful service made himself indispensable to 
the comfort of the gentlemen in command of Her Majesty's Fourth Brigade. 

If Frost made his mark in military life, as he rode with folded arms and 
soldierly visage on the box of an artillery waggon, certainly he eclipsed 
himself from the day he donned the clothing of a civilian and found himself 
installed in the routine of work, which made him for ever part and parcel of 
College life. He was without doubt not only " Jack of all trades" but master 
of many, a genius in a mechanical way, one who accomplished everything 
that he undertook, and when expert mechanics were baffled, Frost, in his 



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2l6 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

unostentatious and quiet way, rose to the occasion and succeeded where others 
failed. He was a plumber, carpenter or blacksmith, just as required. He 
could give a pair of skates just the right edge, adjust a mouth organ out of 
gear, clean a watch or insert a mainspring, flood a skating rink, or stick 
type, build a tobogganing slide or tune a piano, clean a rifle or make a 
mattress, splice a cricket bat, erect a flag pole, in fact, repair anything from 
the lip steel of a jewsharp to a breakage in the internal economy of a steam 
engine. Truly he was a wonder in mechanical skill — an obliging fellow, 
who left no stone unturned in his effort to serve all, from the headmaster 
down to the small boy in knickerbockers — for in the eyes of the latter Frost 
was something more tiian a marvel. If a machine went out of order in the 
physical department, he was summoned from the humbler pastime of 
shovelling snow or flooding the rink to adjust it ; in the working of 
electrical apparatus, it was his delight to lay aside the broom, and, with the 
air of a scientist, give the nerves of the inquisitive youngsters a reminder 
that, if not a pupil of Edison, he had at least some notion of how that 
gentleman carried on business. When wind from the west interfered with 
the ventilating and heating of one of the master's rooms in cold weather, 
Frost inserted a wooden flue or chamber, which carried the air in and sent 
the thermometer up many degrees. When the blackboards faded and the 
colour material was not to be had in the city. Frost compounded a mixture 
that put all others out of the market. When a small steam engine gave out. 
and was pronounced by an expert city mechanic, after a day's labour, too far 
gone to be repaired, Frost's keen eye discovered that the cause of the trouble 
was the expansion of a pin in the cylinder, which stopped the piston, and 
when he sheeted the gymnasium, laid a new floor and straightened all 
the apparatus, a small boy's comment was, *'Well, he beats the world." 
He is as faithful as the needle to the pole. He has no hours and will 
work eighteen a day if necessary, and loyal as he was and is to the old 
flag, under which he served, his fidelity to the College is so sincere that, if 
he had his own way, he would remove every stick and stone — yes, the very 
sod of the lawn — to Deer Park. 

And yet, while Frost is the happy possessor of so many useful 
faculties, he has a bit of temper which occasionally asserts itself It is 
rarely tried, but when the stock of patience which a janitor should possess 
is exhausted, and the youthful scions step beyond the regulation line, and 
the tranquillity of janitorial routine is interfered with, the broom of office 
is thrown aside and the absence of the offender lends enchantment to the 
view. His conversational powers are excellent, and if the offender has not 
glided out of sight, he may have a lesson from the book of College 
Etiquette, edited by Frost, who alone holds "the author's copy." 



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THE JANITORS OF THE COLLEGE. 21/ 

An old boy once remarked, as he was leaving the Sixth, " What would 
we do without Frost ? " Well might he say so, for to the boys the janitor 
is like the two-faced god of Rome — an omen at once of joy and sorrow. 
His duties are too numerous to mention. He smiles, as he brings around 
the announcement of a special holiday, while his countenance is darkened 
by sorrow as he leaves in allotted places the bundle of bamboos. He takes 
pleasure in distributing letters from the post, and the very routine of his 
functions is so allied to his inner thoughts and life, that he justly regards 
himself as a human annex of the old school, with which he has been so 
long identified. 



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LIFE AT THE BOARDING HOUSE 



EARLY DAYS AT THE RESIDENCE— LEAVES FROM THE MEMORIES OF 

OLD BOYS— THE FROLICS AND FANCIES OF THE LADS WHO 

SAW THE BEGINNINGS OF COLLEGE LIFE. 



BY J. ROSS ROBERTSON. 



'^I^ET US take a walk through the old boarding-house — not the pile we 
tn see to-day, but the wings which ran east and west, the original 
^™^ structure that about 1840 was amplified by a southern extension. 
Let us, arm-in-arm with one of the boys of 18 30- 1840, see life as it was 
in those early days, and, as we chat, recall the scenes of boyhood, the 
"scraps" in the study when John Kent's eyes were away for an odd 
quarter of an hour, the memories of tough beefsteaks, and the battles with 
the city boys, whose domain was strictly defined to be without the old 
gate that creaked on its hinges at seven p.m. and shut the young saplings 
of the land of the maple leaf within four walls until another sunrise. Our 
friend, who refreshes his mind as we sit in one of the old rooms, was one 
of the lads of 18 34- 1844 — a youth whose good father shipped him from a 
distant part of Upper Canada, so that he might possibly shine at the bar, 
on the bench, or in the halls of Parliament — and I wot he has excelled in 
all three departments of usefulness, and has not yet seen the sere and 
yellow of old age. He was not a good boy — that is, not a very good boy. 
Nor was he a bad boy — not real bad — a sort of a cross between Tom 
Brown and Tom Sawyer, with just enough of Huckleberry Finn thrown in 
to weary the life of fond parents, who gloried in the thought that the scion 
of their house would wheel away in a handcart the gilt-edged prizes, or 
open his pocket-book to receive the twenty odd pounds of Halifax currency 
for which brainy boys of the fourth form struggled. Would it be fair to 
deny that there were not within the College walls exemplars in the fine 
arts of study and deportment ? And yet, it goes against an old boy's 



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LIFE AT THE BOARDING HOUSE. 219 

grain to admit that a youth of the wild stripe could be found in the loved 
old spot Our friend was a sort of medium boy, an average all-round 
youth, such as you could pick up within or without the boarding-house, 
one who could knock off Latin verses with one eye open, translate at 
sight the satirical lines of Lucian into decent English, render the stanzas 
of Horace in every-day speech (and, perhaps, use Anglo-Saxon too freely 
in so doing), see clear through a mathematical problem, and, after thus 
performing his duties to himself and parents^ swing a cricket bat, run a 
foot race, jump a hurdle, swim across the bay, enjoy a pillow fight, and then 
declare that if he were a member of parliament he would pass an Act to 
hang old Morgan, who provisioned the boarding-house with steak that was 
an infringement upon an india-rubber patent, and selected sour bread, that 
he might have something that would harmonize with a not very delightful 
temper. 

The bricks worked into the structure of the College and adjacent 
houses were made in the clay grounds on Adelaide street, between Peter 
and Bathurst. Directly west of the College, on Russell Square, was the 
large, squarish building of the General Hospital, a structure that, by the 
way, was built due east and west, which accounted for its slanting front — 
for King street, my reader must know, does not run in a straight line from 
east to west. Back of the Hospital proper was a long row of wooden 
buildings, known as the cholera sheds, and these were the dread of the 
boys, especially the resident pupils. The first cholera epidemic came in 
1832, and then every boy in the College had his tiny bag of camphor hung 
around his neck, an amulet, so the youngsters claimed, that was proof 
against that dreamless sleep into which so many sank to rest in that dread 
year. 

The sorrows of life thickened in 1832 about the Irish immigrant, 
and his welcome to the new land was sad indeed. As the little ,long 
box waggons, their only ornamentation four smallish wooden plumes, 
were drawn to God's Acre in the Potters F'ield, one's heart went out 
for bright-faced Irish boys and girls, strangers in a strange land, who 
with fathers and mothers had been cut off in life's prime, their only 
mourners being the light-hearted driver and the soft-hearted old sexton, 
who with his mattock and spade made room in the sandy soil for another 
whose soul had gone beyond the Dawn. The dread messenger was in 
other lands in 1833, but revisited Toronto in 1834, the year that the boys 
were housed in the new boarding-house. Some still remained at the 
masters' houses, but the majority, with a score of new recruits, moved to 
the College residence. The second attack of cholera was worse than the 



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220 UPPER CANADA COLLKGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

first. The emigration from the Emerald Isle was very great, and, as the 
boys could see the hospital grounds from the windows in the rear, they 
gazed with sympathetic eyes on the covered waggons that hourly gathered 
up the dead for burial and brought the sick to the meagre comforts of the 
hospital sheds. Fortunately the boys escaped infection ; indeed a bag of 
gold could not have tempted them to go near the dismal sheds, where the 
sick and the dying held grim communion, while the dead lay on their " lone 
couch of everlasting rest." Thus the boys for years remembered the sad 
scenes, to be recalled in 1849, when, once more, homes were desolated, and 
the Irish immigrant again tenanted the Field of the Strangers. 

The boarding-house was not built until a few years after the erection of 
the College pile. The plans were drawn, but the work on the main build- 
ings was more important ; and, to meet the temporary difficulty of providing 
for the comfort of boys from a distance, the masters, whose residences were 
east and west of the College building proper, were permitted to take pupils. 
Dr. Harris, the Principal, lived, with a houseful of boarders, at the east end 
of the grounds. Mr. De La Haye had several boys from out of town. Dr. 
Phillips the Vice-Principal, who lived in the extreme western building, had 
two or three, while the Rev. Mr. Boulton found room for eight over whom 
he had special purview. At last, about 1833, when the boarding-house 
was opened, there were quite a number of applications. Some boys left the 
masters' houses and sought quarters in the boarding-house, whilp new faces, 
from different and distant parts of Canada, made up a houseful of good- 
natured, noisy jads, many of whom have made a mark in life's calendar and 
reflect credit on College training. A Mr. Morgan had charge, but his reign 
was unsatisfactory and therefore brief His ideas of catering were very 
limited. He thought that " growing boys should not have too much meat," 
that " oatmeal with good milk " was an excellent groundwork for a day's 
schooling, that " fish strengthened the brain," so that the boys " need not 
grumble, for the fare was better than what you got at home.'* Had they 
known anything of the immortal Squeers of Nicholas Nickleby, the boarding- 
house keeper would certainly have been put down as a relative of Dickens' 
character. In theory Mr. Morgan might have been right, but his theory and 
practice did not travel on the same line, for the meal was ill-cooked, the 
milk ofttimes sour, and the visits of the finny tribe so rare that the boys 
had no physical acquaintance with the anatomy of the inhabitants of the 
blue lake, the waters of which sparkled in sight of the College grounds. 
Morgan's reign was a short and unhappy one, and, when he stepped aside 
to make way for Mrs. Fenwick, of Niagara, the boys sang paeans of joy, and 
wished him a journey to the setting sun or some locality quite as remote. 



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LIFE AT THE BOARDING HOUSE. 221 

Mrs. Fenwick was a kindly woman, one whose early life was not 
strewn with roses, eking out a modest livelihood at Niagara as the presiding 
genius of a young ladies' seminary, or, as the boys irreverently called it, 
" an angel factory." But Mrs. Fenwick's experience with the gentler sex 
served her well when she came across the lake to take charge. The 
boarding-house proper was under the ken of a resident master, a Mr. Kent, 
up to 1838, when Mr. and Mrs. Cozens assumed control, and continued 
until 1845-46, when Dr. Barrett took charge, with Mr. Thompson and Mr. 
Dodd as assistants. But in the early days, of course, the pupils were few 
and their cares were light, and Mrs. Fenwick was an excellent manager. 
She was very popular, and the change was welcomed as a revolution in 
domestic cookery. The boys were delighted, and a modern Delmonico 
could not have tickled their palates with more tempting dishes than those 
Mrs. Fenwick provided, and one boy declared, after the first meal, that an 
extra line of thanks might be annexed to the College prayers as a recogni- 
tion of the welcome act of Providence for sending Mrs. Fenwick on earth. 
The lady in charge did not, however, come alone. She brought with her 
a niece, or granddaughter, a Miss Rutherford, an educated and refined 
woman, not particularly good-looking, but so full of common sense and 
good judgment, that she captured the heart of a Canadian missionary, who 
desired a comforter in the wilds of Africa. Miss Rutherford seemed to 
have a roving commission, and looked after Mrs. Fenwick's interests when 
that lady was absent. The fare at the boarding-house was plain but 
substantial. The delicacies supplied were not " the best that the market 
afforded," and even the enjoyment of these after sundown was due to the good 
graces of three or four smart Irish girls, who waited at table and between 
times did geheral housework. Every morning fifty spoons touched fifty 
plates of oatmeal porridge, and the milk supplied would make the owners 
of cows of the present day blush to the eyes. Pumps were not as common 
as in these degenerate modern days, and consequently the milk had a rich- 
ness and a colour that was a certificate of good character. Treacle, which 
to-day is dignified in the shop windows as *' golden syrup," was a sort of 
entree twice a week, and when Mr. Kent did order extra fare it had the 
same effect on the boys that a fat refresher would have on a special pleader. 
The pantries and the lockups were looked after by an expert housekeeper, 
a Miss Arnold, who, it was to be regretted, was subject to fits, which on one 
occasion created a panic amid a band of boys who were at their lessons in the 
upstairs study. Mrs. Fen wick*s life was saddened by the death of two young 
men, her nephews, brothers of Miss Rutherford, who were subject to epileptic 
fits. Both lads had been out on the bay in a skiff. One fell overboard in a fit 
and his poor brother, anxious to save him, jumped in, and both were drowned. 



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222 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Mr. Kent lived at the east end of the boarding-house. He ruled that 
the boys should view the golden sunrise at six o'clock on summer 
mornings, and at seven in winter ; indeed, he had a general supervision of 
the boy boarders and was not a hard taskmaster. He read prayers in the 
evening, and stood well with his charge. He was English, young, bright, 
and courteous. A man of remarkably good literary taste, of good family, 
his father having been a rich merchant in England. He was, in the 
opinion of many, one of the foremost men of his day in point of literary 
taste and acquirements ; a perfect master of his own tongue, he was 
equally familiar with Latin and Greek, and could read and write in either 
language in prose or verse fluently. After leaving the College he educated 
and was travelling companion tp the late Earl of Carnarvon, and was 
held in such esteem by that noble family that he was regard.ed at the 
family mansion as one of themselves. There he was always welcome, and 
for years lived with and acted as private secretary to the late Earl. 
Although his life-long friend and patron has gone over to the majority, Mr. 
Kent still survives, and at the patriarchal age of eighty years and upwards, 
is residing at Funchal, Madeira. He is one of the very few still living of 
those with whom he was so closely associated in those early days. In the 
fast thinning ranks of the old guard are still standing Chief Justice 
Hagarty, Sir Thomas Gait, and the Rev. Dr. Scadding, while scores of 
others of equal celebrity have long since passed away. 

Mr. Kent after he left the College edited TAe Church newspaper for 
several years. Before Dr. Boys became BUrsar of King's College, he was 
offered and refused that position, preferring to return to the old country 
where work of a literary character more congenial to his taste awaited 
him. He was peculiar in temperament, quick in thought, sharp in manner 
and prompt in punishment. His linen was immaculate, and his white tie 
and clean-shaven face reminded one of the man who always looks as if 
just out of a bandbox. He urged the boys to be neat in their attire, and 
certainly by example encouraged them to practise what he preached. He 
was fond of music, and, as in thought he went back to his College days in 
the motherland across the sea, he made it a point that the boys in residence 
should practise for a few days before each summer vacation, and assemble 
in the study to sing in Latin, " Domum, Domum, DidcCy DomumI* a song 
that touched their hearts, and has kept John Kent's clean-cut form and 
kindly face warm in the memory of the young choristers, who looked upon 
him as a friend, rather than a teacher. The monotony of boarding-house 
life was varied with happenings common to all resident schools. 

During the earlier years of boarding-house life there was no such thing 
as fagging, but in later years the writer remembers well that the old world 



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LIFE AT THE BOARDING HOUSE. 223 

practice of the big boys having " a fag " was considered quite in order. 
The tenderling of twelve or fourteen was therefore in demand, and if he 
did not use his pins and fly on messages for his tyrant, he had to stand the 
kicks and cuffs that make juvenile life uneasy — not to say unhappy. 
Some fellows fagged their little vassals with a vengeance, and the writer 
remembers one colt who in desperation, filled the air in the neighbourhood 
of his liege and master with a half-filled inkpot, a ruler, and if he could 
have managed it, would have sent a **Liddell and Scott" to improve the aerial 
march of the other incidentals of school equipment. 

The raw country lad whom fate had selected for a term at the 
boarding-house had to stand the gentle hazings that accompanied residence 
in the town. To bantams of eight or nine years this was not entertaining, 
and yet the infliction was a mild one, that, however, gently lowered the 
miniature bank account of the new-comer. Ginger beer and bulls* eyes 
are the concomitants of a boy's life, and the pence and halfpence speedily 
disappeared from view in the tiny cash drawer of the taffy shop on Simcoe 
street, that received material support from its patrons, the many pupils of 
the College. One youngster, with whose advent came a royal feast, was 
overtaken by dire disaster when three of a-half dozen corks flew from under 
arms laden with ginger beer bottles, in full sight of the boarding-house and 
the boys, who from the windows watched the unfortunate in his manly 
struggle to reach home. 

The rules about going down town were not as strict in the first twenty 
years of College life as from 1850 to i860, and the penalty for infringing 
the rule against wandering into the embryo metropolis was an imposition 
that would keep a boy with pen in hand for many an hour. Indeed this 
class of punishment was always a convenient one for the masters who did 
not believe in physical warfare with the boys. A youth at the boarding- 
house, who has since become a master, one loved by all, for merely remarking 
to the resident master that he thought the fine weather would soon be gone, 
as dark clouds were advancing in shape of a crowd of coloured men going 
down Adelaide street, was quickly ordered to " memorize * Gray's Elegy ' 
and perhaps you'll change your mind about the weather." In those times 
the boys all slept in large dormitories, seven or eight in one apartment 
There were four rooms, and a pillow fight was an occasional feature before 
retiring. The pranks of the youths as they pranced up and down the halls, 
in long nightgowns of different colours, made an innovation on the 
ordinary quiet of the sleeping quarters, and led to unpleasant consequences, 
especially if the linen suffered. An old game of the boys was to have 
without leave an evening outing, particularly if a theatrical company — one 



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224 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

of the early barn-storming, one-night stand combinations — came to town. 
One of the primitive theatres was in the rear of the Shakespeare hotel, now 
the Metropole, at the corner of York and King streets. It was a rickety old 
structure, a barn in every sense of the word. It was dubbed *' the Theatre 
Royal," and on one occasion four boarders feasted their minds for two 
hours on " The Taming of the Shrew," and although the curtain fell at the 
close of the play, there was another act not down in the " Bill of the Play." 
A resident master spied the boys in the gallery and sauntered home in their 
wake. He witnessed the sight of the youths mounting the playground 
fence, jumping the boarding-house gate, and nimbly climbing up a ladder 
that led to the roof and within hail of a second-storey window, where a friend 
was on watch, dexterously letting themselves in. After breakfast, the 
guardian of College morals, calling the lads up, said that as they had seen 
the players give the Taming of a Shrew, he would entertain them with a 
new play called the ** Taming of a Boy," and that they could individually 
star in the title-role by each writing one of the four Gospels, giving them the 
privilege of drawing lots for choice. 

The writer jots these reminiscences down as he talks to an old boy who 
saw the sunrise of boarding-house life and the pranks and frolics of boyhood 
in the old school. "Yes," my old friend of 1834 says, " I think it was in 
1834, or perhaps 1832/ that I first stepped into the arena of College life and 
with thirty or forty boys found a residence at the boarding-house. Pocket- 
money was not over plentiful, and when some special pleasure was in view 
a common fund was formed by all concerned. Amongst the boys were 
some who followed old Isaak Walton with hook and line, and the Easter 
holidays saw a score of the boarders make up a fishing party to the 
Humber. Mr. Kent gave us permission, and fully equipped with tent, bag, 
and pole, we started for our camping ground. One acted as commissary 
and expended our slender resources with care. In order that our advance 
might be duly heralded as we were en route the Vice-Principal's brother 
loaned us a splendid huntsman's horn. We had in the party, I think, the 
Wallbridges from Belleville ; the Meyers boys from Trenton, cousins of the 
Wallbridges, and the four FitzGibbon boys, sons of the brave fellow who 
fought so well at Beaver Dams, and who later on risked his life to labour 
night and day during the cholera seasons of 1832, 1834 in aid of the suffering 
and dying immigrants; the Givens boys, who lived up in the woods at Pine- 
hurst on Dundas street ; the Wilmots,of Newcastle, Sam and his brother John, 
the former well known as the director of the fish-hatcheries of the Dominion ; 
the Robinsons, sons of the Chief Justice ; the Wells boys, from the hill back 
of the old town ; the Smiths of Port Hope, and the Hewards, of Toronto. 



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LIFE AT THE BOARDING HOUSE. 22$ 

In this connection it may be said that the first white settler in Belleville 
was, in 1797, a fur dealer named Wallbridge. Belleville Was called at one 
time Meyers' Creek, after an Albany Dutch family. The father of the 
Meyers' boys who were at College, was a Hanoverian and their mother a 
Wallbridge. It was a procession that had in it not only resident pupils but 
many from the town. A leading spirit led the way with the huntsman's 
horn and made it lively for all concerned. The other boys carried the 
kettles, pans, and supplies. As we marched along we kept step to the notes 
of a College song. An hour's walk brought us to the Grenadier Pond, at 
the present High Park, and within sight of a fish trap, io which had been 
caught sunfish, perch, and bass. To our shame be it said — unheeding the 
voice of an energetic and petticoated Milesian — we appropriated the fish 
and made off up the river. A few miles further we found a camping 
ground, close to piles of cordwood cut ready for the wood scows from the 
city. We fashioned our tents out of boughs, of trees, lit our fires and cooked 
our fish and turned in at midnight, to turn out long before daylight, as the 
piles of cordwood, a mass of fire, caught from our camp, lit up the surround- 
ing country and hastened our exit. The boys were up quickly. Half 
awake and half-dressed we attempted to extinguish the flames but without 
success. To add to our terror the cry came that canoes were coming down 
the river with men bearing lighted torches. The men, whose faces were 
blackened, threatened to seize our belongings, but recognizing the fact that 
we were strong in numbers gave us time to stampede while they claimed to 
be waiting for reinforcements. We parleyed, palavered, struck camp and 
much to the surprise of Mr. Kent, landed, bag and baggage, the day after 
our outing. We loafed about school for holidays, fearing an investigation 
might take place, and were terror-stricken when one of the older boys 
declared that a letter had been received ; that the town police were on the 
search for the " fire bugs " — and our surprise was great and our relief still 
greater when we found that our tormentors were none other than senior 
boys of the school. The Rapeljes from Simcoe, who, with Askin and 
Fisher, had been spending their holidays with relatives on the Humber, and 
knew of our camp, had come down in canoes to give us a scare, and 
extinguished the fire after we left." 

During winter, College life was sometimes irksome. Opportunities for 
sport were not as in summer, and with short days and long lessons the 
outlook was barren. All kinds of schemes were devised for vacation hour. 
By special permission boys might skate upon the bay ; but the privilege 
was on one occasion revoked, when it was found that a half-dozen boarders 
and day-boys on a Saturday afternoon fired the marsh, at the east end of 
29 



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226 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

the bay, calling out the fire brigade and raising quite an excitement; Of 
course nobody did it. Nobody ever does. The boys hankered after 
theatricals, and " Lucinda ; or, the Mysteries of a College Pudding," an 
unheard-of production in one act — the literary invention of a couple of the 
boarders — was placed upon the stage. A short farce was to follow. ' 
Lucinda was the presiding genius of the College cooking stove. The good 
priest had, at her father's bidding, called her Bridget, but when she touched 
Canadian soil the old name was dropped, and without the intervention of 
an Act of Parliament the new one was adopted. Lucinda was sensitive, 
and when she heard that her merits were to be discussed by " yez players," 
she declared that the supply of bread and butter, which had heretofore been 
surreptitiously conveyed out of the kitchen window to her favourites would, 
without further notice, be stopped. The upper loft in Dr. Phillips' carriage- 
house was selected as the place for the performance. It was cleaned and 
made presentable. The boardipg-house supplied benches and chairs and 
the residences of the masters were levied on for curtains and decorations. 
The boys were well up in their parts. A large audience assembled. Some 
of the folks from Government House were on hand. The late Chief 
Justice Robinson and his family were spectators, and Dr. Phillips and the 
masters and other local dignitaries were patrons. On another occasion, 
when the boys of the boarding-house had amateur theatricals, an interesting 
incident occurred. The trunk-room of the boarding-house had been 
adapted for the purpose. The play, or rather the farce, was " Like Master 
Like Man." The stage was small and the scenery rather crowded. 
Wilmot and Ingalls dressed as women were to be discovered. The audience, 
amongst whom was Mr. Matthews, the first classical master, were all anxiety 
for the rise of the curtain. The bell rang, but the boy whose particular 
duty it was to manipulate the curtain was not on hand, and a youth seized 
the rope, but had hauled only a few seconds when he heard roars of laughter, 
screams from the ladies and shouts from the small boys in the background, 
as the wooden roller caught in the skirts of one of the female players, now 
a venerable and prominent government official, and gave the audience a 
scene not on the bill. Need it be said that he quickly slacked the rope, 
achieving better results on his second attempt. 

Across the street from the boarding-house were the fine garden and 
orchard of the Hon. Alexander Macdonell. At the corner of the street and 
back from the front, stood the mansion of the affable old gentleman, whose 
face, up to 1842, was familiar to many of the boys. The orchard ran east 
along Adelaide street, about 500 feet, and north about 200 feet to Rich- 
mond, occupying fully one-third of the entire square. There was no 



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LIFE AT THE BOARDING HOUSE. 22/ 

orchard in Toronto like it. Apples, pears, berries and currants were as 
plentiful behind that high board fence as if the region were a fruit market. 
The windows of the boarding-house overlooked the tempting landscape, 
which was occasionally enlivened by the guardianship of a couple of 
ferocious looking bulldogs, whose sole duty was to test the quality of cloth 
in the attire of uninvited guests. Apples have charms for boys, and pears 
possess a relish which always makes the owners of keen and youthful 
appetites brave danger. The day-boys were no better than the boarders. 
Their desires were mutual. To climb the fence in daylight meant certain 
capture. Darkness, therefore, as the friend of evil-doers, was accepted as 
an ally. The boarding-house gates were locked at seven ; evening prayer 
at nine saw the household between blankets. The small boy then as now 
was an aggressive agent of mischief, and after the clock had struck ten, 
sheets and towels were fastened into ropes, and youths of ten and twelve 
were let down, with pillow-slips in hand, and orders to load up with all the 
varieties of fruit that could be obtained. As the rascal who supervised the 
pillage said to the intending pilferer on one occasion, " gentle youth, you 
take all the apples you can get and you need not stop to count them." A 
boy who now stands prominent in one of the principal departments at 
Ottawa, declares he has a vivid recollection of being lowered out of that 
second storey window and seizing his quota of apples. Another, in ermine 
who now dispenses justice to evil-doers, being detailed on a great occasion 
to secure fruit, was caught in the clutches of the gardener just as he was 
preparing to vanish. The angry old gardener told the boy he would have 
to bring him before Mr. Macdonell, but the little fellow pleaded for liberty 
as effectively as in hiter years he pleaded for freedom for men who stood in, 
the dock. And he returned in triumph to the boarding-house, hot only free 
but with a pillow-slip full of apples, which had been carried away by 
another boy, while the principal sinner was pleading for liberty. 

While school training was carefully looked after, the religious side of 
life was not neglected, and the prayers of the morning and afternoon of the 
weekday, were strengthened by a discourse at the Cathedral of St. James, 
where the boys repaired every Sunday morning. Some rather kicked over 
the traces and objected to this march. The Episcopalians really envied the 
Presbyterians, for the latter were looked on as nomads, who could go to 
church or not, just as they willed. At any rate the followers of Knox had 
not to take part in the Sunday procession ; so many of the young Tartars 
sacrificed Church, State and Creed, and entered the Presbyterian fold to 
secure the privilege of avoiding a morning tramp through town. 

Then the College bell sounded out at seven in the morning to awaken 
the College residents ; but on one notable occasion it rang much earlier. It 



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228 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

was truly before cock-crovving. The incident is briefly referred to in the 
chapter on the College Janitors, but it will here bear repeating. The 
boarders were sound asleep, and had been for hours in bed. The masters, 
even those who burned the midnight oil, were deep in slumber. Old 
Samuel Alderdice, who had been hard at work all day, was in the land of 
dreams. About two in the morning, Mr. John Powell, who had been out 
Yong3 street, rode hurriedly back to warn the Governor that Mackenzie 
was on the march to the city. The messenger almost banged the door of 
the janitor's cottage to pieces, as he called him out to ring the bell, and 
sound the alarm to the inhabitants. The old man was up like a flash. If 
he had one virtue, it was loyalty, for he was an Orangeman and a Tory and 
oft declared that Mackenzie would get his due some day for declaring that 
Upper Canada College was but "a Preparatory School for young Tories." 
The bell rang — that part of the town was aroused. The church bells took 
up the alarm. The boys in the boarding-house were startled. Some arose 
thinking it first bell, others thought that some one was playing tricks with 
the bell. Mr. Wedd, who, a boy at the time, was asleep in one of the rooms, 
arose to dress and wondered that it did not get lighter. Sleep, however, 
being more important to boys than study, the lads went to bed again, to 
awaken, however, in the morning and see Mr. Lewis, brother-in-law of Mr. 
Rowsell, the College bookseller, on guard at the Government House, and 
the Rev. George Maynard, the mathematical master, dressed as a private, 
ready to do his duty in defending the city. All was excitement at the 
boarding-house. The College classes were broken up ; a piece of paper 
pinned on the front door, and another on the Adelaide street gate, notified 
the day pupils that an unlooked-for vacation prevailed. The boarders who 
could get home were hurriedly packed off", and those who could not were 
looked after by the masters. At the boarding-house provisions were served 
on a war basis, so an old master informs me, and on the morning after the 
excitement broke out, about the 7th of December, four loaves of bread were 
all of that valuable commodity that could be put upon the table. The 
town bakers had to supply the militia and citizen soldiers, and for a day or 
two matters looked bad enough. There were no troops in the Province 
when the rebellion broke out. Sir Francis Bond Head had allowed them 
to go to Lower Canada, making it his boast that they were not needed in 
Toronto. My friend. Dr. Larratt W. Smith, one of the old boys, ever loyal 
to his Alma Mater, relates to me an interesting reminiscence. He says: ** I 
saw the 24th Regiment, the last to leave, defile up King street and down 
Simcoe street, as they marched to the boat, and when William Lyon 
Mackenzie, who sat in his buggy at the corner of King and Simcoe streets, 
saw the last of them pass he remarked in a loud tone of voice, ' I'll make it 



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LIFE AT THE BOARDING HOUSE. 229 

hot for you before you return.' I, with the other College boys looking on, 
threw stones at him." Another old boy tells me that Samuel Alderdice, 
the janitor of the College, was standing within earshot of Mackenzie at the 
time and when he heard the disloyal remark he used rather emphatic 
language. 

After the troubles of 1837 were over, the College itself seemed to 
advance in popularity throughout the Province. The boarding-house was 
over-crowded, and more accommodation had to be provided. The brain of 
J. G. Howard was, like Adoniram of old, utilized and drew plans on the 
trestle board and fashioned a wing, which extended from the south side of 
the original boarding-house. In those days tenders were advertised for by 
handbills, posted about the streets, copies being sent to leading contractors. 
In the British Colonist of September 20th, 1838, we find the following 
announcement : — 

UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 

The College wUl re-open after the summer vacation on Thursday, the 27th of September. 
The College boarding-hoase has been considerably enlarged, and affords ample accommodation 
for at least seventy boarders. 

CHAS. MATTHEWS, A.M., 

Acting Principal. 

And we also find in glancing at an old file of the British Colonist of 
April 5, 1838, a notice of the sale of the furniture of the late Dr. Harris, 
which reads that the furniture was sold by J. M. Strange by auction, on the 
9th of April, 1838, with a "quantity of particularly fine Madeira port, sherry 
in bottle, eighteen years old, also two pews in St. James* Church, Nos. j6 
and 112.'* From 1838, on the appointment of Mr. Cozens as resident 
master, the boarding-house took a new lease and was much improved. 

In December of 1842, we find a notice in the British Colonist of the 
7th to this effect : 

UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 

In consequence of the prevalence of scarlatina the pupils of this institution have been 
dismissed for the vacation at an earlier period than usual. 

The recess will extend from this date to Wednesday, January 4th, 1843. 

The annual public examinations will commence on Monday, January 16th, and the 
regular business will be resumed on Friday, January 27th. 

JOHN McCAUL, LL.D., 

Principal, U.C.C. 
U. C. College, December 3rd, 1842. 

This sent the boarders as well as the day-pupils home two weeks earlier 
than usual. 



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230 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Dr. Barrett afterwards became resident master, assisted by Mr. Chris- 
topher Thompson, writing master, and Mr. John Dodd, master of the 
*' partial form " or commercial form, the class of the latter in the College 
being dubbed " the refuge for the destitute " by the boys who studied 
classics, as opposed . to those who could not or would not delve into the 
intricacies of Latin prose and verse. The additional space gave much 
more sleeping accommodation, and the large rooms of the early days were 
divided into dormitories, framed of lattice work, about seven feet by eight in 
extent, each dormitory being provided with a single bed, a washstand, and a 
few pegs for clothing, and a door, which was so hung that when closed it 
could not be opened without jingling a bell in the main hall that would 
wake the Seven Sleepers. This bell business was a disagreeable innovation. 
At ten o'clock the boys were supposed to have retired, with each door 
closed, the bell set, and usually quiet prevailed, but not always. One of 
the boys, a genius in his way, secured a piece of wire and dexterously 
twisted it so that he could slip the snap without disturbing the bell. Once 
out, of course, he could emancipate the entire army. Occasionally, on 
Friday nights, the boys held high carnival, parading the halls on tiptoe, and 
then winding up with an old-fashioned pillow fight, that brought Mr. 
Thompson and Mr. Dodd on the scene. The urchin on watch, hearing the 
masters approach, gave the warning, and the boys, recognizing the truism 
that silence is golden, were in a few seconds safely in their beds, apparently 
very sound asleep, but possibly with their ears still open, listening to the 
footfalls of the half-dressed masters, who were astonished at the transforma- 
tion from chaos to order. But all was taken in good part. The boys must 
have their fun ; and on another occasion, when carnival reigned, a night or 
two before the summer holidays, Dr. Barrett held an inquest upon the 
remains of some pillow-slips, the verdict being that every lad whose pillow 
was torn was kept within the College grounds until able to memorize 
perfectly a few verses of Scripture selected with great care by Mr. Dodd, a 
master presiding in the evening preparation of lessons. These memory- 
tests plagued the pupils. They could grind out an imposition, with the aid, 
perhaps, of friends, but there was no device that could be combined to get 
over the memory-tests. As a Brockville boy remarked, it was "the 
extracted essence of refined cruelty" to exchange the time-honoured 
punishment of the imposition for this new method of imparting information. 
And yet, as the masters would often admit, the boys averaged well in 
deportment. True, the masters' gardens — a row of seven on the east side 
of the hill that sloped into the playground — Were sometimes despoiled of 
favourite plants ; a riot might occur at the tea-table, if the fare of the steward 
was not up to the standard ; a fight might take place in the grove, between 



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LIFE AT THE BOARDING HOUSE. 23 1 

• 
boarders who thought best to settle their disputes that way — but all these 

things are the natural nnethods that boys have of finding vent for their 
surcharged feelings. On one occasion, a luckless lad from Eastern Ontario, 
was careless enough to let lighted matches fall between the wainscotting in 
the long study, and then there was a clatter. Water was plentiful and the 
fire was soon out, but the penalty paid was one that makes the writer 
shudder as he still thinks of it For four weeks the boy viewed the> scenery 
of the outside world from the top of the College fence — he was within the 
law if he did not cross — and, as a further punishment, three hundred verses 
of the Good Book, extracted at the rate of five per day, were not only to 
be memorized, but also presented in College ink, on College foolscap, with 
instructions to dot the i's, cross the t's, and give the commas, semicolons, and 
full points the positions they were entitled to in Holy Writ The boys 
sympathized and poured forth their condolences, but the edict had gone 
forth and there was no help for it. 

The reader has in this chapter a fair picture of life at the boarding- 
house. In the days of Dr. Barrett the rigirne improved, and since that 
time, with the knowledge of modern experience, the boarding-house is a 
model for all schools — and the boys of to-day, as their fathers tell them of 
the happy days of early life, may well feel proud that they with their fathers 
can call the Old College their Alma Mater, 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 



BY AN OLD COLLEGE BOY. 



c° 



GO back to the days of nearly forty years ago, and pick up 
pebbles from the shores of a memory closely identified with the 
youthful typesetters of old Upper Canada College is a somewhat 
difficult though not unpleasant task. Interesting are the experiences of 
the boys, who, as they climbed into manhood, thought more perhaps of the 
art preservative than they did of their daily toil in the school room. We 
all know that it is an effort, not unattended with difficulty, to train a boy's 
mental faculties just in the way they should go, especially when the trend 
of his inclinations is in another direction, and he fancies, as many boys do, 
that the master at the desk is a modern Legree, sent on earth to " belt and 
welt " the life out of every one whose thoughts run counter to what the 
boy would term the mind of the literary slave driver. 

With feelings not very remote from these the early printers at 
the College had to contend. Obstacles were varied in character, and one 
has to smile as he thinks of the divers devices which afforded relief from 
educational toil. The time thus gained was used in order to have the 
paper out on time, with the latest cricket news and College gossip. These 
items were jotted down by some, who, in later life, availed themselves of this 
early practice in order to earn the conventional bread and butter of life, 
and who by their pencillings have made for themselves name, fame, and 
reputation, either as the ubiquitous reporters of the daily press, or in the 
forum of debate at Toronto or Ottawa. 

The College of the fifties was a different institution from that of to-day, 
and these words glide from the pen with a great deal of real love for the 
old masters — some yet to the fore, others gone into dreamland — as well as 
for the old pile of brick and mortar smoothed with winds, which swept the 
face and curled around the corners of the weather-beaten building, now by 
the march of modern improvement hidden from view in an elevation that 
certainly has more charm, as a thing of beauty, than the severe, four- 
cornered, low, slant roof designed by Mr. Ewart in 1829. 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 233 

We may be pardoned for taking a preliminary canter ere writing the 
history of the College press. One cannot pass down the old halls, and peep 
into some of the old rooms, without a thought of the happy days of 
long ago, when the precious five minutes at the end of every hour was not 
only made available to change the classes, but also to do a little business in 
the way of orders for work, for it was " Your name and address, on good 
paper, in the highest style of art for seven cents," or" The College TVw^j, with 
the best news for the boys, only fifty cents a year." It was remarkable the 
volume of business transacted in those precious five minutes. Orders were 
taken, accounts collected, and work delivered, with a cheapness, a neatness, 
and despatch, that would do credit to a metropolitan Caxton. 

There were half-a-dozen boys who dabbled in printer's ink. With 
some the fad was only for " a quarter," as the session or term of those days 
was called. Others clung to it for a longer period — but only one made it a 
stepping stone in the realms of active business life. 

The College of the fifties and sixties was divided into seven " forms *' 
or classes, with a preparatory division for the ** twelve year colts," who 
struggled with Latin grammar, as the only method by which they could 
attain a knowledge of English grammar, for, in the halcyon days of the 
College, English grammar was an unknown book — the grounding therefore 
had to be through Latin, and to be of as substantial a character as the 
foundation of the city of the Caesars. Even if a surgical operation were 
necessary to get " Hie, haec, hoc " into the youthful skull it was performed 
with the skill of a veteran Esculapius. The year i860, by the way, saw 
the last of the seventh form. 

Some of the juvenile striplings were enthusiastic patrons of the first 
College press, for to have one's name immortalized in cold type at seven 
cents a dozen, even if it did take a week's pocket money, was a sacrifice 
that was made without a grumble. While the toddlers of the College were 
content with an investment in a dozen labels— or even half-a-dozen, at four 
cents — the boys of the first, second, third — the commercial — a form that 
has just been revived — and the fourth, preferred larger quantities on special 
paper, for which they willingly gave the printer a special price. The label 
had all the advantage of typographical ornament, and with the name sur- 
rounded by a fancy border, of unique style, it made an attractive inside to 
the cover of the well-thumbed school-books, that did duty, in turn, for a 
whole family of boys. 

Let us picture, vafac siniiky one of the early productions of the College 
Caxton. The type was bold and readable. The boys cared little whether 
30 



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234 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

it was a Clarendon, an Antique, or an Ionic letter, so long as it described 
the invincible right of property in the book into which it was pasted. 

It was somewhere after the Christmas holidays of 1856-57, that the 
monotony of College life was disturbed by the competition of the rival boys 
who engineered diminutive printing presses in the homes of fond parents, 
who, no doubt, thought that the time given to the types could be more 
profitably employed in filling the respective brains of their progeny with 
knowledge that would be more serviceable in after life. The writer recalls 
the names of a few of the juvenile typos, all of whom, save one, have written 
their names on the title page of time in fields of labour not akin to typo- 
graphy : J. Ross Robertson, eldest son of the late Mr. John Robertson, the 
well-known Toronto dry-goods merchant ; Edward H. Tiffany, son 
of Mr. George S. Tiffany — a descendant, by the way, of the Tiffany 
Brothers, who printed the Upper Canada Gazette and American Oracle, at 
Newark or Niagara, in 1798 ; King Arnoldi, son of an eminent physician, 
the late Dr. Arnoldi, and Henry Prettie, son of a prominent Toronto builder 
of the early days. 

Mr. Robertson was a partner in the youthful enterprise, successively 
with Mr. Arnoldi and Mr. Prettie, and is to-day the proprietor of The 
Toronto Evening Telegram, which was founded in 1876. Mr. Arnoldi 
followed architecture as a profession, and his designs as an architect at 
Ottawa are a credit to himself and his country. Mr. Prettie has achieved 
fame as a merchant, and occupies a seat in a western legislature. Mr. 
Tiffany delved into the mysteries of Blackstone, and measures out law, as 
one profound and skilled, in the village of Alexandria, Ontario. 

The printing of labels for books received such encouragement that 
higher flights in art were attempted, and the publication of a journal that 
would be the voice of College opinion was discussed. Robertson and 
Tiffany were rivals in this field. The father of the former had glad- 
dened the heart of his son with a fifty dollar bill, an offering which sprang 
out of a feeling of thankfulness to a merciful Providence for sparing the life 
of the youngster who, playing truant for an hour, in the midsummer of 1857, 
was not a disinterested spectator in the Brown-Cameron election riot at the 
corner of Queen and Simcoe streets, on the last day of that famous contest. 
Let me give the incident as it occurred : — 

The election was a hot one, and the boys, after the fashion of boys, had 
their likes and dislikes in matters political as well as in school quarrels. 
The pet of the College in this contest was John Hillyard Cameron, for he 
was '* an old boy." The lads were anxious to see the fun, and a few of the 
" big uns " thought that instead of spending an entertaining hour with our 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 235 

old friend Lucian^ under the watchful care of the now venerable Dr. Scad- 
ding, or struggling with the second book of the ^neid with Mr. Wedd, an 
hour in the practical field of everyday life would be more profitable. 
Accordingly, half-a-dozen names were marked down in the absentee book 
that afternoon. The polls closed at five o'clock, and the school at four, and 
an hour before David Alderdice rang the closing hour of the College day, 
the boys who proposed seeing the fun, were over on Queen street, between 
St. Patrick's market and the corner of Simcoe and Queen. It was open 
voting in those days, and the Cameron men had possession of St. Patrick's 
market poll. In full force they were assembled on Queen street, armed 
with newly broken macadam, which lay in piles along the roadway that 
bounded the property of Sir John Beverley Robinson, on the south side of 
Queen street. The Brown men made their stand at the corner of Simcoe, 
William and Queen. In those days Simcoe only ran north to Queen ; the 
street was continued north of Queen under the name of William, as far as 
the present Anderson street. Robert Moodie, a local politician, popularly 
known as " Bob Mocdie,"was at that time a Reformer, and was as vigilant 
on his political side as the partizans of Cameron were on the Conservative. 
About half-past four the respective crowds had mustered perhaps 500 each. 
Word had been sent up " the ward," as St. John's was familiarly called, that 
there was to be trouble at St. Patrick's market, and the reply came in a 
score of cab and waggon loads of men, headed by Moodie, arriving on the 
, scene of action. Mr. Clinkenbroomer, the watchmaker, was building a new 
house on the north-west comer of Queen and William. A pile of brick 
about twenty feet in length by twelve feet in breadth and as high as an 
ordinary man, stood in the roadway ready for both trowel and mortar, but fate 
had ordered otherwise. The crowd gathered in the situation and the bricks 
at the same time, for in ten minutes the height of the pile was well lowered. 
The men from the market came slowly down the street, driving all before 
them. The windows on both sides were, unless where protected with 
shutters, riddled with stones. 

The cover of Dr. Hodder's buggy, driven by the old gentleman himself 
down Dummer (William) street, was riddled with a shower of stones as it 
turned into Queen, and when the opposing crowds met opposite Sheppard's 
marble works, located fifty feet west from the south-west comer of Queen and 
Simcoe streets, just by the old stone which marked the first mile from the 
City Hall, the fight became fast and furious, and the shattered windows and 
roadway literally alive with brickbats, loose macadam, and formidable pav- 
ing stones, revealed a state of affairs that happily came to an end by pure 
exhaustion, rather than from the waning energy of the score of policemen 
who watched the city of thirty years ago. Young Robertson and his friends 



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236 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

were surveying the situation from the front of Sheppard's works, when an ill- 
natured, many-pointed piece of macadam, pitched from the western side of 
the battle landed through the strap and peak of Robertson's cap and laid 
him on his bed for a few weeks. Convalescence was a day of joy in the 
family, and the fifty dollar bill was invested with William Halley, manager 
for D. K. Feehan, the agent of the Montreal Type Foundry, in a font of 
long primer, with display type, which fitted up the first printing office of the 
College, from which was issued Ttu College Times. 

The other College mind of typographic turn was also seeking an 
outlet for his opinions, and Tiffany, too, had equipped an office that 
would meet the requirements of College trade and from which was 
issued The Boys' Own Paper. The connection of Robertson with 
boating, debating societies and cricket circles of the College, gave 
him an advantage with the boys, and, as an active participant in 
sports, the boys showed their fealty by rallying around him in his enterprise. 
They did so, not only in financial support, but assisted as contributors and 
made the columns readable and entertaining. So many years have passed 
that only a few names can be recalled. The work of typesetting was per- 
formed by Robertson, and editorial matter frequently flowed into type with- 
out even a line of the usual MS., while play hours were occupied.with the 
business of collecting subscribers and subscriptions. Other boys joined in — 
James T. Morgan, a noble specimen of boyhood, a generous, pleasant fellow 
with a face that beamed with brightness, contributed to the poetical column. 
A few stanzas are remembered by the writer. " Jim," by which Morgan 
was better known, was a son of Mr. Peter Morgan, an old resident of 
William street. His brother Charles, also an old College boy, is now 
manager of the Merchants' Bank at Perth. "Jim" ground out poetry 
to order — sometimes when sitting with the writer, having a quiet smoke, in 
the top of the tall pines which long ago stood on the east side of the College 
gymnasium, but usually at the writing hour when, in a back seat in Thomp- 
son's room, Jim and his old friend would coin verse with an assurance of 
excellence that caused a general laugh when, at lunch time, it was read over 
to connoisseurs in the verse-making art, who were adepts at versification, 
and who had carried off honours in that line. 

Thomas S. Reid, brother-in-law of the late William Hay, the Toronto 
architect, and now a resident of Bermuda, was a prose contributor, Reid 
was a brother of Dr. Thomas Reid, the eminent psychologist His efforts 
were of the sober and reflective kind, and yet with enough mischief in them 
to form the subject of a miniature libel suit, which interested the boys for the 
greater part of one term. Reid, in 1862-75, was actively engaged in com- 
mercial pursuits in Halifax, Nova Scotia. 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 237 

The College Times first saw light in September, 1857. It was a sheet 
7 X 12, or about the size of ordinary letter paper. It was a four-page produc- 
tion. The matter was set two columns wide, in long primer type, and was 
issued monthly. The type was set up in a small room in the house of the 
Robertson family. Stout oak chases, instead of iron, were used, and the 
type, as set, was read over carefully, and proved and corrected in the 
" stick " and then emptied into the primitive chases and carried down to the 
old Globe office, where the edition of five hundred was worked off by 
Upton, the pressman, on a Washington hand-press, the most rapid piece 
of printing machinery that the leading job office of those days possessed. 

For the first issue the paper was known as TJu College Times, but this title 
led to trouble before the sheet was well oflf the press. The College authori- 
ties — those who sat in council as a committee of the senate and looked after 
the welfare of the boys — had determined that the south hundred feet of the 
playground should be sacrificed for building lots, for in 1857 the real estate 
boom had struck Toronto with a force proportionate to that of 1887-90. 
The boys were up in arms and determined to assert their rights, by all 
possible means to preserve their much valued playground from spoliation. 
Robertson, Reid and Tyner, with a score of others, organized a meeting in 
the prayer-room after College hours, which was largely attended. A resolu- 
tion was enthusiastically carried to appeal to His Excellency the Governor- 
General of Canada as ex officio Visitor of the College, Sir Edmund Walker 
Head, Bart., who then resided in the old Government House, opposite the Col- 
lege, in the welfare of which he took considerable interest, his son having for 
some time been a pupil. The appeal to the "fountain Head" resulted most 
favourably, the distinguished scholar and educationist supporting the conten- 
tion of the College boys in every particular by vetoing all the proceedings of 
the Senate in the matter, which produced among the boys a revolutionary 
action to save every inch of soil which they deemed sacred ground. The 
Rev. Walter Stennett was then principal of the institution and his views did 
not coincide with those of the agitators. The chief preceptor did not take 
a lively interest in sports, as did the honoured Barron — whose memory will 
forever be green in the minds of boys, who have dismal recollections of 
lengthy impositions and birchings with the typical bamboo by the old 
principal — ^nd the young publisher was not disappointed when he heard 
that his enterprise was frowned upon by the head master. The College Times 
made its debut. Its advent was the talk of the halls. The boys were more 
eager for it than for their lessons. It came at last. The proprietor added 
to his duties those of editor, type-setter, publisher, and distributor. Four 
hundred subscribers had been secured among the boys and among the friends 
outside, many of them in the offices of the old government of Canada, for 



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238 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

in those days the seat of government alternated between Toronto and 
Quebec. Sir Edmund Walker Head, the Governor-General, was appealed 
to as the official Visitor of the College. A copy of The College Times had 
been sent to him by the publisher. The Governor was impressed and the 
College block was kept intact, all due to the juvenile spirit of patriotic 
duty which inspired the movement. 

The leading editorial was a powerful and explicit demand that the 
boys should not be robbed of their play ground. It must be admitted that 
the language was energetic, but respectful ; indeed the late Chief Justice 
Moss, one of the bright boys of the College, said it was quite justified by 
the facts. Principal Stennett objected, not only to the paper but to its 
tone, and stated that unless the name, at least, was changed, and revolution- 
ary articles refused insertion, the paper should not be distributed in the 
College building or grounds. This edict was an augury of future success. 
Indeed he informed the rival Caxtons that they might choose between 
the desire to continue as publishers and expulsion from the College. 
This threat, which was, of course, beyond the power of the principal, was 
never carried out. The boys were up in arms. Every friend became a 
canvasser, and subscriptions from outside poured in with a bountiful hand. 
The name of the paper was changed to The Monthly Times and, headed by 
the proprietor, a couple of active agents distributed the sheet at the King 
street and Adelaide street gates, to the delight of the boys, and amid the 
kindly smiles of some of the masters, who rather relished the little cloud of 
rebellion, which enlivened the even tenor of College ways. The College 
boarding-house was to be specially guarded, and David Alderdice was 
warned that, if he saw the emissaries of the printing shop pass his cottage, 
which stood east of the old gateway that led to the boarding-house, his 
vocation would either be gone, or some unheard-of penalty would be inflicted. 
But Davy was a good soul, and, like his father, had a heart for boys who, 
unasked, never let Christmas pass, as we have already seen, without some 
token, however small, of the esteem they had for the plodding messenger. 
The paper found its way into every class-room. Every boy had a copy in 
his pocket. The dormitories at the boarding-house were well supplied, and 
the satisfaction of all concerned, both publishers and subscribers, was 
unqualified. The agitation against the real estate deal had, however, its 
effect. The notices of " For Sale " were taken down, and the surveyors' 
stakes pulled up out of ground, in which they had been buried deep by the 
indignant three hundred. 

The November issue of the paper found the title changed to that of 
The Monthly Times, and in May, 1858, to the T/ie Boys Times, as being 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 239 

more appropriate to the constituency which it proposed to represent. It 
was also made a semi-monthly publication. Its success was phenomenal, 
and its circulation generally averaged about five hundred. It was an out- 
spoken organ of juvenile opinion, and if its editorial range did not extend 
to the higher flights of literary writing, it was good enough for the boys, 
and its day of issue was looked forward to with as much eagerness as is the 
five o'clock edition of The Evening Telegram of to-day by the people of 
Toronto. 

A glance through a file of the paper shows that it improved as the 
months progressed. A continued story, " The Haunted Hall,*' was a feature. 
The cricket column records a meeting of the " Wellington Cricket Club," 
with W. B. Nicol, president, G. B. Nicol, vice-president, and A. Brunei, 
secretary. The Nicols were sons of Dr. Nicol, and Brunei was the son 
of Mr. Brunei, the City Engineer. The Wellington Club met in the Brunei 
grounds, on the corner of Front and Brock streets, the old family home of 
Mrs. Jameson, wife of Chancellor Jameson. George B. Nicol is now the 
popular Clerk of Assize at Toronto, and W. B. Nicol is a barrister. The 
same issue gave the officers of the U. C. College Cricket Club, with G. P. 
Gildersleeve, now of Kingston, as president ; D. F. Bogert, now Rev. D. F., 
of Belleville, vice-president ; and F. A. Read, formerly of Cayuga, secretary. 
The issue of June ist recalls to the mind of subscribers the fact that "as 
printers cannot altogether live on atmospheric suction, something must be 
provided for their sustenance * ♦ we hope then that our friends will 
save us the trouble by remitting the needful." This wtis headed " An 
Admonition to pay up." 

On June 15th the proprietor of the paper offered prizes for proficiency 
in gymnastics to all boys above ten years and to all boys below that age, 
but made the condition that competitors " must be subscribers to this paper 
for six months." In the issue of ist July, 1858, we have a report of a 
libel suit tried by a jury of College boys, and brought by Robertson 
against K. M. Arnoldi. It was a business dispute in connection with an 
interest in the paper. The court was a self-constituted one. It met in Dr. 
Barrett's room. A. C. Tyner, the Tyner of the College and University, 
presided. Charles Crawford, son of the Hon. Geo. Crawford, of Brockville, 
T. S. Reid, now of Bermuda, and D. F. Bogert, were for the plaintifT — 
a great array of counsel. Fred. A. Read was for the defendant. 
The verdict was rendered in a peculiar manner. The paper states — 
*' The presiding officer, Mr. Tyner, then charged the jury. The jury retired, 
and after a short deliberation brought in a verdict for the plaintiffs and 
$4 damages. A member of the jury expressing his dissent from the verdict 



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240 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

delivered by the foreman, the jury again retired and brought in a verdict for 
the defendant" After this jump from plaintiff to defendant, the former 
thought it would be well to have a new trial. The points were argued, but 
"Mr. Tyner stated that he had no power to grant a new trial. The case had 
been tried by consent of both parties, and as this was not a legally con- 
stituted court, the matter would remain as it had been before the trial." 
Thus ended the great suit. The audience at each sitting varied from 
seventy-five to one hundred, and the efforts of the counsel were watched 
with great eagerness. Happily at this writing and for the past thirty years 
the parties to the suit are good friends and enjoy with gusto a talk about 
the great trial. 

In the issue of July 2ist, 1858, we have the opening chapters 
of "The Sea Lion, or the Privateer of the Penobscot," by Sylvanus 
Cobb, jr. It is worthy of remark that when the American paper in which 
the story originally appeared did not arrive in time for The Boys' Times, the 
proprietor ventured to fill the necessary gaps and trust to luck to make the 
connection in the next number fit into the genuine production of Cobb. 
This July number was called "the Holiday number" and it was made 
attractive by engravings of Toronto Public Buildings borrowed from a city 
printing office. It also contained a woodcut of the old Royal Lyceum, which 
thirty years later proved very valuable in making engravings of the old 
playhouse. 

The issue of the 15th September, 1858, had the announcement that 
** Mr. E. Tiffany, having discontinued the publication of his paper, is hand- 
ing over to us his subscription list." A letter also appeared from Mr. 
Tiffany, as proprietor of The Boys' Own /'^j/^r, confirming this notice, thank- 
ing the boys for support, and stating that owing " to serious losses," he had 
been "obliged to discontinue" and hoping that The Boys' Times would 
meet with support as " a highly useful and instructive paper." The issue of 
the 15th September, 1858, had an editorial on a new division or "scheme " 
of studies made by the authorities. The editorial said : — 

UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 
" The College reassembled after the midsummer vacation on Thursday 
the loth September. 

" A new scheme has been devised by which we observe that German 
and English classics have become part of the College course. 

** Another important change is the sub-dividing the commercial form 
(now called the English department) into five parts. The epithet, * Refuge 
for the Destitute,' which with proprietory applied to it, will no longer be 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 24 1 

applicable. Those students whose nostrils cannot appreciate the odour of 
the Latin and Greek classics, will not find a refuge now in the English 
department. They will be taught to know that there are such things as 
English Classics. Avoiding Scylla they will fall into Charybdis." 

The issue also contained the welcome intelligence that the College 
playground was to be levelled and sodded. The issue of October 1st, 1858, 
contained an editorial which reflected on the University authorities for their 
treatment of the boys at the laying of the cope stone of the new structure. 
It appears that the boys \vere invited to the ceremony, which took place on 
the last week of September, 1858. They were to fall in, on the laying 
of the stone, and after the ceremony apples and cakes were to be provided. 
The boys were dismissed from their classes at 10 a.m., and were ordered to 
assemble at the Park at noon. The elite of the city were there — the 
Governor-General and party, and Lieut. Goodwin had command of a 
detachment of artillery. After the ceremony the graduates and guests 
lunched in the library, and then the editor goes on to state : — 

" The College boys were directed to enter at the Medical department, 
where it was understood the above-mentioned refreshments would be 
served. To the astonishment of all, however, one of the masters, assisted by 
some other officials, kept pitching apples and cakes among the boys outside. 
Some obtained with difficulty one apple, others half a one, while others, still 
disgusted with the proceedings, went home. 

" A more luke-warm reception, we believe, was never before given to the 
College boys. Invited, as they were, to take part in the ceremony, they 
ought to have at least received some little attention. Had even, we say, the 
few apples and cakes been distributed in a civilized manner, the boys would 
have been satisfied. Instead of that, however, they distributed the fodder 
in a manner that they would not have done to any other species in the 
animal creation. 

" College boys have always held a high reputation, and have been 
respected wherever they went. At every demonstration they have been 
heartily received. It is rather strange that they should have met with 
such a reception from the University.'' 

The boys, were of course, indignant and even Dr. McCaul declared 
that it was a shame that those who in time would fill the lecture rooms of 
the University, should be " treated like a lot of hungry paupers/' 

The Grumbler, a weekly satirical paper, published by Erastus Wiman, 
had half-a-dozen anonymous verses on the subject. The verses are worthy 
of reproduction. 
31 



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242 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME, 

THE COLLEGE BOYS' LAMENT. 
T was on a windy afternoon, 

Just at October's birth, 
When the maple and the chestnat 

Dropped their tribute to the earth, 
They went to lay the coping stone 

Of a pile now reared to knowledge, 
And thither in high feather marched 

The boys of U. C. College. 

The graduates and students passed 

In togas to the hall, 
From the greenest of the freshmen, 

Up to Dr. John McCaul, 
The band blew out a merry blast, 

The students took their dinners. 
But no turkey's leg, or chicken's wing. 

Was pitched to us poor sinners. 

We heard the noisy gownsmen then 

Hurrah with might and main. 
And fifteen score or more of corks. 

Pop from the brisk champagne, 
A little beef would have sufficed. 

Our teeth were getting all edge, 
But nor beef, nor veal, nor bread was there 

For the boys of U. C. College. 

At length an iinshom porter came, 

Through the place meant for a door, 
And, as to pigs, some apples green. 

Poured forth upon the floor. 
And this, while they were swigging 

Their champagne, hock and claret ; 
We gathered up the beggar's fare 

And pelted Dr. Barrett. 

But what more galled us than it all 

Was the speech of Mr. Steunett, 
And the Globe's absurdly flattering puff 

Of the hospitable Senate. 
The " sumptuous repast " he gave. 

Did our Principal acknowledge. 
But what it was and where it went, 

Beats the boys of U. C. College. 

Such was the entertainment rare. 
Which in the autumn's prime. 

When the north wind whistled through the trees, 

. At half-past eating time. 

When they went to lay the coping stone 
Of that pile new- reared to knowledge, 

They gave the poor, unhappy wights, 
The boys of U. C. College. 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 243 

In the December issue we have a few stanzas from Morgan, the 
poetaster of the paper. If the facts are not lost in a tangled maze of 
memories these verses were written in Dr. Barrett's room the day before the 
winter holidays, when the good old doctor had been called away to a meeting 
in the Principal's room to decide the fate of some boys in the boarding- 
house, who the night before had raised pandemonium in the dormitories 
with a first-class pillow fight, in which the linen of the College had suffered 
to an extent that demanded complete renovation. A few of the verses read : 

A CHRISTMAS PEAL. 

What joy is depicted on every chap's face, 
Each quietly sitting with delight in his place ; 
That joy, in truth, which in youth knows no care, 
All troubles have fled, but we cannot tell where. 

** Christmas holidays," Mr. S. n w declares 
Will commence (by jove ! boys,) just after prayers, 
From prep, to the seventh what buzzing goes round. 
Each trying to speak, themselves do confound. 

T?ie Boya* Times is published and out for this month, 
And BO «vou1d another be, if it were not defunct, 
A Christmas number full of mirth and of fun. 
Says the agent, *' subscribe, a new volume's begun." 

The editor also returns thanks for past favours, stating that : — 

*•' The publishers beg to return thanks for the support and encourage- 
ment tendered them during the present year ; and to say that they have 
made arrangements for publishing the paper weekly. The publishers in 
taking this step are perfectly aware of the expenses attending it, but hope 
that they will receive such additional support in their hazardous enterprise 
as will amply repay their efforts. 

*' They have engaged a new staff of writers, who will sustain the well- 
earned reputation of this Journal. Our columns will always be filled with 
an interesting story, and a plentiful supply of original matter, written on 
subjects of the greatest interest to boys, and odds and ends calculated to 
excite and amuse. 

*' The publishers wish it to be distinctly understood that this is strictly 
a boy's paper; being written for, and conducted by boys. Many little 
inaccuracies have occurred in many of our numbers, but we are assured that 
few will be found in the coming volume." 

The issue of 5th January, 1859, opened with a few verses by J. T. M. 
(J. T. Morgan). The maker of the rhyme had just left College, although he 
still contributed to the paper. His lines had particular reference to Mr. 
John Dodd, the excellent teacher of the commercial form. 



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244 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Morgan also gave in this issue the opening chapters of a thrilling tale 
entitled "Hessian Bedrearn, or Ottoman Tyranny," which opened with 
the lines : 

'* * Allah is great ! he must die/ were the concise words uttered by Pasha 
Del Keder, to a youth of about twenty summers. His crime! what was it ?" 

The development of the plot was, perhaps, of the dime novel order, for 
the hero was carried in successive chapters through a series of adventures 
that could only exist in the mind of an author that had a lively imagination, 
fed by perusal of the Arabian Nights or the annals of Don Quixote. 

The issue of January 1 2th, noticed the advancement of an old boy. 
Ensign R. G. Newbigging, of the 89th Regiment promoted to a lieutenancy. 
The regiment was stationed at Neemuch, in India. 

The next issue has a meeting of the College Debating Society, of 
which A. C. Tyner was President, S. F. Lafferty, Vice-President, and J. Ross 
Robertson, Secretary and Treasurer. Mr. A. C. Tyner was the son of Mr, 
John Tyner and brother of Mr. Christopher Tyner. A. C. was an exhibi- 
tioner and one of the brightest pupils that ever studied at the College. He 
cirried off high honours at the University and engaged in the newspaper 
business, editing with the late W. A. Foster the Daily Telegraph, a 
paper published in Toronto from 1866 to 1872. Christopher Tyner was 
the well-known editor of the Hamilton Times, and subsequently on the 
Daily Telegraph, He was an ex-pupil and attained high honours at the 
University. S. F. Lafferty was a pupil who, in his College days, distin- 
guished himself particularly in mathematics. He is now a Barrister in 
Chatham, Ontario. 

In the issue of February 9th, we find the debating society discussed 

" Has the freedom of the press been productive of good results ? " 

Affirmative — Messrs. E. H. Tiffany, McCaul and Rossin. 

Negative— Messrs. Tyner, Crawford and J. Ross Robertson. 

Vice-President Lafferty will take the chair at 4 p.m. precisely, when a 
full attendance is respectfully requested. 

E. H. Tiffany was the publisher of the Boys' Own Paper, McCaul, or 
** Doctor," as he was familiarly called, was the son of the Rev. Dr. McCaul, 
and Rossin was Julius Rossin, son of the owner of the Rossin House, now a 
weakhy merchant, a resident of Hamburg, who recently endowed the 
University with a scholarship valued at a thousand dollars. The others 
have been referred to before. 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 245 

In connection with this debating society, a humorous handbill was 
circulated, giving the proposed programme of a drama and a comedy 
which never materialized. The playbill read : 



V. 125W^ R. 



^K'm 



TIMBUCTOO DEBATING SOCIETY. 

KING STREET WEST, TORONTO. 



POSITIVELY LAST PERFORMANCE, 
Prior to the appearance of a new company. 



BENEFIT OF MR. JOHN ROSS ROBERTSON, 

Printer to the " College.'* 

Rossin's Splendid QUADRILLE BAND will be in attendance, and 
Perform during the Evening. 



This Friday Evening, March 2Sth, 1859. 

Will be performed the Celebrated Drama, in Three Acts, ' adapted for 
Representation in the British Provinces for Mr. T. S. Reid, entitled 

COLLEGE AS IT WAS; 

OR, 

THE DAYS OF OLD. 

Dan OTrot J. R. Robertson. 

Ragged Pat Topney Crawford. 

Neil O'Carolan Mr. Thompson. 

Conor O'Flaherty " MontizamberL 

Mons. Voyage " Tyner. 

Slang (a Cockney) " Reid. 

Gossoon " Harris, 

Magistrate '* Rossin. 

Flunker " Lafferty. 

Doctor '* McCaul. 

Judy OTrot Miss Julia Bogert. 

Honor " K. Jones. 

Florence " Julia Read. 



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246 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

The Evening Entertainment to conclude with the Sterling Old 
English Comedy of 

RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT. 

Sloucher Mr. A. C. Tyner. 

Charles II " Manson. 

Rochester " Read. 

Edward " Bogert. 

Caucus Miss Kate Jones. 

Lady Clara . . • " Julia Bogert. 

Boxes 50 cents ; Pit 25 cents ; Family Circle 25 cents. 

Doors open at Half-past Seven. Commence at 8 o'clock. 

GOD SAVE THE QUEEN. 

"Topney Crawford" was a son of the Hon. George Crawford, of 
Brockville. 

Thompson was the son of Mr. Thomas Thompson, Sr., the 
King street merchant, and is now an expert shorthander on the 
Grand Trunk. Montizambert is now the well known * Medical Officer 
of the Dominion, at Grosse Isle. A. C. Tyner was the second son of 
the late Mr. John Tyner, of Yonge street. T. S. Reid was a brother- 
in-law of the late Mr. William Hay, the architect. Joseph Harris 
the son of the late Mr. Harris, of Buchanan, Harris & Co., of Hamilton. 
He now resides in Marton, New Zealand. S. F. Lafferty was the son of a 
Yonge street storekeeper, and is one of the brightest mathematicians 
in Canada. D. F. Bogert is an Anglican clergyman, resident at Belle- 
ville ; and Read for some years practised law at Cayuga. 

This month noted the formation of the College Boarding-house Debat- 
ing Society, of which Messrs. Foley, son of Hon. M. H. Foley, Dewar, 
Benjamin, son of Hon. L. H. Benjamin, Radenhurst, Ranney, and Turquand, 
son of Dr. Turquand, of Woodstock, McKee Rankin, afterwards the actor. 
Bell, of Belleville, Jessup, of Brockville, now of the Dominion Land Office, 
Winnipeg, Austin, the Rev. Henry, of Gananoque', Hoyles, of Newfound- 
land, and others were leading lights. 

In the issue of April 20th, 1859, we fi"d verges written by an ex-pupil of 
the College in the Grumbler entitled *' The College Boys' Complaint." The 
state of the College playground was so bad that an appeal had to be made 
to the Senate of the University and the lines were eagerly read by the 
boys, many of whom will recognize the poetical effort. 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 247 

THE COLLEGE BOYS* COMPLAINT. 
SespeelfuUy dedicaUd to the Senate of the University of Toronto by the Bays qf 
Upper Caiwdd College. 
Cheerily ring the voices of Spring, 
O'er the shrill cool April blast ; 
The birds twitter forth their opening hymn. 

And the leaflets are opeiung fast, 
Through the dusky pine, in a dying whine. 

Old Winter his death dirge sings. 
But no merry shout of boyish glee 
From the walls of the College rings. 

The beavers peep from their wintry sleep, 
• The beetle drones out its mirth. 

And the trees shuffle on their garb of green 

To gladden the wakening earth. 
Joyous and free in its fre»h spring glee. 

Chirps even the meek little cricket ; 
But an acre of mud is all we can get 

For the bat, the ball and the wicket. 

We'd a verdant lawn in the times agone. 

Where we gambolled and played at our ease, 
Till our playground was ruthlessly spoiled 

By that odious Senate's decrees. 
The dear old spot must in silence rot, 

Or in building lots be sold. 
Oh, it galls our hearts as we sigh and think, 

On the good lost times of old. 

E'en the squirrel now, from bough to bough. 

In its joyous gymnsistics may spring. 
But never a swing, a bar, or a pole, 

From the Senate can College boys wring, 
The time has been in summer's sheen, 

Many hours we sported away, 
But an old flag-staff in a desert of mud, 

Is all that is left us to-day. 

'* All work and no play " is as bad, sirs, to-day. ^ 

As when you, old griffins, were boys ; 
Our playground give back, with its coating of grass, 

And hurrah ! for our old College boys. 
And this we can tell, we shall travel as well 

On the hawthorny pathway of knowledge, 
If you give a free rein to the play-hour sport 

Of the pupils of old U. C. College. 

Cheerily ring the voices of Spring 

O'er the shrill cool April blast ; 
The birds twitter forth their opening hymn. 

And the sternness of Winter is past, 
In the old playground, let our voices resound, 

At old British cricket once more, 
And with bats, as with books, we'll beat all the world 

As we did in the good days of yore. 



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248 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

In April of 1859 ^^^ hoys determined to make an appeal to the Senate 
so that the playground should be placed in proper condition. They did so 
in the following petition, which was shaped first into existence on a slate in 
Mr. Dodds' room, and was then written in a good fair hand by Smallwood, 
the only coloured boy in the College, a clever fellow, who wrote a fine, large 
round hand, that could be read as easily as printed matter. The petition read : 

" The petition of the pupils of Upper Canada College humbly sheweth," 
That— 

"Whereas the playground appropriated for the use of the pupils of 
this institution was levelled during the month of September last, and left 
unsown and unsodded, it is at present in a state totally unfit for use, and 
that as the season for cricket playing is rapidly approaching, unless steps 
are immediately taken to render the said ground fit for the purposes to which 
it has been hitherto applied, there will be no possibility of the pupils enjoying 
it during the approaching summer. 

"Your petitioners, therefore, humbly call the attention of your honour- 
able body to the state of their playground, and earnestly impress upon you 
the necessity of taking immediately such measures as will render it suitable 
for use, and enure to your petitioners the advantages which they so eagerly 
desire. And they, as in duty bound, will ever pray." 

In the issue of May sth, 1859, J- T. M. gave his views on " The College 
Bell." He opened with the stanza : 

How many tales of cares and woe, 

Could that old bell unfold ; 

Back in my memory doth it grow, 

So, come, it must be told. - 
• » * * 

And closed — 

But for me 'tis past that good old time, 

Would that 't were back ugain ; 
Yet the College bell still rings in rhyme 

To the air of the ** Crack o' the Cane." 

We also find that at a meeting of the debating society, " Is pestilence 
more to be dreaded than war ? " was discussed by Messrs. Rossin, Tyner, 
Vandersmissen, Crawford, Jones and Foley. Mr. Vandersmissen is the 
University German Professor of to-day. 

The exhibition competition at the College was in the early days the 
cause of great rivalry and excitement, and the results were always looked 
for with anxiety. Young Snider, of Eglinton, was a competitor in 1859, and 
his efforts were immortalized in a few stanzas by J. T. Morgan. 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 249 

A rapid run through a portion of an old file of The Times gives an 
idea of the style of the paper. Not that it was up to a high literary standard, 
but as a paper turned out by boys in every department it was popular and 
entertaining to the youthful mind it catered for. 

In the fall of i860 Robertson left the College, and migrated to the 
Model Grammar School under Mr. G. R. R. Cockburn, where his spare 
hours were devoted to the publication of The Young Canada, It \vas a 
larger, better printed and edited sheet than the old College or Boys' Times, 
The experience gained in the old paper was a great advantage, and it was 
made attractive by outside contributions, and its circulation was more 
general. In the Upper Canada College about three hundred were sold, while 
in the Model Grammar and Model schools, about a hundred and fifty copies 
were subscribed for. In the year 1861 the name of the paper was changed 
to The Young Canada Sporting Life^ a large portion of the space being 
devoted to sports and pastimes. 

Robertson had from 1859 till 1862 devoted all his odd hours to learn- 
ing the trade of printer in the old Globe office, in Alexander Jacques' office 
and in the Guardian office, so that in a very few years he became an adept 
with the composing stick and was in a. position to manage a moderately 
sized office. Some of the first type he ever handled was some that was 
given him by the late Wm. Lyon Mackenzie. Wm. Mackenzie, the son of 
the Reformer, was a pupil at the College, and a strong friendship sprung up 
between him and the youthful type setter. The noted Reformer owned a 
printing office, from which he issued his celebrated " Message," and it was 
from that place that part of the type came. Robertson had a long chat 
one day with the veteran journalist, and gave that gentleman his views 
as to how a daily paper should be conducted, little dreaming that he 
would one day have to profit personally by the advice he was tendering. 

The title Young Canada was dropped in i860, and that of The Sport- 
ing Life adhered to. It was printed and published in a job office, which 
was formed out of the Boys' Times and Young Canada offices on King street, 
over what was then Hrown's exchange office, one door east of the Rice 
Lewis building on King street, east of Toronto street. It was the first 
sporting paper in Canada. 

To return to the rival paper, to Ttie Boys' Times, we find that March of 
1858 saw the issue of The Boys' Own Paper 2X Upper Canada College. It was 
typographically a handsomer sheet than the The Boys' Times, Tiffany had 
more resources at his command than his opponent, and consequently was 
enabled to turn out a larger and more entertaining paper. It was three 
columns wide and the type was set up by Tiffany, who was then an amateur 
32 



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250 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

printer, an adept at the art The paper was excellent, both in its editorials 
and selections, and the printing was as good as could be .produced. The 
investment was not, however, a satisfactory one, and it ended in the merging 
of the paper into The Monthly Times. 

In 1862, Robertson visited Europe, and, on his return, was assured of 
a permanent situation, as either a junior in the old Commercial Bank, at 
$200 a year, an ensigncy in the army, through influential friends and 
relatives at the War Office, or a situation in the dry-goods establishment of 
his father on Yonge street. Of the three evils, the least was chosen, and 
copying letters, marking bales and cases for customers, whose families had 
ample chance to grow while their notes were in process of payment, was 
the apparent fate of one whose appetite had been sweetened by the 
magnetism of the composing stick, and whose muscle had been developed 
by a frequent pull at the arm of a Washington press. Three weeks at the 
work was about all that was necessary, and, with a " good-bye " to dry-goods 
and all its departments, save and except as regards personal attire, Robert- 
son took hold of The Grumbler^ the weekly comic paper which was edited by 
Erastus Wiman, W. J. Rattray. W. A. Foster, James Wright and Edgar 
Judge, and in 1862 continued the publication, with W. J. Rattray, W. A. 
Foster, James Wright, now of Grip^ and James McCarroU, the author of the 
Terry Finegan letters, as contributors. The Grumbler flourished until 
1864, when its proprietor went on the staff of the Globe, as city editor. In 
1866 Robertson and J. B. Cook, of the Leader, started the Daily Telegraphy 
which ran for five years. Walter Barrett, son of Dr. Barrett, wrote his first 
paragraph on The Telegraph, and has since then successfully improved his 
opportunities and shown marked ability as financial editor of the New 
York Times, one of the leading dailies of the metropolis of the American 
continent. 

On the 30th of January, 1871, the publication of a journal at the 
College was resumed. It was styled The College Times, which, it will be 
remembered, was the name of the first paper issued at the College in 
September of 1857. This new venture, had a continuous publication from 
1 871 until the 27th June, 1873, when its editors, in a farewell article, thanked 
the *' outside contributors for their assistance, the advertisers for their 
patronage, and the public for their appreciation of our humble efforts." 
From the 30th January, 1871, until the 26th June of that year, the paper 
was issued bi-monthly, with Messrs. F. W. Kerr and Len Harstone as 
editors, with a committee of management consisting of Messrs. J. A. M. 
Aikins, R. Atkinson, W. A. Biggar, J. H. Cameron and W. A. Langton. 
The proceedings of the College Literary Society, the Cricket and Base Ball 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 25 I 

Clubs, were duly chronicled, while the paragrapher and those skilled in 
malcing poetry had ample space at their disposal. In the issue of 13th 
February, Mr. W. A. Langton was the joint editor, Mr. Kerr exchanging 
positions with him on the committee of management. The issue of 26th 
June concluded the closing number of the series, and in a piquant article of 
a column the announcement was made ^*This issue is our last. The allotted 
ten numbers have now been issued and here is the last of the series number 
one of The College Times, undoubtedly and without question the greatest 
newspaper the world has ever seen.*' 

As a literary production this revival of the College paper was popular 
with the boys. The pabulum supplied pleased its patrons, who, by the 
way, were not confined to the youthful constituency. City merchants were 
glad to secure space at ten cents a line, and when one King street mercan- 
tile light, whose bills for clothing against College paters would reach from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific, hesitated about signing an order for space, a 
youthful member of the committee, whose father was a journalist, suggested 
that "a drop of ink makes millions think," which so tickled the tailor that, 
without a word, he sent the boys away happy. 

As we turn over the old files we find many lively and interesting 
sketches — an account of the Convocation at the University of Toronto, 
which appeared in The College Times of 26th June, 1 871, from which we 
extract the following : 

" At three o'clock the beautiful Convocation Hall was crowded with 
youth, beauty and intelligence, as the procession of dignitaries filed in. First 
came the Undergraduates — the throng of lesser stars ; then the Graduates — 
after them the Senate and Professors ; the whole tapering to a very fine 
point in the person of the Chancellor, escorted by the Esquire Bedels of the 
graduating year — Messrs. Fletcher and Dale, the successful candidates for 
the Prince's Prize and the gold medal in classics, both of them U. C 
boys. We ourselves now looked around us and prominent among the 
distinguished guests, we noticed the Church School, the Medical Board, 
the Rev. Mr. Punshon, the Lunatic Commission and our own reporter. In 
scarlet majestic, terrific in pink sleeves, arose Dr. McCaul to present the 
medals in classics. * He had examined many men in classics (cheers) but 
he had never examined men w^ho had answered his very trying questions 
and those of his colleague, Mr. Bell, and passed (cheers and laughter) such 
an eminently successful examination (cheers) as the men who now stand 
upon the platform (cheers).' Here follows, fully, one of the Doctor's ablest 
addresses. 'Mr. Loudon had the pleasure of presenting Mr. Ballard, who 
was born in 1847, in England, and was christened in the following year. 



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252 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

He had early displayed great mathematical talents, and at the Whitby 
Grammar School had become a prodigy and was sent up to take the gold 
medal, which he had done. Mr. Teefy, on the contrary, was bom in 1849, 
and his baptism, he believed, was also registered ; at the age of ten years he 
went to Richmond Hill Grammar School, and after remaining there x+S 
years he came down to the University, and now stands before you in his 
x + 9 year. And both of them live in the ardent hope of following up 
their mathematical successes and of figuring for y + m years in the larger 
arena of the world." 

•' The Chancellor then presented Mr. Fletcher with the Prince's Prize, a 
beautiful ink bottle, neatly engraved, with his name on one side, and on the 
other, Blue black writing fluid." So sportively and naively runs the whole 
account, ending with what must be as great a source of pride to U. C. C. 
boys now as it was then — ** We cannot help adding that four gold medals, 
one silver medal, and the Prince's Prize in Arts, the two scholarships in law, 
one in medicine and eight in arts, had been taken by U. C. C. boys." 

On the 19th February, 1872, after a lapse of seven months, under an 
article headed " Not Dead Yet," The College Times^ phoenix-like, revived 
again to the great delight of the boys. Mr. W. A. Langton was now the 
managing editor, the editing and executive committee being composed 
of Messrs. W. A. Langton, Chairman ; J. G. McKeown, Secretary ; R. D. 
Richardson, Treasurer ; W. H. Biggar, H. E. Hodgins, R. Atkinson, H. E. 
Morphy, J. A. Paterson, W. N. Ponton and E. B. Brown. The leading 
editorial reviewed the most important events in the history of the Collie 
during the year. The College Debating Society had passed away, and its 
place was acceptably occupied by the formation of the Upper Canada College 
Literary Society. The progress of cricket and other games and pastimes 
was duly noted in the article, the paragrapher closing up the last column 
of the first page by a reference to a boy correspondent, who wrote : '* We 
used to hear long ago that the curse of Cain was upon us all. We do not 
think the curse of cane exists in Upper Canada College." " This," writes the 
paragrapher, '* was sent in by a marvellously intelligent boy in the Third 
Form, who had probably narrowly escaped a licking." In another paragraph, 
under the head of " Vaccination " a boy reporter writes : " Ritualistic 
practices are on the increase in the boarding-house. On Ash Wednesday 
the boarders mortified the flesh by undergoing the operation of vaccination." 

Every issue down to 29th June, 1872, was bright and readable, and at 
that date the issue ceased. The plan of publication was to print ten num- 
bers in the year, the last being issued prior to the summer holidays. The 
work of revival was apparently left to new editing committees, and one of 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 253 

these, with the determination and pluck which are the distinguishing charac- 
teristics of College boys, marked the 24th of January, of 1873, with " Vol. 
III. No. I, whole No. 21 '* of another series of Tlie College Times. This 
year Mr. E. B. Brown, the son of J. Gordon Brown, was *' Editor-in- 
Chief," the editing and executive committee consisting of Messrs. E. B. 
Brown, Chairman ; W. N. Ponton, Secretary ; J. C. Harstone, Treasurer ; 
E. A. Bowes, T. A. Ridout, A. W. Sprague and R. Kennedy. This series 
continued from January to July. On February 25th, 1873, Mr. W. N. 
Ponton became Editor-in-Chief, while Mr. Brown assumed the duties of 
Chairman of the Editing Committee, and Mr. H. W. Aikins succeeded Mr. 
R. Kennedy, who had left the College. It is no reflection upon past issues 
of the new series to state that Mr. Ponton made a capital editor, and that 
the committee turned out a very lively and interesting sheet. The issue of 
25th February contained a clever and laughable sketch of " An Afternoon 
with the Masters," being the report of an alleged meeting, or rather " A 
Stormy Debate " held by the Masters. The article was continued in the 
succeeding issue, but the opening chapter is worthy of reproduction : 

"Stormy Debate." 
"On Friday afternoon, the isth February the Masters met in the 
Council-room. 

" All felt that a crisis was impending, and that a storm was about to 
break forth which would astonish the world around, have no little effect on 
the stock market and might even cause a change in the administration of 
the country. Grave were the countenances of the Masters as they sat 
around the board in the Council-room. Graver was the countenance of 
the presiding officer himself, the great Principal of Upper Canada College, 
who knew right well that the proposition would that day be brought forward 
— but we anticipate. 

** After routine, the first Mathematical Master rose to his feet. He had 
a duty to perform, a duty from which he would not shrink ; no one regretted 
more than he that anyone present would be personally objectionable to any 
other person present, but he would show both by reason and example before 
he had finished that he had good grounds for what he was about to say. 
He had for many years, in common with the rest of the Masters, placed the 
fullest confidence — despite the hypercritical hallucinations which would 
sometimes equivocally influence the most just and impartial minds — in the 
character of the Principal, for it was about that gentleman, his friend (if he 
would allow him to call him so), that he had to speak. He was grieved, 
chagrined, to have to change his mind. On a former occasion, his honour- 
able friend, the First Classical, had occasion to make some remarks upon 



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254 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

an unconstitutional phrase, which he, the Principal, had adopted. Would 
that it had stopped there ! But no, the inexorable fates, which wield the 
destiny of men, declared that the Principal should once more err and violate 
the fundamental principles of the constitution, which ought to be the proudest 
boast of every man present (Loud and prolonged cheering. A voice from 
the reporters' gallery: 'Hold on, old boy, till we take down the exact 
words.*) He alluded to the constitution of the College governed by the 
Masters in Council. Many new innovations had the Principal introduced 
during his term of office. Not the least noticeable among them was the 
improvement and refinement, which he had introduced with r^ard to the 
Marking System — the proudest boast of the College, the Magna Charta of 
the Constitution, the great stronghold of the Masters ! (Repeated cheers). 
It had been lately stated in a journal, to which he need not allude by name, 
that the Marking System had been introduced for the purpose of keeping 
the Masters up in their arithmetic. It did not so act with him. -Wif worked 
the results by a very simple formula, a judicious mixture of algebra and 
trigonometry, which he had been in vain endeavouring to teach to the 
Sixth Form for the last six years. But he digressed. (Hear; hear). What 
he had to say simply was that the Principal had made a dangerous violation 
of the constitution in actually (mark his works) giving a form seven mark- 
ings with a view of chan^n^ their places upon one examination paper. He 
(Mr. B.) was now prepared to cry hold ! * The subject who is truly loyal,* 
etc. What Mr. C. had done was an arbitrary measure, and this Mr. B. 
would never advise nor submit to. Was not this running the Marking 
System to its death ? Seven markings ! Surely three were enough ; but 
seven ! Why not eight, ten, or twenty } (Huge applause.) His disagree- 
able duty was now at an end ; he had remonstrated in a few feeble words with 
the Principal for the course he had taken. He would now take his seat 
His honourable friend, the First Classical (if he was not mistaken), had a 
motion to make, which his honourable friends would hear immediately. 
(Loud cheering.) 

" The First Classical Master moved : ' That in consequence of the 
manifest ill-conduct of the Chairman of this august Council (the Principal), 
the First Mathematical Master be elevated to that post.' 

"'This motion will come up for discussion next Friday,' quoth the 
Principal, and the Masters adjourned. The odds being freely taken, two to 
one against B n by the betting men." 

The "Answers to Correspondents" in the issue of nth March, 1873, 
are full of humour. We select three by way of sample. 

" Wiljie — Our space will only permit us to give the public the substance 
of your long letter, viz. : The architectural design of the 'four walls with a 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 255 

roof on/ and appliances for comfort therein are sadly in need of reform. 
Suggestions to the Government to ' fork over ' some of the surplus for this 
purpose, instead of establishing lunatic and inebriate asylums, etc., etc. 
Sentiment good and concurred in. Composition bad." 

" Charley — Canada has a good many authors, but the Shorter Catechism 
was not, we believe, written by a Canadian.*' 

" G. Nuptus — ^We would have been most happy to have published your 
piece gratis, had you given us the first refusal of it. As we make it a rule 
never to print anything which comes 'second hand' should you wish to obtain 
cinclyia fama glofiuy please favour us with your pieces before the editors of 
London Fun, Many thanks, however." 

The weather paragrapher on the 7th April, 1873, was evidently in 
ecstasies of delight at the approach of spring when he wrote as follows : 

"As we go to press a fine, drizzling rain is falling, permeating and 
perforating the remaining snow, and acting as the harbinger of the ethereal 
and long delayed spring." 

Some claim that The College Times was the foster mother of The 
' Varsity, the ablest of all College papers on the Continent. Indeed, in the 
days of the first issue of The College Times, in 1857, many of the old pupils, 
who had passed through the College and University, contemplated a publi- 
cation in the interests of the students of the latter institution, but the idea 
was not at that time carried into effect. 

The College Times, of 7th of April, in this year, had an announcement 
of the coming University journal, in the following paragraph : 

" University College. — We may mention that the students at University 
College are taking measures for the starting of a journal. Supported as it 
will be by all the talent and ability for which that Institution is so celebrated* 
and also by experienced journalists (many having been on the staff of T/ie 
College Times for the last two years), it will, no doubt, prove completely 
successful, should the enterprise be found to be practicable." 

The issue of 27th June, 1873, wound up the series. The leading article 
was on " A Sixth Form," by Mr. Goldwin Smith. As it is most interesting 
we extract the following : 

" It has been suggested to me that I should contribute something to 
The College Times, on the subject of the functions, which may be usefully 
discharged by the Sixth Form in a Canadian School. I would gladly do 
anything in my power to throw light on the subject, as well as to assist the 
editors of The College Times ; but I fear I can do but little. The moral 



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256 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

authority of a Sixth Form, and the possible scope of its duties, must depend 
in great measure on social sentiment, which always pervades schools and 
colleges, as well as society at large ; and as to the social sentiment of 
Canada in general, or of Canadian schools in particular, I, a recent immi- 
grant, am not very well qualified to judge. 

** Nobody would recommend the mechanical reproduction of the 
English system in Canada. We should miscarry as ludicrously, and, with 
more serious consequences, than the Chinese, who produced an exact 
imitation of a steam vessel, only omitting the steam, and putting a quantity 
of lighted straw to make the smoke. 

" However, the fact is, that there is no uniform system in England. I 
was myself at Eton, which I suppose I may call the most typical 
as well as the largest of English public schools. I have little doubt 
that the system of Sixth Form authority, and the cognate system of 
fagging, had there descended from the middle ages. In the middle ages 
strict subordination was the rule of every household, and the noblest youths 
waited as pages on their elders at table ; such service was, in fact, regarded 
as a regular part of the education of the young nobility. These traditions 
had remained unbroken in the old scholastic household founded by the 
good and pious, though unhappy. King Henry VI. The example of 
monastic life, to which that of places of education in the middle ages, 
always under the rule of the clergy, had some affinity, tended in the same 
direction. When I was at Eton, there were twenty Sixth Form boys out 
of a school numbering seven hundred, and which now, I believe, numbers a 
thousand. These boys had certain privileges, and enjoyed a certain personal 
inviolability, if the word is not too grand. In return, they were expected to 
put down, or in extreme cases, to report to the masters everything very dis- 
graceful, especially bullying, fighting and blackguardism of any kind. No 
power of inflicting personal chastisement was ever formally delegated to 
them, though they sometimes exercised their authority in rough and ready 
ways; nor were they ever treated as regular parts of the machinery of 
government and subordinate colleagues of the masters. Equals, or nearly 
so, in practical importance to the Sixth Form, were the * captains,' or senior 
boys of the boarding-houses, among which the ' Oppidans,' or boys not on 
the Foundation, were distributed. The boarding-houses were some twenty 
in number, and of course, in many of them there was no Sixth Form ; but 
the senior boy, whatever his standing might be, was invested with the 
authority and responsibility of a Sixth Form boy so far as the house was 
concerned. The privilege of fagging belonged not only to the Sixth but to 
the upper part of the Fifth. Whatever it may have been in more primitive 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 257 

times, I can truly say that in my time, and as I experienced it, it involved 
neither cruelty nor degradation. The principal part of the fag's duty was 
to lay the things for the upper boy's breakfast and tea. These meals we 
took in our rooms. Dinner we took in the hall of the boarding-house, and 
the attendance at table, as well as the domestic service generally, was 
abundant. Indeed, we lived, I suspect, in too great luxury. The upper boy, 
while he received from his fag these slight services, owed him in return 
advice and protection, which to a new boy were invaluable. The result, I 
should say, on the whole was good. Eton, in my time, was not distinguished 
by industry ; I am afraid that I must say that for the mass of boys it was 
a very idle plafce, though the clever and ambitious were encouraged and 
stimulated by a great amount of personal attention and an almost lavish 
system of prizes. But it was a happy place, and it was comparatively free 
from ruffianism and blackguardism, if not from all kinds of vice. I can 
attest that a weak and sickly boy might enjoy there a remarkable immunity, 
not only from bullying and cruelty, but from molestation of any kind, till 
he grew stronger and was able to do as other boys did. I shall say, too, that 
foul language and filthiness of all kinds were considerably kept in check. I 
do not say, nor do I believe, that the moral standard was high, but the 
point of honour was ; and to lie to a master, which is too often deemed 
venial, was certainly deemed dishonourable at Eton. This, however, was 
probably due rather to social traditions brought from home than to anything 
in the system of the school. However, I speak of Eton as it was in my 
own time. Schools are continually changing in tone as well as in other 
respects; and thirty years have now passed since I stood in the great 
quadrangle crowded with boys, by King Henry's statue waiting for the 
school hour, played on those broad lawns stretching along the Thames, from 
which the pile of ancient buildings rises ; or took my evening meal with 
my chosen friend in the snug little room, the separate possession of which, 
I have no doubt, was the important element in our civilization. Even in those 
days, everything, including Sixth Form rule and fagging, was much rougher 
among the Foundationers than among the Oppidans ; but the Foundation 
has since been greatly improved. Fagging, no doubt, even in its mitigated 
form, is too repugnant to the sentiment of the present day to last much 
longer, if it has not already been abolished." 

On the 14th of March. 1882, Vol. IV. of The College Times once more 
became a living factor in College life. It was issued every third Thursday 
in the College year and was a vigorous publication, with plenty of dash and 
enthusiasm, filled with readable verse and entertaining prose, keeping up a 
general interest in current news, with kindly references to young ladies* 
seminaries, which were situated within sight of the College. It may not 
33 



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258 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

have been as great a pecuniary success as former efforts in College journal- 
ism, but it was perhaps the best edited of all its predecessors. 

The name of the editor is not given. All literary contributions were 
" to be addressed to the editor." Mr. W. N. Ponton was one of the principal 
contributors. The " make-up *' of this sheet differed from that of its pre- 
decessors. The type was larger and there were two columns to the page 
instead of three. This series which composed Vols. IV. and V, closed on 
6th July, 1883. 

The new publication made its bow to a College public by announcing 
that: 

" After an interval of nearly nine years The College Times again makes 
its appearance — excellence cannot be hid for ever. The literary spirit of 
the College lay smouldering for a time beneath the smoking ruins of the 
paper that has to-day revived with more than a flickering flame ; but smoke 
though it may often assume shapes both pretty and amusing, was felt to be 
of too dull and glowing nature to suit the brighter intellects it was over- 
shadowing, and the love of literature has at length dispelled the cloud, and' 
resolved itself into a tangible form — The College Times, The pupils of the 
College take a lively interest in their new venture, and will spare no trouble 
to bring about the success they so heartily desire. It is not, however, 
among the present pupils only that the resuscitation of the old paper meets 
with approval, but also among those of many years back, who still feel a 
warm interest in anything connected with the ' old College ' at which their 
younger days were spent so happily and with such advantage to themselves. 
The College Times of the former regime, we are told, was eagerly read by 
the boys at the earliest opportunity and freely discussed and criticised — of 
course, in the ablest manner. We hope that its present namesake may 
enjoy like popularity, and suffer as little from adverse criticism, and we, for 
our part, will endeavour to make it deserving of such indulgent treatment." 

Then, in a jocular vein, it noted the exodus to the Island of citizens, 
who fly to a cooler clime when the thermometer jumps into the nineties^ 
The editor writes : 

" Already people are beginning to think of forsaking the noisy city 
and luxurious home for the Island, to revel in a few months of comfort in 
half-furnished houses, where the plain (but not planed) pine floors will 
persist in running splinters into one's foot ; where the wet sand gets into 
the island sojourner's hair and clothes, and above all into his boots ; where 
on every rainy night the water leaks in through the roof right on to the top 
of his nose, until, after enjoying this kind of nightmare for half-an-hour, he 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 259 

awakens with the exclamation : ' Confound it ; do you think my nose is a 
cistern ? ' — where in fact everything that is charming and heavenly can be 
enjoyed to its full extent ; and yet in spite of all these ' comforts/ who can 
help feeling just a little envious, when looking at a happy, jolly party, lazily 
grouped around a blazing camp-fire, singing and talking, and forming a 
perfect picnic of lazy, careless, quiet enjoyment ? '* 

Then some inquisitive boy reporter found out that at an aristocratic 
seminary on Peter street, where co-education of the sexes was not advertised 
in the curriculum, a colt of ten years — a relative of the lady director, studied 
in the class with the fair ones, who two by two took their afternoon con- 
stitutional past the College, guarded by a keen-eyed governess/ This 
discovery was food for a paragraph in the following terms : 

** The attention of our Argus-eyed janitor is called to the fact that 
certain young ladies from an adjoining seminary of learning, in which the 
co-education of the sexes is practised, have made certain breaches, both^ of 
the College fence and discipline, by perforating the former at the N.-W. and 
S.-W. corners of the playground, in order to spy out the gallant boarders 
in their moments of relaxation." 

Another extract commends itself as being an alleged copy of a set of 
notes by a boy, who in the double role of contestant at the College games 
and competitor at an examination in the second book of the iEneid, went 
off into dreamland the night before the physical and mental fray, and 
between the two got sadly mixed. The notes were evidently more useful 
for athletics than classics. 

" Notes in Virgil, — * Jamque dies exoptata aderat,' quoth many a boarder 
as he closed his eyes on Thursday night to dream of the coming games. 

** ' Conticuere omnes, intentique ora tenebant,' as the wheel-barrows 
come hustling along, each dragging a small boy behind it. 

"'Et quorum pars magna fui,' said each youthful magnate, as he 
described the athletic sports to his wondering sisters. 

" ' Fidens animi, atque in utrumque paratus/ might have been said 
with truth of each of the contestants in the steeple chase. 

" ' Omnis opes puerorum,et coepti fiducia belli "ancorae" auxiliis semper 
stetit,* as the Sixth formed in line for the tug-of-war ; but the boys at the 
other end of the rope smiled half pityingly and thus remonstrated : ' O 
Miseri, quae tanta insania, pueri?* Creditis that you can pull us over? 
" go way.' " 

For years after this the boys did not dabble in printers' ink. The 
projectors of the last revival did not care to invest in what might be an 



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26o UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

unprofitable speculation, and although editorial talent was always available 
and ready paragraphers were willing to sacrifice the midnight oil in order 
to provide "copy," no juvenile capitalists presented themselves with the 
financial sinews, without which enterprises cannot succeed. 

At intervals between 1884 and 1886 some of the senior boys ventured 
to trifle with the pen, and at irregular periods produced the" Scholasterion," 
a publication in manuscript, brightened with pen-and-ink sketches of per- 
sons and passing events. This paper, however, had not the local name and 
fame which immortalized other juvenile productions, and yet it was a model 
of excellence, written by those who penned paragraphs with a freedom, 
which inspired respect from even those who sat in high places, and secured 
the abatement of many grievances, which more or less affected the welfare, 
and comfort of the pupils. 

On November 4th, 1886, VoL VI. of The College Times, made its presence 
knbwn to the youthful constituency. The revived issue of 1886 was under 
the joint editorial care of Messrs. S. B. Leacock and F. J. Davidson, with 
1). M. Jones and H. G. Crocker, as sub-editors. A publishing committee 
aided in the work. It consisted of the editors, sub-editors and Messrs. D. 
J. Armour and O. P. Edgar. This series continued until the 9th June, of 
1887. In October of 1888, Vol. VII., No. i, was issued, with Messrs. G. F. 
Macdonnell and K. D. W. Macmillan as joint-editors, G. R. Geary, H. C, 
Small and W. P. Parker as sub-editors. Mr. C J. Barr acted as secretary. 
Mr. W. C. C. Freeman as treasurer. 

The Rev. T. Street Macklem, in writing of The College Times, recalls 
many pleasant and traditional associations connected with its publication. 
He states : 

" In its columns may be found chronicled the bon mots, the nick-names, 
the escapades, the physical and mental exploits, the debates, the class-lists, 
the stories, the Munchausen-wise and otherwise, and many of the poetical 
and prose effusions of the boys and sometimes the masters. These date 
from those good old days when there were seven forms, and when boycotted 
victims were caned for being cornered on the shorts and longs. They read 
down to the present Utopian period, the modern outgrowth of young 
Canada's cosmopolitan civilization, when the power of love and the electric 
precocity of this generation are the pilots used to avoid the shoals of false 
quantities and false sentiments, and which render unnecessary the pickling 
of the budding rods. 

" When one takes into consideration the youth and inexperience of the 
young editors, who from year to year, in shifting sanctums, with varying 



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COLLEGE JOURNALISM. 26 1 

opportunities, with different inspirations and varied classes of readers, 
wielded quills of opinion and ventilated grievances of moment with frank, 
buoyancy and zeal and a realization of grave responsibility worthy of older 
heads and public journalists, one cannot but feel that there is no place like 
a public school for a boy of energy and character. Besides, if reading 
maketh the full man, speaking the ready man, and writing the exact man 
then, we may fairly maintain, that The College Times had been an educa- 
ting and developing as well as pleasure-giving instrument in the hands of 
those who conducted it as a labour of love." 

In reading over the names of the boys, who, for pure love of the work 
kept the editorial and news columns of the College up to the standard, the 
Rev. Mr. Macklem says : 

"The remembrance of their association and the fellow-feeling of 
comradeship generated by their early literary ventures, both among those 
actively interested and among their readers, may be more enduring and 
more productive of good results than a closer application to other pursuits 
would have produced. Undoubtedly some things of questionable taste, some 
crude expressions, some rather personal but thoroughly good-natured remarks, 
and one or two spontaneous kicks against established authority might have 
been omitted without much loss to the Dominion. But we may say the 
same of every journal. As a surgeon wades through slaughter to a 
knowledge of practice so an editor must glide over some mistakes before 
reaching that mellow maturity of unimpassioned literature, the fit standard- 
bearer of the Fourth Estate. Besides what to many is reprehensible in 
style is to others mere spicy piquancy." 

Of the value of College publications, Mr. Macklem also writes : 

"As an adjunct to the Literary and Debating Societies, The College 
Times did its best work ; it does it yet by showing how the literary products 
of pen and lips appear in public print and by teaching the practical lesson 
of writing and speaking most effectively so as to reach the public. It sug- 
gests the ideas of cohesion and responsibility and develops latent talent. 
But we must not under-estimate its value as a veracious reporting agency of 
games won and lost, of cricket and football matches played for the honour 
of the College, and of those numerous little incidents and honours of public 
school life, which, being printed in * our own organ,' stimulate to further 
exertion and furnish an honourable and innocent reward for manly merit 
With what pride does the boy who sees his name in print for the first time 
send his extra copies home, and how many notches higher does his flag 
float thereafter in his native place." 



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262 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Since June of 1886, the traditional phcenix has had no occasion to arise 
in connection with the press of the old school, for The College Times is issued 
at regular intervals. Of the score of boys who trifled with the pen in 
these college days many are to the fore. The seed sown in 1857 has year 
after year returned a goodly harvest Let us hope that the boys of the 
future will not let their love for the types fade away. The history of past 
efforts in the publishing line is ever before them. May they follow 
in the footsteps of the old boys, who, to-day, as they step past life's mile- 
stones, think of happy days spent in the old red pile. The boys of the 
College have made a record in every country, and in every clime. The honour 
rolls blaze with the names of those who in the halls of Parliament, on the 
bench, at the forum, or in the mercantile world have attained the highest 
positions. Others too have had renown, and in that thin red line or on the 
decks of old England's men-of-war, have registered their names on the 
tablets of fame, and laid down their lives amid the regret of all who honour 
their country and love the flag. 



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COLLEGE CRICKET. 



BY G. G. S. LINDSEY. 



SF IT be the public schools of England which have made her great it 
is the sports which, in turn have made the schools themselves 
famous. It is with cricket that the mind associates the names of 
Eton and Harrow, with football the name of Rugby. The academic halls 
have hardly exerted a larger or better influence in moulding the character 
of the schoolboy than has the playground ; and what is true in this 
respect of English institutions is equally true of the Canadian public 
schools, foremost among which stands Upper Canada College. While she has 
been the alma mater of many of this country's greatest men, she too has 
been the mother and progenitor here of many of the manly sports, in which 
the landsmen of Ontario so freely and successfully engage. To the aborigi- 
nee she yields the honour of his, the national game, indeed la crosse can 
hardly be said to have even taken hold until very recent years of the incli- 
nation of the college-boy ; but to herself alone belongs the distinction of 
having introduced into the lake regions of Canada, cricket, football, and 
organized athletic games. 

The regard in which cricket is held in Western Canada is largely due to 
the influence exerted in its favour by and through the two great public 
schools, Upper Canada College and Trinity College School, Port Hope To 
Upper Canada College may be awarded the distinction of having consis- 
tently fostered the cricketing spirit since it opened its doors to pupils 
in January, 1830. As early as 1834 F. W. Barron, was appointed one of 
the classical masters, at which time George Anthony Barber, was College 
Collector, and John Kent, master of the boarding-house. These three 
gentlemen were enthusiastic cricketens, wielded the willow with great skill 
and at once made their favourite game the pastime of the pupils. Barber, 
Barron and Kent were the triumviri that posterity will remember as the 
fathers of Canadian cricket. Barber has been called the father of cricket 
in Canada, and perhaps justly so. He was absorbingly found of all sports, 
a veritable encyclopaedia of sporting history. The character of the man 
can be gleaned from his paper the Herald, which he published in the middle 
forties, and which is replete with sporting news. Principal Barron could 
not have been much less enthusiastic, nor could John Kent, and to these 



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264 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

gentlemen, fortunately so placed, as to be able to exert a lasting influence 
upon their pupils, must be accorded the distinction of having introduced 
cricket permanently into Toronto. Barron and Barber are gone, but Kent, 
still an old bachelor, is living at Madeira, "Spain where, until lately, he 
followed his calling as tutor, and among whose pupils was the Earl of 
Carnarvon, who died two years ago. In 1836 the College Eleven, which, 
on the isth of July won from the Toronto Club, were : White, L. Robinson, 
A. Phillpots, J. Kent, A. Keefer, G. A. Barber, J. B. Robinson, F. W. 
Barron, Dyett, Hale and F. Keefer. . 

By the year 1847 so formidable had the cricketing strength of the 
College become that on the first day of September of that year eleven 
gentlemen of the College, past and present, defeated eleven gentlemen of 
the Province of Upper Canada. The Herald in reporting the match says, 
" We think it may justly be asserted that such another two-and-twenty 
could scarcely be brought together in Canada." The College eleven, without 
Heward and Helliwell, both crack players, were H. J. Ruttan, of Cobourg ; 
C. Sadlier and D. Crooks, of Hamilton ; Connolly, of Montreal ; F. W. 
Barron, A. Phillpots. G. A. Barber, B. Parsons, Muttlebury ; J. B. Robinson, 
and A. Patrick, of Toronto. The College scored 88 and 69, to which 
Phillpots contributed 19 and $, Barron 6 and 22, Connolly 25 and 4, Barber 
o and 30, and for it the successful bowlers were Barron and Parsons. 
Parsons, better known as " Little Ben," had few equals as a bowler, and 
after leaving College probably took more wickets for the Toronto club than 
any man before or since. He was, as well, an excellent bat. Heward was 
a great run getter, as a few of his .scores picked from the matches of the 
period will shew, 58, 56, 58, 39, 74, not out, 45, 67, not out and 58. Besides 
these he had highest scores in two International matches. J. O. Heward 
played longer for the Toronto club than any one else, his familiar figure 
being seen on the field until a very few years ago. His loss was a great 
one to the old club, by which he had stood for fifty years, doing yeoman 
service all the time. It was in the fifties, however, that he was in his prime 
and made his largest scores, although he had best average for his club in 
1873. Phillpots was for many years the best wicket keeper in Canada ; 
those who remember him tell of wonderful feats performed by him behind 
the stumps. He was besides a reliable and successful bowler. 

No more conspicuous figure than John Beverley Robinson appeared 
during these years upon the field. A tiptop bowler and dashing bat, his 
name figures in all the scores. In 1854 he won the ball for the highest 
score (54) in a college match. When he retired with well won laurels he 
was elected President of the Toronto club, and when later on he gave up 
this position, his friends gathered round and presented his estimable wife 
with a portrait of her husband. 



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COLLEGE CRICKET. 265 

This College and Province match to which allusion was made as hav- 
ing been begun in 1847 became at once an annual event, and was brought 
about by challenge and acceptance published in the press. In 185 1 a clip- 
ping from one of the papers of the day announces that 

" Eleven geDtlemen of Upper Canada College will be happy to play the annual friendly 
game of cricket against eleven gentlemen of Upper Canada — to come off on the Toronto Clnb 
ground Thursday, July 24, 1851." On behalf of the College, 

Toronto, June 28, 1851. John Beverley Robinsok. 

For six successive years the College defeated the Province, but in 1853 
the tables turned and the Province won by 47 runs, due principally to the 
fine bowling of Napier. Up to this time there had been little change in the 
College team, except by the introduction of J. O. Howard and Helliwell 
who were consistently large scorers, and of G. Draper, C. Rykert and A. 
Hudspeth, from time to time valuable additions to the college strength. In 
1850 the scoring was a little heavier than usual. Parsons made 7 and 35, 
Heward 22 and 14, J. B. Robinson 21 and 33, Barron 11 and 10, Cosens 5 
and 36. The College totals were 82 and 164 for six wickets, those of the 
Province 172, to which Wilson, of Guelph, contributed 60 and 69. 

In 1854 the Province again won; next year there was no game; in 
1856 the College won by one run, and it is noticeable that in all these nine 
events there is not much change in the personnel of the College team. T. D. 
Phillips was a new and valuable addition to the later year elevens. This 
gentleman, afterwards the Rev. T, D. Phillips, made more runs than any 
player in the tournament held at Halifax in 1874 (197) though his average 
of 39.40 is second. He has always been a great run-getter and an 
enthusiastic cricketer and is now living in Chicago. 

In 1859 ^^ College won with the same old eleven by an innings and 
35 runs. One of the papers of the day calls attention to the fact that " the 
College eleven, it should be understood, are not the present students of that 
College, but grown men who have been students of that institution and now 
comprising some of the best players in Canada." This view of the relations 
of the representative eleven to the College seems to have set people 
thinking, for in i860 a complete change was made in the mode of choosing 
the College eleven, the players from this time, except G. A. Barber, being 
all young men, present or just graduated pupils ; yet they won the annual 
match against the Province in i860 by 9 wickets. J. and G. Brunei did the 
bowling, the former as well making top score, 25. E. W. Spragge got 17, 
Bogart 12 and 16. Next year the C>ollege again won, this time by 37 runs 
on the first innings; but it was the boys' unfinished second innings that is 
remarkable, they having amassed 158 runs for two wickets ; of which memor- 
able total E. W. Spragge got 22, G. Brunei 74, not out, Reginald Kennedy 
34 



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266 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

24, and T. D. Phillips 19, not out. Brunei gave great promise at this time, 
and from tfcat time on has been, till within a few years, a consistent scorer. 
His name appears in the scores against Daft's and Fitzgerald's eleven, as 
well as in those of several American international games, and he has always 
been a tower of strength to the Ottawa Club. 

In 1861 G. R. R. Cockburn became Principal of the College, and at 
the same time a friend and ally of the game, and continued as such till he 
resigned ten years ago. In 1862, fortunately for the College, John Martland, 
an Oxford man, became second classical master, and was given charge of the 
Residence. Fresh from college, he brought with him the traditions of 
England's manly game and a love of it which time only served to increase. 
Elected president of the club in 1863, he continued in office until 1890, 
when amidst universal regrets he severed his connection with the old school. 
It is not probable that anyone has held a presidency so long as Mr. 
Martland. He at once took hold of the idea, then gaining ground, that 
the true secret of success lay in bringing the present pupils to the front, 
though not forgetting the claims of those who had left college to a share 
in her laurels. The policy initiated then has since prevailed. The matches 
of the College proper were played by the pupils of the day ; the ex and 
present pupils meeting in friendly contest once a year. This annual event 
brought together those who had left the academic halls for more serious 
pursuits, and was the occasion of their renewing old friendships and meeting 
in the happiest way their successors on the eleven. During the afternoon 
of the match the garden party given by the Residence was ever in progress. 
Indeed, there must always be an inseparable connection in the players' 
minds between cricket and the social concomitants which were by no means 
the least enjoyable part of the day's proceedings or least responsible for 
the ever increasing popularity of the game. Is there an old boy who has 
ever played cricket at Upper Canada College who does not, when pondering 
over the matches on the College green, instantly associate with the pleasant 
memories of the match the hospitalities lavished in the rooms to the right 
of the Residence entrance, where the president, Mr. Martland, lived ? 

The Residence contributed more men on an average by one-half to 
the College eleven than the day boys. When then the graduating year 
said good-bye to college corridors and returned to their respective homes, 
the majority of them went forth into different quarters of the Province 
schooled in the game, trained to command, learned in the art of handling 
an eleven, and these are the men who, carrying away enthusiasm with them, 
founded the numerous clubs of Ontario, rekindled the smouldering embers 
of the game at home or strengthened their local club. During the ten 
years between i860 and 1870, thanks to the kindness of the officers of 



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COLLEGE CRICKET. 267 

the garrison, the soldiers were allowed to come to the school and coach 
the boys. The officers themselves, among them Captain Wallace, a 
former captain at Harrow, and Captain Northey, an old captain at 
Eton, were generous in their assistance, and, being well trained cricketers, 
by their contact in matches with the boys at the College, materially bettered 
the form of the youngsters. Two Americans, Ellard and Kemper, who had 
been trained by Wright at that time living in Cincinnati, but afterwards in 
New York, were a tower of strength to the eleven. 

A perusal of the old scores between i860 and 1870 will convince the 
reader that College cricket at that time was relatively much stronger than 
at any time since. In 1867 the College eleven won all its matches, defeat- 
ing Toronto twice, Hamilton, the Royal Artillery and Hussars, the resident 
eleven of Trinity College and Trinity College and Trinity College School. 
The scores were large and the bowling effective. The names of those 
who distinguished themselves during those years are George Brunei, J. 
Brunei, E. W. Spragge, Bogart, T. D. Phillips, R. JE. Kennedy, F. C. 
Perkins, Allan Anderson, a destructive bowler ; R. K. Hope, a particularly 
fine and reliable bat, who played in admirable form and left on the pages 
of the College score books records which no successor will make ; F. W. 
Hall, Robert Killaly, J. B. Laing, the best run getting bat the College ever 
turned out — he made 92 against Trinity College School in 1867 ; J. 
Brunei, a good bowler ; W. J. Laing, G. Drummond, A. Laing, a fine bowler 
and scoring bat ; F. Draper, J. Ellard, both a bat and destructive bowler ; 
A. Hope, S. S. Kemper, A. M. Baines, good. with bat and ball ; J. R. Van 
Allan, W. Anderson and Curran Morrison, a destructive bowler. 

The next decade produced some excellent men, individuals, among 
whom have been unexcelled, but whose achievements as a whole, contrasted 
with those of their predecessors, do not rank so high ; possibly because they 
often had their predecessors for opponents. They were A. W. Spragge, E. 
C. Sills. W. B. Northrup, E. R. C. Proctor, R. R. Boulton, C. R. Atkinson, a 
destructive bowler and rapid scorer, J. Montgomery, J. C. Grace, D. Brown- 
ing, F. L. Fellows, G. G, S. Lindsey, A. Gillespie, who never did much 
while at College, but who has since become Canada's best all round man, 
Hynes, the captain of the Irish Eleven of 1888, used to call him the 
"Canadian Bonner," E. E. Kittson, 1). Armour, W. L. Connolly, W. W. 
Vickers and A. G. Brown. The brighest star, however, in all this constel- 
lation was E. R. Ogden, one of the best, if not the best bat, and one of the 
ablest bowlers and all-round men the college has ever produced. Later 
we find A. G. Smith, F. and C. Pardee, W. J. Fleury, and R. Montgomery 
doing good work. The Senklers, Harry and Ivan, Hal McGiverin, A. A. 
Macdonald, W. Marshell, and Fritz Martin are all fine cricketers, who will 



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268 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME, 



achieve greater things in the future and bring laurels to the old school. 
In 1889 Hugh Fleming, of Ottawa, and Fred. Langmuir put a very 
successful eleven in the field. J. M. Laing, now of Trinity University, and 
who played in the last International match, is the best of the latest men. 
At present L. and N. Cosby, J. Counsell, T. MacMaster, Mockridge and 
W. Moss and F. Waldie are maintaining the prestige of the old College. 

What may be properly termed the First Canadian Eleven visiting the 
"old country," was organized by the writer in 1887. All who went were 
native Canadians, young men, the average age being less than twenty-three. 
Chosen from the Dominion at large they were a thoroughly representative 
eleven. The old College boys on the team were, A. Gillespie, W. J. Fleury, 
W. W. Jones, Dr. E. R. Ogden and G. G. S. Lindsey. C. N. Shanly went 
as umpire, R. C. Dickson as scorer and Lyon Lindsey as correspondent 
The tour must be regarded in every way as a success. It had the 
sympathy and support of the whole people of Canada who have good reason 
to be satisfied with the results, which speak for themselves. One half the 
played out matches were won, and in most cases, the scores were large, 
much larger than the great majority of home scores. Ogden, had the best 
bowling analysis, and third average 23'37 for 701 runs. He also made 133 
against Hampshire, and 99 against Northumberland. W. J. Fleury's aver- 
age was 1 7' 1 7 for 206 runs ; W. W. Jones got a good many wickets and 234 
runs, with an average of 9*36, and Gillespie put up 392 runs for an aver- 
age of 13*07, and took more than his share of wickets. His best scores 
were 54 against Ireland, 45 against Hampshire and 44 against Northum- 
berland. 

The great match of the year since 1867 has been the one with the 
rival school, which was founded in that year at Weston, but which two 
years later moved to Port Hope. Fortune has favoured either side at 
different times, but at present Trinity College School is three wins ahead, 
having won thirteen matches as against ten, three games having been 
drawn. It has been usual hitherto to include in the list of intercollegiate 
matches those of 1874 and 1875 played between the Past and Present 
pupils, but they ought not to be so counted. The results of these two 
games were : 



Date. 


Plack. 


Score. 


Resctlt. 


July 17th, 1874.. 
July 23rd. 1875.. 


Port Hope . . 
Toronto 


T. 0. S. .. 30& 53 
U. C. C... 74&*10 
T. C. S. . 97 & 57 
U. C. C. 130&*25 


Won by 9 wickets. (Past vh. Present) 

•(1 wicket down.) 
Won by 5 wickets. (Past vs. Present.) 

*(5 wickets down. ) 



A complete list of the games is given to 1892. 



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COLLEGE CRICKET. 



269 



Date. 



June 25th, 1867.. 
June 25th, 1838 . 
June 15th, 1872.. 
Sept. 28th, 1872.. 
June 14th, 1873 . 
Jane 26th, 1873.. 
June 13th, 1874.. 
June 27th, 1875.. 
June 26th, 1876.. 
Sept. 30th, 1876.. 
Jane nth, 1877.. 
Jane 25th, 1878.. 
Jane 25th, 1879.. 
June 26th, 1880.. 
June 11th, 1881.. 
June 17th, 1882.. 
Jane 23rd, 1883.. 
June I4th, 1884.. 
Jane 15th, 1885.. 
June 12th, 1886.. 
June 25th, 1887.. 
June 25th, 1888. 
June 22ud, 1889.. 
June 28th, 1890.. 
June 27th, 1891. 



Placs. 



Toronto ... 
Weston ... 
Port Hope . 
Toronto ... 
Port Hope . 
Toronto ... 
Port Hope . 
Toronto ... 
Toronto ... 
Port Hope 
Toronu) ... 
Port Hope . 
Toronto ... 
Port Hope . 
Toronto ... 
Port Hope . 
Toronto ... 
Port Hope . 
Toronto . . . 
Port Hope . 
Toronto . . . 
Port Hope . 
Toronto ... 
Port Hope . 
Toronto ... 



SOOKE. 



T.C.S. . 


. 14& 10 


U. C. C. . 


.200 


T. C.S. . 


. 19& 16 


U. C. C. 


. 33 & 103 


T. C. S. . 


. 29& 68 


U. C. C. . 


. 60&107 


T. C.S. . 


. 48& 66 


U. C. C. . 


. 98 


T. C.S. . 


. 44&*34 


U. C. C. . 


. 33& 43 


T. C. S. . 


. 37&*29 


U. C. C. 


. 35& 27 


T. C. S. . 


. 46& 86 


U. C. C. 


. 72&»18 


T. C.S. . 


. 37& 29 


U. C. C. 


. 35& 27 


T. C. S. . 


. 55& 81 


U. C. C. 


. 66& 44 


T. C.S. . 


. 82& 57 


U. C. C. . 


. 41 & 100 


T. C. 8. . 


. 93 & 129 


U. C. C. 


. 96&»32 


T. C.S. . 


. 35& 32 


U. C. C. 


. 23& 33 


T. C. S. 


. 47& 33 


U. C. C. . 


. 98& 50 


T. C. S. . 


. 29& 22 


U. C. C. 


. 56 


T. C.S. . 


. 45& 50 


U. C. C. 


. 46& 55 


T. C. S. . 


. 62&*26 


U. C. C. . 


. 51& 36 


T. C. S. . 


. 28& 68 


U. C. C. 


. 47& 93 


T. C. S. . 


.101 1 


U. C. C. . 


. 19& 57 


T. C.S. . 


. 45&*56 


U. C. C. 


. 66& 44 


T. C. S. . 


.138& 63 


U. C. C. . 


. 88& 80 


T. C. S. . 


. 85* 60 


U.C. C. 


. 74& 64 


T. C. S. . 


. 76& 81 


U.C. C. 


. 65& 45 


T. C. S. . 


. 26& 64 


U. 0. C. 


. 69 4; '23 


T. C. S. 


. 97 


U. C. C. 


. 31& 44 


T. C. S. 


.. 59 & 81 


U. C. C. 


.104&*39 



Result. 



Won by an innings and 176 runs. 

Won by 101 runs. 

Won by 60 runs. 

Drawn. 

Lost by 7 wickets *(3 wickets down. ) 

Lost by 4 wickets. *(6 wickets down. ) 

Drawn *(4 wickets down.) 

Lost by 4 runs. 

Lost by 26 runs. 

Won by 2 runs. 

Drawn * (3 wickets down.) 

Lost by 11 runs. 

Won by 68 runs. 

Won by an innings and 5 runs. 

Won by 6 runs. 

Lost by 8 wickets. '(2 wickets down.) 

W'on by 44 runs. 

Lost by an innings and 25 runs. 

Lost by 2 wickets. •(8 wickets down. ) 

Lost by 33 runs. 

Lost by 7 runs. 

Lost by 47 runs. 

Won by 5 wickets. •(For 5 wickets.) 

Lost by an innings and 22 runs. 

Won by 8 wickets. •(For 2 wickets. ) 



An effort has been made within the last two years to revive the 
old College and Province match, not however with very much success, still 
out of the effort has grown a desire on the part of many old members of 
college teams to play under the auspices of the old U. C. C. Association, a 
match between the old boys and an eleven of native Canadians, which shall 



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2/0 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

take place on prize day, each July, on the new College grounds at Deer 
Park. Such a match ought to be the most interesting home game of the 
year. 

For some years back professionals have had charge of the College 
eleven, and their work is beginning to bear fruit At present cricket is 
strongly backed by Principal Dickson, who is having the elevens from the 
earliest time engraved on tablets to be put up in the entrance hall, and 
has a good friend in W. S. Jackson, while F. W. Terry, one of the new 
masters, a dashing bat and excellent wicket keeper, is sure to make his 
influence felt. 

The records of the Upper Canada College clubs were not kept as well 
as they should have been. Score books and scores are missing. Every 
year at the close of the season a transcript of the scores should be made 
into a book kept for the purpose, and the averages and analyses appended 
for the year. As long ago as 1847 G. A. Barber preserved the balls used in 
the matches of the day, and had inscribed on them the records of the event 
in which they played so important a part. Some of them may be seen at 
the College to-day. Mr. J. C. Rykert, Q. C, who has the most complete 
book of cricket scores between 1847 and i860, has kindly lent it to the 
writer, and from it many important facts and figures have been gleaned. 



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OTHER COLLEGE SPORTS. 



BY A. A. MACDONALD. 



CHE Grand old English game of Rugby Foot-ball has only existed in 
Upper Canada College for a comparatively short time. Previous 
to 1876 the association game was played. In the latter year Mr. 
Edward Fiirrer, then Modern Language Master, took a great interest in the 
game, and introduced some features of the English Rugby. In 1877 Mr. W. 
S. Jackson, present Dean of Residence, came to the School, and with his 
valuable experience gained at Rugby, became an inspiration to the players, 
who, under his instruction, completely adopted the English game. Mr. 
Jackson played on the forward line of the College team in 1877 ^^^ '7^9 
and materially aided the boys in defeating Toronto University the first 
year and Trinity the second. Among the originators of the game were H. 
Woodruff, W. L. Conolly, C. Atkinson and Frank Keefer. The team was 
recognized as one of the "crack" aggregations of Toronto, and played 
matches successfully with all the senior clubs. Rugby foot-ball became the 
distinctive fall game of the school, and steadily gained in favour with the 
boys. The teams of 1885 ^ind '86 were especially strong, largely owing to 
the efforts of Messrs. A. Y. Scott and G. Gordon. The former played 
forward, and was in himself a tower of strength. The latter played half- 
back, and by his consistently brilliant play, gained the reputation of being 
one of the best players in Canada. With him was associated Laurie 
Boyd, famous for four years in the same position at Varsity and now 
playing the same dashing game for Toronto. In latter years the great 
advance made in playing by senior clubs, largely owing to systematic 
organization and training, has made it a physical impossibility for the 
College team to compete with them on even terms. That they have been 
able to compete successfully with all the second fifteen of the best clubs 
has been clearly shown by the record of the last few years. In '88 " Pat *' 
Ferguson captained a splendid team, which had an unbroken record of 
victory. In '90 and '91, T. F. Mill organized a fast and plucky team that 
in the former year defeated Trinity University, and in the latter year 



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272 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

Trinity School. Some years before there had been a regular annual foot- 
ball match Mrith the Port Hope School. The revival of this will do much 
to stimulate the game in Canada. In '92, Port Hope visited Deer Park 
and again the blue and white was triumphant Nothing is more significant 
of the grand work that Upper Canada College has done for foot-ball in 
this country than the great number of old boys who fill prominent places 
on the crack teams of Canada. And just as the College has been a nursery 
for the Dominion, so the junior teams of the School have produced the 
first fifteen that have won fame and honour by a victorious career. No 
better example of this can be found than Jack Counsell, the plucky and 
brilliant quarter-back of '92, who gained his experience by three years 
captaincy of the junior team. To the fact that boys learn the game as 
youngsters College owes her success. Brilliant as the last fifteen years have 
been in foot-ball fame, the prospects are now brighter than ever with the 
increased facilities and space for training, and the game will flourish at 
Deer Park as it did at the old King street grounds, and will continue to 
send out players to reflect credit on the good old School, in which they 
learned to ** play the game." 

There is no game in which Canada is so sadly behind the time as Lawn 
Tennis. We are children at the game in comparison with the Americans, 
who are again very inferior to the English players. The reason is manifest. 
The game is not properly played in the schools. Like all other games, it 
must be played from infancy. On the old college grounds lack of space 
prevented proper attention being given to the game. Now a new era is 
dawning, and the tennis enthusiasts are daily increasing. Three good 
courts are now available, and it is hoped that a large part of the central 
portion of the running track will be laid out in courts that will compete 
favourably with any in America, and under such circumstances, players 
worthy of the school will soon be developed. 

Hockey, though only three years old in the School, has already made 
great strides, and has become firmly established as the winter sport. In 
1 888 an outside Hockey rink was made on the west side of the Gymna- 
sium, and a Toboggan Slide was put up running into the grounds. No 
kind of exercise is better adapted for the winter months to keep the boys 
in the good condition to which they have attained by following out the 
excellent series of sports provided by the Hendrie Steeple-chase and 
Athletic Meeting in the Spring, cricket in the Summer, and Rugby foot- 
ball and the Macdonald Cross Country Race in the Fall ; and nothing is 
more striking in College athletics than the fact that the best exponents of 
each of these branches are good, all-round athletes. As examples of this, 
ive may mention F. H. C. Kelso, champion cross country runner, and a 



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OTHER COLLEGE SPORTS. 273 

brilliant hockey-player, and J. G. M. Burnside, winner of the Hendrie cup, 
and a sterling wing player in Rugby foot-ball. The first hockey team was 
formed at the old school in 'go'gi, and was captained by J. B. McMurrich. 
Their record was excellent : — 6 matches won, 2 lost and 2 drawn. In 
'9i-*92, A. F. Barr was captain of a dashing team that defeated Varsity, 
Trinity and the New Fort, and only suffered defeat at the hands of the 
Granite Colts. In '92-'93 Fred McLennan led a brilliant seven to uninter- 
rupted victory with the exception of one match lost to Peterborough. One 
of their signal victories was at Port Hope against the School. Their last 
and most famous win was against the Limestones of Kingston, champions of 
the Junior Ontario League. Already, old boys have come to the front in 
other clubs — Jack McMurrich on the New Fort team and the Gilmour 
brothers and Barr at Varsity. Fred McLennan will be eagerly watched 
when he leaves School, and the club that secures him will be fortunate. 
There are now two rinks, one outside and one covered, so that the game 
will be played with increased vigour and enthusiasm. 

No athletic event at old Upper Canada College was more popular than 
the annual athletic sports. The day was always a time for renewal of 
recollections and old associations, and old boys never lost a chance of com- 
ing to see the youngsters striving for victory on the famous 220 yards track. 
The facilities for good running were necessarily limited by insufficient 
space. The track was simply roped round in the middle of the play ground, 
and its sharp turns made really fast time impossible. The 100 yards was 
fortunately a straight course, and many a good race was run over it. In 
'85 this race was won by H. Senkler, who afterwards won the all-round 
championship at Toronto University. In '86 the winner was Laurie Boyd, 
who was just a neck ahead of Ivan Senkler. In '90 W. Gilmour, now one 
of Varsity's best athletes won the race, and the following year W. Hargraft. 
Probclbly the best sprinter that the old School ever turned out was Telfer 
Arthurs, who, some years ago was the best short distance runner in Canada. 
One of the most interesting events was the ex-pupils' race, for which Mr. 
Martian d always presented a beautiful cup. Winners of this have been : 
C. N. Shanley, G. H. Muntz. " Jud" Sewell, Telfer Arthurs, A. A. Mac- 
donald, etc. The championship used to be decided by one race— namely, 
the quarter-mile. In latter years, it has been decided on the point system. 
In '90 the winner was W. Gilmour, and in '91 W. Hargraft and Pearson 
tied for it. The first sports in the new School were held in '92, on a track 
much the same as that at the old School. The next meeting will, it is 
hoped, take place on the new quarter-mile track, and then we may look for 
breaking of all the old records. There is excellent material among the 
present boys. There was never a better all-round runnqr in the School 



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274 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

than W. A. Moore, who showed such good form in the sprints last spring, 
and who is hot favourite for the same races this year. 

Old boys who come to visit the new School are greatly struck with 
the smart, business-like appearance of the Gymnasium, but they think with 
a feeling of fondness of the time-honoured, old building at King street, 
with its dirty sawdust, its draughts and its peculiar equipments. How the 
timid ** new boy " used to stand by that door and watch the boys indulge 
in the forbidden excitement of " going off the beam ! " And what a proud, 
yet anxious moment it was when some senior took him under his protection, 
and, carefully adjusting him to the trapeze, initiated him to this delight. 
Who will forget the drill that used to take the form of " tag," in which 
Sergeant Parr joined with the greatest zeal ? But there were good 
gymnasts in those days. J. Chewett, now a graduate of the School of 
Science, and De Locke Brush were famous in their day. And then, the 
fights ! 

Fighting has now almost died out of existence. In the old days, it 
was a common occurrence. Sometimes there was a genuine cause. Often 
a fight was started to provide a little excitement Recess was the popular 
time for such things, and, I imagine, many will remember the tall form of 
Mr. Cockburn appearing at the door and announcing to the throng of boys 
crowding on the floor and perched on beams and ladders, that they had 
better get a little fresh air outside. In 1887 the building was improved, 
an armory and a reading-room being added ; the minstrels gave their 
performances on the floor of the gymnasium. The present rifle company 
in College has given a new interest to the once dreary drill, and every 
branch of gymnastics must flourish, with the grand opportunities that are 
now afforded. 



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THE U. C. C. CRICKET CLUB. 



275 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE CRICKET CLUB. 




ORGANIZED 1836. 



Contributed by 
J. E. HALL. 

I HE first match played by the College eleven was 
with the Toronto Cricket Club, in July, 1836. The 
exact date was not given in the Toronto " Courier," 
the paper reporting the match. The game was 

. ^ won easily by the College eleven, with an innings 

4^ to spare. 

Cricket seems to have been played at Upper Canada College from 
the first year it was opened, but it was not until 1836 that the club was 
organized. The first officers were as follows : 

OFFICERS : 

Patron. 
His Excellenot Sib Francis Bond Head. 

PreMent, 
Mr. John Kent. 

Viot'Prt^deni. 
Mr. James Lukin Robinson. 

Treaswrtr, 
Augustus Kesfer. 

Secretary, 
Labratt W. Smith. • 

White, whose name appears on the College side, was a Sussex man, 
and did not belong to the College at all. The Toronto Club, in arranging 
the match, made the concession that White should be allowed to assist 
their opponents. 



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276 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

The members of the College eleven were as follows : — 

1. White (a Sussex player). 7. John Beverley Robinson. 

2. L. Robinson. 8. F. W. Barron. 

3. Phillpota. 9. Walter Dyett 

4. J. Kent. 10. F. Hall. 
6. A. Keefer. 11. T. Keefer. 
6. G. A. Barber. 

In August, iS'se, another match was played, Sampson taking Phillpots' 
place on the team. 

The following names of those playing for the College were copied from 
papers giving accounts of matches in the years noted in the margin. 

1837.— F. W. Barron, G. A. Barber, L. Robinson, J. B. Robinson, J. P. Henderson, T. Keefer, 
R. Nichol, H. G. Stoughton, R. A. ConnoUy, S. Jarvis, G. Smith. 

1843.— G. A. Barber, C. Glasgow, E. Patrick, J. HeUiweU, Phillpota, W\ T. Boyd, Cameron, 
G. MoMicking, F. W. Barron, O. GUdersleeve, D. McLeod. 

1844.— Boyd, Shaw, McLeod, Hudspeth, S. Cosens, A. Crooks, W. Cosens, C. Crooks, 
Anderson, Wallbridge, Ridley. 

1845.— S. Cosens, Hudspeth, Crooks, Arnold, Weller, H. Draper, Stinson, Ridley, Wallbridge, 
W. Cosens, G. Rykert. 

1846.— Cronyn, A. Crooks, Ridley, Stinson, Armour, Cary, Harris, Boyd, Elliot, C. Rykert, 
W. Cosens. 

1849.— Heward, Parsons, Conolly, Phillpots, Robinson, Barber, Barron, Draper, Patrick, 
Hudspeth, MuUlehury, 

1850.— Parsons, Heward, Helliwell, J. B. Robinson, Phillpots, Barron, G. Draper, Patrick, 
Hudspeth, W. Cosens, C. Rykert. 

1852.— McLean, Kiugsmill, O'Reilly, Gildersleeve, Vansittart, Hammond, Newbigging, Murray, 
Moss, Draper, Usher. 

1863.— Kingsmill, A. E. Rykert, T. D. Phillips, Boyd, G. Rykert, C. Rykert, Powell, H. 
Phillips, Towers, Nichol, Conolly. 

1854.— H. Phillips, Powell, T. D. Phillips, G. Rykert, C. Rykert, A. Rykert, Kingsmill, 
MiUlehtrger, Dickson, Heron, Benson. 

1856.— T. D. Phillips, C. Rykert, H. Phillips, B. Parsons, J. O. Heward, J. Helliwell, R. 
Bayley, Phillpots, F. A. Barton, G. Draper, F. Draper. 

1857.— H. Phillips, Heward; J. C. Rykert, Parsons, T. D. Phillips, HelUwell, R. Bayley, 
Draper, Robinson, Barron, Ilutcheson. 

l^^,—Pa«t aiid Prtsent.—H. D. Phillips, D. F. Bogert, Parsons, Heward, Helliwell, Rykert, 
H. PhUlips, F. A. Read, F. Taylor, Jessup, Gildersleeve. 

1859.— y^re^e?/^.— Thomas, Rykert, Parsons, Heward, Draper, Read, Helliwell, Bayley, Draper, 
Barber, Wright. 

\%m.—Pa»t and PrettetU.—J, Kennedy, T. D. Phillips, H. Phillips, Benjamin, Bogert, C. 
Rykert, Spragge, T. Brunei, G. A. Barber, G. Brunei, McCaul. 

1861.— /'cw^ and Pr^^cw/. —Phillips, Spragge, Read, Kennedy, Draper, Rykert, Heward, Brunei, 
Jlelliwell, Brown, Creighton. 



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THE U. C. C. CRICKET CLUB. 277 

1866.— P. Brunei, R. Hope, D. W. Shaw, F. Perkins, J. Laing, G. Drummond, T. H. Leggo, 
G. Lount, F. Bethone, W. Browne, R. Henderson. 

1866.— J. Brunei, Hope, Lount, Shaw, J. Laing, Draper, VanAllen, McLean, A. Laing, 
Wright, Guest. 

1867.— S. L. Kemper, D. G. Macdonell, J. R. Van Alien, R. K.Hope, J. Laing, H. Watson, 
W. J. Bickle, A. I^aing, A. H. Hope, J. V. Ellard, R. J. GilL 

1868. J. V. Ellard, S. L. Kemper, A. H. Hope, A. Laing, R. Gill, Clump, Bickle, Crowe, 
Long. 

1869.— J. H. Long, R. B. Barber, Crostlewaite, J. V. Ellard, A. H. Hope, A. M. Baines, J. L. 
Small, J. L. C. Cronyn, D. G. D. Clump, W. Anderson, J. Barber. 

1870. — Sills, Anderson, A. Baines, Jarvis, A. Spragge, R. Gamble, Hector, G. Brunei, E. 
Spragge, C. Baines, Perkins. 

1871. — Parsons, Hope, Cronyn, Barron, W. Hector, Spragge, R. Gamble, Sills. 
*' — Past and Pre^n^.- Parsons, J. Brunei, G. Brunei, R. Hope, R. Gamble, G. Drummond, 
Bolus, Barron, W. Hector, A. Baines, F. Draper. 

1872.— E. R. C. Proctor, R. Boulton, R. Richardson, J. L. C. Cronyn, A. W. Spragge, M. B. 
Wood, W. B. Northrup, F. Case, G. L. Cope, T. WUcher, Esq., E. B. Brown. 

1873.— £. Proctor, S. Richards, F. Case, B. Northrup, G. L. Cope, G. Hatton, A. Spragge, 

E. Browne, H. Atkinson, Ashby. 

1874.— E. R. C. Proctor, Montgomery, Prentice, R. R. Boulton, H. H. Atkinson, W. B. 
Northrup, Arthurs, Woods, J. J. Stuart, Smith, D. Hague. 

1875. — Ogden, Smith, Hague, H. Atkinson, Boulton, VanAllen, Montgomery, Freeman, C. R. 
Atkinson, Seyler, Begg. 

1876.— J. C. Grace, E. Kittson, D. Browning, G. Brooke, A. Harvey, C. R. Atkinson, F. Keefer, 
W. Thompson, C. Ford, J. W. Hendrie, A. B. Barber. 

1877.— J. C. Grace, E. E. Kittson, A. Gillespie, H. T. Brock, D. Browning, C. R. Atkinson, 

F. N. Keefer, E. R. Ogden, W. Browning, G. G. S. Lindsey, D. Armour. 

1878.— E. U. Sayers, H. T. Brock, E. R. Ogden, T. F. Coleman, W. L. ConoUy, C. R. Atkinson, 
H. Woodruff, F. L. Fellowes, T. Benson, C. N. Shanly, Moore. 

1879.— E. R. Ogden, A. B. Thompson, F. L. Fellowes, D. Peterson, W. L. Conolly, A. B. 
Cameron, T. F. Coleman, W. W. Vickers, M. Ferris, A. D. Langmuir, W. A. 
Richardson. 

1880.— K R. Ogden, A. B. Thompson, A. D. Langmuir, F. L. Fellowes, T. F. Coleman, W. W. 
Vickers, W. L. Conolly, A. G. Brown, J. Montgomery, A. G. Smith, E. Coleman. 

1881.— A. G. Smith, E. C. Coleman, A. B. Thompson, W. Coldham, J. D. Montgomery, W. W. 
Vickers, I. ElUott, A. H. Scott, R. S. Martin, I. H. Vidal, G. K. Mickle. 

1882.— A. G. Smith, R. Montgomery, E. Smith, A. D. Gordon, C. Worth, W. Coldham, A. H. 
Scott, A. Martin, H. P. Torrance, H. Vankoughnet, T. Esson. 

1883.— E. S. Martin, A. H. Crerar, A. G. Smith, R. Montgomery, H. P. Goering, W. J. 
Fleury, J. D. Thorbum, E. C. Pardee, F. Field, T. Esson, H. MacLaren. 

1884.— G. H. Muntz, H. Pardee, J. H. Senkler, H. Goering, F. Field, A. H. Crerar, C. Pardee, 
A. Wilgress, E. S. Martin, N. Smith, M. A. McFarlane. 

1885. ^A. Smart, J. D. McLean, E. C. Pardee, J. H. Senkler, I. Senkler, A. K S. Marks, 
L Harvey, H. S. Smith, G. Brown, G. Biegar, J. F. Snetsingen - 



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2/8 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

1886.— A. Hollifl, J. D. MacLean, O. P. Edgar, £. C. Pardee, I. Senkler, W. A. Fleming, 
H. B. McGiverin, F. Martin, A. A. Roberts, A. A. Macdonald, A. Montgomery. 

1887.— 0. P. Edgar, H. Small, H. B. McGiverin, A. HoUis, J. B. Pawlee, H. Crocker, A. Mont- 
gomery, H. C. Parsons, W. H. Bunting, W. R. Marshall, W. C. C. Freeman. 

1888.— H. Crocker, H. Small, E. Brown, J. B. Pardee, H. C. Parsons, A. Montgomery, W. R. 
Marshall, W. H. Bunting, H. Fleming, H. G. Martin, F. Langmuir. 

1889.— H. P. Fleming, C. Patterson, C. Stuart, W. C. C. Freeman, H. Small, F. Langmuir, A. F. 
Moren, H. C. Baird, H. Wood, C. K. Wilson, G. L. Smith. 

1890.— A. F. Moren, M. A. Macfarlane, W. C. Laidlaw, G. H. Harris, J. L. Counsell, W. H. 
Montgomery, H. H. Wood, E. C. Wragge, W. M. Lash, W. A. Gilmour, R. W. 
White. 

1891.— M. A. McFarlane, W. Montgomery, R. W. White, J. M. Laing, E. C. Pearman, J. L. 
Counsell, F. L. Cosby, C. H. Mockridge, F. N. Waldie, A. A. Small, R Boultbee. 

1892.— R. W. White, J. L. CounseU, F. L. Cosby, C. H. Mockridge, F. N. Waldie, H. Boult- 
bee, T. H. Crerar, A. W. G. Hoskin, T. G. McMaster, N. W. Cosby, W. P. Moss. 



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UNIVERSITY, ETC., HONORS. 



279 



On the walls of the Public Hall of the College there were eight walnut tables containing 
the names of the boys who had distinguished themselves at Matriculation and other University 
Examinations. These tables were arranged along the west, north and east walls. 



TABLE I. 

UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 

HEAD BOYS. 



Scadding» Henry 1830-33 

Ruttan, William 1834 

Fitzgerald, William J. . . . 1835 

Ewart, Thomas 1836 

Hurd, Edward 1837 

Ewart, John 1838 

HeUiwell, John 1839 

Boulton, Henry John 1840 

Crookshank, George 1841 

Bethune, Norman 1842 

Wedd, WiUiam 1843 

Cosens, Chas. Sidney ... 1844 

Hudspeth, Thomas 1845 

Crooks, Adam 1846 

Palmer, George 1847 

Grier, James G 1848 

Huggard, John T 1849 

Blake, Dominiok E 1850 

Rykert, Alfred E 1851 

Walker, Nathaniel 1852 



O'Brien, Donough 1853 

Moss, Thomas 1854 

Jones, William 1855 

Bethune, Charles J. S . . . . 1866 

Henderson, Elmes 1857 

Loudon, James 1858 

Jessnp, James G 1859 

Tyner, Adam C 1860 

Paterson, John A 1861 

BeU, Charles W 1862 

Cannon, Charles H 1863 

Cassels, Alan 1864 

Ryrie, Daniel 1865 

Armstrong, William 1866 

Dale, William 1867 

Fletcher, J 1868 

Wallace,F. H 1869 

Bruce, J. 
Cameron, 
Elliott, J. W 1871 



11, J. C.J 



1870 



Biggar, W. H 1872 

Bowes, E. A 1873 

Northrop, W. B 1874 

Davis, A. G 1876 

Sutherland, A 1876 

Ponton, A. D 1877 

Davis, E. P 1878 

Langton, H. H 1879 

McKenzie, W. P 1880 

Walker, W. H 1881 

Young, A. H 1882 

Smith, A. G 1883 

Jones, J. E 1884 

Biggar, G. C 1885 

Macdonald, A. A 1886 

Leacock, S. B 1887 

Crocker, H. G 1888 

MacdonneU, G. F 1889 

Moss, C. A 1890 

Hilliar.T.H 1891 



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2^0 



UPPER CANADA C0LLEG£ MEMORIAL VOLUME. 



TABLE II. 

UNIVERSITY, ETC., HONORS 

OBTAINED BY PUPILS OF UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 



1845— Kino's College, Toronto. 



Helliwell, J., B.A.. .. 
McDonell, S. S., B.A. 

VVedd, W., B.A 

Boulton, H. J., B.A.. 
Crookshank, G., B.A. 
Draper, W. G., B.A.. 

Stennett, W., B.A. .. 

Roaf, J 



I. L| aasBical Medals, English Poem. 
L2. 



L3. 

1.4. 

II. 1. 

IV. 1. 



(Latin Poem, Greek Iambics, Greek 
Prose. 



{Metaphysics Medal, Biblical literature 
Medal, Jameson Medal, Latin Poem. 
Natural Philosophy Medal. 



1846— King's College, Toronto. 



Jessopp, H. B., B.A. . 
Robinson, C, B.A. . . 

Wedd, W., B.A. .... 

Stennett, W., B.A. . . 

Crookshank, G., B.A. 

Wickson, A 

Hudspeth, T 



L 1. 



Cl<wdccU Medal, 
Jameson Medal. 

(Hebrew Class L 1, Greek Iambics, 
Latin Poem, English Poem. 
{Divinity Class I., 1, Strachan Prize, 
Latin Poem, English E^ssay. 
Greek Prose. 
Wellington Scholar. 
Greek Prose. 



1 847— WpOLWICH. 



Elliott, H. Y. 



I I I First place. 

1847— Kino's College, Toronto. 



Evans, G. M 

Armour, J. D 

Palmer, G 

Barber, G. A 

Huttou, Joseph 

Wickson, Arthur, B. A 

Stennett, Rev. W., B. A 

Jessopp, H.B.,B. A 

McDonell, S. S., B.A 

Roaf, J., B.A 

Boulton, H. J., B. A 

Crookshank, G., B. A 

Wedd, Wm., B.A 

Stennett, Rev. W., B.A. . . . 

Jessopp, H. B., B. A 

Hudspeth, Thos 

McKenzie, Rev. J. 0. D .. . . 
Hudspeth, Thos 



C. 
L.3. 
L 1. 
I. 2. 
L4. 
I. 5. 
1.2. 



M. 

IL 1. 



Scholarships. 
University, Mathematical. 
University, Classical. 
Wellington District. 
Upper Canada College. 
Victoria District. 
Gold MfAaly CloMics. 
Divinity, 2nd Year I. 1. 
Divinity, 1st Year, I, 1 Hebrew I. 1. 
Law I. 1. 
Law I. 2. 
Law XL 1. 
Law II. 3. 

Greek Verse, English Poem. 
Latin Verse. 
English Prose. 
Greek Prose. 
Enfflish Prose. 
Wellington Scholar. 



1848— King's College, London. 



Boulton, W. S. 



Prizeman. 
I Surveying Workshop. 



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UNIVERSITY, ETC., HONORS. 

TABLE II. — Continued. 

UNIVERSITY, ETC., HONORS 

OBTAINED BY PUPILS OF UPPER CANADA COLLEGE.— Coniinwe/. 



28t 



1848— Kino's College, Toronto. 



Wedd, VV.,B.A ... 

Jessopp, H. B. , B. A . 
Wickson, A.. B.A . 
Hudspeth, T.,B. A . 
Crooks, A 

Crooks, A 

StinsoD, E 

Cronyn, T 

Armour, J. D 



Evans, G. M. 



{Latin Prose, Greek Ode, English 
Verse, Latin Verse. 
Divinity, 2nd Year, I. 1. 
Hebrew Prize. 
English Verse. 
Wdlington Scholar. 

{Classics, Metaphysics and Ethics, 
Rhetoric Prizes. 
Mathematics and Physics Prize. 
Biblical Literature Prize. 
/Latin Ode, Greek Prose, Classics 
\ Prize. 

/Mathematics, Chemistry, Evidences, 
\ Biblical Literature Prizes. 



1848— C. M. SCHOLABSHIP. 



Grier, J. G.. 
Freer, Cdt . . 
Tyner, R. J 
Clark, A. M 
Eliot, C. F.. 



a 

I. 1. 
1.5. 
I. 4. 
1.2. 
L3. 



Af. 


11.2. 


1.2. 


IL 1. 


IIL 2. 


IIL 1. 



Scholarships. 
University, Classical. 
Upper Canada College. 
Home District. 
Upper Canada College. 
Western District. 



1844-5— GuY*s Hospital, London. 
Richardson, J. H j j | Anatomy, 1st Prize. 

1846-7— Guy's Hospital, London. 
Richardson, J. H J | | Free Dressership. 

1849— Kino's College, London. 



Ridout, Thos. 



Boulton, W. S 



[ Descriptive Geology, 1st Prize ; Prac- 
tical Geology, 1st Prize ; Certificate 
of Approval Associate. 

^Manufacturing Art and Machinery, 1st 
Prize ; Workshop, 1st Prize ; Geo- 
metry, Drawing, 2nd Prize; Cer- 
tificate of Approval. 



1849— Kino's College, Toronto. 



Baldwin, Rev. E., B.A 

Wickson, A., B. A 

Hudspeth, T. A., B.A 

Crooks, Adam 

McKenzie, Rev. J. G. D 

Armour, J. D 

Smer, R. J 
ark, A. M 

Crooks, Adam, B.A 

McKenzie, Rev. J. G. D., B.A. 
Kingsmill, .J. J., B.A 

36 



L 1. 
L2. 
L3, 



Theology, 2nd Year, I. 1 Prize. 

Hebrew Prize. 

/English Poem, Latin Poem, English 

\ Essay. 

English Essay, Latin Prose. 

Greek Tragedy, Iambics. 

Wellington Sdiolar^ Greek Prose. 

English Poem. 

Latin Poem. 

Litt., Human. 

Litt. , Human. 

Litt., Human. 



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282 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 



TABLE III. 

UNIVERSITY, ETC., HONORS. 



1849— Crooks, Adam, B.A. 



McKenzie, Rev. J. G. D., B.A. . 
Stinson, Ebenezer, B. A 



\ Gold Medal, Classics ; Metaphysics 
I Medal. 

i Evidences and Biblical Ltteratore 
j Medal. 
Natural Philosophy Medal. 



C. M. Scholarships. 



ScJiolarahips. 



a 

Huggard, J. T I L 1. 1 1. 2. 1 University Classical. 

1850-KeeSr, T. C, (C.E.) I | j Elgiii Prize Essay, 



University op Toronto. 



1860— Stinson, E., B.A 

Crooks, A., B.A 

Hudspeth, T. A., B.A 

Crooks, A., B.A 



Armour, J. D., B.A . 
Evans, G. M., B.A ... 



Clark, A. M 

Tyner, R. J 

Evans, G. M., B.A 

Clark, A. M 



1850 — Brown, James . 
Blake, D. E ... 
Freeland, W . . . 
Marling, S. A . 
CampbeU, T. C. 
Boulton, G. D . 



1861— Stinson, E., B.A 
Crooks, A., B.A 



Clark, A. M., B.A . 
Freer, C, B.A 

EUot, C. F., B.A.... 



Law. 
L 1. 
1.2. 



Clas'cs 
T. 1. 



L 2. 



Prizeman. 

English Verse. 
English Prose. 

University Class Medal. 
'University Medal, Natural Philo- 
sophy, L 1. 
University Medal, Metaphysics aud 

Ethics, I. 1. 
University Medal, Evidences, I. 1. 
Greek Verse, Latin Verse, English 
Prose. 
English Verse, English Prose. 
Greek Verse. 
Wellington Scholar. 



C. M. Scholarships, 



a 

L 1. 
I. 2. 
IIL 2. 
I. 3. 
1.4. 
L 6. 



M. 
1. 2. 
ITL 1. 
1.3. 
IV. 1. 



Scholarships, 
University Classical. 
Upper Canada College 
Upper Canada College. 
Home District. 



University of Toronto. 



Crooks, A.,B.C.L 

Stinson, £., B.C.L 

Clark, A. M 

Freer, C 



Law. 
L 1. 
I. 2. 



Clas'cs 
L 1. 
1.2. 
Ethics 
L 1. 



Greek Verse, English Verse. 
English Essay. 



Prize. 



Jameson Medal 



Greek Verse. 



Latin Verse. 
Latin Verse, Belles Lettres Prize. 

Univtrsity Gold Medal, 
University Medal. 



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UNIVERSITY, ETC., HONORS. 

TABLE III .—Continued. 

UNIVERSITY, ETC., HONORS. 

1851 -Marling S. A | I . • . - I English Verse. 

C. M. Scholarships. 



283 



1851— Rykert, A. E. 
Counsel], G. S 



Tyner, R. J., B.A 



a 

1. 1. 
1.3. 



M. Scliolar»hipn. 

I. 2. I University Classical. 
III. 1. I Upper Canada College. 

ftfkanceUor'n Medal, Evidences. 
|\ EngliahPnwe. 



COBOURO SOHOLARSHIPS. 



1849— Johnson, C. C 

1860— Barber, G. A 

1851— Thomson, Charles B. 

Phillips, Thomas . . . 

Beaven, Edward . . . 



I First Scholar. 
I First Scholar. 
I First Scholar. 
Third Scholar. 
1 Fifth SchoUr. 



University of Toronto. 



1862— Button, J 

Covemton, 0. J 

Huggard, J. T., B.A .... 

Peterson, H. W., B.A. .. 

Marling, S. A 

Clark, A. M.. B.A 

Peterson, H. W., B.A.... 

BuU, S. J., B.A 

Brown, J 

Rykert, A- E 



Law. 
I. 1. 



I. 1. 



Practical Anatomy (1. 1), Chirurg (I. 3). 

J University Odd Medal, Classics, 

I Litt. Humaft(I. 2.) 
University Medal, Ethics. 
C'hancellor'a Medal, Evidences. 
English Prose. 

English Verse, English Prose. 
English Verse. 
Latin Prose. 
Latin Verse. 



C. M. Scholarships. 



Walker,N.O |L3. 

Kiiigsmm,N |l 1. 



L 1. 



I First Mathematical Scholar. 
I First Classical Scholar. 



Trinity Colleob Toronto. 



1866— Thompson, C. E 
Phillips, T. D . . 
O'Reilly, J. E . . 

1864— Cooper, W. E . . 



English Verse. 
Latin Verse. 
Wellington Scholar. 
Wellington Scholar. 



University of Toronto. 

i?..»^;. \xT 11)4 Mathematics, 2nd Scholarship ; Clas* 
^'"'^"'^ I I 1} sics, 3rd Scholarahip. 



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284 



UPPEk CANADA COLLFiGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

TABLE IV. 

UNIVERSITY, ETC., HONORS. 



1854— Cambridge. 



Whitt, J., B.A 

ElUot,V., B.A 



M. CI Seventh Wrangler. 

L 1. I I. 1. I Fellow Magdalene. 



1853— University of Toronto. 



Brown, J., B.A 

Marling, S. A., B.A. 
Blake, D. E., B.A .. 
Jones, C, B.A 



L.H. 


M. 


L 1. 


L 1. 


L2. 

1.3. 

IL 1. 





I University Gold Medcdf Mathematics. 
) University Silver Medal, Ethics. 
University Gold Medal^ Classics. 



1854 —Scholarships. 



Blake, D. £., B.A 
Sanderson, J. E . . 
Francis, W 

Moss, T 



L 1. 
L 1. 
L 1. 
1. 1. 
L 1. 



Law. 

Pol. Civ. and History. 

Medicine. 

Classics. 

Mathematics. 



1865— Scholarships. 



Kingsmill, N., B.A... 

Walker, N. O., B.A . 

Peterson, H. W., B.A. 
Sanderson, J. E., B.A. 

Moss, T 

Milroy, W 



Sullivan, R.. 



L2. 
L 2. 
L 1. 
L 1. 



L 1. 
L 1. 
1. 1. 
L 1. 



Class Silver Medal. 

History, Latin Verse. 

Chemistry Gold Medal, 

Natural History, Gold Medal. 

English Prose. 

English Prose, English Verse. 

Latin Prose. 

English Verse. 

Class Scholarship. 

English. 

French. 

History. 



Hume, R. 
Moss, T . . 



1 856 —Scholarships. 



L 1. 



Oriental Languages. 
{ Latin Verse, Latin Prose, English 
\ Prose, French. 



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UNIVERSITY, ETC., HONORS. 

TABLE IV .—Continued, 

UNIVERSITY, ETC, HONORS. 



285 



Sampson, D. A. 
Boyd, J. A 




Claasics Scholarship. 

History. 

French. 

English. 

English Scholarship. 

French. 



1855-6— Trinity College. 

Jones, W I I I Wellington Scholar. 

Badgley, C. H ' I | Allan Scholar. 

1855— University of Toronto. 



Fraaer, J. T. 



i Greek and Latin. 
French. 
I History. 



-Scholar. 



1857— University of Toronto. 



Ridout, J. 6. 
Fraaer, J. T. . 

Moss, T 

Thorn, J 

Moss, T 

Boyd, J. A... 
Moss, T 



Sullivan, R. 



Sampson, D. A. 

Moss, T 

Boyd, J. A. . . . 



Matriculation Class Scholarship. 
First Year Class. Scholarship. 
Third Year Class. Scholarship. 
MatriculationMathematical Scholarship. 
Third Year Mathematical Scholarship. 

I First Year Modem Language Scholar- 
ship. 
( Third Year Modei n Language Scholar- 
} ship. 
Second Year Modern Language Scho- 
larship. 
, Metaphysics and Ethics Scholarship, 
j First Year General Proficiency Scho- 
\ larship. 

! Greek Verse. 
Greek Prose, 
English Verse. 



1856-7— Trinity College. 



Bethune, C. J. S 

Caylev, E 

Badgley, 0. H 

Beaven, E. W 

Cooper, W. E 

Benson, C. I 

1855— Bethune, J. J.... 
1854— O'Reilly, J. E. . . 
1855— Benson, C. I. . . . 
1856— Bethune, C. J. 8. 
Thomson, C. E 



Wellington Scholar. 

Bumside Scholar. 

Second Year Classical Prize. 

Moral Science Prize. 

Kent Piize. 

Latin Prose. 

Divinity Scholar. 

Law Scholar. 

Strachan Scholar. 

Divinity Scholar. 

Divinity Prize. 



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286 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 



TABLE V. 

UNIVERSITY, ETC, HONORS 

OBTAINED AT MATRICULATION BY UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 



1858.— Loudon, J 

Loudon, J 

O'Brien, W. E. , 

Henderson, E. . 

Evans, L. H 

1859. -Lafferty, A. M. . 

Thompson, W. . 

Read, F. A 

Baldwin. A. H. . 

Jones, W 

Jones, C 

I860.— Snider, E. F. . . . 

Bogart, D. F... 

Givens, C. S. . . . 
1861.— Kennedy, T. S , 

Jessup, J. H 

Bethune, F 

Bethune, F 

Henderson, R. . 
1862.— Paterson, J. A . 

Paterson, J. A . 

Tyner, A. C. . . . 

Bell, C. W 

Holmes, W. R. . 

Holmes, W. R. . 

Delamere, T. D. 

Matheson, C. A. 
1863.— Mewbum, J. H. 

Mewburn, J. H. 

Connon, C. H . . . 

Evans, T. F. L . 

Ridout, J 

Robinson, C. . . . 
1864.— Cassels, A 

Purdy, J 

Grover, T. M... 
1865.— Ryric, D 

Ryrie, D 

Ryrie, D 

Kingsford, R. E. 

Grabam, J. E . . . 

Ford, O. P 

1866.— Gibson, G 

Gibson, G 

Armstrong, W. . 

Robinson, H. G. 

Wagner, W. J. . 



Classics. 

Mathematics. 

Law. 

Foundation, Trinity College. 

Cimeron, Trinity College. 

Mathematics. 

General Proficiency. 

Law. 

Foundation, Trinity College. 

Foundation, St. John's College, Cambridge. 

9th Comparative R. M. Academy, Woolwich. 

General Proficiency. 

Foundation, Trini^ College. 

Cameron, Trinity CoUeffe. 

Foundation, Trinity College. 

Foundation, Trinity College. 

Dickson, Trinity College. 

Cameron, Trinity College. 

Foundation, Trinity Coflege. 

Classics. 

Mathematics. 

Classics. 

General Proficiency. 

General Proficiency. 

Medicine. 

General Proficiency. 

Foundation, Trinity College. 

Mathematics. 

General Proficiency. 

General Proficiency. 

Foundation, Trinity College. 

Ist Comparative R. S. College, Sandhui-st 

4th Comparative R. S. College, Sandhurst. 

Classics. 

General Proficiency. 

General Proficiency. 

1st Classics. 

Ist Mathematics. 

Ist General Proficiency. 

2nd Classics. 

Medicine. 

1st Foundation, Trinity College. 

1 st Classics. 

Ist General Proficiency. 

4th General Proficiency. 

6th General Proficiency. 

Medicine. 



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UNIVERSITY, ETC., HONORS. 



287 



TABLE Y,— Continued. 
UNIVERSITY, ETC., HONORS 

OBTAINED AT MATRICULATION BY UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 



W. 



1866.— Ball, C. W. 

Patersoii, T. 
1867.— Dale, W 

Dale, W 

Dale. W 

Fletcher, H.. 

Fotheringham, T. F. 

Kew, M 

Harmon, L. C 

1868.— Fletcher, J 

Fletcher, J 

White, J 

Crerar, J 

CUrkaon, F. A 

Zimmerman, R 

Matheaon, A. F 

1869.— Wallace, F. H 

Wallace, F. H 

Long, J. H 

SmiSl, J. T 

1870.— Bruce, J 

Bruce, J 

Dawson, 

Dawson, 

Thompson, G. W. 

Cameron, D. 

Logan, O. J. 
. — Harstone, L. 

Harstone, L. 

Harstone, L. 

Kerr, F. W. 

Mortimer, C. 

Sills, C. E 

-McKeown, J. G. 

McKeown, J. G . . 

Hodgina, F. E. . . 
-Bowes, E. A. ... 

Bowes, E. A 

Bowes, E. A 

Ponton, W. N. . . 
1874.— Northrup, W. B. 

Northrup, W. B. 

Northrup, W. B. 

Smith, J. S 

Keys, D. R 

Nason, H 



A. 
A. 



1871.- 

1872.- 
1873.- 



W. 



2nd Foundation, Trinity College. 

4th Foundation, Trinity College. 

Ist Classics. 

lat Mathematics. 

1st General Proficiency. 

2nd General Proficiency. 

4th General Proficiency. 

5th General Proficiency. 

2nd Foundation, Trinity College. 

1st Classics. 

1 st General Proficiency. 

2nd Classics. 

3rd J¥ai. General Proficiency. 

3rd ^q. General Proficiency. 

Medicine. 

Dickson, Trinity College. 

Ist Classics. 

Ist General Proficiency. 

3rd General Proficiency. 

5th (leneral Proficiency. 

2nd Classics. 

Ist General Proficiency. 

1st Mathematics. 

2nd General Proficiency. 

7th General Proficiency. 

Medicine. 

Foundation, Trinity College. 

2nd A^. Classics. 

1 st Mathematics. 

1st (Jeneral Proficiency. 

2ud A^{. Classics. 

Cooper E-aminer, Trinity College. 

Foundation Trinity College. 

1st Classics. 

3rd General Proficiency. 

5th General Proficiency. 

1st Classics. 

1st Mathematics. 

1st General Proficiency. 

4th General Proficiency. 

1st Classics. 

1st English, French and History. 

1st General Proficiency. 

2nd Mathematics. 

2nd English, French and History. 

6th General Proficiency. 



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288 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

TABLE Y.— Continued. 
UNIVERSITY, ETC., HONORS 

OBTAINED AT MATRICULATION BY UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 



1875. 
1876. 

1877. 



—Elliott, J. W I 7th General Proficiency. 

MoMichoel, A. J. W 3rd Foundation, Trinity College, 

—Loudon, W. J 2nd Clasiica. 



Loudon, \V. J . 

MacLeau, W 

— Cayley, H. St. Q. 

Kerr, D. B 

Milner, W. S 

Reid, J. W 

McKenzie, K 

1878.— Davis. E. P 

1879.— Langton, H. H . . . 
1880.— Bowes, J. H 

McKenzie. W. P. 
1881. -Walker, W. H... 
1882.— Young, A. H 

Young, A. H 

Young. A. H 

Beck. C. B 

188.3.— Mc Arthur, R. A. 

Smith, A. G 

1884.— Jones. J. E 

1885.— Biggar, G. C 

Moss, J. H 

1886.— MacDonald. A. A. 

MacDouald, A. A . 
1887. -Leacock, S. B 

Jones, B. M 

1888.— Crocker, H. G... 

Crocker, H. G . . . 

Crocker, H. G 

Crocker, H. G . . . , 

Shiel, A. J 

1889.— MacDonnoU, G. F. . 

MacDounell, G. F., 

MacDonnell, G. F. , 

MacDounell, G. F., 

Geary, G. R 

1890.— Moss, C. A 

Lash, W. M 

1891.— Hapter. R. .L E. .. 

Frith G. R 



Ist General Proficiency. 

4th General Proficiency. 

English, French, German and History. 

1st General Proficiency. 

2nd General Proficiency. 

t3rd General Proficiency. 

McDonald Exhibition, McGill University. 

4th A^, General Proficiency. 

1st General Proficiency. 

Modern Languages. 

Ist Bursary, Knox College. 

4th Greneral Proficiency. 

Modem Languages. 

Prince of Wales. 

3rd General Proficiency. 

Bishop Strachan, Trinity College. 

Prince of Wales. 

4th General Proficiency. 

Prince of Wales. 

3rd General Proficiency. 

4th General Proficiency. 

Modem Ltinguages. 

Prince of Wales. 

1st General Proficiency. 

3rd General Proficiency. 

Prince of Wales. 

Ist Mathematics. 

Modern Languaees. 

1st General rrohciency. 

2ud General Proficiency. 

Prince of Wales' Scholarship. 

2n<l in Classics. 

2nd in Mathematics. 

General Proficiency. 

Modem Languages. 

2nd General Proficiency. 

3rd General Proficiency. 

Ist Royal Military College. 

2nd Koyal Military College. 



TABLE VI. 

J. HERBERT MASON MEDALS. 



FOUNDED 1888. 



Gold. 

George Clayes 1888 

G. F. MacDounell 1889 

H. P. Biggar 1890 

J, L. CounseU 1891 



Silver. 



A. E. Hoskin . . 
E. C. P. Clark. 
A. F. Barr 



.1889 
.1890 
.1891 



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THE SCHCX>L STUDY. 










m. 











THE OLD DINING HALL. 



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T^ll NEV.' Y^RK 
PU?.!,r irs;;/,F,Y 






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EXHIBITIONERS. 289 

TABLE VII. 
EXHIBITIONERS. 



Charles Sidney Cosens 1842. 

Arthur Wicksoii " 

Walter Arnold 1843. 

Overton S. Gilderslieve ** 

George Palmer January, 1844. 

Adam Crooks " •* 

John Whit " *' 

William Elliot " '« 

Thomas Cronyn ** ** 

G A. Barber " •« 

John J. Kingsmill «* «« 

A. H. Wallbridge *« '* 

George Mountain Evans September, 1844. 

Ebenezer Stinson ** *' 

Henry Thomas Ridley *« *« 

William Ambrose " " 

Courtlandt Freer 1845. 

John Doaglas Armour " 

Charles Edmund Goddard •* 

Stuart Foster ** 

Alister Ckrk 1846. 

Charles F. Kliot " 

Richard Baley ** 

C. P. vSampson *• 

W. O'Brien " 

J, T. Huggard 1847. 

W. C. Palmer '* 

W. Mcudill " 

W. Freeland " 

T.D.Phillips '. •« 

V. McKenzie 1848. 

A. E. Rykert ** 

Richard L. J. O'Brien " 

W. C. Cosens ♦• 

N. 0. Walker 1849. 

C. B. Jones " 

Nicol Kingsmill •* 

F. Mackelcan ** 

C. Gildersleeve • * 

Donough L. A. O'Brien 1850. 

William H. Radenhurst " 

W. Francis ** 

G. T. Beard " 

Thomas Moss 1851. 

F. C. Draper " 

J. W. Robarts ** 

A, S. Kirkpatrick " 

D. A. Sampson 1852. 

F. H. Stayner ** 

William Jones ** 

J. D. Birchall " 

William James Baines , , , , ** 

37 



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290 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

List of Exhibitioners taken from the Exhibition Book. After 1852 the names were not 
inscribed on the wall tables. 

M. B. O verfield 1 853. 

C. H. Badgley " 

J. F, Frazer " 

T. L. Stoyner ** 

G. D. Mayer " 

H. PhUlips " 

James D. Wells " 

G.B. Roberts " 

John G. Ridout 1854. 

Cyril Archibald " 

KCayley " 

N. Maynard ** 

CJones " 

A. Stuart " 

James McGIashan 1855. 

John Thorn •' 

Thomas Grahame . *• 

G. Sevmonr ** 

Joel Bradbury " 

F. A. Read 1856. 

H. E. Robertson " 

EdwardWebb '» 

Alfred LaflFerty *' 

Andrew McGhishen 1857. 

Thomas ». Reid *• 

David Ford Bogert " 

James Lamon " 

A, C. Tyner 1858. 

F. Montizambert ** 

William H. vanderSmissen " 

James F. Dennistoun ** 

J. W. Mitchell Form IV. .1859. 

John F. Goodridge *• 

L. N. Benjamin ** ** 

F. M. Paterson. " 

E. F. Snyder Form V. . ** 

A. C. Tyner " " 

William H. vanderSmissen * ' ** 

C. W. BeU Form IV.. 1860. 

T. D. Hawley " 

R. Orr 

T. D. Delamere " 

J. A. Paterson Form V. . ** 

W. J. Mitchell 

C. Radenhurst ** " 

Charles Masterson Form IV. . 1861. 

C. H. Connon 

Robert Mills ** 

G. S. Filliter 

C. W. Bell Form V. . «• 

T. D. DeUimere ** 

g. A, MathewsoQ *♦ <♦ 



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EXHIBITIONERS. 29I 



J. G.Hawley ....; Form IV .. 1862. 

J.H. Mewburn '' 

T.Laiigton 

J. McDougall *• " 

C. H. CoDDon Form V. . 1862. 

R. S. Hudson 

John White 

Daniel Ryrie Form IV. .1863. 

Goodwin Gibson '* " 

H. J. Muckle 

R. E. Kingsford 

J. McDougall Forni V.. " 

John Purcfy 

T. Langton 

William Armstrong Form IV. .1864. 

A. Richards : 

W.M088 

R. H. Bowes 

Daniel Ryrie Form V.. *• 

Goodwin Gibson " " 

Ogden P. Ford " " 

W. J. Wagner Form IV. .1865. 

T. F. Fotheringham ** " 

L.C.Hannan 

W. Armstrong Form V. . " 

John M. Porter " * ? 

William Moss 

J. Fletcher Fonii IV. . 1866. 

T. J. W. Burgess 

J.H. Proctor 

F. A. ClarjLson 

W. Dale Form V. . *• 

L. C. Harman '. . 

W. J. Wagner 

J. T. Small Form IV . . 1867. 

T.F.Ularke 

John Craig 

W. H.Flint " 

J. Fletcher Form V. . " 

F. A. Clarkson 

J. WTiite 

R. Zimmerman " ** 

F. Ballantyne Form IV. .1868. 

RobertGiU 

E.P. Clement 

J.Cameron " " 

F.H. Wallace Form V.. •* 

J. T. SmaU 

T. H.Long 

T. F. Ckrke 

C. C. Robinson Fonn IV. . 1869. 

Andrew Luke 

G. Inglis " '* 

J. W. Beaty " " 

John Bruce Form V . . ** 

J. C. Cameron '* " 

E. .P. Clement 



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292 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 

W. A. Langton Form IV. .1870. 

W. A. Fletcher " " 

F. E. Hodgins ** " 

R. D. RichardBon ** «* 

J. W. Elliott Form V. . . 1870. 

Andrew Luke " ** 

L. Harstone 

W. N. Ponton Form I V. . 1 87 1 . 

Trevclyan Ridout 

WiUiam Wedd " ** 

Richard E. Reynolds ** 

J. G. McKeown : Form V. . . ** 

W. H. Biggar 

F. E. Hodgins »* « 

W. A. Langton *♦ *• 

W. B. Northrop Form IV. . 1872. 

P. F. J. Ridout ** " 

H. D. Hunter ** '* 

I). R. Keyes " " 

E. A. Bowes Form V. . . ** 

W. N. Ponton " " ♦* 

Trevelyan Ridout ** ** 

J. C. Harstone ** " 

W. J. Loudon FormlV. . 1873. 

C. C. McCaul " 

J. P. McMurrich 

W. B. Northrup Form V. . . " 

H. D. Hunter 

T. N. Clarke ** 

D. R. Keys •* 

W. S. Milner Form IV. . 1874. 

D. Henderson ** 

C. W. Thompson " 

D. Armour ** ** 

W. J. Loudon Form V. . . ** 

J. McDougall ** 

A. Davis " " 

J, W. Elliott " ** 

F. J. lAngstoflf Form IV. 1875. 

D. B. Kerr " ** 

A, D. Ponton " '* 

E. Kittson *• 

A. Sutherland Form V. . . ** 

W. J. James 

E. P. DavU Form IV. . 1876. 

H. W. Mickle 

E. L. Simonds " ** 

D. M. Browning * * *' 

A. D. Ponton Form V. . . ** 

E. F. LaiigstaflF : " •• 

J. A. McAndrew ** * * 

D. B. Kerr " *• 

E. P. Davis Form IV. . 1877. 

T. Parker 

E. F. Gunther 

G. S. Wilgress ** 

H. H. Langton 

J. Picken " 

C. P, Spiitb ** ♦* 



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E5^HIB1T10NERS. 2gi 

A. C. HeUiwcU Form IV. .1878. 

R. Bain 

J. H. Bowes 

A. J. Boyd 

H. H. Langton Form V. . . " 

C. S. Wilgress 

R. Balmer 

C. P. Smith 

VV. H. Walker FormlV. . 1879. 

S. Georce Gray " *' 

A. B. Thompson '* ** 

W. P. McKenzie Form V. . . " 

A. C. Helliwell 

R. Bain 

F . C. Powell 

J. A. Sievcrt FormlV. .1880. 

C. B. Beck 

A. D. Gordon 

W. Copp 

W. H. Walker Form V. . . " 

W. W. Baldwin 

G.R.Mickle 

A.B. Thompson 

J. E. Jones FormlV. .1881. 

A.G.Smith 

E. F. Blake 

J.F.Edgar 

A. H. Young Form V. . . " 

J. A. Sie vert 

C. B. Beck 

Charles S. Slawson 

John H. Moss Form IV. .1882. 

J. J. Ferguson 

W. A. Leys 

Fred. W. Jones " 

A. G. Smith Form V. . . " 

R. McArthur " " 

A. H. Morphy " " 

A. B. Thompson ** '* 

George C. Bigsar Proficiency, Mathematical, Modem Languages Form IV. .1883. 

Lionel B. Stephenson Classical ** " 

A. A. Macdonald Reversion of Modern Languages " ** 

J. I). Holmes Reversion of Mathematiciu *' '* 

J. E. Jones Proficiency, Classical, Modem Lanffuages Form V. . . '* 

E. F. Blake Reversion of Reversion of Modern Languages .... " " 

J. J. Ferguson Mathematical " " 

W. A. Leys Reversion of Classical " ** 

F. W. Jones Reversion of Modem Languages " " 

E. R. Van Koughnet General Proficiency Exhibition Form IV. . 1884. 

J. Hewetson Modem Languages ** ** 

F. J. A. Davidson Classical Exhibition : ** 

A. E. Hilker Mathematical Exhibition " " 

John H. Moss General Proficiency and Mathematical Form V. . . " 

George C. Biggar Reversion in Mathematics " ** 

Fletcner C. Snider Modern Languages " " 

Stephen B. Leacock General Proficiency, Classical, Modem Languages. FormlV. .1885. 

Thomas D. Dockray Mathematical •* " 

B. Morton Jones Reversions, Modem Languages and Classics *' *' 

L. E. Wedd Reversion of Classical . 



A A xjT^^^^^iA \ Classioal, Mathematical, Modem Lanffuages and 

A. A. Maodowld I Generi Profioienoy. "..•: FomV. 



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^94 Upper canada colleger memorial volume. 

H. G. Crocker Modem lAtiguagei, General Proficiency Form IV. . 1886. 

Harry M. Wood Reversion in Mociern Languages and Mathematics, *' " 

Henry de Staler MiUer . . j ^tic.^'T!"". ^**!T!!''. ^'I'"'!*!'. ^'*r*' " 

James Barber McLeod .... Reversion Classical , , " ** 

cii. 1. i> T ^s.^^^u \ Classical, Mathematical, Modern Languages and 

Stephen B. Leacock | General Proficiency FormV. .. " 

Thomas D. Dockray Reversion, Mathematics *' <* 

B. Morton Jones Half Reversion Classical '* *' 

F. J. Davidson Half Reversion Classical ** . ** 

D. J. Armour .... s ... s .. . Reversion, Modem Languages " ** 

r% v \M ji II fClassical« Mathematical, Modem Lianguages and 

G. F. Macdonell ....^...| General Proficiency ForailV. .1887. 

HenryC.Small Reversion . *• '* 

George Reginald Greary . . . .Reversion ** •* 

IT n riw^w S Classical, Mathematical, Modern languages and 

U. U. Urocker ...J General Proficiency Form V.. " 

A. Shiel Reversionof Classical ** " 

F. A. Kems ...... .^.. .,. . Modem languages, Rfiversion « . .. " " 

Charles A. Moss General. Proficiency Form IV. ^ 1888. 

Harold R. KingsmUl Classical " 

W. M. Lash Modem Languages ** '* 

W.T.Parker .,..,, Mathematical Reversion Form V.. " 

G. F. Macdonnell Classical, Mathematical and General Proficiency. , *' *' 

R. G. Geary « ^ Modern Languages, Reversion " " 

K. D. McMillan Classical Reversion " 



T. H. HiUiar General Proficiency ..Form IV. .1889. 

B. H. Thomson Modem Languages ** " 

J. L. Bryant .Mathematical, Reversion ** " 

E. C. P. Clark .Classical '* 

o A -iLT^.. - ■ (Modera Languages,. Mathematical aud General 

^•^•^^ 1 Proficiency Forai V.. " 

Harold R. Kingsmill (4> The Classical 

W. M. Lash . . Modern Languages, Reversion . . ** '* 

W. M. Boultbee ,. Mathematical, Reversion " *• 



W. W. Edgar Modem Languages and General Proficiency Form IV . . 1890. 

R. Franchot r... .^.^..Mathematixui '* *' 

R. W. White Classical 

A. C. Hardy , Modem Languages, Reversion ** ** 

J. H. L. Patterson Sciences ** ** 

Thos' H Hilliar } Classical, Modem Languages and General Pro- 

V J ticienay Form V . . ** 

J. L. Bryant Mathematical 

A. S. McKay Classical, Reversion •* ** 

Fred. Jos. H. Mcintosh . . . .Modem Languages, Reversion '* " 

B. K. Sand well , , Clnssical, Mathematical and General Proficiency . . Form IV . . 189L 

F. G. Leslie Mathematical •« 

F. C. Pearman Modem lianguages ** " 

R. C. Wilson Modern Languages, Reversion ** " 

F. E. Miller Science 

W. W. Edgar Classical Form V. . ** 

T. H. MUllin Mathematical 

R. Franchot Modem Languages and General Proficiency ** " 

H. A* Bmce Modem Languages, Reversion '* ** 



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fHE U. C. C. ROLL, 1829-I892. 



i9§ 



,A^FFJSil<TlDTJS: III. 
THE U. C. C. ROLL, 1829-1892. 



T7i€ names are taken from the Entry Books and from the General Register, 
and the dates are the years of entering the College, 



1830. 

Scadding, Henry. 
Strachan, John. 
Wella, Georffe Dupont. 
Givins, Adomhus. 
McDonald, VViUiam. 
Wells, Robert. 
Strachan, Alexander. 
McDonald, Charles. 
McDonald, John. 
Robinson, James Lokin. 
RobiDson, John Reverley. 
Richardson, Hash. 
Richardson, Hichard. 
Tarquand, John. • 
Daggan, Richard. 
Givins, George. 
Power, William Dnmmer. 
Powell, Grant. 
Phillips, Samuel. 
Allan, William George. 
Fitzgibbon, Charles. 
Fitzgibbon, George. 
Fitzgibbon, William. 
Fitzgibbon James. 
Fitzgerald, James William. 
Sherwood, Samuel. 
Jones, Hugh. 
Reward, Peter 
Heward, John. 
Radenhurst, Thomas. 
Smith, Samuel. 
Billings, George. 
Billings, James. 
Foster, Colley. 
Denison, Richard. 
Denison, George. 
Hartney, Henry. 
Brooke, George. 
Fenton, James. 
Dunn, John. 
McNab, Robert Allan. 
Jar vis, William. 
Jar vis, Samuel. 
Jarvis, George. 
Ridout, Joseph. 
Ridout Samuel. 
Stanton, Henry William. 
Latham, Henry. 
Wells, Frederick. 
Home, John. 
Home, Charles. 
Sherwood, Edward. 
Richardsou, Henry. 



Powell, Henrv. 
Cameron, William. 
Ewart, John. 
Ewart, Thomas. 
Scarlett, Edward. 
Scarlett, Archibald. 
Scarlett, St. George. 
Moore, John. 
Moore, Thomas. 
Collins, Nicholas. 
Ridout, Lionel. 
Ridout, Septimus. 
Heward, Francis. 
Murchison, John. 
Gray, Francis. 
Parsons, John. 
Beynon, William. 
Rendall, George McCarthy. 
Rendall, John. 
Wilmot, Samuel Street. 
Boulton, William. 
Clench, Holcroft. 
Weatherhead, William Henry. 
Jones, David Ford. 
Stevenson, Robert St. Patrick. 
Stevenson, John Gustavus. 
Connolly, Robert Addison. 
Stephenson, James Halfhide 

Corbet. 
McEwan, John. 
MacNider, William. 
Brooke, John Edmund. 
Phillpots, George Alexander. 
Phillpots, John. 
Phillpots, Thomas Charles. 
Thomson, George. 
White, Andrew. 
McDonald, Donald. 
Small, John. 
Covert, Henry. 
CoUombus, Isaac. 
McDonell, Alexander. 
McDonell, Samuel. 
Nation, Edward. 
Baruhart, John. 
Bamhart, Noah. 
Fairbanks, Silas Benjamin. 
Roberts, Brownlow. 
Roberts, Henry. 
Roberts, Peregrine. 
Throop, Robert. 
Boswell, William. 
Fowler, Harvey. 
Collins, Francis. 
Meagher, James. 



Willard, Charles. 
Deacon, John. 
Briscoe, Henry. 
Nelles, Robert Fanning. 
McDonell, Angus Duncan. 
Stanton, James. 
Bartlett, John F. 
Small, John Thomas. 
Ruttan, William. 
Covert, Frederick. 
Keegan, Edmund. 
0*Grady, William. 
Ham, Norman. 
McLean, Allan Neil. 
Ketchum, Jesse. 
Stuart, Charles. 
Turpin, Wellington. 
Hall, Francis. 
Sullivan, Augustus. 
Garrett, Henry. 
Stennett, William. 
Stennett, Walter. 
Stennett, Alfred. 
Hewson, Francis. 



183L 

Parker, Aldis. 
Denison, Robert. 
Patton, James. 
Patton, Andrew. 
Wenham, John George. 
Heward, William. 
Morrison, Joseph. 
Mount, Charles. 
Wilmot, John. 
Phillips, Thomas. 
Phillips, Alfred. 
Wallbridge, Lewis. 
Wallbridge, William. 
Meyers, Justus. 
Meyers, William. 
Keefer, Samuel. 
Powell, John. 
Wilkins, Charles. 
Pyke, James. 
Barwick, Hugh Crawford. 
Barwick, John. 
Barwick, James Stratton. 
Cameron, John. 
Cameron, Robert. 
0*Grady, William. 
Warren, Thomas. 



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296 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 



Morgan, James. 

BoultoD, Henry. 

Dixie, Wolatan. 

Dixie, Beaumont. 

Dixie, Richard. 

Mack, TheophiluB. 

Davis, Edward. 

Morgan, Thomas. 

Thomas, George TV . 

Downs, William George Gallon. 

0*Hara, Robert. 

Reade, William. 

Powell, Alexander. 



1832. 

Rubidge, Charles. 
Colborne, James. 
Pinkey, Horace. 
Cameron, Dnncan. 
Hall, Georse Parker. 
Latham, Thomas. 
Fisher, Edwin. 
Richardson, Charles. 
Kennedy, John. 
Meyers, John. 
Armstrong, John. 
Latham, John. 
Colborne, Francis. 
Hurd, Thomas. 
Hard, Edward. 
Turner, Fitzherbert 
Adamson, James. 
McDonald, Donald. 
Cockbum, James. 
Spilsbury, Henry Bailey. 
Muttlebury, Frederick. 
Muttlebury, Ausustus. 
Kennedy, Daniel. 
Muttlebury, James. 
Askin, James Hamilton. 
Rapelje, Henry Van Allen. 
Monk, Benning. 
Wonluun, William George. 
Robinson, Arthur. 
Keegan, George Whister. 
Perry, Charles. 
O'Neil, Edward. 
Spencer, Richard. 
Nichol, Robert. 



1833. 

Euttan, Charles. 
Dalton, Robert. 
Muttlebury, John. 
Hamilton, Johnson Quinton. 
Strett, Richard Porter. 
Street, Robert Henry. 
Rutherford, James. 
Barry, Edward. 
Dyett, Mark. 
Dyett, Walter. 
Campbell, Stedman. 



Roddy, John Robert. 
Chafee, Isaac. 
Crickmore, John. 
Rogers, John HolberU 
Wilson, Francis. 
Geale, John. 

Hawke, Anthony Bawden. 
Hawke, Edward Henry. 
Kingsmill, Charles Edward. 
Cooke, Ferdinand. 
Mauffhan, Robert. 
Breakenridge, John. 
Colborne, Edmund. 
Wells, Arthur. 
Steele, Henry. 
Ross, James Hamilton. 
Sampson, Thomas. 
Ridout, Thomas. 
Ross, John. 
Hopkins, Heniy. 
Wright, Malcolm. 
Wright, Richard William. 
Ingall, William. 
Smith, William Larratt. 
Smith, George. 
Street, Warren. 
Jones, Frederick. 
Ottley, John. 

Crawtord, , 

O'Grady, Cornelius. 
Ruttan, Henry. 
Colborne, Graham. 
Stratford, George. 
Crookshank, George. 
Crookshank, John. 
Crookshank, Robert. 
Ritchey, William. 
Keefer, Augustus. 
Keefer, Thomas. 
Keefer, James. 
Cubitt, Frederick. 
Bartley, John Cowell. 
McDonald, Robert. 
Smith, Richard. 
Kavanagh, John. 



1834. 

Clemow, Francis. 
Stow, Frederick. 
Franks, James. 
Townsend, Charles. 
Towusend, Henry. 
Baldwin, John. 
Bell, William. 
Bellingham, William. 
Duncombe, Charles Henry. 
Wilkes, George Samuel. 
Botsford, John. 
Denham, Benjamin Joseph 

Marshall. 
Wright, Gedrge Rose. 
Crawley, Henry. 
Elliot, William. 
Cahusac, William. 



Cahusac, Edward. 
Draper, William George. 
Draper, Robert Henry. 
McDonell, Hugh. 
Thomson, Archibald White- 
head. 
Jarvis, Stephen M. 
Dawson, George. 
Dawson, Julius. 
Beswick, James Prestwick. 
Arnold, John Thomas. 
Arnold, William Rawson. 
Vidal, William Penrose. 
Vidal, Townsend George. 
Whitney, Frederick Augustus. 
Homp, James Macaulay. 
Whitney, William John Gamble 
Lewis, Robert Frederick. 
Lewis, Thomas. 
Lewis, Richard. 
HelliwelL John. 
Brooke, Daniel. 
Warren, William. 
Lyons, William Markland. 
Buchanan, William Oliver. 
Leslie, George. 
Cockbum, Richard. 
Talbot, Alfred. 
Talbot, Joseph Walter. 
Bergiu, Darby O'Flanagan. 
Bell, James. 
Perry, John. 
Hagerman, James Talbot 

1835. 

Currie, Alexander Charles. 
Ravenhill, Lefroy. 
Jarvis, Frederick W. 
Grover, Peregrine Maitland. 
Hawke, George Macauley. 
Hale, Edward Dash wood. 
Gumming, Robert. 
Edwards, Geor^. 
Henriod, Napoleon. 
Duggan, Edmund Cudmoze. 
Higgins, Moore. 
Daniell, James. 
Swann, Matthew. 
Cix)wther, James. 
Robinson, Christopher. 
Blevins, John. 
Daniell, Dawson. 
Willard, Charles. 
Dixon, William, 
Boulton, D'Arcy. 
Romain, Charles Edward. 
Silverthorn, Nathan. 
Armstrong, James Rogers. 
Keid, James Hales. 
Reid, Blair Thomas. 
Connolly, John Hamilton. 
Irving, i^milius Thomas. 
McDowall, Daniell. 
Ravenhill, William Courtenay. 
O'Hara, Walter. 



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tH£ U. C. C. kOLL, 1829-1892. 



29; 



Weller, William Henry. 
McVittie, Thomas Jones. 
Kirkpatrick, John. 
Baldwin, £dmuncl. 
Henderson, James P. 
Billings, John. 
Macaulay, John J. 
Hart, Benjamin. 
Skinner, Henry. 
Cameron, Hugh. 
Cameron, Duncan. 
Fraser, Thomas. 



1836. 

Breakenridge, William David. 
Jarvis, Robinson. 
Heron, Thomas William. 
Richardson, John Beverley 

Robinson. 
Hamilton, George. 
Prince, William Stratton. 
Prince, Albert. 
Prince, Charles. 
Bergin, John. 
Dupuy, Glen. 
Joseph, Gershom. 
Merritt, William Hamilton. 
Macaulay, George. 
Nation, John. 
Nation, James Gushing. 
Houghton, George W. 
Bailey, Moses Nathan. 
DeBlaquiere, Henry. 
McMieking, George Milmine. 
Read, David Breakenridge. 
Stoughton, Henry Gray. 
Leonard, Charles Maitland. 
Ruttan, Richard. 
Walmsley, Alexander. 

1837. 

Mercer, Lawrence. 
Andrews, William. 
Grover, George Alexander. 
Spalding, John. 
Rutheru)rd, Orlando. 
Barber, George Anthony. 
Keele, Ross. *, 

Ryerson, Egerton. 
Wade, Charles Cooper. 
Coleman, Charles Lester. 
Cathcart. Joseph Allan. 
Shedden, William. 
Shedden, John. 
Hutcheson, John Howell. 
Bate, Henry. 

Chalmers, George Canning. 
Ewart, George. 
Atkinson, James. 
Ingersoll, James Hamilton. 
Merritt, Thomas Rodman. 
McKenzie, John George Del- 
hoste. 

88 



Dempsey, Richard, 
McLeod, Daniel. 
Muttlebury, Francis. 
Willson, WilUam. 
Chewett, William Cameron. 
Scott, William. 
Henderson, James. 
Kerby, James Robert Nichol. 
Stayner, Francis Wilson. 
Stayner, Thomas Sntherland. 
Goslee, George. 
Keele r, Joseph. 
Woodruff, James Counter. 
Connelly, George Stuart. 
Watson, Robert George. 
Sibbald, Hugh. 
Sibbald, Francis Cluuie. 
Sibbald, Ogilvie Dashwood. 
Rldout, Thomas. 
Steers, James. 
Roe, William. 
Cockbum, Robert. 
Cameron, Charles. 
Thomson, Hugh. 
Turquand, Bernard. 
Thomson, Edmund T. 
Thomson, John S. 
Thomson, Andrew William. 
Mitchell, David. 
Hardison, David. 
Thomson, William. 
Chisholm, William McKenzie. 
Macnider, George. 
Logic, Alexander. 
Kyte, John. 

Ryerson, Joseph William. 
Wedd, William. 
McLean, Thomas Alexander. 
Jessopp, Dudley Frederick. 
Jessopp. Henry Bate. 
Jones, Edward. 
Jones, Francis. 
Jones, Jonas. 
Gallego, Peter. 



1838. 

Bettridge, William. 
George, James. 
Roaf, John. 
Boulton, John. 
Yarwood, Edmund. 
Coppinger, John Bramley. 
Baxter, Richard. 
Baiues, Egerton Robert. 
McLeod, Keile. 
Smart, Robert Wallace. 
Patrick, William. 
O'Higgins, Patrick Charles. 
Cummings, Robert. 
Vidal, William Penrose. 
Secord, Cortland. 
Maughau, Robert. 
Neill, John William. 
Heward, Augustine Nathan. 



Howard, Stephen. 
Cosens, Charles Sidney. 
Hepburn, William Carr. 
Napier, Josias Charles. 
Williams, Cornelius. 
Boyd, Walter. 
Paget, Robert John. 
Paget, Edward. 
Price, Henry William. 
Small, James. 
Muttlebury, Francis. 
Macaulay, George Hayter. 
Brooke, Daniel. 
Billings, William Henry. 
Shuter, James. 
Innes, John Frederick. 
Cameron, Matthew Crooks. 
MacDonell, Charles. 
MacDonell, Duncan Cameron. 
Kingsmill, Charles Edward. 
Molson, Samuel Elsdale. 
Thomson, Henry Ash. 
Duggan, Edmund. 
Atkinson, James. 
Monro, John. 
Monro, George. 
Muttlebury, Henry. 
Smith, Ferdinand Francis. 
Boulton, Henry John. 
Boulton, Charles Knightley. 
Wilkes, Charles Rann. 

Macallum, 

Farley, George. 
Oliver, Walter Telfer. 
Baldwin, William 
Hawke, George. 
Duke, Jephson. 
Auldjo, John. 
Perkis, Josias. 
Raines, Conrad. 
Robinson, Frederick. 
Sadlier, Charles. 
Thomson, Charles Edward. 
Thomson, James Doyle. 
Tucker, Nathaniel. 



1839. 

Walton, George Fredder. 

Barber, Edward Cawdell. 

Knowles, Horatio. 

Jarvis, Thomas. 

Sharpe, Edmund. 

Parsons, Benjamin. 

Parsons, Charles. 

MacDonald, Robert. 
' MacDonald, William. 
' Binley, Joseph Isaac. 

Dixon, William. 

Thomson, John S. 

Laurie, Robert Brown. 

Hamilton, George. 

Rogers, Charles Van Coon. 

Ross, George. 

McBean, George. 



Digitized by 



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59^ 



Upper cajJada college Memorial VoLuMfe. 



MacBean, Forbes. 
Kadcliff, Thomas. 
Wickson, Arthur. 
Arthur, John. 
Paterson, David. 
Paterson, John. 
Rennie, Alexander. 
Roy, William. 
Bostwick, Amos. 
Taylor, Arthur J. 
Taylor, Alexander G. 
Crooks, Adam. 
Oooks, David. 
Hamilton, John. 
Longley, William. 
Longley, Cay. 
Fisher, M. 
Cathcart, Robert. 
Dampier, John. 
Dampier, William. 
Kerby, Abraham. 
Kerby, James. 
Doyle, Michael 
Mone, John. 
Mone, Charles. 
Harvey, John. 
Bampheld, William. 
Crawford, Abraham. 
Johns, Peter. 
Corbett, Alexander. 
Chewett, Alexander. 
Chichester, Charles. 
Jacob, George. 
McLeod, James. 
Mewburn, Thomas. 
Murkisson, William. 
Price, E. 

Richardson, J. H. 
Stewart, J. G. 
Sharpe, Alfred. 
Williamson, Thomas. 
Wawanock, David. 
Watkins, Thomas. 
Peay, Joshua. 
Powell, John. 
Anderson, Gustavus. 
Hall, Joseph. 
McCutcheon, Peter. 
McCutcheou, Henry. 
Kirkpatrick, Richard. 
Froite, Frederick. 
Froite, Francis. 
Nichol, Thomas. 
Lyttle, John. 
Molson, George D. 
MolsoD, Joseph D. 
Molson, Alexander. 



1840. 

Dee, Francis O. 
McMiching, Peter. 
Kingsmill, John. 
Eilmore, John. 
Wakefield, William. 



Spalding, Thomas. 
Kitchey, John. 
iUtchey, James. 
Ritchey, Richard. 
Arnold, Walter. 
Maule, Arthur. 
Loder, James. 
Loder, William. 
Higgins, John. 
Hamilton, J. R. 

Gildersleeve, 

Torrance, Robert. 

Patrick, 

Bethune, John George. 
Bethune, Noi-man. 
Bethune, James. 
Bethune, Alexander. 
Bethune, John Madden. 
Thompson, Walter. 

Stotsbury, 

Dee, Thomas. 
Grasett, Elliott. 
Glasgow, George. 
Boswell, Auffustns. 
Assiginack, Francis. 
Clarke, O. M. 
McFarknd, J. C. 



1841. 

Barnum, James. 

Hammond, Anselm. 

Lewis, Oscar. 

Watson, John. 

Dampier, H. 

O'Brien, Edward. 

Doel. W. H. 

Williams, Hodcins. 

Mountcastle, Alfred. 

Powell, John. 

Powell, Charles Heni-y. 

McKenzie, Matthew Bell. 

McKenzie, Frederick William. 

McKenzie, Kenneth. 

Leay craft, George. 

Nor wise, Joseph. 

Jaekes, Franklin. 

Snider, Charles. 

Jaekes, William. 

Cathcart, James. 

O'Hara, Charles. 

Lamb, John. 

Boys, Thomas. 

Henry, William. 

McMurray, Lucan. 

Cameron, Hugh. 

Harvey, Edward. 

Cornwall, Vincent. 

Boyd, William Thomas. 

Thompson, Peter Robinson. 

Thorn e, William Henry. 

Wells, Clarence E. 

Palmer, Fitzmaurice. 

Overfield, Charles. 

Daly, Thomas Mayne. 



Petoskay, Francis. 

Thompson, James Wilson. 

Thompson, James Richard. 

Syme, William. 

Syme, Charles. 

Jones, Charles Edward. 



1842. 

Arnold, Robert. 
Crooks, Charles. 
Clark, Thomas. 
Mittleberger, Henry John. 
Harris, Charles Le Bum. 
Harris, William Robert. 
Usher, Frederick Samuel. 
Usher, John. 
Usher, John Sennett. 
Beatty, William Henry. 
Cosens, William C. 
Latham, James. 
Moore, Charles. 
Coates, John Denison. 
Coates, Thomas. 
Hudspeth, Thomas. 
Musson, James W. 
Richey, Matthew Henry. 
Bloor, John. 
Daniel, William. 
Lamb, William. 
Nickson, WiUiam. 
Thompson, Octavius. 
Carfrae, Hugh. 
Fortye, Loen. 
Molson, John Henry. 
Anderson, Francis. 
Helliwell, Thouuis. 
Wallbridge, Henry. 
Harper, Richard. 
Alma, John. 
McMnllen, William. 
Jones, Clarkson. 
Hamilton, William. 
Usher, Henry. 
Boyd, John. 
McCormack, Samuel. 
Campbell, Archibald Shaw 

John. 
Hnbertus, Julius. 
Crysler,' Mariuel. 
Johnson, Rawson. 
Harris, Augustus B. 
Mcintosh, John. 
Boulton, Alexander Gregg. 
Boulton, James Foster. 
Baker, Norman. 
Good wane, William Frederick. 
Baldwin, Edward Haughton. 
Baldwin, Robert. 
Gordon, John Bell. 
O'Brien, Richard Lucius J. 
Elliott, WiUiam. 
Gordon, James. 
Elliott, Henry. 
McDonald, Duncan. 



Digitized by 



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THK U. C. C. ROLL, 1829-1892. 



299 



Imray^ David. 
Wiilard, George. 
Northcote, Henry. 
Keefer, Charles Henry. 
McCormick, George D. 
Helliwell, Thomas. 
Helliwell, John. 
Clarke, James McNab. 
Cation, Alfred. 
Bell, John. 
Kidd, Edward Flood. 
Bell, James. 
Sky, Charles. 
(Dhing-wa Joseph. 
Jarvis, Henry William. 
Neiles, James Cummings. 
Ridley, Charles Neville. 
Ridley, Henry Thomas, 
fieaty, Robert. 



1843. 

Wilkins, Charles. 

Thomer, 

Watkins, Charles. 
Armour, John. 
Watkins, John. 
Baldwin, Morgan. 
Wickson, Samuel. 
Harris, John. 
Boulton, Somerville. 
Boulton, Henry. 
Beck, Walton. 
Boulton, £dward. 
Boutcr, John Cole. 
Donnelly, Charles. 
O'Brien, Donough. 
Esten, Hutcheson. 
Thomson, Jesse. 
Ryan, James C. 
Hart, Henry. 
Watts, Alfred. 
Carfrae, James. 
Carfrae, Thomas. 
Digby, Thomas. 
Marlmg, Samuel. 
Marling, Alexander. 
Boulton, Georjge D'Arcy. 
Craig, John Lindsay. 
McCallum, Arthur. 
Beaver, John Froud. 
Beaver, Edward William. 
Harvey, 0. R. 
Young, Austin. 
Birchall, Thomas Shivers. 
Melville, Winniett. 
Stinson, Ebenezer. 
Jones, Charles Blackburn. 
Evans, G. M. 

Carr, 

Douglas, 

Syme, 

Small, John. 
Hawkins, W. C. 
Anderson) Franoii. 



Bright, 

Cathcart, Robert. 
Cathcart, John. 
Donnelly, G. 

Lonng, 

Lawrason, William. 

Rykert, George. 

Tinning, N. 

Abraham, Henry. 

Carey, A. 

Praser, Colin. 

Hay ward, William Field. 

Watson, 

Crookshank, George. 
Shaw, SamneL 
Williams, R. 

Watkins, 

Unwin, Charles. 
Maule, Stephen. 
Maule, Thomas. 



1844. 

Burn, William David. 
Bonter, Abraham. 
Bell, W. H. 
Dixon, Fred Eldon. 
Whitt, John. 
Cronyn, Thomas. 
Dixon, John. 

McMahon, Edward Dudley. 
Ridley, Alfred. 
Stiiison, John. 
Tyner, Richard. 
Newbigging, Robert. 
Carfrae, John. 
Draper, Frank. 
Price, Edwin. 
Fortyr, Loon. 
Kirkpatrick, R. 
Robinson, Charles. 
Sullivau, William. 
Bailey, John. 
Bell, James. 
Beaver, Robert. 
Bruce, Robert. 
Keefer, Alexander. 
Marsh, Henry William. 
Clark, Charles John. 
Clark, Allister McKenzie. 
Freer, Courtlandt. 
Seymour, Charles. 

Ogilvie, 

Preston, J. T. 
Jack, Alexander. 
Palmer, George. 

Ambrose, 

Bull, Henry. 
Barclay, Adalbert. 
Campbell, Thomas. 
Crawford, John. 
Dunn, Alexander. 
Green, Columbus. 
Hutton, Joseph. 
Mackintosh, 



O'Brien, William. 
O'BrieU) Richard Lucius. 
O'Brien, Edward. 
Small, James Charles. 
Small, George Edward. 
Thomas, Alberti. 
Thomas, Cyrus Pole. 
Weller, Charles. 
Wright, Joshua. 
Freeland, William. 
Freeland, Robert. 
Wright, Alfred. 
Ingersoll, Charles Henry. 
Docker, Thomas Bower. 
Ridout, Charles. 
MacDonald, Douglas Charles. 



1845. 

Widmer, Christopher Rolph. 
Baldwin, Morgan. , 
Small, Joseph. 
Cooper, WiJliara Eneland. 
Radenhurst, John Charles. 
Roy, Norman Watt. 
Jarvis, Charles Frederick. 
Stevenson, Edward Powel. 
Campbell, William James A. 
Campbell, Henry Jameson. 
Crooks, Archibald. 
Small, Charles CoxwelL 
Terington, Henry Marvin. 
Gilkison, William Sanders. 
Bradley, Robert Cuff. 
Jarvis, William Dummer. 
McKeown, John. 
Small, William Eines. 
Small, Edward Goldsmith. 
McKenzie, John Thomas. 
Ross, Donald Proctor. 
Powers, Charles James. 
Partridge, Thomas. 
Beckett, Alfred Richard. 
Turner, Charles Frederick. 
Turner, Henry Montresor. 
Turner, Archibald Campbell. 
Turner, William Loftus. 
Daintry, John. 
Nourse, Jacob William. 
Simpson, Caleb P. 
Grasett, Charles Barrett. 
Grier, James. 
Kingsmill, Nicol. 
Helliwell, William. 
Docker, Arthur. 
Maddock, Dyer Henry. 
Holwell, William James. 
Knowlson, James Banes. 
Mack, Alexander Augustus. 
Helliwell, Edward. 
Wallbridge, Thos. C. 
McLeod, Donald. 
McLeod, Henry. 
McLeod, Donald John T. 
McLeod, James, 



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300 



tJt>t>Ek CANADA COLLEGE MtiMOktAL VOLUmI:. 



Barwick, Andrew. 
Brewer, Richard Irvine. 

Goddard, 

King, Livius Sherwood. 
King, John Lyons. 
Corbett, Augustus Myers. 
Price, George Joseph. 
Keefer, Robert Grant. 
Neil, George James. 
Eliot, Cliarles. 
Hawkins, Nicholas. 
Read, Alfred. 
Elmsley, Peter Sherwood. 



1846. 

McBonoU, Charles John. 
Denison, George T. 
Barber, Frank William. 
Cawthra, Henry. 
McGill, James. 
Boustield, Thomas. 
Clarke, James Fuller. 
Clarke, Alexander. 
McMaster, William J. 
Phillips, Thomas Dowell. 
Keiller, James. 
Pritchard, Frederick. 
Hamilton, Alexander. 
Bilton, William. 
Peterson, Henry W^illiam. 
Sullivan, Robert Baldwin. 
Keefer, William. 
Walker, John Gardner. 
Rowsell, Henry Samuel. 
Stainsby, Thomas. 
Harrison, Robert Alexander. 
Nash, George Richard. 
Thome, Benjamin John. 
Clarkson, John Bruuskill. 
Maddock, John Ford. 
Marsh, Francis Smart. 
Marsh, Edward Washington. 
Barber, Frederick William. 
Bray, James Edwin. 
Clarke, Charles Anthony. 
Bailey, Charles Frost. 
Black, John Russell. 
Webb, John Henry. 
Heyden, Lawrence. 
Hornby, Frederick William. 
Hornby, Reginald George. 
Joseph, Frank John. 
Hastings, E<lward. 
Ortoii, Thomas Jerome. 
Smith, David John. 
Smith, Charles Frank. 
Ridley, James McGill. 
Wood, Douglas P. 
Hawley, John. 
Gilderslseve, Charles. 
Murray, W^illiam. 
Murray, Daniel. 
Lampman, Archibald. 
Blake, Dominick Edward. 



Blake, Samuel H. 
O'Carr, Peter. 
W'hite, Frederick. 
Maynard, Newland E. 
Baldwin, Morrice S. 
Powell, Edwin. 
Rykert, John Charles. 
Townsend, Gilbert. 
Thompsou, Charles Edward. 
Elmer. Andrew. 
Baldwin, Robert. 
Jones, Chilion. 
Arthurs, George. 
Townley, James A. L. 
Roper, James West. 
Phillips, Horace. 
Patterson, Charles William. 
McKenzie, Valentine. 
Matheson, William N. 
Harris, Henry J. 
Harris, Robert F. " 
Grasett, Clement Darley. 
Bethune, John James. 
Bethune, Robert Henry. 
Wickson, John Rushby. 
Wallis, Brown. 
Kersheval, Alexander W. 
Doyle, James H. 
Jones, William. 
Met-twa-aush, Moses. 
Cameron, Alexander. 
Machin, Henry. 
O'Higgins, Joseph Paschal. 
Prince, Henry. 



1847. 

Shortt, Lawrence Hartshome. 

Thomson, George. 

Backas, George. 

Mc Don ell, Alexander Winette. 

McDonell, Samuel Smith. 

Tow*nsend, Frederick. 

Beard, Cieorge. 

Bull, Samuel. 

Davey, Peter Robinson. 

Keefor, Henry. 

Hodder, Edward Francis Troy. 

Richardson, Frank Beverley. 

Richardson, Arthur. 

Butterfield, John Almus. 

Woodcock, Henry. 

Denison, John. 

Baines, William James. 

Bilton, George Usher. 

Foster, John. 

Johnson, Colin Campbell. 

Spencer, James J. 

Scott, Jolm B. 

Arthurs, William. 

Arthurs, John. 

Ross, John Le Breton. 

Francis, William. 

Marr, Graham. 

Turner, Frank E. P. 



Corbett, William Henry. 

O'Dea, Martin John. 

O'Dea, James. 

Baines, Edward Charles. 

Radenhurst, William. 

Morgan, Charles George. 

Baldwin, Thomas Henry. 

W^hitehead, Charles James. 

Whitehead, William Henry. 

Lloyd, Harry. 

Atkin, William. 

Kirkpatrick, Alexander Sutton 

Kiikpatrick, Thomas Frank 8. 

Brown, James. 

Mc Arthur, John Archibald. 

Rykert, Alfred Edwin. 

Hutt, Frederick Augustus. 

Benson, Thomas. 

Harris, Thomas W. 

Bowlby, David. 

Walker, Nathaniel. 

Benjamin, Emmanuel Hyman. 

Coleman, Everitt Hastings. 

Flannagan, William. 

Weteuhall, Rodney James. 

Mack, George. 

Shaw, Henry. 

Jackes, Joseph. 

Boyd, John Alexander. 

Ridout, Joseph Bramley. 

Smith. William. 

Hay ward, Henry F. 

Birchall, John i3or6et. 

Williams, Arthur. 

Richardson, Charles E. 

Radenhurst, William H. 

Aikman, Charles M. 

Calcott, Henry. 

Morris, James Henry. 

McMillan, Alexander. 

Keeler, William H. 

Doyle, James. 

Peterson, H. W. 

Tyner, Richard. 

Palmer, William. 

Kerr, Joseph. 

Holwell, William J. S. 

Thompson, C. E. 

Jones, William. 

Thome, William. 

Nelles, SamueL 

Lewis, Charles D. 

Murray, Hewson W. 

Barwick, John. 

Blakey, Robert. 

Jones, Andrew. 

Lindsey, Edward Tcmpleman. 

Veith, Christian John. 

1848. 

Stibbs, William John. 
Oxenham, James. 
White, David. 
Merigold, Charles I. 
Sissou, U*. J. W. 



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THE U. C. C. ROLL, 1 829- 1 892. 



301 



Campbell, John. 
Harper, William John. 
Harper, John. 
Cooper, James. 
Beamish, William Adely, 
Cooper, George. 
Kennedy, MichaeL 
Makefield, Richard P. 
Street, Charles. 
Field, John. 
Fraser, James. 
Kelson, John. 

Bates, 

Glasford, Edward Augustus. 
McDonell, James F. 
Jones, Charles. 
Jefleries, John R. 
Bethune, Angus R. 
Van Ingen, William H. 
Ridout, William. 
Denison, Charles Leslie. 
Orris, Francis Bond. 
Nash, Charles Henry. 
Nash, Frederick. 
Gatfe, Marshall Spring Bidwell. 
Baldwin, Augustus. 
Morris, Edmund. 
Denison, Richard L. 
Lapenoliere, Frederick John. 
Loscombe, Robert Russell. 
Overfield, Marshall S. B. 
Salt, William Henry. 
Foster, Edward Charles Colley. 
Foster, Charles Colley. 
ScoUie, George Jacob. 
Covernton, Charles James. 
Graham, Robert Nichol. 
Maddock, George Shipster. 
Mitchell, W^illiam Henry. 
Warden, William Henry. 
Bowman, Charles. 
Duggan, George Frederick. 
Hume, Joseph Samuel. 
Hume, Henry Harrington. 
Harris, Edwin. 
Hopkins, Alexander. 
Header Ernest. 
Taylor, George L. L. M. 
Taylor, Arthur D. H. 



1849. 

Smyth, Thomas Sheppard. 
Shortt, John William. 
Helliwell, Charles C. 
Lee, John Channon. 
Ridout, John Gibbs. 
Keeler, Thomas Charles. 
Beard, George Edward. 
Beard, Joshua George. 
Turner, Robert C. 
Attrill, Edward. 
Ellis, John. 
Armstrong, Arthur. 
Conliiii John. 



Andrews, James Shade. 
Macdonald, William. 
Conlin, Henry. 
Robarts, John William. 
Roliarts, Georjje Brereton. 
Willoughby, John. 
Smith, Joseph Shuter. 
Clements, F. W. R. 
Jackson, John Henry. 
Peters, Paul. 
Squire, William Wood. 
Mayerhoffer, Julius Alexander. 
Couusell, George S. 
Marr, Joseph. 
Powell, Berkeley. 
Doran, James. 
Crease, John. 
Burns, Robert Taylor. 
Bums, Thomas. 
Crease, Charles. 
Piatt, Richard. 
Maynard, Jonas Foster. 
Campbell, Robert Dickson. 
Campbell, Edward Clarke. 
Lewis, George W^atkins. 
Fitzgerald, James. 
Morphy, Thomas. 
McDonnell, John G. 
Heward, Francis Gordon. 
Russell, James. 
Wightman, Robert. 
Waclsworth, Thomas R. 
Wadswortb, Thomas Page, 
Eastwood, Anthony. 
Esten, Charles Philip. 
McLean, Neil. 
Tach^, Eugene. 
Hincks, Alexander Stewart. 
McNab, John Maxwell. 
Hincks, Thomas. 
Mayer, Lehman. 



1850. 

McDonald, Donald M. 
Richey, James Anninius. 
Mun-ay, WUliam. 
Wallis, George Hewitt. 
Musson, Thomas Henry. 
Sullivan, Robert. 
Beard, Samuel William. 
Robarts, Henry. 
Robarts, James J. 
Nation, George A. 
Batt, Benjamin. 
McLean, Duncan Cameron. 
Dufort, Hector. 
Robinson, James Edwin. 
Norman, Thomas Edward. 
(Tooderham, Alfred. 
Lister, Fred. A. W. 
Atkinson, William K. 
Atkinson, Henry M. 
Atkinson, Thomas. 
Powell, Thomas. 



De Blaquiere, George. 
Rogers, Alexander. 
Stratford, Edmund. 
Lindsay, Henry. 
Veith, Christian John. 
Lindsay, Arthur. 
Mendell, George. 
Lynn, James William. 
Lynn, John G. 
Harris, Thomas W. 
Kirkpatrick, Francis W. 
Ramsey, Samuel F. 
Sanderson, Joseph E. 
Sanderson, Isaac H. 
Savage, William. 
Savaffe, John. 
Badgley, Charles. 
Joseph, Frank. 
Smith, James William. 
Smith, Frederick J. D. 
Jones, Edward Charles. 
Mayer, Samuel David. 
Hume, Robert. 
Baldwin, Arthur Henry. 
Baldwin, St. George. 
Baldwin, James. 
Hawke, John. 
Smith, James. 
Musson, George. 
Freeland, R. 
Barber, Albert G. 
Robertson, John Ross. 
Trotter, Henry. 
Musson, Edward. 
Wallis, Charles H. 
McClelland, Robert. 
O'Reilly, Edwin. 
Nicol, William Boys. 
Nicol, George Boys. 
Neeve, John Bounor. 
Murray, Edmund H. 
Cameron, John Buchanan. 
Heward, Stephen Beverley. 



1851. 

Vansittart, Henry Christopher. 

Vansittart John P. 

Vansittart, James G. 

Sproatt, Charles. 

Moss, Thomas. 

Miller, George. 

Aylmer, Charles W. Brabazon. 

Morgan, James Theodore. 

Williams, George J. J. 

Burns, Edward. 

Gibson, George. 

Bradley, A. John. 

Stayner, Frank Henry. 

Sampson, David R. 

King, George C. 

Hopwood, Thomas Henry. 

Smith, Ephraim. 

Smith Egbert. 

Horwood, Charles George. 



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302 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 



Horwood, Edward Henry. 
Hector, Alfred. 
Barrett, Clarence. 
Hammond, Charles. 
O'Reilly, Miles. 
Baldwin, William A. 
Rodd, John Edwin. 
De La Haye, A. J. B. 
O'Brien, Samuel L. G. 
Buchan, James. 
Buchan, Humphrey E. 
Foster, Frederick. 
Stayner, Lawrence. 
McDonell, Alexander. 
Stanton, Irvine. 
Mcintosh, James. 
Robertson, Charles. 
Robertson, Alexander. 
Aikman, Hugh B. W. 
Towers, Thos. H. 
Helliwell, Gordon W. 
Smith, James. 
Lett, Francis R. H. 
Forbes, Frank. 
Burgess, William. 
Archibald, Cyril. 
Cowie, WilHam. 
Nash, Frank. 
Buckland, Geo. William. 
Brent, Charles James. 
Evans, William Berthom^. 
Graham, Oliver. 
Piatt, George A. 
Haworth, William Henry. 
Kirkpatrick, Alexander. 
Kirkpatrick, Robert. 
Coates, Aylmer. 
Badenach, William. 
Delmege, Edward. 
Stanton, Francis R. 
Murray, Tallainore David. 
Kempshall, Francis. 

1862. 

Proudfoot, Frederick. 
Graham, Samuel James. 
Alma, Pedro. 
Graham, James. 
Graham, Thomas. 
Graham, Kichard. 
Paterson, James Frederick. 
Nation, Frederick. 
Rolph, Thomas. 
Scadding, William. 
Webb, Edward. 
Champion, Thomas Edward. 
Woodruff, George. 
Woodruff, William W. 
Salmoni, Mark. 
Wauzer, George G. 
Perrin, Alfred Poyntz. 
Foster, William. 
Harman, Samuel B. 
Dickson, Walter Augustus, 
parry, Reginald Coleridge. 



Collier, Charles. 
Mishaw, Thomas. 
McGregor, Alexander. 
Tullock, John H. 
Cayley, John D'A. 
Roberts. William P. 
Baines, Christopher 0. 
Cayley, Edward. 
Eraser, James. 
Mendell, James. 
Cayley, Frank. 
Scadding, Edward. 
Benson, Charles J. 
Sherwood, Georffe. 
Sherwood, Donald B. 
Brown, Henry John. 
Wells, James D. 
Bradbury, William A. R. 
Bradbury, Joel L. 
Dixon, William A. 
Robertson, Hector S. 
Robertson, Alexander J. 
Leys, John. 
Ridout, John. 
Mead. Robert. 
Sandilands, Thomas. 
Thompson, David. 
vanderSmisseu, William Henry. 
Jones, Charles Arthur. 
Lett, Benjamin Henry. 
Lett, Fred. Augustus. 
Spragge, Edward William. 
McKenzie, William. 
Champion, John Henry. ' 
Thorn, John. 
Vale, Theodoric James. 
McGlashon, James A. 
McGlashon, Andrew. 
McGlashou, Alexander. 
Loughead, Joseph. 
Grange, Frank. 
Grange, George. 
McKenzie, William. 
McKenzie, George. 
Garth, Richard. 
Garth, Henry. 
Hammond, Thomas. 
Whitney, George. 
Lindsay, Arthur. 
Loring, Robert George L. 
Thomas, Richard. 



1853. 

Kerby, Andrew. 
Cerswell, John. 
Seymour, Grant T. 
La'fferty, Alfred. 
Stewart, Albert H. 
DeGrassi, George P. 
Dowding, Frederick C. 
Sherwood, Henry. 
•Joseph, George J. 
Kennedy, John Edward. 
McCaul, Lefroy (4. 



Mnlholland, John Henry. 
Newbery, Robert William. 
Newbery, George Eraser. 
Humphreys, James D. 
Wilkms, Oscar F. 
Henderson, Robert. 
Bright, William Lewis. 
Warren, -Charles. 
Proudfoot, William S. 
Kennedy, T. S. 
Wilder, Hai-vey. 
Heron, Charles. 
Magrath, James Frederick. 
Harcourt, John. 
Harrison, Richard A. 
Taylor, John. 
Mcintosh, Charles. 
Wilson, John. 
Musson, Charles S. 
Browne, William A. 
Ellis, James E. 
Wardell, George. 
Walker, Joshua. 
Small wood, William Henry. 
Goring, Harry Yelverton. 
Rossin, Julius. 
Milroy, William. 
Goodenongh, Rollin A. 
Benson, James. 
Machin, William N. 
McConkey, Georee S. 
McConkey, Charles T. 
McConkey, Thomas. 
Cassels, James M. N. 
Peel, Jonathan. 
Robertson, Helenus R. 
Goode, Cephas. 
Churchill, Thomas. 
Musterson, Charles M. 
Nicol, Henry B. 
Baldwin, Robert Russell. 
Small, Joseph Samuel. 
Shaw, George Alexander. 
Badgley, Fred. M. 
Mayer, James C. 
Birdsall, Richard. 
Rogers, Edward O'B. 
Harkness, Francis T. 
Cameron, Hillyard H. A. 
Maitland, James S. 
Fowler, Jacob. 
Ward, John. 
Lewis, Lisbon. 
Wright, Joseph. 
Boswell, Arthur. 
Boswell, Frederick. 
Parke, SamueL 
Gamble, John H. 



1854. 

Duggan, Edmund Henry. 
Hopkins, George. 
Killip, John. 
Mc Murray, Th(»mas W, 



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THE U. C. C. ROLL, 1829-1892. 



303 



Piper, Henry L. 
Newbery, Walter. 
Meacbam, George M. 
Bronel, Troilus. 
Brunei, Alfred. 
Ellis, John E. 
PeterB, Horace. 
Heakes, Frederick. 
Hatty, Joa. William. 
Davis, Joseph. 
Warren, Robert. 
Fumiss, Bernard. 
Boulton, Charles. 
Boulton, George D'A. 
Smith, Thomas. 
Smith, Charles Edwin. 
Whitmarsh, George Augnstns. 
Mac Donald, Alfred Edward. 
Remain, Charles Edward. 
Thistle, William. 
Workman, Frederick. 
Workman, Joseph. 
Noble, John. 
Irving, Henry Irskine. 
Verplanck, Abraham. 
Murray, Robert Gillie. 
Morgan, Charles. 
Mulieney, James Beatty. 
Shaw, James. 
Upton, Walter. 
Richardson, Frederick. 
Carpenter, Thomas Talbot. 
Wa&efield, Alfred. 
Scott, William. 
McDonell, Duncan. 
Dixon, Alexander. 
Graham, Frederick. 
Leslie, George. 
Creighton, William. 
Gildersleeve, James P. 
Hallowell, James. 
Bright, Thomas G. 
Mack, Francis. 
Jones, Strachan Graham 
Jones, Charles Mercer. 
Goring, Foster. 
Blake, John N. 
Crawford, John Sidney. 
Crawford, Joseph Jry. 
Harbeson, David. 
Denison, William. 
Harper, Geo. Rol>ert. 
Brown, Alfred. 
Henderson, James. 
Henderson, Elmes. 
Henderson, Robert. 
Proctor, James. 
Gooderham Robert. 
Gooderham, Horace. 
Hainer, De Loss W. 
Boyd, David. 
Lovejoy, George, 
^ilills, Thomas A. 
Rankin, George. 
Campbell, Alexander, 
lieid, Thomas, 



Wells, WQmer. 
Grant, Colbome. 
Webb, Harry. 
Roy, Alexander K. 
Edmand, William. 
Anderson, Charles E. 
Darling, William S. 
Elliot, Christopher. 
Taylor, William H. 
Clarkson, Robert. 



1865. 

Newbery, Cosmo. 

Gibson, William. 

Boyd, David. 

Patterson, Fred. Mannsell. 

Horwood, William. 

Bethnne, Charles J. S. 

Stinson, Thomas B. 

Sherwood, Livius P. 

Pim, George. 

Prince, Octavins. 

Eberts, Joseph M. 

Robertson, James. 

Bacon, William N. 

Bacon, Robert A. 

Hall, Charles. 

Tyner, Adam Clarke. 

Williamson, Alexander Erskine 

Scadding, Charles. 

Hodgetts, James. 

Clarkson, 

Read, Frederick. 
HowLind, William H. 
Howland, Oliver. 
Thompson, William. 
Buchanan, Peter, Toronto. 
Shaw, John. 
Nimmo, John Henry. 
Ross, George Anthony. 
Denison, George Shirley. 
Coxwell, Edward Fall. 
Casper, Albert Samuel. 
Grand, Charles Frederick. 
Crooks, Robert. 
Elliot, Adam Theophilns. 
Wilson, William. 
Goldstone, Edmund A. 
Auston, James. 
Graveley, John Vance. 
French, Richard. 
Muttlebury, Georce Augustus. 
Kennedy, John Edward. 
Kennedy, Thomas Smith. 
Dennistowu, James F. 
Irving, Edward Herbert. 
Smith, Robert Walker. 
Whitney, Fred. Benjamin. 
Bogert, David Ford. 
Harris, Rusk. 

Macfarlane, Walter Henderson. 
Dickinson, George. 
Burn ham, Lacoheus. 
Barber, Albert Granger. 



Barber, Alfred Leopold. 
Barber, William Boulton. 
Hammond, James Henry. 
Frenche, John. 
Frenche, Isaac. 
McMurrich, William B. 
McMurrich, George. 
McGlashan, Robert B. 
Britton, Joseph. 
Jones, Beverley. 
Jarvis, Robert E. C. 
Whan, James. 
Rankin, Henry. 
Moffatt, Henry. 
Owen, Richard L. 
Dukes, Rowland. 
Russell, Alexander. 
Lansing, Henry G. 
Thomas, Charles. 
Nicholls, Mark A. 
Ferris, WUliam B. 
Spink, Frederick William. 
Lamon, James. 
Sladden, Percy. 
Rubidge, Freaerick. 
Lee, WUliam H. 
DnffiU, Albert. 
Ross, David G. B. 
Thibodeau, Urban. 
Thibodean, Joseph. 
Head, John. 
Muckle, Alexander M. 
Muckle, Henry John. 
Killaly, Thomas. 
King, Frederick. 
Finch, William D. 
Berry, William. 
Wicksteed, R. J. 
Lett, Stephen. 
Gilbert, James. 
Ross, Allan. 
Brooke, Lambert. 

1856. 

Grahame, John. 
Harris, J. R. 
Kent, R. A. 
Flett, Georffe. 
Hector, Alfred. 
Robarts, Alfred. 
Robarts, Josiah. 
Paterson, Thomas. 
McKenzie, William. 
McKenzie, Frederick. 
Crombie. Charles Stewart. 
Alexander, Richard Henry. 
Alexander, Henry S. 
Belyea, William Nelson. 
Ha worth, Robert. 
Fuller, William. 
Fuller, Velancy E. 
Weller, Thomas M. T. 
Pil)€r, Edward. 
Wright, George Henry. 
Morgan, W. B. 



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304 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 



Killaly, Robert S. 
Morrison, Hugh. 
Howell, Richard. 
Collins, William K. 
Collins. Charles W. 
Bouchette, (ieorge. 
Merigold, Francis W. 
Taylor, Frederick. 
Taylor, Albert, 
(xrainger, Albert P. 
Flanagan, Peter. 
Clark, Willoughby. 
Haswell, William W. 
Coblmn, Matthew W. 
Hampton, William B. 
Brown, John. 
Strange, John M. 
Twohy, Henry. 
Twohy, William A. 
Cruse, Oswald E. 
Bostwick, George F. 
Campbell, Paul. 
Vale, Charles. 
Alexander, Samuel John. 
Lee, Charles R. 
Steele, Charles Albert. 
Rankin, Arthur. 
McKenzie, Keith. 
Beatty, Samuel. 
Auston, John. 
Mishaw, Robert. 
Vale, William. 
Smith, Simeon M. 
Smith, James M. 
Browne, Edward. 
Holland, Ralph. 
McBride, Archibald. 
Lewis, Francis J. 
Mair, Charles A. 
Switzer, W^illiam F. 
Switzer, Tobias Edward. 
Carnegie, David. 
Farr, Joseph. 
Hamilton, Arthur. 
Plunkett, Thomas. 
Young, John. 
Winstanley, Charles. 
Campbell, Duncan. 
Snider, C. R. 
(irainger, William. 
Dexter, George. • 
Campbell, Duncan. 
Dorion, Charles Fred. 
Givins, Charles Scott. 
Givins, Henry Cecil. 
Cameron, Kenneth. 
Gage, Robert Kuasell. 
Jones, William John. 
Otter, William Dillon. 
Lillie, James Cullen. 
Tye, Luther. 
Butters, Edward. 
Tiffany, P^lward Hibbert. 
Helliwcll, Clarence. 
Riddell, Richmond. 
Hoig, Anthony Ure. 



Hoig, John Charles. 

Crawford, Charles Henry. 

Kerr, Robert. 

Jennings, Robert C. 

Jennings, William Tindal. 

Badenach, Alexander. 

Bayley, Frederick. 

Bethune, Fred. Alexander. 

Henderson, John. 

Henderson, William. 

Mara, Thomas Albert. 

Swann, E. Clifford. 

Brent, J. Henry. 

Whitney, William Gamble. 

Tyner, Edward. 

Rice, William Henry. 

Blake, Warren. 

Harris, Joseph. 

McCallum, Robert. 

Henderson, H. L. 

Henderson, John. 

Henderson, James. 

Stonehousc, William. 

Weatherley, James J. 

Schuch, Edward W. 

Ure, Nathaniel. 

Perrin, James Henry E. 

Baldwin, William A, 

Gorrie, Joseph. 

Baldwin, R. R. 

Arnoldi, King McCord. 

Brunei, Alfred. 

Brunei, George. 

Brunei, John. 

I^wrence, C. P. 

Perrin, W. L. 

Baldwin, ^milius. 

Lee, Philip. 

Lee, Joseph Robert. 

Spence, Thomas. 

Turquand, W. H. 

Turquand, Charles R. 

Steele, W. H. 

Carpenter, T. T. 

Clark, James. 

Jessup, J. G. 

Walker, John. 

Montizambert, Chas. Edward. 

Montizambcrt, Fred. 

Howard, F. G. 

Heward, S. B. 

Heward, H. C. 

Murray, R. G. 

Hutty, J. W. 

Hutty, Alfred. 

Smith, R. W. 

Davidson, George. 

Davidson, William. 

Lett, H. 

Ross, Robert. 

Hume, SkefHngton. 

Peck, George P. 

Reed, Hayter. 

Gage, Philip. 

By water, Alfred. 



18S7. 

Donelly, Joseph. 

Vaux, Harry Edward. 

Hobson, E. Joseph. 

Garden, Daniel 

Topping, John Coat. 

Loudon, James. 

Lapenotiere, W. H. 

Vallerand, Thomas. 

MacPberson, Robt. Denniston. 

Ryan, Patrick. 

Dorothey, William. 

Keefer, Geo. A. 

Stuart, Arthur John. 

Palmer, Corydon. 

Auston, Henry. 

Grant, J. A. 

Oliver, T. D. 

HelUwell, Albert. 

Henderson, Robert. 

Henderson, Andrew. 

Foster, James Read. 

Givins, Salten Everard. 

Wetenhall, Gilbert James. 

Graveley, James Vance. 

Auston, James. 

Auston, Francis. 

Stuart, James. 

Baines, Christopher. 

Bramley, Sydney Charles. 

Schrorcler, Arthur. 

Givins, R. Cartwright. 

Benjamin, Lewis Nathan. 

Harris, Stuart. 

McClure, RobeH Steadman. 

(»raveley, Henry L. 

Ballard, Henry Allan. 

Rame, Eugene. 

Hallowell, William CUrk G. 

Earl, Thomas Bowes. 

Dobson, WMlliam E. 

Furlong, Herbert James. 

Skinner, Samuel. 

Smith, Andrew George. 

Ames, William L. 

Batt, Edwin. 

Bayley, Fred. 

Broudgcrst, John. 

Price, Joseph. 

Price, Charles T. 

Steward, William. 

Duggan, George. 

Heward, Henry Charles. 

Sutherland, James Henry. 

Rattray, David. 

Champion, Henry. 

Casper, Samuel A. 

O'Brien, Samuel L. 

Snarr, William S. 

Snarr, George Edmund. 

Lillie, Henry P. L. 

Roy, James Ingles. 

Farmer, William. 
j McCallum, Robert. 
I Evans, I^uis Hamilton. 



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THE OLD COLLEGE, LOOKING EAST FROM THE QUADRANGLE, 








_^^^'-''\S' ' __-"' 




THE OLD COLLEGE, LOOKING WEST FROM "NO. 2.' 



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THE U. C. C. ROLL, 1 829- 1 892. 



30s 



Potte, Robert. 
J cues, Keasney L. 
Wetenhall, Henry. 
Preston, Arthur W. 
Preston, Fred. Thomas. 
Mercer, Robert. 
Meroer, Henry. 
Keele, Charles Conway. 
Bernard, Joseph. 
Thornton, Herman Charles. 
Wightman, Edward. 
Clark, James. 
Nourse, William C. 
Smith, Alfred Wightman. 
Scaddinff, John. 
Marshall, Kenrio Countze. 
Dunn, Samuel. 
Waddell, Thomas R. 
Farmer, George Arthur. 
Hammond, Herliert C. 
Tinney, Edmund Edward W. 
Piper, Edward. 
Ross, William Millmont. 
Kubidge, Frederick K. 
Scott, William Roaf. 
McTavish, Donald Campbell. 
Derislets, Moyer. 
Dion, Louis. 
McKellar, Peter D. 
Corbett, Henry Thomas. 
Corbett, Thomas Augustus. 
Shaw, John. 
Aiken Edward. 
Hunter, James. 
Leavitt, Francis Robert. 
Leavitt, Henry A. 
Lount, George Fenwick. 
Crickmore, Suelling Roper. 
Beatty, Joseph Walker. 
Skeltou, Leslie James Hamil- 
ton. 
Radenhurst, Charles. 
Cumming, James Cuthbert. 
Ross, Alexander. 
Hutty, Alfred. 
Evans, John Dunlop. 
Steward, Thomas William B. 
Evans, William Barnard. 
Arnold, Clarence. 
Windeat, James David. 
Windeat, Edmund Wm. 
Nickinson, John. 
W'orthington. James. 
Browne, John. 
Richey, George. 
Prittie, Henry. 
Hutty, James Henry. 
Smith, T^rratt Alexander. 
Smith, George Capel. 



1858. 

McKay, George. 
Mitchell, W. 
Mitchell, George. 



Creiffhton, Walter. 
Hawkins, William Fred. 
McLeary, David. 
Jackes, Charles B. 
Bowes, John George. 
Bowes, R. Heber. 
Stent, Edward. 
Stent, Alfred. 
Lackie, David. 
Steward, Arthur. 
Ranney, Frederick. 
Ryan, William Astle. 
Hartney, Alfred Turner. 
Hartney, Henry Jarvis. 
Hartney, Arthur Marshall. 
Wright, Arthur Wilcox. 
Davis, Montague. 
BeirBeld, Samuel. 
Jones, George Edwin. 
Coulson, Henry. 
Fenwick, John Fair. 
Brown, William George. 
Delamere, Thomas Dawson. 
Barrett, Walter H. 
Lesueur, Charles Philip. 
Pearson, Arthur. 
Jackes, Albert G. 
Church, Clarence Ronald. 
Gale, John. 
Martin, William. 
Martin, Robert. 
Hunt, Thomas Knapp. 
Hunt, Henry H. 
Forneri, James Ford. 
Simpson, James Henry. 
Gibbons, George Christie. 
Potter, Henry. 
Armstrong, William T. 
McArthur, John Campbell. 
Crombie, Charles Stuart. 
Foley, Henry John. 
Foley, Bernard H. 
Weir, Ralph. 
Ruttan, William Elias. 
Snider, Thomas A. 
De Grassi, William. 
Robinson, Klwood. 
Wright, Wm. Robert. 
Love, Robert Cook. 
Parkinson, Robert W. 
Ridout, Donald Campbell. 
French, Richard. 
French, William. 
Gray. Alexander. 
Griffith, Thomas. 
Gibb, James. 
Brodie, George Lawson. 
Dolmage, Henry Wm. 
Barwick, William. 
Simpson, George Albert. 
Maclagan, John W. H. 
Maclagan, Henry. 
McK night. Charles Adam. 
Snider, Martin Edward. 
McLean, William Allan. 
Fortune, Thomas Jenkins. 



I Gamble, Baptist. 

1 Belden, Cliarles Henry. 

Mead, Robert Joseph. 

McPherson, Robert Walter. 

Paterson, John Andrew. 

Duucombe, David T. 

Backas, Wm. 

Cattley, R. J. 

Dunsford, Maurice. 

Dunsford, Charles R. 

Morrison, Angus Gilmore. 

Sheppard, George. 

Tamblyn, JohnR. 

Gumming, Thomas Wallace. 

Heighton, John. 

Biscoe, Vincent. 

Biscoe, Frederick. 

Langton, Thomas. 

McCartney, George Fredk. 

Drummond, George. 

Bell, Charles Thomas. 

Ritchie. Charles G. 

Ritchie, Allen K. McN. 

Nisbet, Thomas. 

Munro, John H. 

Hoyles, Newman Wright. 

Goodridge, John Fred. 

Milligan, John. 

Conlin, Philip. 

Mills, Robert 

Borland. John W. 

Bain, Hugh. 

Campbell, Josias Wilson. 

Lister, James Hardman. 

Bell, Charles W. 

Robertson, Charles R. 

Hawley, Thomas. 

Snider, Franklin. 

Wood, A, W. 

Denison, Fred. Charles. 

Denison, Henry Tyrrwhit. 

Forlong, Arthur H. 

Church, George Bernard. 

Grahame, John. 

Hargrave, Joseph. 

Clinkunbroomer, Henry Clay. 

Burnhani, William L. 

Miller, William. 

LilUe, Frank Watts. 

Worthington, Geor&^e. 

Belden Charles Henry. 

Campbell, Thomas. 

Hamilton, Baird Wm. 

McKeggie, John Charles. 

Connon, Charles Henry. 

Dewar, Eklward Charles. 

Hastings, Eastwood. 

Tinning, Richard. 

Clark, Randolph. 

Boswell, F. Edward. 

McBride, William. 

Shaw, William. 

Mulhollaud, James. 

Richardson, John. 

Richardson, Samuel. 

Shaw, Alexander Croft, 



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3o6 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 



Jones, Alphens. 
MacDonald, Arthur Robert. 
Willcock, Stephen. 
Turner, George Richard. 
Wallia, Heury Alexander. 
Daly, John Corrie Wilson. 
Fauquier, Arnold Edward. 
Worthington, John. 
Bruce, James. 
Borate Charles Martin. 
Daintry, Charles George. 
Irons, William. 
Connon, John Middleton. 
Crombie, Robert John. 
Crombie, David Bradshaw. 
Stibbard, John. 
Braham, Jacob. 
Bethune, George Strachan. 
Smith, Henry Hall. 
Bond, John Richard. % 

Courtney, Thomas. 
Amoldi, Frank. 
Powell, William Dummer. 
Powell, Edward Grant G. 
Collins, William E. 
Willis, Walter George. 
Thome, Charles Edward. 
Thorne, Hoiiice. 
Thome, Alfred. 
Lawrence, Bums. 
White, John Edward. 
Muckle, Robert James. 
Wilkinson, Henry Moore. 
Sutherland, Stewart. 
Momaker, Georffe. 
Reeve, Henry H. 
Blachford, Charles Edward. 
Robinson, Egerton Walker. 
Langton, Henry Stephen. 



1869. 

Piatt, Samuel. 
Scott, Henry. 
Davis, Thomas. 
Reckenberg, Charles John G. 
Carlisle, William Clark. 
Lamble, William Henry. 
Becher, Henry. 
Harris, David M. 
Williamson, Ash worth. 
Lumley, Alexander. 
Cottingham, William Henry. 
Rogers, Robert Z. 
Grange, Joseph Stuart. 
Carter, Walter Michell. 
Petry, George Edward. 
Henderson, Basil. 
Brooks, George Thomas, 
lioyd, Gardiner. 
Manson, Augus H. 
Dick, William Carfrae. 
Cotton, James W^ 
Eraser, William. 
McLear^ William Henry. 



Jackson, Charles Alfred. 
Baxter, James B. 
(Jasper, Charles Arnold. 
Gibson, John. 
McCord, Andrew Taylor. 
Thompson, Leonard. 
Groat, George Whitfield. 
Douglas, William. 
Anderson, Headley Leaming. 
Lay, Alexander Gregory. 
Abbott, WiUiam H. 
Topping, Herbert William. 
Dack, William Benjamin. 
Owen, William Waller. 
Morgan, Thoma» Porteous. 
Sibl^ld, William Lee. 
Cole, William Enfield. 
Filliker, George Sipon. 
Holden, Albert. 
Sterling, Sidney. 
Wightman, John Roaf. 
Robinson, John Beverley. 
Robinson, Strachan Napier. 
Kennedy, WiUiam C. 
Kingsford, Rupert Etheridge. 
Jessup, John Hamilton. 
Crawford, Patrick E. 
Robinson, Henry Grasett. 
Houghton, Edwin Bell. 
Lyons, Barron R 
Levey, Samuel. 
Heath, Charles D'Arcy. 
HeAth, Stuart Beverley. 
Gates, Edward Fred. 
Oates, William Henry. 
Gordon, James W^ebster. 
Shaw, Duncan William. 
Beardmore, Walter Dowker. 
Ridout, Samuel. 
Ridout, Heury Joseph. 
Simms, Henry Jordan. 
Clift, John Shannon. 
Sherwood, George Edward. 
King, Alfred McPherson. 
Darling, Frank. 
Darling, Charles Burrows. 
Flood, Ernest Augustus. 
Biscoe, Henry Alexander. 
Flood, Charles Henry. 
Gamble, Francis Clarke. 
Becker, Richard L. 



I860. 

Warren, William M. H. 
Innes, John Laurie. 
Squire, Henry G. 
Rogers, Frank Daskan. 
Reynolds, Thomas. 
Gamble, Alleyne Woodbridge. 
De Blaquiere,*^ Peter Henry. 
Matheson, Charles Albert. 
Mutheson, Arthur James. 
Matheson, Alan Frederick. 
Fanning, Hiram Wesley. 



Benson, Martin. 
Higgins, Edward Melville. 
Hug^ns, Peter Thomas. 
Harrison, John James. 
Harrison, Edward. 
Hamilton, David Drnmmond. 
Carter, Henry A. 
Loring, Robert G. L 
Hay, James. 
McDonald, William. 
For long, Charles Albert. 
Devliu, William Bowman. 
Levey, Joseph. 
Shaw, David. 
McMurrich, John Bryce. 
Crickmore, Arthur John. 
Smith, John Thomas. 
Grange, Charles Edward. 
Davis, Robert. 
Holden, Henry E. E. 
Holden, John Augustus. 
Franch, Henry G. G. 
Adam, Robert A. 
McCrea, Samuel Starr. 
Phipp, Henry C. 
Eston, George Crawford. 
Taylor, George H iff ley. 
Hawley, John Gardner. 
Rupell, ]x)gan D. H. 
Russell, Logan D. H. 
Crapper, George V. 
Jackson, Charles A. 
Carter, Fred. J. W. 
Donor, William J. 
Maulson, Fred. Howcutt. 
James, Robert. 
Denison, Alfred Ernest. 
Buchan, Lawrence. 
Buchan, Ewing. 
Stinson, Robert C. 
Appleton, David. 
King, .Georflje. 
Arnoldi, Fiuford. 
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Morrison, Peter. 
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Corbett, James. 
Corbett, William. 



1861. 

Bell, Charles W. 
Delamere, Thomas D. 
Matheson, Charles A. 
Bowes, John G. 
Holmes, William. 
Filliter, George 8. 
Crawford, Patrick E. J. 
Munsou, Charles F. 
I>ee, Charles R. 
Masterson, Charles. 
Connor, Charles H. 
Mills, Robert. 
Becher, Henry. 



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THE U. C. C. ROLL, 1829-1892. 



307 



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Jackes, Albert George. 
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Matheson, James A. 
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Wallis, Henry Alexander. 
Biscoe, Viuceut R. 
Brunei, George. 
Steele, Charles A. 
Holden, Albert. 
Hudson, Rufus. 
Ridout, J. Grant. 
Burns, James H. 
White, John. 
Burns, Arthur N. 
Stevenson, Robert A. 
Denison, William George. 
Hume, Skiifingt<m. 
Scaddiug, Charles. 
Nimmn, John Henry. 
Britton, Joseph. 
Langton , Thomas. 
McBride, William. 
Miller, William H. 
Adam, Robert Archibald. 
Davies, Thomas. 
McArthur, John 0. 
Anioldi, Frauk. 
Worthington, Jsmes M. 
Earle, Thomas. 
Creighton, Walter L. 
Crombie, R. J. 
Killaly, Robert A. 
Buchan, Lawrence. 
Gibba, Frank E. 
Evans, Thomas F. L. 
Hawley, John Gardiner. 
Gowiulock, William. 
Scott, William. 
Lesslie, James Graham. 
Muttleburry, George A. 
Robinson, Samuel Skeff. 
Wickson, Arthur. 
Irons, William. 
Strange, John. 
Williams, Charles H. A. 
McDougall, Joseph. 
Mclntyre, Neil. 
Barrett, Walter H. 
McDonald, William. 
Warren, VVilliam. 
Shaw, William. 
Douglas, William. 
Robinson, Henry. 
Crickmore, R. Snelling. 
Anderson, Hadley. 
Deuison, Frederick Charles. 
Thorne, Alfred. 
Worthington, George. 
Mercer, flenry. 
Carter, Walter M. 
Rechenburg, Charles. 
Dixon, Mark Anthony. 
Vortas, Henry Thomas. 
Tempest, Wiljiam, 



Muckle, Henry J. 

Gibbs, Frederick W. 

Muckle, Alex. 

Purdy, John. 

Moffatt, Heniy Lewis. 

McLean, William. 

Vidal, Richard A. 

Gamble, Baptist. 

Champion, Henry. 

Kingsiord, Rupert Etherese. 

Shaw, Alexanaer Crawford. 

Stinsou, Robert C. 
I Hawkins, William F. 
I McCrea, Samuel Starr. 
I Phillips, Henry C. 
; Wilkinson, Henry. 

Cottiugham, William. 
f Thompson, William. 
I Houghton, Edward. 

Bowes, Robert Heber. 
I Gates, Wm, Henry. 
I Gordon, James. 
' Easton, George Crawford. 

Scadding John. 
' Gumming, Thomas W. 
I Sterling, Sidney. 
, Hiffglns, Edward M. 
I Wightmaii, John R. 
' Robinson, Strachan N. 

Biscoe, Henry Alexander. 
I Denison, John. 

Denison, Henry T. 

Strange, George. 

Heath, Charles. 

Bain, Hugh. 
I Paterson, Thomas W. 

Monkman, John. 
I Huggins, Peter T. 

Christie Peter. 

Oliver, John D. 

Chapman, Gerard C. 

Gibbs, Wm. H, 

Glass, Douglas. 

Gamble, Clark. 

Furlong, Arthur H. 

Gibbs, Charles. 

Penthind, Alfred. 

Glass, Henry. 
I Wilson, Robert Jordan. 

Hecter, John W. 

Apple ton, David. 

Mulholland, Robert. 

Jackson, Charles. 

Richards, Albert E. 

Boulton, Fitzroy. 

Robinson, John Beverley. 

Sherewood, George E. 
I Denison, Alfred. 
, Hecter, George. 
, Smith, Larratt A. 
' Campbell, Wilson. 
I Connon, John W. 
I Rogers, Frank D. 

Gamble, Allayne W. 
I Cameron, Alan. 

Heath, Stuart B, 



Forlong, Charles. 
McMurrich, John. 
James, Robert. 
Devlin, Bowman. 
Crickmore, Arthur. 
Barrett, Michael. 
Moss, William. 
Ketchem, Oliver W. 
Campbell, Loran. 
Orr, John. 
Glass, Arthur. 
Arnoldi, Fulford. 
Crooks, Robert P. 
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Killaly, Richard. 
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McCallum, Frederick. 
Muckle, Robeit. 
Shaw, Duncan W. 
Holden, Charles A. 
Fortye, W^m. 
Dixon, Hillyard C. 
Smith, Henry. 
Cayley, Wm. 
Perkins, C. Frederick. 
Perkins, George. 
Harman, Lloyd. 
Clark. Alfred. 
Clark, Maurice C, • 
Elliott, J. L. G. 



1862. 

Carney, Richard. 
Mortimer, George B. 
Mortimer, Arthur L. 
Helllwell, Alexander James. 
Kerster, Clarence E. W. 
Smith, Wm. 
Crapper, George B. 
Walton, Robert F. 
Delamere, Joseph M. 
Hamilton, Arthur. 
Robinson, Alfred. 
Lowell, Herbert. 
Cowdry, Edmimd. 
Cowdry, NathanieL 
Sullivan, John D. 
Barber, Wm. Franklin. 
Austin, Frederick Wm. 
Drummond, G. 
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Hardy, Frederick. 
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Cassels, Allan. 
Grover, Thomas M. 
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Gibson, Goodwin. 
Forlong, Herbert James. 
Blackwood, Donald N. 
Coulson, Henry. 



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3o8 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 



Harman, DavidBon. 
Daly, John. 
Uerchmer, George. 
Ransom, Williaiu W. 
Filliter, Clavell. 
Boulton, Milford. 
Denisou, Clarence. 
Denison, John. 
Heath, Beverley. 
Cayley, Beverley H. 
Jackes, Price. 
Jackes, Baldwin. 
Karle, Theophilus. 
Beanes, Edward. 
Howland, Oliver. 
Poaey, Robert. 
Posey, Robert D. 
Lambert, Richard. 
•Slaughter, Robert. 
Glass, Wynn. 
Posey, William. 
Mulholland, Henry. 
Harman, William. 
O'Hara, Jeoftiey. 
Perkins, Edward John. 
Robinson, Christopher C. 
Heath, D*Arcy Boulton. 
Gordon, C. Bullilt. 
Gordon, John L. 
Heed, Wm. D. 
Reed, Solomon S. 
McDougall, Wm. 
Harman, Huson. 
McDougall, Alfred. 
Forlong, George Frederick. 
ShoU, George. 



1863. 

Hunter, John Alexander. 
Dunselth, David. 
McKish, John. 
McNab, James D. 
Dougall, Charles. 
Holden, Edward H. E. 
Daly, Thomas Mayne. 
Berckley, Theophilus Francis. 
Hill, George Hollister. 
Banthron, Christopher C. 
Banthom, Robert. 
Yates, Frederick. 
Siddons, Edgar. 
Sutherland, John. 
Sutherland, Frederick Vivian. 
Stotesbury, Robert Cooper. 
Paterson, Johu Henry. 
Prince, Thomas. 
McKay, John. 
Gamble, Rainold D'Arcy. 
Cayley, Claude. 
Hunter, King Barton. 
Hunter, Robert James. 
Delmage, Anthony A. 
O'Malley, (^harles A. 
Arnold^ Robert Meredith. 



Ault, Edwin. 
Ryrie, Daniel. 
Robertson, Frederick C. 
Ford, Ogden P. 
Carruthers, George F. 
Bull, Clarence W. 
McCelland, Thomas J. 
Richards, William. 
Anderson, Allan. 
Willing, Robert Bums. 
Fuller, Valancey E. 
Martin, Robert. 
Fotheringham, Thomas F. 
Dennistoun, Robert H. 
McClelland, Alexander M. 
Davis, Wm. G. 
Flitcher, Hugh. 
Barber, James. 
Plummer, James H. 
Richards, Butler J. 
Lount, Georffe F. 
Proudfoot, Thomas. 
Burgess, Thomas J. W. 
Ball, Winniette. 
Mitchell, Charles Alexander. 
Snider, John Elgin. 
McKinlay, Archibald Reid. 
Arnoldi, Fulford. 
Piper, George William. 
Boak, William F. 
Jarvis, Thomas S. 
Boomer, Henry G. C. 
Cox, Henry James. 
Fletcher, John. 
Noverre, Philip E. 
Cochrane, Augustus. 
Mowatt, Frederick. 
Strange, Charles 0. 
Fuller, Shelton B. 
Rattray, Alfred. 
Best, Thomas J. 
Crickmore, E. 
Mortimer, Charles White. 
Mortimer, John Strachan. 
Spragge, Albert W, 
Killaly, Henry. 
Jackes, George W. 
Smith, Edwin A. 
Burke, Edmund. 
McMaster, Charles A. 
Daly, Charles J. 
Coulson, Robert B. 
Wilkes, Frederick T. 
Whiteland, John M. 
Cricklow, Charles Lynde. 
Hope, George. 
Porter, John M. 
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Breakey, George. 
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Brough, Allan. 
Aumond, George Thomas. 
Mitchell, Alexander. 
Cosford, John H. 
(Josford, Joseph C. 



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Lillie, Frank W. 
Paterson, Donald. 
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Kossin, Louis. 
Rossin, Morris. 
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Rose, Wm. McMaster. 
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1864. 

Wilson, Ernest M. 
Hope, Robert Knight. 
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Mara, Henry S. 
Hardy, Robert Henry. 



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Dillon, John G. B. 
McQuesten, Isaac B. 
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Chafee, Alexander B. 
Boomer, Joseph B. 
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Phipps, W. A. 
Rogers, Christopher. 
Hague, George £. 
Shand, John I). 
Richards, B. W. 
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Nash, Loving. 
Small, John T. 
SmaU, A. H. 
Fiskin, John. 
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Lesslie, Rolph. 
Lesslie, Joseph W. 
Gartshore, John J. 
Newcomb, Hermann. 
Robinson, Frederick A. 
Whightnuin, Albert R. 
Wagner, W. J. 
Dinffle, Samuel. 
Le Parr, Henry. 
McNab, J. F. 
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Cosford, Samuel. 
Barber, Robert. 
Plummer, T. 
Laing, Wm. 
Laincr, James. 
Nordneimer, Isaac. 
Nordheimer, Alfred. 
Davidson, W^m. 
Black, F. S. P. 
Stayner, T. A. 
BenniBtts, Frank. 
Rapelje, George J. 
Kinkead, G. B. 
Kinkead, K. S. 
Worthington, J. N. 
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Clark, Thomas F. 
Brown, Joseph. 
Crawford, Henry D. 
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1865. 

Strathy, Frederick R. L. 
Fotteri James. 



Allen, Henry W. 
Merrick, Edward A. 
McCormack, H. J. 
Clark, Arthur D. 
Moffatt, Frederick C. 
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Perry, Robert P. 
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Smyth, l<Mmund. 
Henderson, Alex. 
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Mulanney, John M. 
Wilson, Malcolm. 
Watson, Henry. 
Smith, James S. 
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Austin, James H. 
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Lake, Alba C. 
Trow, Thomas. 
Trow, James. 
Campbell, Alexander. 
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Rees, Frederick Mussen. 
Ball, Alfred Servos. 
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Van Allen, John R. 
Craig, Joseph W. 
Wright, Frederick Henry. 
Hay, Robert. 
Ridout, George L. 
Langton, Henry S. 
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Meux, Joseph P. 
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Aikins, John 8. 
Warren, Frank. 
Hewitt, Joseph R. 
Ford, John G. 
McCoU, Wm. R. 
Alston, Philip. 
Mackenzie, Francis A. 
Clark, F. 
Darling, H. * 
Lindsay, C. 
Cooper, Wm. Baines. 
Robmson, Charles E. 
Shack, Ferdinand. 
Williams, Edmund. 
Brown, Edward B. 
Darling, Walter. 
Ridout, Trevelyan. 
Beswick, Edward James. 
Connon, Stanley F. 
Cameron, Irving Heward. 
Wedd, Wm. 
Hewitt, Wm. 
Fuller, Henry Herbert. 



Harrington, Joseph. 
Murray, John W. 
Gooderham, Wm. George. 
Daly, Peter F. 
Finch, Samuel W. 
Stevensou, John. 
Tucker, John R. 
Tucker, Charles £. 
Quarles, G. 
Worts, James G. 
Barber, Robert. 



1866. 

Rowat, Andrew. 
Barron, John A. 
Guest, Thomas F. 
Servos, Francis. 
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Richardson, Wm. 
Smith, Sidney. 
Smith, John D. 
Thomson, John. 
Rennie, James. 
Gill, Robert. 
Baker, Thomas. 
Clark, Frederick. 
Davies, Robert. 
Dick, Arthur. 
I^ain^, Reginald. 
Giddings, Harry. 
Crysler, Wm. H. 
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Todd, Albert. 
Mcpherson, Donald A. 
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Kew, Michael. 
Sibbald, Wm. M. 
Lount, J. E. 
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Perry, John O. 
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Lyall, Joseph Charles. 
Powell, George A. 
Offilvie, Robert. 
Kirkpatrick, John. 
Kirkpatrick, W. E. 
Egerton, H. 
Egerton, P. 
Bacon, Alfred H. 
Dale, Wm. 
Traver, Elliot 
Clarkson, Fredk. Archibald. 
White, James. 
Manley, John G. 
Bickle, Wm. J. 
Zimmerman Richard. 
Mann, James. 
Oaiff, John. 
Leonhard, Edwin E. 
Flint, Wm. H. 
Crerar, John. 
Kirkland, August M* 
I Lewis, Levi. 



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iio 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGK MEMORIAL VOLUME. 



Clement, Edwin R. 
Foster, Allen. 
Gibson, John. 
Hope, Adam H. 
McDonnell, D. G. 
EUard, John V. 
MuihoUand, W. H. 
Hassard, Henry S. 
Smith, John A. 
Plnmmer, Henry. 
Hill, John O. 
Alexander, A. M. 
Reiman, Wm. 
Dahlgreo, J. A. 
Flint, George H. 
McKenzie, Henry G. 
Morrison, Cnrran. 
Snider, David. 
Abraham, Robert H. 
McVittie, Thomas. 
Helm, Charles. 
Hamilton, Chester. 
McPhail, Richard. 
Kingsmill, Charles E. 
Morrison, Robert. 
Wright, Wm. A. 
Aikens, Wm. H. 
Vickers, John. 
Anstin, Albert W. 
Cayley , Francis D. 
Worthington, John. 
Worthington, Edward. 
K|ish, Harry. 
Bowes, Edward. 
Scales, Charles H. 
Mclntyre, Duncan. 
Violet, Robert. 
Horgan, Wm. C. 
Miller, D. 
Clump, Guildford. 
Lake, Daniel W. 



1867. 

Hamilton, Alexander. 
McCvregor, Duncan. 
Bethune, Francis. 
Gowinlock, George. 
Keeler, Thomas P. 
Hague, Dyson, 
fiaker, Edmund. 
Wyllie, John. 
Perry, Charles. 
Perry, George. 
Thompson, Frederick Wm. 
Luton, Georffe.- 
Bourchier, Wm. J. 0. 
Ballantyne, Frank. 
Piatt, John. 
Montgomery, Henry. 
Kemper, Samuel L. 
Kemper, James £. 
Cowdry, John. 
Stinson, Edwin, L. M. 
Drooillard, Felix L 



Arthurs, Telfer. 
Dick, Walter. 
Roe, George H. 
Cronyn, John L. C. 
Griffith, John. 
Griffith, Frederick D. 
Griffith, Wm. 
Hill, Daniel O. 
Crocker, Wni. 
Belcher, E. B. 
Weizel, Paul. 
Ford, Wm. 
Scholefield George. 
Trent, Henry E. 
Clarkson, George H. 
Thompson, C, W. 
Thompson, F. W. 
Thompson, H. P. 
Thompson, P. 
Snider, M. 
Wilby, A. W. 
Aikius, H. W. 
Crowther J. 
Thompson, Boyce. 
Phipps, F. H. 
Campbell T. 
Patterson, D. S. 
Carbert, J. A. 
Inglis, G. 
Anderson, R. 
Anderson, W. 
Miller, K. 
Lewiu, R. 
Lloyd, Wellington. 
Hartman, L. 
Wickson, J. E. 
Thompson, G. 
Morphy, H. 
Rose, S. 
ShoU, G. 
Fletcher, W. 
Brooke, G. 

Knowlys, T. F. C. K. 
Holden, J. 

VVallace, Francis Huston. 
Long, John Henry. 
Cronyn, James. 
Baines, A. M. 
Jones, G. 
Northrup, J. 
Northwood, W. 
Hamilton, J. 
Johnson, D. C. 
Cameron, D. 
Main waring, R. A. 
Howard A. 
Rogers, W. 
Whiteley, E. W. 



1868. 



Wilson, J. E. 
Reynolds, J. 
Cumming, C. S. 
Cumming, R. A< 



Morrisey, R. 

Mortimer, G. C. 

Kimball, L. A. 

McDougall, D. C. 

McFadyen, H. 

Cleary, W. 

Kay, John. 

Kingston, C. A. 

Pemet, F. W. 

Morse, G. 

Stark, G. A. 

Dyke, S, A. 

Howard, A. 
. Black, F. S. P. 
; Noble, F. 
j Reynolds, George. 

Crocker, H. 

Crocker, S. M. 

Anderson, Robert. 

Thompson, J. H. 

McVittie, A. 

Crocker, P. 

Tait, W. M. 

Crowe, A. J. 

Langton, Wro. A. 

Perkins, H. 

Kersteman, H. 

Ueiman. W. M. 

Smith, G. 

Beardmore, A. 

McMurrich, J. 

Freeland, F. 

Buchan, J. H. 

Cayley, H. 

Cayley, A. 

Mason, P. 

Ridout, W. 

Holmes, S. 

Brown, C. J. 

Clark, A. 

Crouther, W. 

Damer, W. 

Brown, W. 

Brown, P. 

George, H. McI. 

Fitch, W. C. 

Boulton, B. 

Howard, J. S. 

Conuon, H. 
' McCaul, C. C. 

Thomas, G. 
' Boyd, G. 

Holmes, M. 

Adae, F. 

Adae, H. 

Strathy, C. 

Bacon, A. H. 

Mason, H. 

Ridout, P. F. J. 

Hay, John. 

Campbell, A. 

Boulton, H. 

Fortier, C. B. 

Howard, C. A. 
I Mortimer, T. 
] Keith, P. R. 



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tHE U. (J. C. ROLL, 1829-1^91 



3tt 



Otter, H. 
Patterson, D. 
Hickson, R. C. 
Stewart, J. 
Powell, F. 
Graham, 6. 
Treadwell, F. 
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McKenney, G. 
Inglis, R. M. 
Morrison, E. B. 
Kichardson, R. £. 
Stanley, P. E. 
Hodgins, F. 
Biggar, \V. H. 
GilT W. 
Dack, R. 
Edgar, J. 
Kay, J. 
Lake, A. 

Carmichael, W. R. 
Skinner, R. B. 
Kerr, F. W. 
Cameron, J. C. 
Roger, R. 
Gluck, J. F. 
Fletcher, Colin. 
Sutherland, VVm. M. 
James, A. 
Alexander, G. T. 
Cassels, W. A. 
Cassels, L. 
Boeckh, E. 
Keys, David Reade. 
Masales. G. W. 
Holcomb, J. 
Lumsden, W. J. 
Lumsden, H. 
Barber, J. 
Brown, C. P. 
Ross, A. 



1869. 

Reeve, J. 
Newman, C. IT. 
James, Charles. 
James, Wm. 
Campbell, W. 
English, £. 
Hunton, H. 
Richards, S. 0. 
AtkinHon, R. 
Bruoe, John. 
Cox, C. T. 
Carruthers, F. H. 
Rochester, J. 
Piatt, J. T. 
Stollery, U. 
Gibson, G. S. 
Lee, G. M. 
Draper, W. H. 
Byam, W. J. 



Taylor, J. H. 
Taylor, T. 
Grahanie, H. H. 
Carruthers, John. 
McKee, John. 
Lauder, Waugh. 
Sheard, G. 
McKenzie, R. C. 
Boulton, C. R. 
Edwards, J. 
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Dick, A. 
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Dumbar, F. J. 
Doerin^, Frank. 
Ingersoll, John. 
Joseph, R. F. 
Mason, G. J. 
Dewson, G. D. 
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Denison, A. R. 
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VVedd, J. 0. 
Hilton, E. 
Hilton, F. 
Rutherford, E. C. 
Nanton, H. W. 
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Blackstock, T. A. 
Rogers, Joseph. 
Le Pan, J. 
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Gamble, A. G. 
Delaporte, A. V. 
Dunspaugh, W. 
Smith, George. 
Winstanly, A. 
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Wellbanks, C. 
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Leonard, E. W. 
Mutch, P. 
McLellan, James. 
Kirk wood, J. B. 
Weller, H. B. 
Ewing, James. 
McGiverin, J. C. 
Irving, A. M. 
Dickinson, W. 
Frazer, J. H. 
Elliott, Wm. 
Dawson, Alexander. 
Thompson, G. 
AUan, G. W. 
Fee, George W. 
Wood, M. B. 
Wootl, E. 
McKay, B. 
McKay, W. 
Scatcherd, E. 
Colwell, W. W. 

Bullock, 

Ewart, John H. 
Carter, John. 



Snider, A. F. 
Snider, George. 
English, W. 
Crickmore, E. 
Curry, W. H. S. 
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Barber, C. 
Jar vis, G. H. 
Prentice, William. 
McFayden, D. 
Ryley, G. W. 
Sprunt, J. D. 
Sprunt, Alexander. 
Frazer, J. W. 
Denison, H. 
Watt, D. M. 
Lawrence, J. W. 
Bacon, James. 
Spragge, A. W. 
Gemmell, J. E. 
Harstone, L. 
Dick, A. C. 
Griffith, J. A. 
DeverO, H. 
Piper, H. 

Kingstone, George. 
Skelton, G. L. 
Soreley, James. 
Soreley, W. F. 
Reynolds, R. E. 
Williams, A. 
Thompson, B. 
Kingstone, George. 
Rowand, J. A. 
Hunter, E. 
Hunter, R. 
Hunter, F. 
Langtry, Ernest. 
Rathbome, R. 
Hector, R. 
Hector, Alexander. 
WaddeU, John. 
James, W. 
Geikie, William. 
Rogers, C. H. 
Jeffrey, W. 
Rathbome, W. 
Mclntyre, C. C. 
Littlejohn, J. 
Littlejohn, W. A. 
James, P. L. 
McKajr, E. 
McNairy, N. 
Violett, R. E. 
Stuart, W. 
Harris, W. T. 
Wright, A. 
Wilson, A. 
Craie, J. 

Cruikshank, E. A. 
McKay, D. 
Warwick, W. 
Warwick, Guy, 



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^12 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUMfi. 



1870. 

Adae, L. W. 
Adae, William. 
Adae, Frank. 
Maclean, A. 
Clements, W. 
Williams, R. 
Fleming, J. B. 
Dickson, F. 
Hardy, H. 
Skead, £. S. 
McGillivray, A. J. 
Bethune, A. 
Bethune, M. 
Hall, W. N. 
Atkinson, W. H. 
Low, Wm. 
Downey, D. 
Ross, D. 
Evans, George. 
Denison, 8. 
Merritt, W. H. 
Morrison, A. 
Hell, C. R. 
White, S. M. 
Crawford, A. 
Crawford, E. S. 
Whitney, A. H. 
Mowatt, W. G. 
Yorston, A. 
Shanley, F. J. 
Shanley, C. W. 
Park, James. 
Read, £. 
Boomer, H. 
Sills, E. C. 
ConoUy, R. 
Clare, I. J. 
Farquhar, C. A. J. 
Kerr, A. 
Kennedy, F. 
Sutherland, Alexander. 
Monckton, A. 
Brown, J. F. 
Burns, L. 
Campbell, A. T. 
Kirkland, .i. B. 
Kirkland, R. 
May, M. S. 
McDonald, E. C. 
Ponton, W. M. 
Shepherd, B. 
Tempest, G. 
Read, W. J. 
Apperson, M. 
Coate, C. B. 
Coate, H. J, 
Dunning, H. 
McGregor, W. 
Ryley, J. E. 
Walker. G. H. 
Ross, J. 
Ross, A. G. 
Anderson, H. P. 
Hale, C. W. 



Holden, A. 
Robbins, H. A. R. 
Gamer, W. 
(earner, G. 
Holwell, Percy. 
Virtue, G. 
Virtue, H. 
Capreol, 0. F. 
Day, C. 
Esten, J. P. 
Eraser, J. H. 
Hague, L. 
Morrison, S. 
Strathey, G. H. 
Sanson, J. 
Winans, F. 
Wedd, G. 
Freeland, E. B. 
Brooke, D. O. 
Hall, John. 
McMichael, John. 
Winter, M. 
Cross, G. H. 
Rochester, J. E. 
Thompson, Wm. 
Day, W. H. 
McDougall, F. 
Rykert, W. A. P. 
Patterson, J. A. 
Henwood, A. J. 
Moore, J. F. 
Robinson, F. 
Smith, D. L. 
Bethune, A. 
Williams, John. 
Williams, M. T. 
Armstrong, J. 
Pares. E. 
Russell, A. 
McKeown, J. G. 
Kennedy, R. 
Perram, H. 
Sharp, T. H. 
(?rouudwater, H. 
Plummer, F. 
Plummer, A. E. 

im. 

Picken, James. 
Lalley, C. 
McCrea, Walter. 
Irwin, C. 
McAndrew, D. 
McAndrew, J. 
Mills, James McV. 
Measam, F. 
Moore, E. 
Mackay, J. 
Mahaffy, Wnu 
Birtch, J. 
Winter, G. H. 
Wright, James. 
Palmer, S. P. 
Gumming, R. 
Donaldson, E. 



Griffiths, W. A. 
Dnnspaueh, C. 
Angell, C. 
Denison, £. E. A. 
Robinson, W. 
Anderson, Charles. 
Anderson, W. 
Cox, F. W. 
Moore, C. 
Baldwin, H. Y. 
Reed, F. E. 
Robbins, F. C. 
Nation, W. 
Cleland, H. 
Cleland, G. 
McKenzie, W. 
Knowleys, T. F. C. E 
Macdonald, G. 
Denny, James. 
Brock, H. T. 
Sheppard, S. 
Sheppard, S. 
Sheppard, M. 
Blake, E. W. H. 
Montgomery, T. 
Shaw, N. D. 
Smith, W. 
Aikins, F. T. 
Kerr, D. B. 
Stokes, S. P. 
Barnum, £. S. 
Wilkinson, G. 
Halden, E. B. 
Mills, J. M. 
Piatt, J. T. 
Trowem, E. 
Corby, C. 
Bell, A. M. 
Simpson, D. B. 
Henwood, R. D. 
Northrup, W. B. 
Procter, E. R. C. 
Bonter, H. R. 
Blackstock, George T 
(fordon, R. 
Krenson, W. 
Allen, W. A. 
Holt, J. A. 
Harcourt, F. W. 
Mills, J. B. 
PolUrd, R. D. 
Ross, J. C. 
MuBsen, H. 
Boulton, R. R. 
Lester, T. W. 
Strathy, A. J. 
Barrett, R. G. 
Bethune, M. N. 
Freeman, W. F. 
Carruthers, R. S. 
Galbraith, J. 
Tarbutt, J. A. 
Damoreau, L. 
Hope, A. 
Lindsay, G. G. S. 
Read, J. C. 



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titfc U. C. C. ROLL, 1829-189:^. 



313 



Lewis, J. 
Way, W. J. 
Palmer, T. M. 
Cartwright, W. C. 
Leggatt, J. 
Allen, £.H. 
Boyd, F. 
Boyd, E. W. 
Carrnihers, E. 
Chafee, C. W. 
uvaser, A. G. 
Hodgins, J. P. 
Hodgins, A. £. 
Hodgins, C. R. 
Howard, James A. 
Howitt, John. 
Johnson, H. 
Kerr, J. B. 
Love, S. 
McBride, J. W. 
Murray, B. 
Parsons, W. H. 
Connon, H. E. 
Denison, A. £. 
Halse, G. 
Cooper, H. 
Cooper, John. 
Carey, R. D. 
McDonagh, G. 
Ridont, U. R. 
Cope, George. 
Armour, D. 
Hague, H. J. 
Hague, F. 
Wells, A. C. 
Ford, A. 
Beer, L. 
Jones, L. 
Hunter, H. 
Goering, Wm. 
Gray, K. 
Campbell, L. 
Ruflher, A. 
Gray, C. W. 
Lawson, J. 
Morphy, H. 0. 
Morphy, Arnold. 
Uhlhorn, R. 
Cathron, R. 
Watson, W. E. 
Grundy, W. 
Topping, J. B. 
Kenne(ly S. 
Julian, H. G. 
Jenkins, J. F. 
Gibson, G. S. 
Bryce, Peter H. 
Downey, D. J. 
Devlin, G. 
Davidson, A. 
Hall. W. 
McKenzie, T. C. 
McKenzie, K. A. J. 
Myers, R. D. 
Matheson, J. 
Trow, C. 

40 



1872. 

Gamsby, G. 
MeneilJy, W. T. 
Helliwell, S. 
Bell, R. J. 
McCann, G. A. 
LePan, F. 
Campbell, F. S. 
Barber, H. 
Hespeler, C. 
Henderson, W. 
Coleman, H. 
Shibley, T. G. 
Stupart, R. F 
Sparham, B. 
Harstone, J. C. 
Watson, J. H. 
Bedingfield G. 
Wilson, H. B. 
Smith, G. H. 
Ross, W. S. 
ConoUy, C. A. 
Evans, A. T. K. 
Gooch, F. H. 
Freeman, W. 
Sayers, Charles. 
Taylor, J. W. 
Smith, Charles P. 
Kennedy, Robert. 
McGill, S. G. 
Simmers, A. 
Simmers, H. 
Colwell, A. H. 
Barrett, J. M. 
Barrett, R. A. 
Spooner, W. 
Parmenter, W. W. 
Smith, E. A. C. 
Raines, W. B. 
Wallbridge, F. 
Ross, A. N. 
McKay, W. 
Griffith. G. 
Griffith, Thomas. 
Kolfage, S. V. 
Howard, H. L. 
Crony n, B. B. 
Ford, Charles. 
Lewis, F. E. 
Holman, J. J. 
Jarvis, S. 
Vickers, Wm. W. 
Barritt, E. M. 
Jollett, St. G. 
Manning, T. A. 
Case, Fred. 
McTavish, A. 
Davis, A. G. 
Best, W. H. 
Kirkpatrick, K. J. 
Fromberz, F. 
Law, C. F. 
Rennie, A. H. 
Clark, A. W. 
Clark, E. M. 



Henderson, A. 
Richey, J. F. 
Currie, E. 
Scott, F. W. 
Davis, H. H. 
Cockbum, C. 
Walker, A. 
Watkins, J. 
Pvoss, E. W. 
Aikins, W. H. 
Howland, A. P. 
Musson, W. J. 
Callender, F. 
Clench, T. B. 
Rogers, M. M. 
Mifien, L. R. 
Robarts, H. 
Macklin, E. 
Macklin, W. 
Elliott, J. W. 
Firman, E. H. 
Smith, J. G. 
Proctor, W. F. 
Biggar, J. L. 
Ross, J. W. 
Hendrie, J. S. 
Borradaile, F. 
McDougall, J. 
Orr, R. M. 
Tucker, T. F. 
Holmes, J. 
VanNorman, J. 
Tharp, W. H. 
Gustin, G. 
Lassen, Alexander. 
Prince, John. 
! Simpson, C. W. 
Geikie, A. 
Stanton, O. 
Brown, A. C. 
Reid, J. P. 
Seyler, W. H. 
Ashby, T. H. 
Duggan, G. H. 
Laidlaw, G. E. 
Uidlaw, J. W. 
Montgomery, W. A. D. 



1873. 

Beaty, P. J. 
Kolfage, W. 
Wyatt, H. 
Simpson, E. 
Simpson, R. 
Smith, J. A. 
Gunn, W. 
Gunn, R. 
Molesworth, W. 
Loudon, W. J. 
Campbell, A. McF. 
Smith, J. S. 
Baird, Andrew. 
Knox, W. T. 
Knox, A. 



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tJl>PE!R CANADA COLLEGE! MEMORIAL VOLUMt. 



Hatton, G. W. 
Wood, F. H. 
Kertland, McL. 
Bradshaw, W. 
Brown, R. S. 
Cole, H. 
Sadlier, Charles. 

McQuarrie, 

Jones, G. 
Parsons, Wm. 
Dwight, H. 
McCuUoch, H. 
McKechnie, W. 
Tandy, George. 
Priugle, A. 
Hostetter, J. B. 
Atkinson, C. R. 
Atkinson, H. H. 
Kauffmann, Wm. 
Woods, John Q. 
Wilstead, F. W. 
Wilstead, B. A. 
Stuart, John J. 
Stuart, James C. K. 
Clay, E. W. 
Bavies, James. 
Greig, George. 
Hunt, M. V: 
Montgomery, D. W. 
Playfair, James. 
Symons, J. T. 
Symons, D. T. 
Scholefield, W. F. 
Denison, £. £. 
Booth, W. E. 
Bowes, J. H. 
Browett, J. W. 
Coate, F. S. 
Geddes, A. 
Jackes, E. H. 
I^angton, H. H. 
Malcouronne, H. E. 
Montgomery, T. B. 
Orr, W. R. 
Park, F. 
Sanson, R. D. 
Stephens, H. N. 
Taylor, W. J. D. 
Thompson, J. P. 
Watson, K. P. 
Watson, W. J. 
McNab, A. 
Blake, W. H. 
Jackson, James. 
Machell, A. G. 
Stephens, M. N. 
Stephens, J. D. 
Patterson, T. H. 
Proudfoot, H. B. 
Smith, T. R. B. 
Molesworth, A. 
Mills, J. McV. 
Greene, H. V. 
Boyd, J. B. 
Gillespie, G. H. 
Gillespie, A. 



Clarkson, A. M. 
Willoughby, H. 
McDougall, G. D. 
Barber, A. E. 
Begg, G. 0. 
Bryan, W. R. 
Corby, E. 
Davies, William. 
Hendrie, J. W. 
Langmuire, J. A. 
McKachren, F. 
Muntz, H. 
Reid, J. W. 
Blethen, F. A. 
Mahoiiy, R. J. 
Beale, James. 
Holmes, W. J. 
Peterkin, W. M. 
Eddis, F. A. 
Gibbs, H. C. 
McAndrew, J. A. 
Hunton. W. E. 
Alexander, G. T. 
Sinclair, A. J. 
Sinclair, H. D. 
Hilliard, G. G. 
Dymond, A. H. 
Dymond, A. M. 
Derrom, J. A. 
Derrom, A. 
Baldwin, J. M. 
Baldwin, R. 
Jarvis, C. T. 
Jarvis, William. 
Hatton, £. 
Henderson, D. 
McCrimmon, John. 
VanAUeu, Edward. 
Mackenzie, Alexander. 
Clark, T. N. 
Scott, J. J. 
McLaren, D. 
McKay, George. 
Harris, A. V. 
Blood^ood, H. 
Downie, T. 
Jones, W. W. 
Gunther, E.* 
Pearson, A. G. 
Pearson, A. W. 
Arnold, J. R. 
Fisher, Thompson. 
Knill, F. 
Milner, Wm. S. 
Ludgate, T. 
Little, N. 

1874. 

Miller, A. C. 
Cleverdon, W. 
Carrie, J. 
Quiniby, H. 
McLachlan, W. 
Brcden, E. 
Day, Charles. 



Lee, A. 
Lee, S. H. 
Lee, T. B. 
Mackenzie, Robert. 
Irving, W. H. 
Eraser, W. 
Wallace, Charles. 
Wallace, J. Henry. 
Parker, Thomas. 
Nason, H. 
Tyrrell, J. 
Keefer, F. 
Duns ford, J. L. 
Tanner, W, R. 
Pollock, J. E. 
McKellar, John A. 
Ferguson, T. A. 
Horseman, Wm. 
Stewart, Wm. 
Thompson, Wm. 
Sayers, Edward. 
Sayers, George. 
Pringle, Robert A. 
Turver, Charles. 
Burch, Charles. 
Chishohn, V. 
Camerou, John. 
Cavau, John. 
Kittson, Ernest K 
McKenzie, K. 
Pouton, A. D. 
Saunders, John. 
Woodruff, H. K. 
Canniff, W. H. 
Davis, Thomas E. 
Howland, K. 
Elgie, Thomas. 
Freeman, J. F. 
Gray, R. T. 
Haight, W. L. 
Balmer, R. 
Scott, R. 
Stark, F. J. 
Thurston, Wm. 
Whittier, J.'C. 
Shanklin, E. A. 
Shanklin, C. S. 
Dickson, K. C. 
Mason, F. W. 
Howland, F. 
Howland, C 
Hooper, E. B. 
Pyfrom, R. F. 
Stapleton, H. C. 
Green, J. A. 
Gemmell, J. E. 
Belt, R. W. 
Willoughby, C. H. 
Nelmes, E. M. 
Hodgins, G. 
Baldwin, A. Y. 
Saunders, John. 
Simonds, E. L. 
Esten, J. P. 
Esten, G. H. 
i Esten, H. L. 



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tllE tJ. C. C. ROLL, 1829-1892. 



31s 



Eyre, W. J. 
Sweetnam, L. M. 
Hooper, H. C. L. 
Baldwin, W. W. 
Bums, J. 
Dmmmoud, A. P. 
HelliweU, A. C. 
Hodgins, F. R 
Howard, W. J. 
Lambe, G. A. 
McDougall, L. V. 
Newton, J. 
Ogden, E. R. 
Palmer, £. 
Purvis, G. E. 
Smith, E. 
Smith, C. 
Smith, L. J, 
Warden, A. 
Woodruff, W. 
Booth, G. 
Mortimer, H. 
Leadley, E. 
Bnchan, D. 
Ogden, C. P. 
Harvey, Alex. 
Gardner, G. C. 
Agur, R. H. 
Baldwin, R. 
Browning, D. 
Browning, L. 
Browning, W. 
JJuffgan, G. H. 
Cockbum, M. J. 
Greene, C. W. 
Mitchell, J. 
Plummer, C. V. 
Brock, W. L. 
Dick, W. 
Taylor, W. F. 
Ball, R. S. 
IngersoU, J. H. 
KUlmaster, C. H. 
Stewart, R. A. 
Arnold, H. 
Slemen, W. J. 
Thompson, A. B. 
Thompson, H. W. 
Macdonald, A. H. 
Campbell, A. J. 
Scholes, H. M. 
Lailey, Charles. 
Garrard, F. C. 
Prior, B. 

Middleton, W. E. 
McLaren, J. 
Watherston, P. 
Macklem, T. C. S. 
Baldwin, F. M, 
Benson, T. 
Rattray, Robert. 

1875. 

Thompson, Herbert. 
Rothwell, Wm. 



Barker, H. C. 
Murray, C. B. 
Sherwood, W. J. 
Waters, B. 
Clark, Thomas. 
Parsons, Charles. 
Jarvis, A. E. 
G Wynne, W. 
Grace, J. C. 
Warren, F. W. 
lAngstaff, E. F. 
Grierson, D. A. 
Saunders, M. Richard. 
Mickle, H. • 
Holtermann, R. 
McGiverin, Thomas. 
Boyd, A. J. 
Boyd, J. L. 
Tucker W. H. 
McDonald, Wm. 
Kelley, John. 
Cochrane, W. T. 
Fieldinff, Edward. 
Field, Henry. 
Farmer, A. 
Gillespie, G. 
McLachlin, D. 
McLachlin, H. W. 
Prior, B. 
Agnew, J. H. 
Verral, G. W. 
Powell, W. F. 
Powell, F. C. 
Montgomery, J. D. 
Wright, E. E. 
Mcliaren, A. 
Quimby, A. B. 
Wilson, H. C. 
Rogers, E. O. 
Robertson, H. H. 
Brooke, G. C. 
Shanley, C. N. 
Day, G. F. 
Day, E. J. 
Campbell, F. J. 
Purvis, W. T. 
Langmuir, A. D. 
Liangmuir, W. 
Haight, C. E. 
Thomson, W. C. 
Thomson, G. S. 
Jarvis, T. 
Lindsey, W. L. M. 
Elliot, J. J. H. 
Elliot, W. L. G. 
Peniston, C. W. 
Laird, R. 
Thorburn, J. D. 
Thompson, M. C. 
Moss, R. S. 
Porteous, R. A. 
Woodruff, E. A. 
Stanton, F. J. 
Cameron, A. B. 
Glassford, W. J. 
Smith, H. H. 



Capreol, A. R. 
Ross, J. L. 
Fairfield, C. J. 
Canniff, J. F. 
Hume, H. 
Castle, A. 
Mickle. H. W. 
McLay, John. 
Lynch- Staunton, G. S. 
Wilgress, G. S. 
Maclean, W. F. 
Drew, L. 
Jarvis, G. H. 
McDougall, W. K. 
Lauder, W. W. 
Wilson, A. Y. 
Burns, W. H. 
Dawson, W. 
Macrae, H. H. 
Milloy, C. C. 
Macdonald, J. Kidston. 
Gillespie, J. C. 
Boyd, J. T. 
Smith, A. C. 
Fellows, F. L. 
Plummer, F. 
McMillan, A. G. 
Roe, C. 

Davidson, John. 
Pomeroy, R. 
Wardrop, Thomas W. 
W^ardrop, John. 
Cayley, H. 
Quay, F. 
Gunther, E. R. 
Brown, C. J. 
Conolly, \\\ L. 
Pearson, H. £. 
Morrison, R. 
Green, M. E. 



1876. 

Nicholson, J. A. 
Moffatt, K. 
Thurston, H. S. 
Miller, J. B. 
Brennan, Edward. 
Brennan, Hugh. 
Edgar, J. F. 
Beatty, H. W. 
Gray, St. George. " 
Fleury, H. W. 
Clark, W. 
Hoskins, F. H. 
Mitchell, Alexander. 
Duffield, W. S. 
Tuckett, George. 
Meredith, L. 
Harvey, J. S. 
Eddis, E. W. 
Briant, W. H. 
BaU, R. L. 
Bilton, H. 
Gilmour, C. W. 



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3i6 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 



Kirkpatrick, K. C. 
Duffield. J. C. 
Duffield, W. A. 
Campbell, H. D. 
Warwick, George R. 
Kirkpatrick, R. K. 
Small, P. S. 
Lindaay, J. M. P. 
Boyd, G. 
Kemielly, A. J. 
Thompson, Robert. 
Thompson, Richard. 
Stark, H. L. 
Stark, C. T. 
Davies, 0. 
Smith, £. 
Routh, P. G. 
Bryoe, John W. 
Bryce, Wm. J. 
Gooch, W. M. 
Richardson, W. A. 
Littlejohn, J. E. B, 
Richardson, C. S. 
Gillespie, F. G. 
Macdonald, G. A. 
Thompson, C. A. 
Thompson, David. 
Black, C. 
Orr, W. R. 
McLimont, W. 
Boice, C. J. 
Stapleton, C. S. 
Markle, A. 
Prockter, W. H. 
Watson, A. 
Duggan, G. H. 
Sievert, L F. 
Patterson, C. J. 
Stikeman, A. 
Walker, W. H. 
Scott, A. H. 
Pepler, W. H. 
Pepler, T. S. G. 
Macdonald, R. 
LangsUff, H. 
Speake, S. M. 
Swing, J. 
Higcs, S. J. 
Ritchie, William. 
Patterson, J. B. 
Waddle, Frank. 
Cochrane, M. S, 
PeUatt, H. A. 
Gormley, T. J. 
Moore, W. H. C. 
Moore, F. 

McGee, William F. 
McGee, F. X. 
Walls, T. 
Archibald, A. 
Duckworth, J. 
Badenach, E. A. 
Muntz, R. 
Burgess, A. 
Torrington, H. 
Stevenson, G. 



McMahon, J. 
(ireig, E. R. 
Jarvis, F. C. 
Thomas, G. F, 
Gillespie, F. G. 
Lobb, A. F. 
Bilton, F. V. 
Maughan, H. J 
Pratt, W. L. 
Thompson, W. E. 
Cameron, J. W. 
Redden, F. A. C. 
Wolff, E. 
Boulton, C. R. 
Davis, E. P. 
Nanton, H. 
Barrett, E. M. 
Grier, K W. 
Grier, L. R. J. 
Grier, A. M. 
Winer, J. K. 
Eyre, W. J, 
Holton, L. 
Thomson, George M. 



1877. 

Torrance, W. P. 
Leman, G. H. 
Monteith, F. W. 
Burton, George. 
Mackay, E. 
Cameron, E. D. 
Copp, Wm. 
Gillespie, Walter. 
Atkinson, F. Wm. 
Kinahan, Robert. 
Bruce, L. 
Boulton, R. R. 
Macdonuell, Alexander. 
Lyman, A. 
Turner, P. E. 
Macdounell, Ambrose. 
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1881. 

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Ferrie, Robert Russell. 
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Sbielf Advid John. 
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Mackenzie, Alexander Houston. 
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Phillips, George Leamington. 
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Mitchell, Francis. 
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Wallbridge, Francis George. 
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Gartshore Alexander L. 
Gibb, Arthur Norman. 
Joy, Bertram Henry. 
Thome, Richard Edgar. 
Chandler. Walter Heward. 
Russell, GeoTge Emery. 
Miller, Henry De. 
Knowles, James. 
Boyd, Lawrence. 
Boyd, David Griffith. 
McMurrich, John Dewar. 
Reid, George Butt. 
Reid, John Young. 
Clayes, George. 
Ponton, William Hamilton 

Hanwell. 
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Adam, Herbert Stevenson. 

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Paton, Robert F. T. 

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ENTRANCE HALL, PRINCIPAL'S HOUSE. 







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Goode, E. W. 
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Cartwright, J. S. 
Manning, Percy. 
Freeman, W. C. 
Freeman, J. H. 
Gianelli, Lewis Francis. 
Gianelli, Victor E. 
Horrocks, Trevre. 
McKeown, Benjamin. 
Mayo, Henry. 
Mayo, Joseph. 
Merritt, Prescott. 
Dallas, Thomas. 
Keith, Wilfred. 
Merritt, Prescott. 
Dallas, Thomas. 
Keith, William. 
Bumham, James Gilchrist. 
Duffus, Henry. 
Dnffns, Artlmr. 
Parsons, Harold C. 
Winder, George. 
Hollis, Austin W. 
Dowding, Henry. 
Ghent, James Albert. 
Fraser, James Gordon. 
Mitchell, George Mackenzie. 
Roberts, Thomas L. 
Mill, Thomas John. 
Stokes, William. 
Rimer, George W. 
Cunningham, A. 
McGaw, James D. 
Moody, Thomas. 
Mcintosh, F. J. 
41 



1880. 

Temple, Charles A. 
Michael, Frank M. 
Hamilton, Charles G. 
Smith, Walter. 
Baird, H. M. 
Leys, F. D. T. 
Thompson, H. P. 
Osier, Featherstone Britton. 
Oldwright, Percy. 
O'xMara, Fred C. 
Irish, Mark H. 
Martin, Frank S. 
Wade, Frank. 
Crawford, Dixon. 
Thompson, W. J. 
Carvell, Arthur. 
Brown, Joseph. 
Wilkie, Charles Stuart 
Quay, Donald D. 
Dawson, William N. 
Moren, Arthur F. S. 
Fraser, E. A. 
Eraser, Herald Wm. 
Gibson, David 8. 
Warren, Charles Hubert. 
Law, William John. 
Tremayne, Ernest. 
Pickard, Charles Edward. 
Geary, George Reginald. 
Vivian, Reginald Percy. 
Richardson, C. H. R. 
Laidlaw, W* alter. 
Lount, Fred. Alexander. 
Jjenigan, J. F. 

McDougall, Douglass Howard. 
McClure, Charles W. 
McNider, James. 
Matthews, Harold Alfred. 
Godson, Arthur Ferguson. 
Eakin, Nelson D. R. 
Pardee, Henry. 
Rice, Charles Bishop. 
Rice, Carydon V. 
Lash, Norwood Maxwell. 
Vernon, Frank Lawson. 
Vernon, Albert Crawford. 
Westerman, Charles Everett. 
Berry, Herbert. 
. Cameron, Robert George. 
Chittenden, Frank. 
Andros, Ralf Craven. 
Love, Henry G. 
Montgomery, William Henry. 
Barr, Charles James. 
Watt, Herbert Lome. 
Hayne, Charles Cochrane. 
Hayne, George Oaborn. 
Brough, Richard William. 
Patterson, John Henry L. 
Bruce, Walter Hamilton. 
McCully, Ralph. 
Kemp, Thomas Campbell. 
Kemp, David Campbell. 
Crawford, James Malcolm 



Allen, William LyalL 

Woo<l, Herbert H. 

Hamilton, Harry Ross. 

Moran, William James. 

O'Mera, William Henry Frank. 

Dockray, Adam. 

Dockray, Herbert. 

Willis, Harvey A. 

Hastings, George. 

VanWormer, Park James. 

Battle, Martin. 

Arnold, R. C. 

Wilby, Roger. 

Almon, E. P. 

Score, R. J. 

Cluthe, Charles. 

Henry, G. S. 

Niehaus, F. W. 

Woods, S. B. 

Hipkins, R. H. 

Small, A. 

Lapsley, F. W. 

Boultbee, Horace. 

Abrey, G. A. 

Fensom, W. E. 

Wadsworth, W. 

Meek, C. S. 

Shepherd, H. 

Bright, W. M. 

Burrell, Harry Stephen. 

Counsell, Norman William. 

Douglass, William J. 

Hyde James. 

Matthews, Harold. 

Bunting, Christopher. 

Coulson, Frank Lees. 

Brown, Richard Charles. 

Lockhart, Gilbert Arthur. 

Carscallen, Oswald Gumey. 

Carscallen, Charles Gumey. 

Ballantyne, Adam William. 

Morrison, Robert Arthur. 

Baldwin, Norman McLeod. 

Garratt, Alexander. 

Carrall, Robert William. 

Spence, Frederick Charles. 

Belden, Edgar. 

Spink, Eugene. 

Wilson, Philip Clarence. 

Robb, Charles C. 

Pyke, George Alfred. 

Peck, William Wallace. 

Echlin, Samuel A. 

Middleton O. J. 

O'Dell, Harry Day. 

Da vies, Joseph Edgar. 

Sproat, John. 

Thomson, Bernard. 
> Mussen, Thomas Charles. 
I Moore, Charles Thomas. 
I HuflF, Montgomery. 
' Bamhisel, John Collins. 

Adair, John. 

Norton -Taylor, Alfred. 

Matthews, George. 

Webb, Albert Edward. 



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322 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 



Kemp, Herbert. 
Johnson, Percy HalL 
Allan, Stewart. 
Allan, Rutherford. 



1887. 

McMichael, Allan R. 
Holt, Herbert Richard. 
McGill, Frederick Walter. 
Lough, John. 
Bums, Frank. 
Burns, John. 
M«bckenzie, Gerald. 
Ross, Garibaldi. 
Furness, David Robert. 
Marshall, William R. 
Robinson, Charles. 
Stubbs, Henry G. 
Parke, Edward D. 
Barrick, Sidney J. 
Macdouald, John J. 
Idinffton, Peter S. 
Mathews, Albert A. 
Ardagh, John C. 
Wedd, Edward, K. M. 
Hyslop, William. 
Kmgstord, George E. 
Beatty, Adam. 
Woods, Fred. Joseph. 
Kiely, William Edwards. 
Kiely, George. 
Dineen, William. 
Wyllie, Alexander Clark. 
Quay, Ralph L D. 
Massey, Arthur. 
McKeown, Aloyise. 
Boyd, George H. 
Hunter, James A. 
Gardner, Matthew S. 
Keefer, Harry M. 
Richardson, Fred. H. 
Rolls, John. 

Sweetman, John William. 
Duncan,, Gordon. 
Inn is, William L 
Harndcn, Luther. 
Nicholson, James. 
Rowe, Valentine Edward S. 
Barton, Arthur William. 
Smith, Charles William. 
Dwight, Charles P. 
Wragge, Edmund C. 
Buckc, Edward P. 
Hucke, Ernest. 
Beck, Jacob Fred. 
Clark, James C. 
Steed, Robert William. 
Weld, Corbiu. 
McDonnell, Richard. 
Ryan, Roderick. 
Bannerman, David. 
Jamieson, Hugh. 
Stovel, Fred. B. 
Potter, Charles H. 



Sutton, William Hubert 

Taylor, Richard N. 

Archibald, William. 

Watlington, Frank William. 

Nason, Frank. 

Campbell, Arthur H. 

Gosling, Henry H. 

Gosling, Edgar H. 

Musson, George. 

Walker, Auffustus H. 

Anderson, Wm. Ingles. 

Gurd, Norman. 

McMurrich, G. T. 

Devlin, Ernest W. 

Thacker, Percv N. 

Payne, John W. 

Noble, Stafford. 

Jackson, Maunsell B. 

Clark, Edward C. 

Mackenzie, Wm. 

Morgan, Arthur. 

Tench, John E. 

Poussett, Henry R. 

Caldwell, Alexander Clyde. 

Heartz, Frank R. 

Wesley, John A. 

Wesley, Frank J. 

Kingsmill, Wm. 

Taber, T. C. 

Wood, Robert. 

Wood, T. 

Somerville, C. T. 

Somerville, R. A. 

Mabee. O. H. 

Pvke, H. T. 

Hutchins, Charles H. 

Denison, H. E. 

Bell, A. J. 

Macmillan. K. D. 

Eby, W. P. 

Eby, H. U. 

Strickland, R. C. 

McMurray, F. 

Bruce, H. A. 

Silverthom, C. 

McKibbon, J. E. 

Burnfield, J. C. 
. Tremaine, Morris S. 
' Clark, Joseph A. 
I Gillard, James T. 

Farmer, Thomas W. 
I Robinson, Bumside, 

Cosby, Fred, L. 
I Cosby, Norman W. 
I Murdock, Alexander W. 
' Beatty, Henry A. 

Beatty, Edward W. 

Werden, Edward. 

Sinclair, Charles A. 

Cranston, James G. 

Kirkpatrick, Charles S. 

McWilliams, R. A. 

Taylor, E. 

Denison, Garnet Wolsey. 

Staunton, E. G. 

Greenfield, James. 



Darrell, H. 
Boddy, C. A. S. 
Smith, H. £. 
Meek, E. J. 
Gibson, R. L. 
Gibson, T. E. 
Kennedy, F. J. 
Macdonald, Oscar 0. 
Wickins, A. 
Bain, J. W. 
Temple, R. H. 
How, J. A. 
Barnhart, F. - 
Martin, H. J. 
Elliot, W. 
Wilkie, A. B. 
Parker, W. R. 
Thompson, B. A. 
Douglass, J. S. 
Farr, H. J. 
Burton, A. 
Quinn, E. 
Creelman, A. 
Gunther, E. H. 
Fleminff, A. 
Gray, A. L. 
McLaren, D. 
Oliver, Frank Reginald. 
Bain, John F. L. 
Blackley, J. M. 
Thomson, David. 
Badenach, Ernest Stuart. 
Urquhart. Wm. Morris. 
Boyd, Philip Ewing. 
Boyd, Walter H. 
Malloch, Harold A. S. 
Counsell, John Leith. 
Tate, E. F. R. 
Sears, George M. 
Jones Simeon. 
Sutherland, J. A. 
Hoskins, A. E. 
Doty, E. F. 
Burns, A. H. 
Canniff, A. Q. 
McLean, D. 
McLeotl, G. S. 
Kinffsmill, Harold B. 
Clark, Gordon Mortimer.. 
Lawson, William. 
Mitchell, G. E. 
Chandler, W. M. 
Kincaid, K. G. 
Wells. J. 1). 
Titus, F.J. 
Townsend, F. 
Lobb, J. N". 
Griffin, V. T. 



1888. 

Gibson, R. L. 
Burr, H. R. 
Smith, F. E. 
Band, C. W. P. 



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THE U. C. C. ROLL, 1829-1892. 



323 



•Gordon, H. D. L. 

Lmton, F. D. 

Cameron, G. S. 

Gilray, H. B. 

Lefevre. A. G. T. 

Smith, H. G. 

Pearson, H. C. 

Holcombe, R. C. 

Macdouald, Albert A. 

Hagarty, D. G. 

AriiJStroiig, A. 

Mulvey, C. 

Bedson, E. N. 

Pease, H. D. 

Doty, F. D. 

Robinson, £. L. 

BeU, J. D. 

Metcalf, U. A. 

Parker, W. E. 

Bond, A. A. 

Doble, J. R. 

Goocb, G. E. 

Pilkey, R. P. 

Taylor, G. E. 

Fearman, Eklward M. 

Outerbridge, S. N. 

Proudfoot, H. W. 

Macklem, J. J. T. 

Coulter, L. M. 

Poussett, W. C. 

Bertram R. N. 

Moore, H. T. 

Sanders, J. A. 

Davis, H. S. 

Scilly, A. G. 

Wilcox, D. U. 

McNairn, William Harvey. 

Fowler, Henry Ades. 

Holcroft, Austin. 

Harvey, Harry Burton. 

Bums, Cecil Hamilton. 

Hendrie, Murray. 

Toller, Guy Northcote. 

Gurney, William Cromwell. 

Towusend, Harry Hillyard. 

Patterson, Christopher Stuart. 

Patterson, Francis Denison. 

Gooderham, Henry Holwell. 

White, William Kushman. 

Oregg, James William. 

Burbidge, Harry. 

Strathey, Allan Dundas. 

Pearman, Eugene. 

Eager, Archibald. 

Lockie, Everard James. 

Stovel, Russell Wellesly. 

Darrell, Ernest Hill. 

Eaton, William Fletcher. 

Eaton, John Craig. 

Leslie, Charles Wilby Parke, 

Bertram, John Alexander. 

Spears, Norman Norris. 

McNee, Arthur Finlay. 

Gilmonr, John Wardrop. 

Gilmour, William Alexander. 

Hargraft, William Hewsou. 



I Franchot, Richard. 
' Stewart, Charles James Towns- 
end. 
I Hardy, Arthur Curran W. 
I Cotter, Stuart. 
I Bore, Henry Peter. 
I Anderson. Clarence James. 

Palmer, John Christie. 

Vooght, Heginald. 

Ballantyne, Walter. 

Wilson, William Ernest. 

I^epper, David. 
, Holcroft, Herbert Spencer. 
i Hayter, Ross J. T. 
I Hayter, Herbert Roche. 

Kirkpatrick, William Mac- 

pherson. 
I Kirkpatrick, Guy Hamilton. 

Cross, Charles Wilson. 

Bryant, John Leslie. 

Huntington, Krastus Samuel. 

Buck, Harry Stanley. 

Harmer, John. 

Stewart, Sherley. 

Michie, Henry Stuart. 

Garrett, John Elmer. 

Biglow, Nelson Calvin. 

Lister, Frederick Alexander. 

Isbister, John. 

Upper, Frank Joseph. 

Robertson, Andrew Russell. 

Ellis, Charles Mark. 

Ellis, Edwin Harding. 

Jones, Ralph Taylor. 

M«bcKenzie, Charles. 
I MacKenzie, Roderick John. 

Sontham, Harry Stevenson. 

Crerar, Thomas Halford. 

Mallon, Kdward Henry. 

Flintoft, James Herbert. 

McDonald, John Herbert. 

Leckie, William Henry. 

Mullin, James Heui-ner. 

White, Robert Warren. 

Storey, Duncan Stewart. 

Bellsmith, Eustace John. 

Rice, William Hercules. 

Lailey, Frederick Thomas. 

Burns, Alexander F. 

Morrice, George. 

Morrice, Arthur. 

Jackson, W. T. 

Gilmour, Robert Hugh Lovett. 

Bond, Aubrey Clifford. 

I^froy, Augustus George. 

Armstrong, Karl Gooderham. 

Graham, Sharon. 

Hime, Morris Wm. 

Biggar, James Lyons. 

Biggar, Oliver Mowat. 

Henry, Wm. PercivaL 

McConnell, John Herbert 
Frederick. 

Bunting, John. 

Bailey, Eugene Taylor. 

Godson, Walter Pollard. 



Mackintosh, Harold. 
Connor, Robert Nicholaa. 
Boddy, Austin. 
Bain, Louis Rutherford. 
Staunton, Victor Charles. 
Haldane, Peter Caldwell. 
Shields, Francis Alexander. 
Smith, James F. 
SntfU, Edgar Milton. 
Miller, Frank Edgar. 
Creighton, Charles Dickens. 
Watts, Ernest. 
Braun, Lewis. 
CarscaJlen, Henry Gurney. 
Frith, Gilbert Roberts. 
Verner, James Frederick. 
Gellespie, Clarence Alexander. 
Ridout, Douglas Kay. 
Woods, Thomas Ambrose. 
Ridgley, Ernest Harcourt. 
Smith, William Harrison. 
.Morrice, George. 
Flett, Harry Hidley. 
Noble, James Burrows. 
Black, Oliver Steele. 
Russell, Arthur Dickson. 
Bridges, Chaa. Sidney Whitla. 
Robertson, Douglas Sincluir. 
Miller, Wm. Thomas. 
Strickland, Cecil Hamilton. 
Johnston, Henry. 
Lee, Wm. Charles Crabb. 
Smith, Frederick Byers. 
Leslie, Francis Guy. 
Leslie, George L. 
Sparling, Chris. P. 

1889. 

Armstrong, Bartle Mahon. 
Bird, Henry J. 
Corey, Bloss Parson. 
Watson, John William. 
Harder, William Worthington. 
Johnston, Harvey. 
Buschlen, Arthur. 
Barwick, Shaldham Guy. 
Scott, Victor Lewis Mitchell. 
Walsh, William Crogin. 
Bull, Bartholemew Frank. 
Sims, Henry Augustus. 
Wilson, Reginald Clarence. 
Orton, William Carlax. 
Hally, James. 

Dnggan, Henry Van Norman. 
Ross, Donald Aynsley. 
Ross, John Hugo. 
Cluthe, Frederick Willitun. 
Bell-Smith, Frederick Martell. 
Morton, Ernest. 
Brown, George Benson. 
Brown, Gordon Arthur. 
Armstrong, Arthur Dawson. 
Halliday, William Henry. 
McBean, Wm. Elvins. 
Goodman, Leon. 



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324 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 



Dixon, Henry Eugene. 
McLennan, Frederick John. 
McLennan, Francis William. 
MiicLatyre, Edwin John. 
Sandwell, Bernard Keble. 
Holwell, Richard Percy Hay- 
wood. 
Hannington, Charles Stanley. 
MacFarlane, Malcolm Arthur. 
Gibba, Frank S. 
W'almsley, Charles Thomas 

Franklin. 
Harris, (ieorge \V. Henry. 
Biggar, Arthur Pettit. 
Burk, John Alexander. 
Bendelari, Frederick Napoli. 
Bathgate, James Alexander. 
Barnard, Harold Robert. 
Burk, John Edmund Warner. 
Burk, Clarence Baldwin. 
Costi Maurice Ren^ Gabriel. 
, Doward, Norman Uedgrave. 
Muir, James G. 
Martin, Robert Oliver. 
Patterson, John. 
Pardee, Timothy Blair. 
Primrose, John. 
Porter, Walter Ferguson, 
Taylor, Joseph Egbert Paul. 
Upper, Lachlin William. 
W hite, Alfred Cawley. 
Milbum, Thomas Edward. 
Wilson, Theophile James Her- 
bert. 
Putnam, Harry. 
Shotbolt, Herbert Thomas. 
Jaffray, Robert Alexander. 
Street, Edmund Kochford. 
Laycock, James L. 
McGregor, George. 
Draper, Alfred. 
Struthers, Edward R. G. 
Struthers, Harry H. 
Boucher, George Burnham. 
Smith, Frank Austin. 

Morton, Walter Dean. 

Mallon, Michael Patrick. 

McMaster, John Alexander. 

McM aster, ThomasGreerCarson 

McMaster, Edward Blake. 

Kellogg, WiUiam. 

Noblet, Russell. 

Braide, Claude. 

Edffar, J)avid Keith. 

Wuloughby, Arthur Gordon, 

Webster, Wm. J. P. 

Wellington, Earle Stanley. 

Cart Wright, Robert John. 

Cameron, Matthew Crooks. 

Singer, Moses M. 

Henry, John S. 

McMurrich, Arthur Redpath. 

Hackett, John. 

Scott, Fred. W. 

Hesson, Sidney Ernest. 

Gillespie, Henry Howland. 



Bimey, George. 
Suter, Fred. A. 
Carson, Robert Stevenson. 
Hyde, Walter Hubert. 
Mcintosh. Donald J. 
Braun, Wm. 

Dougherty, James Ernest. 
Price, Fred. Courtenay. 
Price, Llewellyn. 
Marsden, Frank Victor. 
Labatt, Chas. Robert. 
Bryant, Jaihes Eraser. 
Waldie, Fred. Nerval. 
Yeamans, Clinton C. 
Field, Edward James. 
Lepper. Henry H. 
Draney, Charles Robert. 
Draney, James Herbert. 
Todd, Arthur L. 
Blong, George. 
Davidson, Edward G. 
Baby, Raymond Francis. 
Hamilton, George P. 
Macdouald, Henry Blong. 
Wallbridge, Arthur Robert. 



1890. 

Hessen, W. J. 
Macdonnell, James Smellie. 
Stovel, Herbert Roy. 
Todd, John Launcelot. 
Todd, Albert Edward. 
Getchell, John E. 
Newsome, F. W. 
Oldbury, Wm. 
Sutherland, Wm. 
Roos, Irving K. 
Beck, Charles M. 
Watson, George Ruston. 
Handy, Edward F. T. 
Mockridge, John C. H. 
Wickson, Walter. 
Robb, James A. 
McLaughlin, Leonard. 
Thomson, Bums K. 
Dowding, John P. 
Moores, Ernest Joseph. 
Ryerson, George Egerton. 
Goold, Albert Septimus. 
Lount, Norman Mulock. 
Armour, Eric. 
Snetzinger, Harold Wylie. 
Hayter, F. W. 
Sachs, Michael. 
Whitney, Richard Albert. 
Lewis, Charles Austin. 
Scott, Walter Lyall. 
Burnham, C. Hurd. 
Bolton, Samuel Edward. 
Burton, Harry P. 
Burton, George H. 
Kerns, William Charles. 



Henderson, Velyien Ewart. 
Armstrong, John M. 
Westwood, Frank Benjamin. 
Hunter, Eraser Frederick. 
Hunter, Harry Alexander. 
Wanless, Robert Douglas. 
j Barr, Adam Fordyce. 
McKibben, John Edward. 
\ Richardson, Max Avery. 
Campbell, Archibald B. 
West, William Ncedham. 
Mackenzie, Charles. 
Heathorn, Herbert Warner. 
Shortreed, William John. 
; Maclean, John Cari'uthers. 
Taylor, John Eban BufFon. 
Winchester, Gordon Hossack. 
; Waldie, Robert Stanley. 
Miller, Clarence John. 
Harrington, Edward Ries. 
Brereton, Clondesley Herbert. 
Saunders, Thomas Malcolm 

Macpherson. 
Masson, George, 
('rawford, Andrew Gordon. 

Watson, William Ogilvie. 
Edgar, Robert McBeth. 
I Thompson, Edwin Barritt. 
Mitchell, Edward Hamilton. 
I Saunders, Arthur Bennett. 
■ Earle, Walter Allan. 

Macdouald, William Randolph. 

Millbnrn, John Albert. 
j Burns, Edward. 
! Mc Arthur, Clarence. 

Cramer, Donald A. 

Evans, V ei*ner Sims. 

Verner, James Frederick. 

Robinson, George. 
' Boddy, Arthur Percival. 

Kingsford, William Rupert. 

Mockridge, William Horace 
I Montague. 
! Dineeu, Frank. 

Townley, Frank Watt. 
! Cameron, Arthur Russell. 
' Thomas, Jacque J. 

Walker, James. 
[ Jones, Alan Macdougall. 
j Bearman, James. 
I Stuart, David Worts. 
' Smith, Frank Edgar Wolsey. 

Broa<l, Thomas. 

Dickson, Clarence. 

Glass, WiUiam D. 

Robertson, Hector Harry. 

Meredith, John Redmond 
Walsingham. 

S win ford, Arthur Sidney. 

Martin, E. C. 

Bucke, S. Pardee. 

Robertson, Lee C. 

Baruet, Alexander Black. 

McKinnon, Neil C. 

Cooey, Arthur Joseph. 



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THE OLD COLLEGE BELL. 



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THE U. C. C ROLL, 1829-1892. 



325 



1891. 

Sbyder, Alfred Hartman. 
Fairchild, H. R. 
Routh, Albert. 
Kerr, William Allan. 
Kiilout, Walter, 
Brown, William Henry 
I^nnox, Richard Allan. 
Braithwaite, Robert William. 
Alma, William Edward Lee. 
Laing, John M. 
Wood, Arthur Robert Ogden. 
Huas, Charles Otis. 
McDonell, James Joseph. 
Moncrieff, (ieorge Glenn. 
Philbrick, Frank Spencer, 
Lamb, Charles Meloourn. 
Bird, Robert Oliver. 
Harvey, Charles Hamilton. 
Denison, Edgar Street. 
Deuisou, Walter Walbridge. 
Wright, David Ernest. 
Flack, Albert W. J. 
MacKenzie, Harold. 
MacDougall, (^lenholm. 
Hoakin, Wm, Arthur Gordon. 
Jackes, Horace. 
Darrell, Chapman Hill. 
Rodgers, Rooert. 
Whitney, Garnet Milford. 
Roes, (leorge William. 
Ray side, David John. 
Kyerson, Edward Stanley. 
Cooper, Hugh Gamble. 
Croft, John. 

Gooderham, James Horace. 
Gooderham, Henry Folwell. 
Stevenson, James Corliss. 
Pace, Charles Alexander. 
Noble, Ernest Annesley. 
TiflFany, George Sistsester. 
Bra<lford, Edward Elliot. 
Reid, Frank Aspiuall. 
Hett, Sibbald. 
Hett, Francis Paget. 
Falconer, James iioderick. 
Steele, Walter Dickson. 
Steele, Hobert Clarke. 
AVilson, Norman Frank. 
Lash, Zebnlon,G. 
Hees, Harris Lincoln. 
Leslie, E. V. 



Lumbers, Walter Glen. 

Furness, Clarecce Sydenham. 

Meighn, William Arthur. 

McCracken, Thomas Ernest. 

Dixon, Frank Irving. 

Kelso, Henry Fredetick Charles 

Corson, William D. 

Bradbum, Charles Herbert. 

Mallock, Stuart. 

Caldwell, James Boyd. 

Frankland, Arthur Hope. 

I^ander, William John. 

Leslie, Ernest J. 

Crerar, Thomas Halford. 

(irilmour, R. 

McKay, Gifford Brown. 

Draper, Selby. 

Winch, Herbert A. 

Heintzman, Adolph U. A. 

Burden, Edgar Livingston. 

Spink, Wilbur Lewis. 

W^ood, Lewis Percival. 

Smith, Elmer Harvey. 

Moss, Glen holme Falconbridge 

Caldwell, Boyd Alexander Cun- 
ningham. 

Brown, Horiotto Gordon. 

Wells, John Alfred. 

Turner, Robert F. 

Spink, Debir Major. 

Boon, Charles Amiel. 

Hayne, (^eorge Osborne. 

Moore, William Addison. 

Moore, John ('arlyle. 

Atkinson, Edmund Percy. 

Bricker, Albert Edward. 

McMillan, George Paton. 

Bunting, John. 

Haskell, Charles Thomson. 

Richardson, Norman McDou- 
gall. 

Kay, William S. 

McMaster, Alexander. 

Chewett, Albert Ramsey. 

Cawthra, John Joseph. 

Armstrong, Fred. Alvin. 

Boultbee, Percy Roxburgh. 
j Dohertv, Manning W. 
' Selby, fenjamin F. 

Buniside, Anson Jones. 

Carruthers, John Calvert 

McKinlay, Archibald Thayer. 

McKinlay, Fred. Reid. 



McKinlay, William Waldemar. 

Kerswell, William Leopold. 

Stonge, Harry Elmer. 

Barrick, James Sidney. 

Macdonnell, Loffie Milnes. 

Coasitt, Leonard R. 

Montizambert, Norman Hamil- 
ton. 

Badgerow, F. 

Darrell, Nathan. B. 

Jackson, Maunsell Bowers. 

Phillips, Heber John Bacon. 

McCallum, Duncan George. 

Hayne, F. C. 

Orr, George. 

Piper, Arthur G. 

Thomson, James. 

Jones, Ralph Egerton. 

(HUespie, George Edward. 

Gillespie, Albert Courtney. 

Hymaii, Walton John. 

Nisbet, Walter Alexander. 

Blackstock, William Gooder- 
ham. 

Burnside, John Thrift. 

Hutch ins, John Willard. 

Lauder, James. 

Robb, Charles Carmichael. 

Hammell, Frederick Stratford. 

James, Alfred Sidney. 

McKibbon. Walter E. 

McKibbon, Robert Arthur. 

Hewitson, John Sproat. 

Hutchison, Henry Seatou. 

Hudson, Harry Lyn. 

Ddl, Albert James. 

Christie, James McAdam. 

Tassie, William Olive, 

Roche, Thomas Joseph. 

Watkins, Reginald. 

Sproat, Alexander Douglas. 

McCallum, Duncan Alexander. 

Tyner. Ernest Lawrence. 

Ivey, Arnold Muehmore. 

Rogers, Alfred Selby. 

McNabb, Frederick G. G. 

Clark, William Charles. 

j King, John William DeCourcy. 

Beers, Philip G rover MacLean. 

Weir, Edmund George. 

Greig, W. C. 



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326 UPPER CANADA COLLEGE MEMORIAL VOLUME. 



UPPER CANADA COLLEGE REPORT. 



Part II.— On the Affairs of Upper Canada College. 

Upper Canada College, or the Royal Grammar School, was founded in 
the year 1829, by an order of the Provincial Government, vesting the govern- 
ment of the institution in a Board of Managers, designated the President, 
Directors and Trustees of Upper Canada College. 

The endowment bestowed upon this institution consisted of the following 
lands, viz. : — 

1st. Block A, known as Russell square, and containing nine acres, con- 
stituting the present site and grounds of the College, 

2nd. 20,000 acres of land, granted Dec. 16, 1832. 
3rd. 1,080 do do .Tuly 4, 1834. 

4th. 42,188 do do May 16, 1835. 

63,268 acres. 



5th. Part of Block D, Town of York, (now City of Toronto,) east of 
Church street and north of Newgate street, containing SJ^ acres, divided 
into Town-lots, 28th November, 1834. 

The above total of 63,268 acres has, by exchanges of lands and resurveys, 
been increased to 63,994^ acres. These lands were situate in various parts 
of Upper Canada ; in some townships the quantity appears to have been 
large. 

The grant of 20,000 acres, in 1832, consisted of lands situate in three 
townships, as follows : — 

In Mossa 3,046 acres. 

Ekfrid 12,501 do 

Seymour 4,453 do 

Total, 20,000 do 



The grant of 1,080 acres, in 1834, was all in the township of York. 



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THE U. C. C. REPORT. 327 

The grant of 42,188 acres, comprised the lands situate as follows : — 

In Hawkesbnry 600 acres. 

Mountain 700 do 

Wolford »65 do 

Bastard 1,600 do 

Thurlow 776 do 

Ameliasburgh, (Huff's Island) 900 do 

Seymour 17,358 do 

York 558 do 

Walaingham 2,000 do 

Windham 600 do 

Blenheim 700 do 

Zona 868 do 

Carradoc 2,840 do 

Woodhouse 639 do 

Blandford 6,340 do 

36,340 acres. 
The remaining portion of this grant, say 5,844 acres, was distributed over 
the following townships, in quantities varying from 400 to 100 acres in 
each, viz : — 

Cambridge, Leeds, Cramabe, Beverley, 

Cornwall, Yonge, Markham, Nelson, 

Edwardsburgb, Wolfe Island, Gwillimsbury, E. Townsend, 

South Gower, Hamilton, Reach, Oxford, N. 

Oxford, E. Haldimand, Scarborough, Dorchester, 

Montague, Murray, Toronto, Tilbury, E. 

The lands were generally in a wild or unoccupied state ; some, however, 

were under cultivation, having been either leased by the Crown or sold 

prior to being granted to the College. 

[Extract from the " Final Report of Commissioners of Enquiry into the affairs of King's College and Upper 
Canada College. Printed by order of the Legislative Assembly, 1852."] 




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MAR 1 7 1938 



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